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Essay on composition poe

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Autumn Leaves Descriptive Essay Essays and Research Papers. How to poe Write a Descriptive Essay More than many other types of essays , descriptive . essays strive to create a deeply involved and vivid experience for biography the reader. Great descriptive essays achieve this affect not through facts and statistics but by essay on composition, using detailed observations and phd thesis of oxidative in alcoholic diseases, descriptions. What do you want to poe describe? As you get started on your descriptive essay , it's important for phd thesis of oxidative stress in alcoholic liver diseases you to identify exactly what you want to essay on composition describe.

Often, a descriptive essay will focus on portraying one of. Adjective , Creative writing , Essay 2299 Words | 7 Pages. ?How to Write a Descriptive Essay Descriptive essays are often subjective tasks. The first issue at . Custom? hand is to make sure you know what type of essay poe paper you are writing. The descriptive essay is often creative, personal, or simply artistic. Discuss the assignment with your professor or teacher before you begin. Even though your descriptive essay is more personal than a standard five-paragraph or compare-contrast essay , there is still quite a bit of homework to be done. Of Oxidative Stress Antioxidants In Alcoholic? Here is a list of important rules. Emotion , Essay , Essays 1406 Words | 5 Pages.

Writing Handout E-7: Descriptive Essay Structuring a Descriptive Essay A . descriptive essay simply describes something or someone by appealing to the reader’s senses: sight, sound, touch, smell and essay on composition poe, taste. Here are the basic steps to writing an effective descriptive essay : 1. Select a subject Observation is the key to writing a good description. Essays Uk Forum? For example, if you are writing about a place, go there and take notes on essay on composition, the sights, sounds, and my spring break, smells. A descriptive essay paints a picture for essay on composition the. Essay , Figure of custom speech , Grammatical tense 1171 Words | 4 Pages. ENC1101 Date: 9/17/2012 Assignment: Essay #2 - Descriptive Relaxation Destination Everybody has that one place. A . place that they run to in times of joy, stress, and essay on composition poe, sorrow. Cultural? For some people it's a social setting, but for others, and myself included, it's a place to get away from others. A place where I can unwind, relax and have time to myself, even though at poe times some friends or family would tag along. The place I'm talking about is citing quotes research my cottage back in Canada.

Three hours north of. On Composition Poe? Dock , Dune buggy , Hiking 840 Words | 3 Pages. How to phd thesis antioxidants in alcoholic liver diseases Write a Descriptive Essay More than many other types of essays , descriptive . essays strive to create a deeply involved and vivid experience for the reader. Great descriptive essays achieve this affect not through facts and statistics but by using detailed observations and descriptions. What do you want to describe? As you get started on your descriptive essay , it's important for you to essay poe identify exactly what you want to phd dissertation collection;fieldOfStudies describe. Often, a descriptive essay will focus on portraying one of.

Essay , Odor , Sun 988 Words | 3 Pages. Essay Examples Four types of poe essays exist including: narration, description, exposition, and argument. Each type has a unique . purpose: some tell a story, some are descriptive and others prevent viewpoints. One of the best ways to better understand each type of essay is to review examples. Types of Essays Narrative Narration is citing telling a story from a certain viewpoint, and there is usually a reason for the telling. All narrative essays will have characters, setting, climax, and essay poe, most importantly. Essay , Essays , Exposition 1903 Words | 6 Pages. My Spring? Descriptive essay Shyla Hassett Everyone has a place where they go to escape all the essay on composition poe, pressures and antioxidants in alcoholic liver, worries of life? . ? . There is always that one spot that can soothe all your problems and troubles in times of essay poe stress. Citing Quotes Paper? For some? ,? the woods? ,? the beach? ,? or the on composition poe, park is the place to phd dissertation proposal collection;fieldOfStudies go? . ? For me? ,? it’s simpler. Essay? I go to break essay my bedroom to cure all my problems? . On Composition? As I walk in I can feel the soft? ,? smooth carpet beneath my feet. I see freshly painted lavender walls with white trimming?.

2004 albums , Color , Debut albums 323 Words | 2 Pages. Phd Dissertation Proposal? Descriptive Essay My nose is overwhelmed with the smell of hairspray, baby powder, and a fruity perfume. There are too many . girls in here, all struggling and fighting for essay a space near the mirror that covers the entire back wall. It’s dim in here, but it’s a good kind of dim, almost calming. The only light is coming from the round vanity bulbs that line the top of the phd dissertation collection;fieldOfStudies, mirrors, making it so that the fluorescents don’t impair what natural light reveals. I make my way to the red lockers on the right. Cosmetics , Hair iron , Hairstyle 1441 Words | 4 Pages.

Descriptive Essay 1) Definition: Descriptive essay is essay on composition poe one of the collection;fieldOfStudies, many types of writing styles . that provides a detailed description for a particular person, place, memory, experience or object. Essay Poe? Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter. It focuses on the five senses which are sight, smell, touch, sound and taste. 2) Example: Spring Everyone has a comfortable place to escape to for relaxation. They go there when they need to break be. On Composition Poe? Hearing , Odor , Olfaction 1017 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay Hearts were racing, twelve to uk forum be exact, lungs were being constricted tighter and tighter with every second . that went by, joints were being pushed to their limits as their limbs stretched the farthest they could reach, and yet these twelve people were still able to essay on composition poe ignore their injuries. All they revealed was happiness. Custom Essays Uk Forum? There was no pain to be seen.

No acknowledgement of misery because they all knew they only poe had those two minutes and thirty seconds to proposal collection;fieldOfStudies give it their all. Any sense. Pain , Split 1157 Words | 3 Pages. ?Icesus Holland Brenda White English 101 16 September 2013 Descriptive Essay The beach is on composition one of the most beautiful . places in essays uk forum the world. Before visiting, I had only been to the four states, which is the stringy grassy fields, the forest of trees, the smelly white and poe, black cows and pink curly tailed pigs. See I had never seen any other states but Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. I love the picture in my head but it was nice to finally see something different. When my boyfriend.

1996 albums , 2005 singles , Akira Kurosawa 1256 Words | 4 Pages. ?FINAL DRAFT OF DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY ‘NARRATIVE AND DESCRIPTIVE WRITING’ READER 2013 Name : HAPSARI C. . My Spring? HANANDYA (Nanna) Student Numb. Essay On Composition Poe? : 112012133 SATYA WACANA CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY “Tlatar” The Beautiful Sketch of God Painting Wandering the beautiful place always make me feel enchanted. Essays? There are many beautiful place that God has given for essay on composition us to be used and developed as best as possible. I remember one interesting place and always makes me want to break visit it for the umpteenth time. On Composition Poe? Boyolali Regency , Central Java , Existential quantification 905 Words | 3 Pages. Chante Francisco Descriptive Essay - My Grandparent’s House My most favorite place has always been my . Research Paper? grandparent’s house. This is the place I would have to on composition go to before and after school. I have always loved my grandparent’s house because it made me feel safe and warm. There was a smell of coffee in the air at phd dissertation proposal collection;fieldOfStudies all times.

It seemed like all my grandmother did was make coffee. If I smell coffee, I instantly think of my grandparent’s house. My grandparent’s house . Essay Poe? Collard greens , English-language films , Family 522 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay As my sister’s wedding drew near, given that I was her maid of citing quotes research paper honor, it became apparent to me that it was . my job to essay poe take all of the ladies in phd thesis of oxidative stress diseases the wedding party to essay the salon on the day of the wedding. This was fine with me, except that I hadn’t worn makeup or done my hair for years. After much convincing from the cultural essay, bride, I decided to get my makeup done with them, and regretted that decision every second after it was made. The day approached all too soon. I was blown back. Cosmetics , English-language films , I Decided 917 Words | 3 Pages. Eric Zapata Descriptive Essay Prof.

Carolyn Robinson 10/2/2012 Every Friday after school with the boys, we . would pick up our Dyno bikes and ride four blocks down to on composition poe Tony’s pizzeria. If I had to think about it, Tony’s pizzeria is was and still is to stress antioxidants diseases this day an important part of my life. Since I have moved to Brentwood, Tony’s pizza was the one and only place I would order pizza from. There wasn’t any other pizzeria that could top Tony’s. I remember the on composition, first day going to. Calzone , Campania , Italian cuisine 885 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay : Connor Donnelly 090-177 Essay #2 People are always talking about being in those . situations where time slows down to the point where a few seconds feels like a few minutes, well I didn’t exactly think that is cultural what actually happened.

Until a dreary, calm, dull spring afternoon in Briargate (located in essay Northern Colorado Springs), about a week after my fourteenth birthday, I decided that I was going to go down to this plentifully lush creek next to a well travelled bridge. While. Ballpoint pen , Foot , Fuck 1024 Words | 3 Pages. Cultural Differences Essay? Compare and Contrast Essay: Narrative and Descriptive Essays. Compare and Contrast Essay Name Institutional Affiliation Introduction Academicians argue that, a powerful reader paints a picture . on a reader’s mind. Writing effective different types of essays is essay on composition increasingly becoming a critical organ of academic success (Feng Checkett, 2014, p. 152). There are two major types of essays , narrative and descriptive . While the essays, two might be appropriate in essay academic writing, one is arguably effective that the other. Narrative essays tells a story from phd thesis antioxidants in alcoholic liver diseases, personal. Essay , I Know Why the essay on composition poe, Caged Bird Sings , Maya Angelou 1036 Words | 6 Pages. Ivory Koehn 9/10/2010 Descriptive Essay Under The Raised Hand Prologue When I was a young girl learning about life and . Essays Biography? love, I always thought that some man would sweep me off my feet and it was my fate to be with him and only him.

My mother was not a big fan of love and fate. She didn’t have a very good history of guys and poe, relationships. She would always tell us love was not a reality and we should find someone with a lot of money. My mother is a strong feminist woman and I tried as hard. 2008 singles , English-language films , High school 2045 Words | 5 Pages.

Cynthia Morris – Descriptive Essay There is a quote that says: Mothers are angels who teach their children how to fly. . Indeed my mother was an angel who in my younger years I thought was sent here to torture me especially when I wanted to hang out with my friends instead of doing chores or homework. My mother was the pillar of strength, love, and compassion. Mothers may be misunderstood but that doesn’t mean they don’t care or know better. My earliest memories of my mother, was her pretty. Anxiety , Family , Father 861 Words | 3 Pages. ?Fred Cotten Descriptive Essay September 27, 2014 English 1010 - 85 A Mini Vacation to Atlanta, Georgia Traveling is break essay one . of my family’s favorite things to do. The family has visited numerous places throughout the United States, however, none are as memorable as Atlanta, Georgia. In Atlanta, there are many places to go and sights to on composition poe see such as: Cola-cola factory, Cabbage Patch Kids Factory, Under Ground Mall, the citing research, Zoo, Atlanta Braves Stadium, Six Flags Over Georgia, Stone Mountain Park, and. 1996 Summer Olympics , Atlanta , Atlanta metropolitan area 788 Words | 3 Pages. My first Car Enc1101 March 11, 2012 Descriptive essay My first car was my first most prized possession. Essay On Composition Poe? I’d named her, . tested her out on interstates, and took good care of her like she was one of phd thesis of oxidative stress diseases my children.

She had mirror tinted windows and was deep ocean blue that gleamed in the summer sun, she was flawless. I will never forget my first out of essay on composition town drive to Tallahassee- smoothest, fastest ride ever! Had it not been for the scenery I would’ve felt like I was driving in a race. I remember. Citing Quotes Paper? Automobile , English-language films , Mother 1134 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay A Horrid Memory My sweaty palms ran through-out the thin strands of on composition poe my hair as I tried to cultural differences comfort . myself for just a single moment. I felt scared, almost terrified as the screams of my nightmare echoed in my ears and made my head throb. Essay On Composition Poe? Almost never did I have such vivid dreams, and when I did, I never remembered them the next day. Nevertheless, I don't think that I'll ever be able to make amends with my darkest memories and reliving situations that scarred my childhood. Laughter 865 Words | 3 Pages.

English 1301 Week 4 The Narrative Essay My First Flight The seasons are approaching in which families gather to celebrate . Phd Thesis Of Oxidative Stress? Thanksgiving and Christmas. This time of year does not carry the same feelings for me as they did when I was young. I am a military spouse and my husband has been away for most of our holidays. One peculiar Christmas I received the opportunity to spend the holiday with him this was my first flight experience. The morning of essay on composition poe my flight, I got up at 2 o’clock, said a prayer. Anxiety , Flight , Plane 1310 Words | 3 Pages. 1. Citing Quotes Paper? Descriptive essay writing An essay is a written composition of moderate length . exploring a particular issue or subject. Descriptive essays , derived from the word describe, is a genre of on composition poe essay that asks the student to describe something—object, person, place, experience, emotion, situation, etc. Writers use the citing quotes research paper, descriptive essay to create a vivid picture of a person, place, or thing.

Unlike a narrative essay , which reveals meaning through a personal story, the. Emotion , Essay , Meaning of life 794 Words | 3 Pages. | Descriptive Essay | Rough draft | | Gatewood, Jasmine | 10/12/2012 | Myself: Person Hello kitty . collection thing Homemade spaghetti food Downtown Dallas place Jasmine Gatewood English 0331.2 Ms. Fischel 10/12/12 Description Essay Downtown Dallas home of the dart and the drug dealers on every corner, my friends and I used to visit regularly to have a nice chipotle dinner. When you are hear you cannot help but, visit the on composition, many food places, and cultural.

Dallas , Dallas Area Rapid Transit , Dallas – Fort Worth Metroplex 1433 Words | 4 Pages. ? Descriptive Essay Draft Throughout our lives we meet many people. We impact others by our own actions every day. Custom Essays? Sometimes . On Composition? we impact them without even realizing it. Phd Thesis Of Oxidative Stress Antioxidants In Alcoholic Liver? And people will impact our lives and our hearts forever. You may just have a simple conversation with a stranger on poe, a bus, and before you know it, both individuals have a changed perspective on something. Or perhaps you’ve known the person your whole life and differences, they have impacted you just as much or even more. These influential people. 2008 albums , 2008 singles , Conversation 964 Words | 3 Pages.

Descriptive essay example If you are having problems with writing of essay a descriptive essay you . should certainly look for a descriptive essay example (or even maybe several examples). Descriptive essays have their distinctive features and compulsory elements. A writer has to develop chosen topic in such a way, so that reader have no further questions on the issue. What are these issues? These may be people, events, facts etc. Descriptive essay examples will certainly help aspiring writers compose. Essays? Emotion , Essay , Essays 738 Words | 3 Pages. Essay On Composition? ?Name Professor Course Name and phd thesis of oxidative antioxidants in alcoholic liver diseases, Number Date Descriptive Essay One of tha problems with growing older is essay on composition losing tha wonder and . fascination of tha world that children see.

With tha everyday drudgery of life, it gets harder and harder to see tha world with tha child like perspective that we all once did. Phd Dissertation Proposal Collection;fieldOfStudies? This is tha reason that having children has been so exciting because I can once again regain tha opportunity to see tha world through thair innocent, creative eyes. Thare are few places where tha. Disney Vacation Club , Epcot , Magic Kingdom 1533 Words | 6 Pages. ?Gina Broyles English 152 Lynne Goldsmith Descriptive Essay October 23, 2014 Let Me Tell Ya ‘Bout My Best Friend Saige . Mackenzie Polk, a five foot girl with ten feet of attitude and on composition poe, sass. The girl that everyone knows and watches in awe as she struts down the my spring, hallways. Essay Poe? She’s the girl that succeeds with flying colors at everything she attempts, and never has a thought of giving up until she feels it is cultural good enough for essay on composition not only herself, but every other person around. Break Essay? Everything about Saige is on composition spectacular. Of Oxidative Stress In Alcoholic Liver Diseases? 2005 singles , 2006 albums , Friendship 976 Words | 4 Pages.

A Descriptive Essay Anticipation grows consistent with every step I take along the essay on composition poe, gritty concrete labyrinth. Beneath a . blazing sun, the smell of baked asphalt, sugary cola, and citing quotes paper, pretzel surround me. I follow the essay on composition poe, unpainted, gray chain fence that leads me forward. Overhead the deafening whirl of metal and screams briefly fill the hot air. The consistent drone of citing quotes research greasy motors and hissing pneumatics engage my curiosity. My heart rushes like a child on Christmas morning about to receive a favorite. Essay On Composition Poe? Mind 1016 Words | 3 Pages. Chandell Gabler English 099-22-Intro to biography College Writing 9:05-10:15 am Professor Braxton-Robinson/Professor Sheffield Assignment: Write a . Descriptive Essay describing a storm you have witnessed. The storm I witnessed was Hurricane Sandy. When I first heard of the essay, hurricane I thought it wouldn't be as bad as some people were prediciting, but as the storm approached I certainly changed my mind. As we sat in the house it became very real how bad the storm was going to be.

It was scary to. Essay? Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor , Denzel Washington , Paterson, New Jersey 971 Words | 3 Pages. ?Anh Phan ENG 099 7248795 Descriptive Essay Grandmother, the essay on composition, inspiration of my life I still remember every picture . and actions of my grandmother, a woman who loves me and citing research paper, sacrifices for me and my father most. Essay On Composition? My father grew up in the north of Vietnam, and my mom and my family in the south of custom uk forum Vietnam. Poe? For the disadvantages of long distance, I could not visit my grandmother and biography shakespeare, grandfather regularly. Fortunately, in poe Tet Holiday in phd thesis stress antioxidants liver diseases Vietnam when I was 7 years old, my parents took me to visit. A Big Family , Family , Grandparent 964 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay As I walked through the cold, lonely streets of Aberdeen, I decided to take a shortcut home. Essay? Making a sharp . right, I was headed down an alleyway, which was dark and sinister. Mist was slowly rising upward from the ground, which appeared yellowish from the reflection of one sole, dim, flickering light, almost at the point of burning out. The only paper sounds of the night came from my own feet dragging over many pebbles and stone on on composition, the cement.

The breeze was very bitter and piercing. Cosmo Kramer , This Old Man 1151 Words | 3 Pages. know anything about descriptive essays you should certainly look for descriptive essay examples, . which you can find online, as well as at Professays.com. Why should you look for such examples? Those students with little writing experience can be somewhat puzzled by a descriptive essay . Thus, an my spring essay, essay example will offer much valuable information, regarding both essay form and contents. The first thing you can learn is descriptive essay topics. Then you can pay attention to essay structure and outline. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 743 Words | 3 Pages. Essay On Composition Poe? brilliant green all summer and in spring they bloom with lovely white and custom, pink colors.

In autumn , they turn a bright red, yellow, and orange, . Essay Poe? lighting up the river. Some islands look eerie in winter because it is hard to see through all the branches and trees, giving the island a dark, spooky look. Essays? Other islands look warm and inviting, beckoning you in essay poe with their luscious branches full of custom essays uk forum different colored leaves . The wildlife looks beautiful, sometimes family of on composition deer are visible; you can usually see. American films , English-language films , New Jersey 909 Words | 3 Pages. Cultural Differences Essay? English Description Essay In this essay I will describe something in poe my home; I have chosen to describe a Cheez-It box. Collection;fieldOfStudies? . Essay On Composition? Many people own Cheez-It snacks in their homes. The color of the Cheez-It box is red, white, orange, yellow, and black.

The front of the essays biography shakespeare, box has a big label reading Cheez-It. Above the label it shows the company’s name which is Sunshine. It has a picture of a little fat chef on on composition, the left of the company sunshine’s name. Directly underneath the Cheez-It label it declares. Cheddar cheese , Cheese , Cheez-It 961 Words | 3 Pages. Essays? attempting to on composition poe deny anyone entry. I could make out the silhouette of a bed, and I edged in cultural differences closer for a better look. A toy dinosaur lay decapitated on the . pillow. The sheet was splattered with a dark color. The wind intensified outside, the rustling of the leaves and poe, branches grew louder. There, next to essay the oval window, was the light . On Composition Poe? It was unplugged on essays biography, the table, looking as if someone had just removed from its package; completely immaculate. The lamp was perfectly ordinary.

I had finally found the essay on composition poe, object. Bathtub , Death , House of Lords 1029 Words | 3 Pages. mirror and see myself I see someone who has light brown hair, hazel eyes, and a light skin complexion. Thanks to McDonald’s I also have two necks. Essays Biography Shakespeare? But what I . really see is the desire to poe be the best I can be, the person I was born to be. I want to leave a footprint in the sand that spreads positivity, love, and a desire by others to do their best in all cases at all times. Essays? By living a moral and caring life through making others happy. Essay Poe? I desire to restore History to fact rather than opinion and create. Brown hair , Emotion , Eye color 883 Words | 3 Pages. ? Descriptive Essays vs.

Narrative Essays Many people have different preferences on what type of writing style . they think is more superior to another, I believe descriptive writing to be more excellent writing style then narrative. I can tell you that there are a few similarities and a few differences between the custom essays, two. I prefer Descriptive essays , rather than narrative essays . In my belief, it's that the descriptive essays are more effective when an author is trying to convey a story or get a. Essay , Fiction , Narrative 1153 Words | 4 Pages. Essay? College Writing 2 October 2012 Descriptive Essay A compact two-door car might not mean a lot to citing paper someone, but to me, working . and improving my car is on composition my favorite thing to do. When I am not inside my house or hanging out with my friends, you’ll be sure to find me working or cleaning my car. Phd Dissertation Collection;fieldOfStudies? For most people, leaving their car stock is passable for essay poe their needs, but to me it’s not. My car is uk forum modified which makes it one of a kind.

My car consists of its exterior, interior, and performance level. On Composition Poe? Automobile , Color , Headlamp 2139 Words | 5 Pages. ? Descriptive narrative Assignment September 25, 2013 A Terrible Event No one could ever imagine that such an incident could . happen. On December 31, 2008, in Benin precisely in West Africa, my friends Erick, John, and I decided to go out, as we were welcoming the New Year. Phd Dissertation Collection;fieldOfStudies? Erick and John were my best friends in High school, and we were together almost all the on composition, time. Erick was tall, short hair with a moustache, whereas John was short and antioxidants liver diseases, had a long beard.

New Year’s Eve was always fun. Essay On Composition Poe? ARIA Charts , Automobile , New Year 1041 Words | 3 Pages. Shakespeare? Descriptive paper Mercedez 1 How It Feels To Be in a Live Poker Tournament About five years ago I used to date this guy, whose mother . loved to go to on composition poe the casino. When I first heard about her going, I just couldn’t understand why she would get so excited about going there. She would come home and say how she had the best time and how she got so lucky.

She claimed that her son would give her luck and other small things that she would do, to claim she received luck that night. My Spring Break Essay? I would just look. Card game , Game , Luck 1678 Words | 4 Pages. Compare-Contrast Essay Eng121: English Composition I (AXC13480) Regina McKinney Professor: Nancy Segovia January 1, 2014 A . Poe? narrative essay is about storytelling for a narrative story to phd dissertation proposal work it must capture and hold the audience attention you must give a clear understanding of your story. Poe? A descriptive essay lets you describe in detail what the essay is all about using words that appeal to your sense of phd thesis stress liver diseases smell, hearing, see, touch, and taste. A descriptive essay lets you use words that. Essay Poe? Essay , Maya Angelou , Narrative 1226 Words | 4 Pages. than both of those. The juices seem even sweeter, cascading more thickly through my mouth, and the rough edges of the pit against essays shakespeare, my teeth doesn’t completely . startle me out of my cherry-induced serenity. When there are no more bites to be taken, I leave the poe, stone in my mouth, sucking out the last of the flavor. Custom Essays? Using my tongue as a cradle, I move the essay on composition poe, pit around in my empty mouth, gleaning more and more of the last of this precious fruit from the stony pit. The sweetness of this petite fruit has far.

A Great Way to my spring Care , A Little Bit , A Little Bit Longer 1012 Words | 3 Pages. nothing. The latch seems to be rusted shut as if it were a sign not to enter the on composition, premises. Phd Dissertation Proposal Collection;fieldOfStudies? Then I push up putting all my weight into it. The latch soars up; . the gate flies open. Consequently I fall to the muddy ground. After I stand up and brush some leaves and dirt off of poe myself I proceed into the yard through the creaky gate. On either side of the front door stand cement gargoyles slightly coated with moss. Essay? I move past the creepy figures towards the door.

The door is boarded up with what has to. Andrew Wood , Coming out , Door 1038 Words | 3 Pages. Essay On Composition? my fingers quiver. It was the length of a sharp number two pencil but instead of lead it had diminutive leaves attached to essay the tip. Essay On Composition Poe? It had . only phd dissertation proposal collection;fieldOfStudies one purpose which was to fool the digester into thinking a pretty delicious gift was coming its way. It was as if they curled around the essay, pointed tip, but I was too smart to be fooled. I knew that only misery waited under the dark green lying leaves . It had pale pea-like lines that wrapped around the forest-like stalks, leaving a quarter of an inch separating. Essays? Green , Nostril , Odor 1011 Words | 3 Pages. could make them independent from fossil fuels and importations from on composition poe, North America, increase their trade, and improve general relationships. With this huge . challenge to be met, the world is looking toward the next Brazilian government to be elected at Autumn 2010, and which will set the energy policy in Brazil for the coming years. Renewable energy is custom uk forum reliable and plentiful and will potentially be very cheap once technology and infrastructure improve. It includes solar, wind, geothermal, hydropower. Energy development , Fossil fuel , Hydroelectricity 1157 Words | 4 Pages.

Narrative Essay Vs. Essay On Composition? Descriptive Essay. ? Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Name ENG121 Professor June 16, 2014 Narrative Essays Are a . Great Read Narrative essays and Descriptive essays can be similar but they are different in nature. The narrative essay “I Want a Wife” is more compelling than the my spring essay, descriptive essay “Homeless” because the narrative essay has a point of view, uses humor and satire, and uses tone and language that can draw the reader in. “Narration is storytelling from the essay, perspective of. Essay , Essays , Homelessness 1604 Words | 7 Pages. ?THINGS TO BE GIVEN IMPORTANCE IN A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY IDENTIFICATION OF THE THINGS TO BE DESCRIBED Descriptive . essay focuses on a person, place, memory, experience or an object. Phd Thesis Stress Antioxidants Diseases? First, the exact thing that is to be described must be identified.

REASON FOR WRITING A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY There will be particular reason for writing this kind of essay . That reason will help the writer focus his description and imbue his language with a particular perspective or emotion. FOCUS ON THE FIVE SENSES Focusing. Essay , Essays , Five senses 1217 Words | 3 Pages. Jennifer Schacht ENG-090 2/10/2011 Descriptive Essay Final We have been waiting nine long months, and we have had much . preparation to do before the arrival of our daughter. Of all the things we have prepared for her, I am most proud of her room, my mother and essay poe, I painted it and sat it up with all the accessories together. I sat on the floor and cultural differences essay, taped off the stripes to essay on composition poe be painted, and my mom painted. It was a great team effort, and we are so happy how it turned out. Phd Thesis Of Oxidative Stress Antioxidants Diseases? With flowers and butterflies.

2007 singles , Caesarean section , English-language films 2924 Words | 6 Pages. much of the descriptive elements in your essay . * 5 Determine what you want the reader to feel about what you are writing. . Essay Poe? What kind of words or images can convey this feeling? * Use a lot of adjectives. Essay? They're the describing words. Essay? * * 6 Make sure there is enough detail in your essay to create a mental image for the reader. * Visualize the quotes, occasion or memory in your mind and essay on composition, describe. More than many other types of essays , descriptive essays strive to create. Emotion , Essay , Feeling 910 Words | 4 Pages. Climbing into my spring a fire proof suit and a full life jacket, when zipped all up you fit just snug in the cockpit of the boat as to make sure you still have enough . Essay On Composition Poe? room to snap the steering wheel into custom uk forum place.

When that shiny wood finished bottom of the boat leaves the trailer and touches gently down into the water the on composition poe, game is break on. Having the little boys that like playing in the water all day offer to take you out to the sun kissed deck of the essay, boat so you don’t get wet before getting in. the snug feeling of. Biography? American films , Boat racing , Debut albums 1069 Words | 3 Pages. button up shirt with crisp fold lines down each arm, his tie lying neatly against his chest. I assume him to be a business man of some sort working to . finish up last minute touches on some report or presentation before the work day begins. As I leave the coffee shop I discard of my now empty cup in the black tin can sitting directly next to the door. The friendly baristas thank me for my visit as a push though the door while simutaniously being hit with the on composition poe, cool early morning breeze. As I walk. Barista , Coffee , Coffeehouse 1016 Words | 3 Pages. Research? what his view is like and try to picture what the top of the trees look like from his vision. I hear more birds chirping away but they are all hidden from my . sight.

I also hear the wind brushing through the trees roughly, causing the branches and leaves to shake infinitely. As I look closely to the tree I am using for shade I notice two long line of marching ants, one going up the poe, tree and the other filing down. I try to quotes find where they disappear on the ground but they are too small and poe, blend in. Apple , English-language films , Flowering plant 1655 Words | 4 Pages. ? NIGERIA The purpose of this essay is to describe Nigeria. Officially it is a federal constitutional republic, located in my spring break West . On Composition? Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and uk forum, Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean.

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Online Master of Business Administration. Experience the essay poe Smith Difference. Online Master of Business Administration. You must be logged in to post a comment. Experience the Smith Difference. The online MBA from the Robert H. Smith School of Business at the University of Maryland, College Park, develops expertly skilled, ethically sound business leaders. Smith MBA graduates embody the professional intelligence and practical management skill set to thrive at the forefront of local, regional and international enterprise. Earn your MBA online in as few as 24 months with a flexible program that allows you to remain active in your professional role.

Experience the same academic rigor and top faculty with the Smith Online MBA as offered in the campus-based programs, with the added flexibility and convenience of attending class online. Specialize in Accounting, Finance, Information Systems and Business Analytics, Marketing, or Supply Chain Management, or opt for uk forum, the broader general track. Build your professional network by connecting with more than 60,000 Robert H. Smith School of Business alumni worldwide. The Robert H. Smith School of Business Online MBA program is ranked No. 9 in the nation by U.S.

News World Report . Learn More. The online MBA program at the Robert H. Smith School of on composition poe Business is accredited by AACSB International. Additionally, the University of Maryland, College Park, is quotes research paper accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education (MSCHE). On Composition! Learn More. A Flexible and Engaging Curriculum. The top online MBA programs are delivered by essays biography exceedingly accomplished business experts. Highly focused and experientially driven, the online MBA from the internationally recognized Robert H. Smith School of Business at the University of Maryland, College Park, features a world-renowned faculty and an innovative curriculum developed directly from real-world business experience. Our proximity to the Washington, D.C., business community gives us the ability to recruit speakers and educators from among today’s most powerful policy makers and professionals. The Smith online MBA program is designed to essay on composition poe, provide the highest level of student engagement, utilizing features such as audio and video messaging, integrated multimedia and collaborative online workspaces. Online MBA Student. “I chose Smith because when I researched other online MBA programs, it had the most positive attributes: the citing quotes research flexibility to stay home with my infant son while receiving a top-notch education, outstanding career service offerings…”

It is largely asynchronous, allowing you to continue to meet professional and personal obligations during your course of study. A small number of live online classes presented via the state-of-the-art video conferencing tool, Adobe Connect™, provide the benefit of “attending” class and essay poe, interacting with professors and peers in real time. Our online MBA offers great flexibility while providing the same academic rigor as our internationally recognized on-campus MBA programs. Hone your leadership abilities and develop high-level communication and analytical skills. Gain valuable expertise in essential areas of business operations, such as accounting, marketing, finance, management and information systems. Explore the ethical and financial challenges of doing business in the global marketplace. The Smith online MBA focuses on modern, applicable strategies and skills to create an educational experience with real-world value. Any MBA program should broaden your overall perspective and understanding of the diverse world of business. A first-rate MBA program will also provide a detailed examination of the business areas that most interest you. That’s why our online MBA offers four highly relevant specializations focused on the most important aspects of modern business Accounting, Finance, Information Systems and Business Analytics, Marketing, or Supply Chain Management in addition to a general track for those looking for the broadest MBA experience.

Broaden your MBA experience with an expansive look at the core concepts covered in each of the phd dissertation proposal four specializations. Develop your background in accounting, information systems and business analytics, finance and marketing to become the most well-rounded professional you can be. Information Systems and Business Analytics. Business is evolving more rapidly than ever through the increased ability to gather key information with speed and precision. Learn to manage and essay on composition poe, analyze data and design and implement information systems to help you stay current in the professional setting. How your company and research, products are represented to the consumer is crucial to your company’s – and your – success. Explore the essay latest marketing topics, such as data-driven marketing and permission marketing.

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With a curriculum designed for the future of essay supply chain management, that’s what you get. Learn how to identify, evaluate and mitigate risk, improve efficiencies and utilize cutting-edge supply chain technology applications, including cloud-based programs like Resilinc and SAP. Build your business acumen with the same advanced business leadership courses offered through our prestigious on-campus degree programs. Examine entrepreneurship, management, information systems, ethics, the global economic environment, financial accounting, operations, negotiation, leadership, human capital and essays uk forum, more. A strong working knowledge of these topics can help you become a well-rounded leader with the essay poe ability to work successfully across teams and departments. Click the arrows below to view our course offerings. Introduces students to research, analytical techniques that establish the optimality of managerial decisions via empirical (“data models”) and essay on composition, logical (“decisions”) means. The course may be viewed as consisting of two integrated parts. In the first part, various methods of analyzing data, including regression analysis, are studied.

The second part covers models for making optimal decisions in situations characterized by either an absence of uncertainty or where the uncertainty arises from differences non-competitive sources. Introduces students to tools and skills needed to create and grow a successful new venture as well as evaluate the potential of new ventures and entrepreneurs for those in venture finance. The course integrates research findings from a range of different practical and intellectual perspectives, including psychology, sociology, economics, strategic management and history into practical, hands-on lessons for an entrepreneur. Essay! Class projects provide the foundations for new, real businesses. Presents the main concepts and phd thesis stress liver, analytic methods of modern corporate finance. Students learn about the structure of financial markets, the on composition poe techniques and language of finance and the various responsibilities of the corporate financial manager. Topics addressed include objective of creating shareholder value; valuation of my spring corporate securities, including stocks and bonds; risk-return relationship and on composition, its implications for finance; financial techniques for evaluating corporate investments; corporate financing alternatives and the design of a company’s capital structure; coordinating investment and financing; and basics of derivatives pricing. The Global Economic Environment 2.

Provides managers with the tools necessary to intelligently interpret the national and international economic environment, including the impact of economic policies on the economy and the firm. The course develops basic macroeconomic theory to enable managers to critically evaluate economic forecasts and policy recommendations and then apply these concepts in a series of case studies. Introduction to custom essays, Financial Accounting 2. Focuses on the preparation, understanding and analysis of financial statements: income statement, balance sheet and the statement of cash flows. These statements report a company’s profitability and financial health and are useful to all economic agents who are engaged with the firm.

These include investors (actual and potential), employees, customers and poe, governments. Phd Thesis Of Oxidative Stress In Alcoholic Liver! The overall objective of this course is to poe, provide students with the concepts and tools needed to understand and effectively use a company’s external or financial accounting information system. Builds on break essay students’ leadership experience to extend their theoretical knowledge and applied skills. Using assessment tools, exercises, films, cases and other assignments, students gain a stronger understanding and skill set to excel in leadership positions today. Essay On Composition Poe! Also provides an overview of the key issues related to managing human capital in organizations. Essays Uk Forum! Covers critical issues that every professional needs to know, regardless of functional area, and examines them from both a strategic and on composition poe, a tactical level that should be relevant to all practicing managers and leaders. Helps to uk forum, analyze financial as well as non-financial information in planning, control and decision making. Managerial accounting is poe primarily concerned with helping managers make effective decisions related to utilization of resources, cost analysis, performance evaluation, etc. The overall objective of custom essays this course is to provide you with the concepts and essay poe, tools needed to understand and phd thesis antioxidants, effectively use a company’s internal or managerial accounting information system. Managerial Economics and Public Policy 2. Examines basic microeconomic principles used by firms, including supply and demand, elasticity, costs, productivity, pricing, market structure and competitive implications of alternative market structures, market failures and government intervention, and public policy processes affecting business operations.

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Action Learning Projects (ALPs) are a practical and essay on composition poe, high-impact way to develop your ability to proposal collection;fieldOfStudies, think and lead across an organization by applying what you have learned in the classroom. ALPs are like a class project, but the difference between the on composition poe typical class project and these transformative projects is the difference between a glass of custom uk forum skim milk and a milkshake. ALPs create practical learning experiences by integrating knowledge gained from the core curriculum and essay poe, focusing on stress antioxidants liver diseases real business problems in real-time – outside the risks and demands of on composition poe your day-to-day job. Teaches students how to: recognize the scope of managerial agency and the economic, legal and phd dissertation proposal collection;fieldOfStudies, ethical responsibilities to various stakeholders; conduct elementary ethical analyses of poe managerial situations using the principal schools of ethical reasoning; identify the economic and essay, ethical properties of a market mechanism and essay poe, the means for addressing the limitations of a market; and recognize ethical leadership as the exercise of managerial agency in changing existing values and practices. Executive Powers and Negotiation 2. Examines ways to expand your power and influence capabilities, as well as enhance your negotiation skills. Guides you in obtaining personal insights into your own approaches, strengths and weaknesses. Provides the opportunity to develop and implement a negotiation plan to apply the course principles in a personal or professional setting.

Provides a broad look at issues that global organizations face across the enterprise. The course explores international marketing, finance, management and shakespeare, organizational behavior strategies. Students taking the course receive a global business perspective. Develops the essay poe fundamental knowledge and skills of essays biography MBA students who plan to work with organizations as change agents, whether internally or externally as outside consultants. Poe! This course draws on literatures from organizational behavior, organizational change and development, organizational structure, human resource management and strategic management to identify and understand critical factors and underlying processes that drive for and against organizational change.

This course also provides students with useful models, tools and phd thesis of oxidative stress antioxidants in alcoholic liver diseases, skills for poe, leading and managing organizational change effectively. Analyze and identify profit opportunities and threats in different industry and competitive environments; Analyze and identify a firm’s valuable assets, resources and capabilities and how they might be protected, leveraged, and extended in the market; Learn how to organize your company to be the best prepared to adapt its strategy over time as the market environment changes; and how to use organic growth as well as mergers, acquisitions, joint ventures, alliances, and divestitures to ensure that the firm maintains the proper scale and scope to compete effectively over time. Our three-day, on-campus experience is designed to welcome you to the Smith School community. You’ll get started on coursework, get to know the custom uk forum faculty and staff at the University of Maryland, College Park, and join classmates in essay poe the program for some team building – all at the doorstep of our nation’s capital, Washington, D.C. Closing Residency: Capstone Business Experience 2. The capstone experience will help students appreciate the value and interconnectedness of the various functional business areas.

The capstone will result in my spring break essay much stronger knowledge of essay poe all business areas and a more marketable online MBA degree. A = Accounting, F = Finance, IS = Information Systems #038; Business Analytics, M = Marketing. Fraud Examination, Detection, and Deterrence in the Business Environment (A) 2. This course examines and discusses issues relating to fraud in the business environment. It is applicable to students in the OMBA accounting, finance, business analytics, or general tracks.

Fraud can be perpetrated due to failures in internal controls or ethical conduct in a business, as well as the pressures, motivations and opportunities of those who engage in quotes the fraud. The objective of this course is to identify the business resources for essay on composition poe, deterring fraud, evaluating the conditions that permit fraud to occur, and to my spring break, assist management to design effective fraud detection and prevention plans. The course will also introduce management to the steps necessary after fraud is detected, from the conduct of internal investigations, to the retention of external consultants and interface with the businesses’ external auditors. The Impact of Taxation on Business Entities (A) 2. An exploration of the essay tax aspects of business entities and transactions. The course examines C corporations, S corporations, partnerships and limited liability companies from the standpoint of entity formation, operation and liquidation.

The course also provides a basic introduction to the taxation of individuals, with emphasis on individuals as employees and proprietors. The objective of this course is to teach students about: 1) the analysis and valuation of equity securities; and 2) the differences essay structure and essay on composition, function of the equity markets. Students will learn to analyze equity securities using the basic EIC (Economy/Industry/Company) framework used in the financial industry, paying special attention to financial statement analysis. Students also will learn the primary valuation techniques used to estimate market values for equity securities. Additionally, students will learn about the equity markets by studying current and expected changes in market structure and function, and by studying alternative methods of making equity investments. The analytical framework and valuation techniques, as well as the practical market information students learn in this class will be useful for careers in corporate finance, asset management, research, sales, trading, financial market regulation or financial journalism. The financial crisis and subsequent far-reaching overhaul of the financial services sector in the form of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, punctuates the critical need for understanding bank structure and their activities, risks and regulatory oversight. Banks are unique among other corporations in their ability to uk forum, transform liabilities such as deposits into earning assets.

The course focuses on bank structure and regulation, governance, asset and liability management and essay on composition, risks affecting financial institutions associated with bank activities. Examines alternative ways to increase firm value through corporate restructuring, including mergers and acquisitions, spin-offs, carve-outs, leveraged buy-outs, and phd dissertation collection;fieldOfStudies, bankruptcy restructurings. Focus is on theory, practice, empirical evidence, and legal constraints related to each of these forms of essay on composition restructuring, and phd thesis, emphasis is essay poe placed on valuation analysis and strategic considerations. A = Accounting, F = Finance, IS = Information Systems #038; Business Analytics, M = Marketing. Foundation II Selectives (Continued) Credits. In business magazines, on TV, and in board rooms, “big data” and “data analytics” are hot topics. Interest is high as vast quantities of data are being generated these days, including new types of phd thesis stress liver diseases data such as web traffic, social network data, and reviews and comments on websites. This data is poe a valuable resource that, when used correctly, can create a not only a competitive edge for companies but can lead to better decision making in all sectors of society.

This is a first course in data analytics focusing on descriptive and predictive analytics. This course is intended to provide an introduction to the tools and techniques of data analytics that are central to the analysis of proposal collection;fieldOfStudies data, with a focus on essay poe classification and prediction. A particular emphasis will be placed on understanding the data analytics process, and the outputs of different methods; less attention will be placed on the analytical and algorithmic interpretation of details of the methodology. Phd Dissertation! The focus will be on poe business applications and examples from stress liver Marketing, Finance, Healthcare, and Operations will be used to illustrate the breadth of applications of Data Analytics in Business. Managing Digital Businesses and essay poe, Platforms (IS) 2.

At the beginning of the 21st century our economy is paper increasingly becoming “digital”, i.e. shifting to products and services that have fewer “physical” components and essay poe, more “information” and “network” components. Citing Paper! Music and news are just two examples of poe industries where each new generation of products and services tends to have fewer “atoms” and more “bits”. Apple, Facebook and Google are examples of companies that derive their value from tying together groups of users in a network. Citing! Such digital businesses have a number of unique and unusual properties that set them apart from essay on composition physical businesses and fundamentally change the structure and competitive dynamics of their respective industries. In this course, we will examine some of the characteristics of digital businesses and markets that make them unique and understand how companies can best manage them. Social Media and uk forum, Web Analytics (IS) 2. The advent of the sharing economy and the growth of social media platforms have provided unprecedented access to vast amounts of information and in the process transformed industries, spawned success stories, and redefined traditional business landscapes.

This course will examine the strategic implications of on composition poe these technological developments for businesses, consumers, and society at large. In this course, we will review concepts and break, principles related to online platforms, social media, and web analytics, and examine the opportunities and essay on composition poe, challenges associated with business use of social media and web technologies. Through a combination of readings, simulations, case discussions, presentations, and hands-on projects/assignments we will learn about phd thesis of oxidative antioxidants (i) the characteristics of networks, platforms, social media, and the sharing economy, and their potential to essay on composition, transform businesses and society, (ii) emerging business models and social media strategies, and phd dissertation, (iii) approaches that businesses and policy makers can use to evaluate, apply, and leverage these technologies. The field of consumer behavior involves the study of the processes involved when individuals (or groups) select, purchase, use, or dispose of products, services, ideas, or experiences to satisfy needs and desires. This course is intended to enhance your understanding of consumer behavior and how it can be utilized by marketing managers to develop effective marketing strategies.

Questions we will answer include: what factors determine whether consumers will pay attention to the information you provide to them about your product or service? what factors determine whether they will be able to remember this information? what actions can you take to persuade people to try your product? when people try your product, what factors influence their evaluation of it? Understanding all of these factors is essential if you are trying to get a customer to essay on composition poe, choose your product or service repeatedly over time, in phd thesis of oxidative antioxidants diseases addition to essay on composition, generating word-of-mouth for your product. Essays! Understanding consumer information processing also is essay on composition critical to the successful design and implementation of phd thesis of oxidative antioxidants in alcoholic marketing research. We find that students enjoy learning about consumer research, and often end up discovering as much about how they themselves are influenced by marketing actions as about how they can influence others. This course focuses on managing customers of essay poe a business – whether in B2B or B2C space – as a portfolio of “equity”, focusing on understanding the current and future value of customers to the business that can aid in selective acquisition, development, and retention of customers using latest developments in custom uk forum information technology.

Course participants will examine the conceptual foundations of customer equity, its measurement, its strategic implications, its use for determining return on marketing investments and its implementations in different business contexts through a variety of cases spanning both B2C and B2B space. The objective of the course is to examine the strategic and analytical aspects of customer equity in equal measure so that participants will have a deeper understanding of the power of customer equity management and how to put it to essay on composition poe, work effectively in their business. Co-Creating Customer Experience (M) 2. You can always attract a customer with a promise, but retaining customers can be more difficult. Biography Shakespeare! Co-creating memorable and compelling customer experiences is a key way to retain customers, and in fact, can be a strategic core competence that materially affects a company’s growth and profitability. This course will help students understand the dynamics and DNA of customer experience, and on composition poe, provide them with a framework for custom uk forum, designing, implementing, and innovating customer experience. Students will be expected to apply their understanding of customer experience co-creation to improving or innovating the customer experience for a specific company (example, Arista-cloud networking), brand (example, Airbnb), customer segment (example, low budget business travelers), or product-market segment (example, vehicle accident trauma patients treated in outpatient settings). A = Accounting, F = Finance, IS = Information Systems #038; Business Analytics, M = Marketing, S = Supply Chain Management. Foundation II Selectives (Continued) Credits.

In today’s international landscape, firms that want to “globalize” their operations must be aware of international distribution systems, governmental restrictions on the movement of goods, export and essay poe, import documentation and the various players involved in worldwide trade. You can build that knowledge with this course. Get an in-depth view of logistics and supply chain issues related to import/export management. Learn how to operate industry-relevant, cloud-based SAP software. Apply case and theoretical material to examine international issues and then use your new skills to uk forum, help your organization succeed under global competition. The key to resiliency in the global enterprise is supply chain risk management (SCRM) capability. With this course, you can develop your skills in risk identification, assessment and mitigation, master industry standard software like Resilinc and learn to enable a team experience with cloud-based supply chain risk analytics and management software, the basis of SCRM. Innovative Solutions to Supply Chain Challenges (S) 2. In supply chain management, innovation is in constant demand. With this course you can learn how to essay on composition poe, make positive changes in your role through supply chain coordination/collaboration strategies and custom, planning and essay poe, product intermodal operations.

Each week’s topic is explored through a computer simulation that allows you to address industry topics in an interactive and illustrative manner. Our faculty is the heart of our MBA program. While enrolled in the program, you will have the opportunity to learn from and collaborate with the innovators and phd thesis stress antioxidants, established thought leaders of the Robert H. Smith School of Business – the same esteemed educators who deliver our globally recognized on-campus MBA programs. Consistently ranked among the poe nation’s best in intellectual capital by Financial Times , our faculty delivers a wealth of industry experience into every online course. Our students benefit from having the my spring opportunity to interact and network with the poe minds that are currently shaping the world of business and defining the future of citing global business practice.

Associate Research Professor #038; Executive Director. Assistant Professor of poe Operations Management. Clinical Associate Professor | 2014 Undergraduate Studies Faculty Fellow. Margret Vilborg Bjarnadottir. Assistant Professor of Management Science and Statistics. Clinical Associate Professor #038; Senior Fellow, Office of Executive Education. Research Professor #038; Co-Director, Supply Chain Management Center. Clinical Associate Professor #038; Associate Chair, Accounting #038; Information Assurance Department.

Associate Dean for the Office of Executive Programs #038; Clinical Professor. Lecturer, Management #038; Organization Associate Director, QUEST Honors Program. Michelle E. Smith Professor of Logistics #038; Co-Director, Supply Chain Management Center. Vice President and Chief Information Officer, University of Maryland. Clinical Professor and Academic Director, Online MBA.

Ralph J. Tyser Professor of essays biography shakespeare Marketing Science | Chair, Department of essay on composition poe Marketing. Clinical Associate Professor. Professor of citing paper Information Systems. Clinical Professor of Management. Visiting Assistant Professor. Clinical Associate Professor of Management Science #038; Statistics. Smith Chair of Human Resource Management #038; Organizational Change #038; Co-Director of CLIC. Clinical Associate Professor. Associate Professor of Information Systems #038; Co-Director of DIGITS.

Clinical Associate Professor. Clinical Associate Professor. Associate Professor of Operations Management #038; Associate Department Chair. What Makes the Smith MBA One of the Best Online MBA Programs? A Commitment to Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Entrepreneurial spirit is alive and well at the University of Maryland, College Park.

The Robert H. Smith School of Business is home to the Dingman Center, one of the nation’s first academic entrepreneurship centers and poe, recognized as one of the nation’s largest angel groups. Dingman Center Angels is one of phd dissertation proposal collection;fieldOfStudies just a few angel investing networks nationwide that are housed in an entrepreneurship center or business school. The Dingman Center has received high honors and awards, including the NASDAQ Award for Center of essay on composition Excellence in Entrepreneurship. The Smith School is also home to phd thesis stress antioxidants liver diseases, Cupid’s Cup, one of the nation’s most prestigious entrepreneurial competitions, offering more than $115,000 in cash prize money to some of the business world’s brightest minds. In 2014, the event was hosted for the ninth time by the University of Maryland along with Maryland alumnus and Under Armour founder and on composition poe, CEO Kevin Plank. Our AACSB accredited online MBA program encourages students to pursue new ideas and custom essays uk forum, act as innovators to promote positive change in the world of business.

The entrepreneurship component of the Smith MBA is designed to give you the skills to grow a successful business venture from the ground up and to on composition, accurately assess the potential of such a venture. The Benefits of Experiential Learning. What will you learn during your MBA experience that will help you stand out as a smart, savvy business professional? Many programs can provide you with improved business skills, but the online MBA from the Robert H. Essays! Smith School of essay on composition Business offers something more. By adding Action Learning Projects to our MBA residencies, we challenge students to get involved with real-world business issues both domestically and abroad. It’s a hands-on approach to learning that develops tangible leadership, teamwork, analysis and shakespeare, communication skills. We use a dynamic combination of asynchronous learning, live online classes and on-campus residencies to prepare students to face real-world challenges confidently.

Whether you’re looking to establish your place in consulting, international business, social venture, investing or entrepreneurship, the Smith MBA can provide the practical knowledge to help you achieve your goals. The Robert H. On Composition! Smith School of Business is proud of the multitude of top rankings that our MBA program has earned. While the enrichment of our students will always be more important than recognition in any publication, these rankings give us great pride. They matter to us because they are representative of the level of phd dissertation proposal dedication we pour into molding the next generation of innovative business leaders. They matter to you because they remind colleagues and associates that you are expertly qualified with an advanced business education of the highest caliber. View a full list of our current rankings here. An Environment of Collaborative Growth. At the essay poe Robert H. Smith School of stress liver Business, we go to great lengths to provide an environment of support for all students and alumni. Our faculty and students alike are committed to collaborative growth, pulling each other up rather than pushing each other down to get ahead.

Smith students are ambitious and competitive, but they also appreciate the value of essay on composition poe cooperation and community. At Smith, we believe that by actively challenging and supporting one another, we can all grow to be smarter, stronger and more successful. The atmosphere of collaborative growth is noticeable the moment you enroll, but it doesn’t end when you graduate. Graduates of the online MBA program join a powerful network of more than 60,000 proud Smith alumni who rely on each other as friends, colleagues and professional contacts. Building Careers and Fostering Success.

It’s no accident that the Robert H. Smith School of Business was ranked #2 overall in “Career Services” by citing paper Bloomberg Businessweek. Providing support for students and alumni in their pursuit of essay career success is a focal point at the Smith School. We offer a wide range of services to help you grow as a professional – the same invaluable services that are provided to our on-campus students, including: Career coaching HireSmith online recruiting system and job database Internship assistance Resume and cover letter coaching Target job search management technology Networking Peer-to-peer mentoring Interview training, including mock interviews Evaluating and phd thesis of oxidative in alcoholic, negotiating job offers Soft skill development. About the essay on composition poe University of Maryland, College Park. The University of Maryland, College Park, is a public research university and the flagship campus of the University System of Maryland. Cultural Essay! Established in 1856, UMD is the original land-grant institution in the state.

It is one of only 62 members of the Association of American Universities, an organization composed of the leading research universities in the United States and Canada. The University of essay on composition poe Maryland is committed to achieving excellence as the state’s primary center for research and graduate education and the institution of choice for undergraduate students of exceptional ability and promise. The University creates and applies knowledge for the benefit of the economy and proposal collection;fieldOfStudies, culture of the state, the poe region, the nation and beyond. As the flagship of the University System of Maryland, the University shares its research, educational, cultural and technological strengths with businesses, government and essays uk forum, other educational institutions. The University advances knowledge, provides outstanding and innovative instruction and nourishes a climate of intellectual growth in a broad range of essay on composition academic disciplines and interdisciplinary fields.

The Robert H. Cultural! Smith School of Business is an essay on composition internationally recognized leader in management education and quotes, research. One of 12 colleges and on composition poe, schools at the University of Maryland, College Park, the phd dissertation Smith School offers undergraduate degrees along with full-time, part-time MBA and online MBA, Executive MBA, Executive M.S., Ph.D. and Executive Education programs, as well as outreach services to the corporate community. The Smith School is at the forefront of creating, understanding and leveraging the modern world’s evolving business models. Essay Poe! Our world-class faculty and research centers work to bring game-changing research into the classroom and my spring break, the boardroom for essay, maximum impact. We immerse our students in complex and evolving marketplaces where critical thinking, creativity, and cultural, entrepreneurship are at the core of the enterprise. The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) provides internationally recognized, specialized accreditation for business and accounting programs at the bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral levels. Essay On Composition Poe! The AACSB accreditation standards challenge post-secondary educators to pursue excellence and continuous improvement throughout their business programs. AACSB accreditation is internationally known as the longest standing, most recognized form of specialized professional accreditation an institution and its business programs can earn.

Multiple years of professional experience strengthen an applicant’s profile and diseases, provide an essay on composition important edge in cultural differences essay the admissions process. A minimum of two years of work experience is highly recommended for consideration. An application is not considered complete unless it contains the on composition poe applicant’s resume. There is one essay question and one optional question on the application. The Admissions Committee looks for well-written essays that clearly and thoughtfully answer each question. A non-refundable application fee of $75 is required. Phd Dissertation Collection;fieldOfStudies! Please pay by credit card as you submit your application online. The application Fee is waived for UMD Terp alumni and Military students. A recommendation should be solicited from an individual who can objectively comment on essay poe an applicant’s performance in a professional environment. Only one recommendation letter is phd dissertation proposal collection;fieldOfStudies required with your application. A GMAT/GRE score report is required in essay the application for the Smith Online MBA Program.

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GMAT – Online MBA code is SQT-N8-32 ; GRE – Code is 5814 for all programs. The online application allows you to upload a copy of custom your transcript(s) for each college or university attended. If the transcript where you received your degree does not state the degree was conferred, please also upload a diploma or copy of poe your degree received. If you are formally admitted to the University of Maryland, you will be required to submit an official transcript. If your transcript is not in differences English, please also upload a notarized copy of your transcript translated into English. The University of essay poe Maryland Graduate School requires all admitted students to have an undergraduate grade point average of at least 3.00/4.00. The University of Maryland, College Park, requires any applicant who has not completed a university degree in a country in which English is the principal language (such as the United Kingdom, Australia, Ireland, and New Zealand) to take the TOEFL.

You are strongly encouraged to include a photocopy of your TOEFL report with the application materials. The Admissions Committee will not review your file without the proposal collection;fieldOfStudies TOEFL. To view a list of countries exempt from taking the essay poe TOEFL exam please click here. All applicants must comply with this policy regardless of citizenship status, number of proposal years residing in the United States, and essay on composition poe, instruction language of his or her university. Contact www.toefl.org to request an official copy of your test scores to be sent to the University of Maryland, College Park – institutional code 5814 . Note: All students, including international students, are required to attend two three day residencies scheduled at the beginning and the end of the program on the University of Maryland campus in College Park, Maryland. Custom Uk Forum! The University of on composition Maryland, College Park, cannot issue a Form I-20 or Form IAP-66 to students enrolled in the online MBA program for the attendance of the collection;fieldOfStudies residencies. 2017 – 2018 Academic Year Tuition Fees. 1 There is no differentiation between in-state and out-of-state tuition. The tuition covers curriculum, technology platform licensing and support, and room and board accommodations for poe, the two required 3-day residency periods. Transportation to and from the Smith School for break, the residencies, as well as course books and materials, is essay on composition not covered in the tuition or fees.

Tuition and fees are subject to change. 2 The University-mandated technology fee, is charged twice a year during the essays spring and fall semesters. 3 Admitted applicants are required to submit a $1,000 non-refundable enrollment deposit to on composition, reserve a space in the class. Essays Shakespeare! Enrollment deposits will be applied as a credit towards the first term tuition. There is a multitude of on composition poe scholarships and financial aid options available to help eligible students in paying some or all of the phd dissertation proposal cost of their online MBA. Be sure to carefully review all financial aid resources to gain an understanding of what options may be available to you. The Smith School of Business awards scholarships to a select number of essay on composition applicants based on scholastic merit, professional accomplishment and evidence of leadership. All applicants whose applications are complete by essays uk forum the application deadline receive automatic consideration.

Beginning with the on composition fall 2016 entry, a Double Terp Scholarship is available to alumni of the University of Maryland, College Park who are newly-admitted into the Smith Online MBA program. Be sure to essays shakespeare, indicate that you are a graduate of the University of Maryland, College Park on your application for admission. The Smith School of Business has partnered with specific organizations to offer a scholarship and no application fee or enrollment deposit for their full-time employees and their immediate family members who enroll in the online MBA program. Essay On Composition Poe! If you are employed by a partner organization and would like to learn more about this benefit, or would like to phd dissertation, confirm if your organization has a partnership with Smith, please contact an enrollment advisor. Students who are U.S. citizens or permanent residents may apply for Federal Student Loans through the Office of essay on composition poe Student Financial Aid by completing the cultural Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). The application is available online at www.fafsa.ed.gov; UMD-College Park’s FAFSA code is 002103 . After the FAFSA is received by the Office of Student Financial Aid, additional information specific to the individual student may be requested. When all application materials are received Federal loans are certified, and the student is notified. On Composition! This notification process typically begins mid to late June. An application for aid has no bearing on the application for admittance to shakespeare, the program. The University of essay poe Maryland has a Veterans Program Office to assist military service members and phd dissertation proposal, veterans in their educational pursuits.

Scholarship and VA benefit information can be found online. All students receiving financial aid must maintain certain academic standards during the program or else risk losing eligibility for funding. Click here to learn more about satisfactory academic progress requirements. 2018 Academic Year Submission Deadlines. The Smith online MBA program offers three entry points a year in January, May and September. If you’d like more information about the online MBA program, please contact an enrollment advisor or download a program brochure. Our military-friendly MBA program offers a number of benefits for veterans and active members of the military in recognition of on composition poe their service. We are dedicated to providing military personnel with special opportunities to ease the uk forum transition to academics and on composition, make a first-rate education readily attainable. To help you navigate the enrollment process and custom essays uk forum, the procedures for on composition poe, securing government funding, we offer a dedicated military advocate to act as a personal agent for military students.

This advocate will also help you communicate with companies and organizations throughout the essay corporate landscape after you graduate to help you find the right career opportunity. Other potential benefits for veterans and active military personnel include: Yellow Ribbon Program Participating Institution Benefits Waived application fees Merit-based scholarships for military/veteran students Veteran MBA alumni on essay staff to advise and advocate for military/veteran students VA education benefits Veteran-centered programming In-state tuition extended to veteran residents of Maryland and soldiers stationed in MD. To learn more about the collection;fieldOfStudies many opportunities available to veterans and on composition, military personnel through the UMD online MBA, please contact an cultural differences enrollment advisor. Take the first step toward your Smith MBA. Complete this form to on composition poe, receive your free program brochure.

A top-ranked business school and MBA program place the University of Maryland among the best in the nation. The online MBA program at the Robert H. Smith School of Business is accredited by shakespeare AACSB International. Lauren McConnell , Online MBA Student. “I chose Smith because when I researched other online MBA programs, it had the most positive attributes: the flexibility to stay home with my infant son while receiving a top-notch education, outstanding career service offerings …” read more. Eric Fisher , Online MBA Student. “I applaud the essay on composition effort that the biography faculty and staff have put into really making it a personal feel and getting that personal connection.” read more. James Cannon , Online MBA Student. “[The faculty] really care about what we’re learning and how we’re learning.

It’s not about on composition poe how much information they can pile into phd dissertation proposal collection;fieldOfStudies, a course. It’s about making sure that we actually understand everything that we’re being taught …” read more. Financial Aid Information Session. November 12, 2014 @ Noon ET. Engage with a financial aid specialist at UMD-Smith School and get your questions answered regarding submitting your financial aid, merit-based scholarships, payment plans and more. Call 1-877-807-8741 for details. Info Session: Student Panel Discussion.

Our recent Student Panel Discussion gathered current Smith online MBA students to share insights on their thoughts, opinions and ideas regarding the experiences in on composition the program. Shakespeare! Listen now. [News] Smith MBA Program Ranked 17th by Businessweek. The University of Maryland’s Robert H. Smith School of Business has climbed from 24th to 17th in Bloomberg Businessweek’s 2014 ranking of full-time MBA programs. read more. [News] Online MBA Climbs Fast in Rankings. Less than one year after its January 2014 launch, the Smith Online MBA has earned a top-five ranking from a national publication. read more.

[Video] Online MBAs: The Next Frontier of Higher Education. Less than one year after its January 2014 launch, the Smith Online MBA has earned a top-five ranking from a national publication. On Composition! view video. [Infographic] 6 Inspiring Modern-Day Entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs drive innovation and quotes, make a tremendous impact in poe the world of proposal collection;fieldOfStudies business. Here are 6 inspiring modern-day entrepreneurs with the essay on composition lessons you can learn from phd thesis in alcoholic their success.read more.

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abstract art essays The Abstract Art. Editorial - Unfair Distribution of. Talent: Surrogate Cartoonist Act. The Harley Hahn. Understanding Abstract Art. I am sure that, sometime in your life, you have seen abstract art. Poe? Indeed, you may have seen such paintings on my Web site, as I have an online gallery of my own work: If you take a look at the paintings, you will see that they are abstract. In fact, they are painted in a style that is sometimes referred to as Abstract Expressionism.

Many people have trouble understanding and appreciating this type of phd thesis stress in alcoholic liver diseases, art. The purpose of this essay is to essay, explain how, over time, art has evolved to become more and more abstract, and why this is important. My intention is to explain the goals of abstract art, and to help you learn how to enjoy it. To begin, I'd like to introduce you to the idea that, broadly speaking, there are two types of essays biography shakespeare, paintings: representational and abstract. We call a painting representational if it portrays specific, recognizable physical objects. In some cases, the representational paintings look true to life, almost like a photograph. For example, consider the essay on composition poe following painting by Rembrandt van Rijn (Dutch, 1606-1669). This painting is called The Anatomy Lecture of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, and was painted in 1632. Differences Essay? The Anatomy Lecture of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp [1632] by Rembrandt van Rijn.

When you look at this painting, it is easy to recognize what you are looking at. There are eight men wearing funny-looking clothing (actually, the style of clothing worn in 17th century Holland), and on a table in front of the men lies a dead man, whose arm is being dissected. On Composition Poe? It is easy to phd thesis stress antioxidants, identify all the objects in the painting, as well as the overall meaning of the painting. (You are looking at an anatomy demonstration.) Not all representational paintings are so realistic. On Composition Poe? For example, Paul Cézanne (French, 1839-1906) created some beautiful paintings of fruit. Take a look at this one, Apples, Peaches, Pears, and Grapes, which Cézanne painted from 1879-1880. Apples, Peaches, Pears and Grapes [1879-1880] by Paul Cézanne. Obviously, this painting is more abstract than the previous one. Still, what you are looking at is representational.

The objects in the Cézanne painting may not be as realistic as the ones in the Rembrandt #151; there is no way you would mistake the Cézanne painting for a photograph #151; but it is easy to quotes research, recognize that you are looking at various types of fruit in a bowl. When you look at a representational painting, you get an immediate feeling as to whether or not you like the painting. For example, take another look at the previous two paintings and compare what you feel when you look at essay the anatomy lesson with what you feel when you look at the bowl of fruit. Abstract paintings are different. They have designs, shapes or colors that do not look like specific physical objects. As such, abstract paintings are a lot harder to understand than representational paintings. Indeed, when you look at an abstract painting, you often have no idea what it is you are actually seeing. Let's see if we can make sense out of this. In general, there are two types of differences, abstract paintings.

The first type of abstract painting portrays objects that have been abstracted (taken) from nature. Although what you see may not look realistic, it is close enough that you can, at least, get an idea of what you are looking at. If you have ever seen any of the paintings of Claude Monet (French, 1840-1926), you will know what I mean. In 1899, Monet began to paint a series of paintings called Water Lilies. These paintings depict the essay on composition poe garden at break essay his house in Giverny, Normandy (in France). Although the poe objects in phd thesis antioxidants the paintings don't really look like lilies, or water, or clouds, they are close enough that you can get a feeling for what you are seeing.

To see what I mean, take a look at this painting, Water Lilies (The Clouds), which Monet painted in 1903. Water Lilies (The Clouds) [1903] by essay Claude Monet. A second type of abstract painting, sometimes referred to as pure abstract art, is even more obtuse. Such paintings do not reflect any form of conventional reality: all you see are shapes, colors, lines, patterns, and so on. Here, for example, is one of my paintings, entitled Blue #1, which I painted in 2000. Blue #1 [2000] by Harley Hahn. As you can see, nothing in this painting is cultural essay recognizable. Essay? There are no people, fruit or even water lilies. Research Paper? When you look at such art, it is essay on composition poe natural to wonder why anyone would bother to create such paintings in the first place. What could the artist possibly have in mind? In some cases, the design itself might be pleasing to the eye, and we might look upon the painting as nothing more than a decoration.

Most of the time, however, this is not the case. Indeed, a great deal of abstract art is phd thesis stress in alcoholic liver not particularly pleasing to the eye. Moreover, why would an artist spend so much time creating a mere decoration? There must be something more to it. The truth is, yes, there is a lot more to abstract art than what meets the on composition eye, and to see why, we have to consider the basic purpose of art.

To truly appreciate a work of art, you need to see it as more than a single, isolated creation: there must be context. Essay? This is because art is essay poe not timeless. Every painting is created within a particular environment, and if you do not understand that environment, you will never be able to appreciate what the break essay artist has to offer you. This is why, when you study the work of on composition poe, a particular artist, it makes sense to proposal, learn something about his life and the culture in which he lived. Although the qualities of on composition poe, a painting depend on essays uk forum, the skill and desires of the artist, a great deal of what you see on the canvas reflects the environment in which the art was created. As an example, take a look at the following two paintings. The painting on the right, the well-known Mona Lisa, was painted from essay, 1503-1506 by Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519). Phd Thesis In Alcoholic? The painting on on composition, the left, a picture of phd dissertation proposal, Princess Diana, was painted in 1982 by Andy Warhol (American, 1928-1987). Both are portraits of a woman, and essay, both were produced by highly skilled artists who used similar poses #151; but notice the striking differences in style.

Princess Diana [1982] Mona Lisa [1503-1506] by stress in alcoholic liver diseases Leonardo da Vinci. If you study the lives of on composition poe, da Vinci and Warhol, you will find that there were #151; as you might well imagine #151; significant personal differences between the two men. Essays Uk Forum? These differences, however, do not account for the vast dissimilarity in painting styles. When you compare these two paintings, what you are seeing, more than anything else, are cultural differences. When an artist creates, he is essay on composition poe strongly influenced by the times in which he lives and, no matter how innovative he might be as a person, he cannot completely escape the boundaries of his culture. As you study the history of art, you see that, at phd dissertation collection;fieldOfStudies any particular place and essay on composition poe, time, there is always a dominant school of art that defines the prevailing artistic culture. Most artists of the time work within the norms of that culture.

A few artists, however #151; the visionaries and the experimenters #151; break new ground and, as they do, they encounter tremendous resistance from people who don't understand the new style of art. Phd Thesis Of Oxidative Antioxidants Liver? However, it is essay on composition from the work of these innovators that art evolves. So how does this pertain to abstract art? Until the end of the 19th century, virtually all painting was representational. Custom Essays Uk Forum? Artists painted pictures that were straightforward, and people looked at those paintings for one reason: to essay poe, see the particular images that were depicted. At first, this idea sounds so obvious as to cultural, hardly be worth stating. Why else would you look at paintings, if not to see the images? However, as I will explain, there are other, more compelling reasons to look at a painting. Indeed, it is on composition poe possible to custom essays uk forum, experience a painting in such a way that you go beyond what you see, in order to find out what you might feel. In the early 1870s, a movement arose in France that began to introduce abstraction into essay on composition serious art. This movement, called Impressionism, produced works of art that, for the first time, did not consist wholly of realistic images.

The original goal of the Impressionists was conceptually simple: they wanted to depict nature as it really existed. In particular, they labored to capture the ever-changing effects of light, as it changed throughout the day and from season to biography shakespeare, season. For example, the essay on composition poe French painter Monet, whom I mentioned above, spent a lot of time creating series of paintings in which he painted the same subject at different times of the day. His goal was to show how the color and form of the subject changed from one hour to the next. Take a look at this painting of haystacks, created by Monet in 1890-1891. In Alcoholic Liver? His goal was not to paint a simple image of a stack of hay, but rather to show the color and form of the haystacks at a particular time of day at the end of the summer. From Monet's point of view (I imagine), the painting was more of an on composition poe, exercise than a work of custom, art. Wheatstacks (End of Summer) [1890-1891] by on composition Claude Monet. Around the same time, another school of art, Neo-Impressionism, arose from the influence of Impressionism. The Neo-Impressionists used many small side-by-side dots to build up various shapes and colors. You can see this technique #151; which is known as pointillism #151; in the following painting, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte, created in 1884-1886 by Georges Seurat (French, 1859-1891).

A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte [1884-1886] by differences essay Georges Seurat. Essay? Finally, in the 1880s and 1890s, a disparate group of artists sought to phd thesis stress antioxidants liver, move beyond Impressionism and its obsession with the changing effects of light. On Composition Poe? These artists, collectively known as the Post-Impressionists, created a wide range of striking and research paper, innovative paintings. Among the essay most important Post-Impressionists were Paul Cézanne (French, 1839-1906), whom I mentioned earlier, Paul Gauguin (French, 1848-1903) and Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890). When you look at Impressionist paintings, you will notice that, although they are generally soothing to the eye and calming to the spirit, they are, as a whole, quite boring. This is phd thesis of oxidative antioxidants liver diseases not the case with the Post-Impressionsts, as you can see by looking at the following two paintings. First, here is Where Do We Come From? What Are We?

Where Are We Going?, painted in 1897 by Gauguin. Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? [1897] by Paul Gauguin. Essay On Composition Poe? Next, take a look at Irises, painted in 1889 by van Gogh. Custom? Irises [1889] by Vincent van Gogh. The last three decades of the 19th century were a time of two important #151; and essay, distinct #151; transitions. First, as I have mentioned, there was a gradual change from representational art to abstract art. You can see this in the work of the Impressionists and my spring break essay, Neo-Impressionists. The second change was more subtle, but far more important.

With the work of the Post-Impressionists, the purpose of art itself had begun to change. For most of history, the primary purpose of painting had been to portray images, rather than to evoke feelings and emotions. Starting with the Post-Impressionists, however, the emphasis began to shift. For the essay poe first time, unconscious feelings began to find their way into mainstream art. What allowed this to happen was that the Impressionists had loosened the bonds, giving permission for phd dissertation proposal collection;fieldOfStudies, painters to stray from their representational roots and become more abstract. To be sure, the Post-Impressionists were still quite literal in on composition poe their work: when you look at the work of Cézanne or Gauguin or van Gogh, you do know what you are looking at. Indeed, at the beginning of this essay, I used one of essay, Cézanne's paintings (Apples, Peaches, Pears, and Grapes) as an example of representational work. Still, the gradual shift to abstraction and the capturing of deep-seated emotion was real and far-reaching. The reason that this is essay poe so important is break that most of human life exists unconsciously, below the surface of perception and beyond the essay reach of voluntary, purposeful thinking. Differences Essay? Within this netherworld, lies the strong, untamed and irrational forces that give life to our being and on composition, definition to what it means to be human.

Until the 20th century, artists had to be content with merely grazing the surface of consciousness. Try as they might, their ability to penetrate to the heart of cultural differences, what it means to be human was limited by their tools. When the on composition brain processes a recognizable image, a mental barrier is erected that prevents significant entry into the processes of the unconscious. Thus, representational art, by its very nature, imposes limits on how deeply an artist is able to insinuate him- or herself into the unconscious processes of the observer. However, with the coming of abstraction, artists had, for quotes research, the first time, a powerful tool that would allow them to bypass literal perception and reach into essay this otherwise impenetrable world of unconscious emotion.

This was possible because, the phd thesis of oxidative antioxidants in alcoholic more abstract a work of art, the less preconceptions it evokes in the mind of the beholder. In the essay on composition poe hands of a skillful practitioner, abstract art can be an extremely powerful tool. However, as I will explain in a moment, such tools require more than the skill of the artist, they require the differences cooperation of the observer. Before I get to this point, however, I'd like to continue with a bit of history. By the beginning of the 20th century, the move towards abstraction had generated enormous possibility. Previously, painters #151; restricted by essay on composition the conventions of representational art #151; had confined themselves to either imitating nature or telling stories.

Now, for the first time, artists were able to enter a realm in which unbounded imagination was, not only possible, but desirable. Between 1910 and 1920, a new movement towards abstract art, both in painting and sculpture, arose in Europe and in North America. The first important abstract artist was Wassily Kandinsky (Russian, 1866-1944). Proposal Collection;fieldOfStudies? During the years 1910 to 1914, Kandinsky created a series of on composition, paintings which he called Improvisations and Compositions. Even today, almost a century later, Kandinsky's work is striking in its ability to cultural differences essay, bypass our consciousness and stir our inner feelings.

Take a look, for example, at one of my favorites, Improvisation 7, which Kandinsky painted in 1910. On Composition? Improvisation 7 [1910] by Wassily Kandinsky. The work of my spring essay, Kandinsky was extremely influential, and helped to essay on composition, usher in an age in biography which a number of abstract movements were established, one after another: Cubism, Futurism, Vorticism, Neoplasticism, Dadaism, Surrealism, and essay on composition, so on. Citing Quotes Paper? Rather than describe each of these movements in detail, I'd like to jump to what I consider to be the defining point of 20th century art: Abstract Expressionism. What we now call Abstract Expressionism emerged in New York in the early 1940s. It was not so much a well-defined school of art, as a way of essay poe, thinking.

The Abstract Expressionists made the final break from the rigid conventions of the past, by redefining what it meant to be an artist. In essence, they rebelled against what the rest of the art world judged to be acceptable. Although the idea of abstraction had been around for some time, the Abstract Expressionists went a lot further. Differences? They began to emphasize, not only the finished product, but the actual process of painting. They experimented in how they interacted with the paint, the canvas, and their tools; and they paid attention to the physical qualities of the paint itself, its texture, color and shape. I realize this sounds vague and on composition poe, pretentious, so I will explain to you what it all means. Before I do, though, let's take a look at an Abstract Expressionist painting, so you can at least get a feeling for what I am talking about. The following painting was created in 1950 by Jackson Pollock (American, 1912-1956), a pioneer of phd thesis stress antioxidants in alcoholic liver diseases, what came to essay on composition, be called action painting.

The painting was originally called Number 1, 1950, but at the suggestion of an art critic named Clement Greenberg, the painting was renamed Lavender Mist (although, there is custom essays uk forum actually no lavender in on composition it). Lavender Mist [1950] by Jackson Pollock. The name action painting was coined to describe the techniques used by Pollock. He would fasten large canvases to the floor of his studio, and then drip, fling, and spill paint on them. He often used regular house paint, because he preferred the custom uk forum way it flowed. Now, I understand that the first time you look at a picture like Lavender Mist you may see nothing more than a confusing array of disorganized lines and spots. What, I hear you say, is poe this supposed to mean?

How could anything so primitive and citing quotes research paper, crude be considered to be great art? It looks like something a bored kid would do if he was left alone in an art studio with no supervision. Before I explain why Lavender Mist is, indeed, great art, let me tell you a quick story. A few years ago, I decided to essay poe, visit Washington, D.C. by myself. It was the middle of winter, and the city had been hit by a huge snowstorm.

I was all alone, so I decided to walk to cultural differences essay, the National Gallery of Art. The streets were lonely and empty, and as I entered the poe museum, I could see that it too was empty. I asked the essays information person if they had anything by Jackson Pollock. She said yes, and on composition, gave me directions to the room in which his paintings and drawings were hung. I had heard of uk forum, Pollock and seen photographs of his work, but I had never seen any of the paintings in essay on composition poe person. I still remember the feeling I had when I descended the stairs, turned the corner, and looked at the wall. Essays Biography Shakespeare? I was alone in a large room and, there on the far wall, was Lavender Mist. The effect it had on me was completely unexpected.

It was the only time in my life when I can remember a painting, literally, taking my breath away. I know this will sound a bit sappy, but seeing that painting changed me forever. for the first time. How could this be the case? You just looked at a picture of the essay on composition same painting, and phd thesis of oxidative stress antioxidants in alcoholic diseases, I doubt you felt as if you had been changed forever. First, I should explain that the actual canvas is large, nearly 10 feet (3 meters) long. It is quite imposing when you see it in person, especially in a large empty room, where the essay poe painting seems to reach out, grab you and pull you towards it.

Second, what you see in the picture above is citing quotes nothing like the real thing. On Composition? Not only is the picture on your screen much smaller than the actual painting, but the colors you see on custom essays, a computer monitor are muted and inexact. Moreover, on a computer screen, you do not get a sense of the texture of the paint and the canvas. All of this you understand, I am sure. Everyone knows that viewing a real painting is poe a lot different from looking at a picture of the painting on a computer monitor (or on a projection screen in an art history class, for that matter). However, there is another reason why I was so moved by Lavender Mist, and it has to do with the very purpose of art.

To discuss this, we have to consider the question, Why do we create art? There are a number of straightforward reasons why human beings create art: to make a decoration, to tell a story, to capture or preserve an image, or to illustrate an idea. My Spring? However, there is another, more subtle, but far more important reason why art is important to poe, us. The need to reach inside ourselves and manipulate our unconscious feelings is universal. We all do it to phd dissertation proposal collection;fieldOfStudies, some degree, although most of the time we are blind to what we are doing. Essay On Composition? That is where art comes in. My Spring? As I explained earlier, one of the purposes of art is to on composition poe, allow us indirect access to differences essay, our inner psyche. Great art affords a way to get in touch with the unconscious part of our existence, even if we don't realize what we are doing. On Composition? In this sense, the role of the artist is to create something that, when viewed by an observer, evokes unconscious feelings and emotions. The reason abstract art has the potential to be so powerful is that it keeps the conscious distractions to a minimum. When you look at, say, the apples and pears of Cézanne, your mental energy mostly goes to processing the images: the fruit, the plate, the essays table, and poe, the background.

However, when you look at Lavender Mist, you are not distracted by meaningful images, so virtually all of your brain power is devoted to my spring, feeling. On Composition? You can open yourself, let in the energy and spirit of the cultural essay painting, and allow it to dance with your psyche. Of course, this only works if you cooperate with the artist. His job is to create a painting that is rendered so skillfully that, when you look at it, what you see actually changes what you feel at on composition an unconscious level. Your job is to proposal collection;fieldOfStudies, clear your conscious mind of thoughts and preconceptions in order to allow yourself to be influenced by what you are seeing. This means that, if you are to essay poe, truly appreciate a work of art, you must be willing to let yourself go, to put yourself in the hands of the artist, so to speak, and quotes research paper, let him take you wherever he or she wants.

Much of the on composition poe time, this partnership fails, sometimes because the artist is simply not skillful enough; often because the person looking at differences essay the painting does not know how to truly appreciate it. Now you can see why the advent of essay poe, Abstract Expressionism was so important. For the first time in history, artists were creating abstract art so skillfully that it was able to penetrate quickly and powerfully into people's subconscious (at least some people, some of the time). Thus, it is possible to view the history of painting as a long evolutionary process, starting with the slow, labored development of tools and techniques. Eventually, after centuries of representationalism, the Impressionists began to shake off the long- standing restrictions, which led to the development of various schools of abstract art, culminating, in the 1940s, with Abstract Expressionism, the beginning of a new age of creation and human achievement. I'd like to antioxidants in alcoholic diseases, introduce to on composition poe, you a few of the Abstract Expressionists, painters whose work was important to the evolutionary process that redefined what it meant to of oxidative liver diseases, be an on composition, artist. One thing that you will see is proposal that work of these painters varies greatly. This is because, as I have mentioned, Abstract Expressionism is not so much a school of painting as a way of approaching and essay, experiencing the act of phd dissertation, creation. I have already shown you Lavender Mist (1950) by essay poe Jackson Pollock. Here is one of Pollack's earlier paintings, The Key, which he created in 1946.

The Key [1946] by Jackson Pollock. Next, I'd like to show you a painting by Arshile Gorky (Armenian-American, 1904-1948), whose work had significant influence at the time that Abstract Expressionism was emerging. This painting, called One Year the Milkweed, was created in 1944. One Year the Milkweed [1944] by Arshile Gorky. When you are just getting used to abstract art, you might wonder, just how good are these artists anyway? It doesn't look all that hard to fill a canvas with lines, and smears, and splotches. Phd Dissertation? I can assure you that the on composition best abstract painters are all highly skilled artists in their own right. Phd Thesis Stress Liver Diseases? For example, here is a charcoal sketch done by Gorky in 1938, called The Artist's Mother. (It is actually an idealization of his mother, inspired by an old photograph.) The Artist's Mother [1938] by Arshile Gorky.

The next painting is by Franz Kline (American, 1910-1962). It is called Painting Number 2, and was created in 1954. Painting Number 2 [1954] by Franz Kline. Finally, here is a painting by Mark Rothko (Russian-American, 1903-1970), entitled White Center and created in 1950. This painting is an example of what is called Color Field painting: an abstract image with large areas of undiluted color.

White Center [1950] by Mark Rothko. To end this essay, let me invite you to take a look at some of my own paintings. Now that we have spent some time discussing abstract art, pretend that you are looking at the paintings in person, and essay on composition poe, imagine what they might make you feel: Explore the Net with me. You'll find a lot more art-related material in the online version of my book Harley Hahn's Internet Yellow Pages . Just click on the links below: Below is a list of the stress antioxidants in alcoholic diseases topics that I cover in these two sections of the book. 3D Art African Art Art Activism Art Conservation Art Criticism Art History Art News Art Nouveau Art Resources Art Talk and General Discussion Art Terminology Artist Encyclopedia Arts and Crafts Movement Ascii Art Body Art Ceramic Arts Collage Drawing Gargoyles and Grotesques Impressionism Installation Art Mail Art Native American Art Painting: Oil and Acrylic Painting: Watercolor Pop Art Printmaking Sculpture Surrealism.

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Essays: Improving the Public Policy Cycle Model. I don’t have nearly enough time to blog these days, but I am doing a bunch of writing for on composition university. I decided I would publish a selection of the (hopefully) more interesting essays that people might find interesting Please note, my academic writing is phd thesis stress in alcoholic diseases, pretty awful, but hopefully some of the ideas, research and references are useful. For this essay, I had the most fun in developing my own alternative public policy model at the end of the essay. Would love to hear your thoughts. Enjoy and comments welcome! Question: Critically assess the poe accuracy of and essays biography shakespeare, relevance to Australian public policy of the Bridgman and Davis policy cycle model. The public policy cycle developed by Peter Bridgman and Glyn Davis is both relevant to on composition poe Australian public policy and simultaneously not an accurate representation of developing policy in practice. This essay outlines some of the ways the policy cycle model both assists and distracts from quality policy development in Australia and provides an alternative model as a thought experiment based on custom uk forum, the authors policy experience and reflecting on the research conducted around the applicability of on composition, Bridgman and Davis’ policy cycle model.

In 1998 Peter Bridgman and Glyn Davis released the first edition of The Australian Policy Handbook, a guide developed to assist public servants to understand and develop sound public policy. Phd Thesis Of Oxidative Antioxidants? The book includes a policy cycle model, developed by Bridgman and Davis, which portrays a number of cyclic logical steps for developing and iteratively improving public policy. This policy model has attracted much analysis, scrutiny, criticism and debate since it was first developed, and it continues to be taught as a useful tool in the kit of any public servant. The fifth edition of the essay poe Handbook was the most recent, being released in my spring break essay, 2012 which includes Catherine Althaus who joined Bridgman and Davis on the fourth edition in 2007. The policy cycle model. The policy cycle model presented in essay on composition poe, the Handbook is below: The model consists of break essay, eight steps in a circle that is essay poe, meant to phd dissertation encourage an ongoing, cyclic and iterative approach to on composition poe developing and improving policy over time with the benefit of cumulative inputs and experience. The eight steps of the policy cycle are: Issue identification – a new issue emerges through some mechanism. Policy analysis – research and analysis of the policy problem to establish sufficient information to make decisions about the phd thesis of oxidative antioxidants policy.

Policy instrument development – the identification of which instruments of government are appropriate to implement the policy. Could include legislation, programs, regulation, etc. Consultation (which permeates the entire process) – garnering of external and independent expertise and information to inform the poe policy development. Coordination – once a policy position is prepared it needs to be coordinated through the mechanisms and machinations of government. This could include engagement with the financial, Cabinet and parliamentary processes. Decision – a decision is made by the appropriate person or body, often a Minister or the Cabinet.

Implementation – once approved the policy then needs to be implemented. Evaluation – an important process to measure, monitor and evaluate the policy implementation. In the first instance is it worth reflecting on the stages of the phd dissertation collection;fieldOfStudies model, which implies the entire policy process is centrally managed and coordinated by the policy makers which is rarely true, and thus gives very little indication of who is involved, where policies originate, external factors and pressures, how policies go from a concept to being acted upon. Even to just develop a position resources must be allocated and essay, the development of uk forum, a policy is thus prioritised above the development of on composition, some other policy competing for resourcing. Bridgman and Davis establish very little in helping the policy practitioner or entrepreneur to understand the broader picture which is vital in the development and differences, successful implementation of a policy. The policy cycle model is relevant to Australian public policy in two key ways: 1) that it both presents a useful reference model for identifying various potential parts of policy development; and 2) it is instructive for policy entrepreneurs to understand the expectations and approach taken by their peers in essay on composition poe, the public service, given that the Bridgman and differences, Davis model has been taught to essay on composition public servants for a number of years. In the first instance the proposal model presents a basic framework that policy makers can use to go about the thinking of and planning for their policy development. In practise, some stages may be skipped, reversed or compressed depending upon the context, or a completely different approach altogether may be taken, but the model gives a starting point in the absence of essay poe, anything formally imposed. Bridgman and in alcoholic, Davis themselves paint a picture of vast complexity in policy making whilst holding up their model as both an explanatory and prescriptive approach, albeit with some caveats. On Composition? This is essays shakespeare, problematic because public policy development almost never follows a cleanly structured process. Many criticisms of the policy cycle model question its accuracy as a descriptive model given it doesn’t map to essay poe the experiences of policy makers.

This draws into question the relevance of the model as a prescriptive approach as it is too linear and simplistic to represent even a basic policy development process. Cultural Differences? Dr Cosmo Howard conducted many interviews with senior public servants in Australia and found that the policy cycle model developed by Bridgman and on composition, Davis didn’t broadly match the experiences of proposal, policy makers. Although they did identify various aspects of the model that did play a part in their policy development work to varying degrees, the on composition model was seen as too linear, too structured, and generally not reflective of proposal, the at times quite different approaches from policy to policy (Howard, 2005). The model was however seen as a good starting point to plan and think about individual policy development processes. Howard also discovered that political engagement changed throughout the on composition poe process and from policy to phd thesis stress antioxidants liver diseases policy depending on government priorities, making a consistent approach to policy development quite difficult to articulate. The common need for policy makers to on composition respond to political demands and tight timelines often leads to an inability to follow a structured policy development process resulting in rushed or pre-canned policies that lack due process or public consultation (Howard, 2005). In this way the policy cycle model as presented does not prepare policy-makers in any pragmatic way for the pressures to respond to the realities of policy making in the public service. Essays? Colebatch (2005) also criticised the essay model as having “not much concern to demonstrate that these prescriptions are derived from practice, or that following them will lead to better outcomes”. Essays Uk Forum? Fundamentally, Bridgman and Davis don’t present much evidence to support their policy cycle model or to support the notion that implementation of the model will bring about better policy outcomes.

Policy development is often heavily influenced by political players and agendas, which is not captured in the Bridgman and Davis’ policy cycle model. Some policies are effectively handed over to the public service to develop and implement, but often policies have strong political involvement with the outcomes of on composition, policy development ultimately given to the respective Minister for consideration, who may also take the policy to Cabinet for final ratification. Essays? This means even the most evidence based, logical, widely consulted and highly researched policy position can be overturned entirely at the behest of the government of the day (Howard, 2005) . The policy cycle model does not capture nor prepare public servants for how to manage this process. Arguably, the essay on composition most important aspects to successful policy entrepreneurship lie outside the policy development cycle entirely, in the mapping and stress antioxidants liver diseases, navigation of the treacherous waters of stakeholder and public management, myriad political and other agendas, and other policy areas competing for prioritisation and on composition, limited resources. The changing role of the public in the 21st century is not captured by the policy cycle model. The proliferation of digital information and communications creates new challenges and opportunities for modern policy makers. They must now compete for influence and attention in antioxidants in alcoholic liver diseases, an ever expanding and contestable market of experts, perspectives and potential policies (Howard, 2005), which is essay on composition, a real challenge for policy makers used to being the single trusted source of knowledge for decision makers. This has moved policy development and influence away from the traditional Machiavellian bureaucratic approach of an internal, specialised, tightly controlled monopoly on advice, towards a more transparent and inclusive though more complex approach to policy making. Although Bridgman and Davis go part of the way to reflecting this post-Machiavellian approach to policy by explicitly including consultation and the role of phd dissertation proposal, various external actors in policy making, they still maintain the Machiavellian role of the public servant at the centre of the policy making process. The model does not clearly articulate the need for public buy-in and communication of the policy throughout the cycle, from development to implementation.

There are a number of recent examples of policies that have been developed and implemented well by any traditional public service standards, but the general public have seen as complete failures due to a lack of or negative public narrative around the essay policies. My Spring Break Essay? Key examples include the Building the Education Revolution policy and the insulation scheme. Essay? In the case of both, the policy implementation largely met the policy goals and independent analysis showed the policies to be quite successful through quantitative and qualitative assessment. However, both policies were announced very publicly and politically prior to implementation and essays biography, then had little to no public narrative throughout implementation leaving the the public narrative around both to on composition poe be determined by media reporting on issues and the Government Opposition who were motivated to cultural essay undermine the poe policies. Of Oxidative Antioxidants In Alcoholic Diseases? The policy cycle model in focusing on consultation ignores the essay on composition necessity of a public engagement and communication strategy throughout the entire process. The Internet also presents significant opportunities for policy makers to biography get better policy outcomes through public and poe, transparent policy development. The model down not reflect how to strengthen a policy position in custom essays uk forum, an open environment of competing ideas and expertise (aka, the Internet), though it is arguably one of the greatest opportunities to establish evidence-based, peer reviewed policy positions with a broad range of essay, expertise, experience and cultural essay, public buy-in from experts, stakeholders and those who might be affected by a policy. This establishes a public record for consideration by essay poe government. A Minister or the essays uk forum Cabinet has the right to deviate from these publicly developed policy recommendations as our democratically elected representatives, but it increases the accountability and transparency of the political decision making regarding policy development, thus improving the likelihood of an evidence-based rather than purely political outcome. Essay? History has shown that transparency in citing quotes research paper, decision making tends to improve outcomes as it aligns the motivations of those involved to pursue what they can defend publicly.

Currently the lack of transparency at the political end of policy decision making has led to a number of poe, examples where policy makers are asked to rationalise policy decisions rather than investigate the best possible policy approach (Howard, 2005). Within the public service there is of oxidative stress, a joke about developing policy-based evidence rather than the generally desired public service approach of developing evidence-based policy . Although there are clearly issues with any policy cycle model in practise due to the myriad factors involved and the at times quite complex landscape of essay on composition poe, influences, by constantly referencing throughout their book the importance of “good process” to “help create better policy” (Bridgman Davis, 2012), they both imply their model is a “good process” and subtly encourage a check-box style, formally structured and my spring break, iterative approach to policy development. The policy cycle in practice becomes impractical and inappropriate for much policy development (Everett, 2003). Essentially, it gives new and inexperienced policy makers a false sense of confidence in a model put forward as descriptive which is at best just a useful point of essay, reference. In a book review of the 5th edition of the Handbook, Kevin Rozzoli supports this by criticising the policy cycle model as being too generic and custom uk forum, academic rather than practical, and compares it to the relatively pragmatic policy guide by Eugene Bardach (2012). Bridgman and Davis do concede that their policy cycle model is not an essay on composition accurate portrayal of policy practice, calling it “an ideal type from which every reality must curve away” (Bridgman Davis, 2012). My Spring Break Essay? However, they still teach it as a prescriptive and normative model from which policy developers can begin. Essay? This unfortunately provides policy developers with an custom imperfect model that can’t be implemented in practise and little guidance to tell when it is implemented well or how to successfully “curve away”. At best, the model establishes some useful ideas that policy makers should consider, but as a normative model, it rapidly loses traction as every implementation of the on composition model inevitably will “curve away”. The model also embeds in the minds of public servants some subtle assumptions about policy development that are questionable such as: the role of the public service as a source of custom, policy; the idea that good policy will be naturally adopted; a simplistic view of implementation when that is on composition, arguably the most tricky aspect of policy-making; a top down approach to research policy that doesn’t explicitly engage or value input from administrators, implementers or stakeholders throughout the entire process; and very little assistance including no framework in the model for the process of healthy termination or finalisation of policies.

Bridgman and poe, Davis effectively promote the virtues of a centralised policy approach whereby the public service controls the process, inputs and outputs of public policy development. However, this perspective is somewhat self serving according to Colebatch, as it supports a central agency agenda approach. The model reinforces a perspective that policy makers control the process and consult where necessary as opposed to being just part of a necessarily diverse ecosystem where they must engage with experts, implementers, the political agenda, the general public and more to create robust policy positions that might be adopted and successfully implemented. The model and handbook as a whole reinforce the somewhat dated and Machiavellian idea of policy making as a standalone profession, with policy makers the trusted source of policies. Although Bridgman and my spring break, Davis emphasise that consultation should happen throughout the process, modern policy development requires ongoing input and essay, indeed co-design from independent experts, policy implementers and those affected by the policy. This is implied but the model offers no pragmatic way to do policy engagement in this way. Without these three perspectives built into any policy proposal, the outcomes are unlikely to be informed, pragmatic, measurable, implementable or easily accepted by the target communities. The final problem with the my spring break Bridgman and Davis public policy development model is that by focusing so completely on the policy development process and not looking at implementation nor in considering the essay poe engagement of policy implementers in the policy development process, the policy is unlikely to be pragmatic or take implementation opportunities and essays, issues into essay on composition account. Basically, the policy cycle model encourages policy makers to phd dissertation collection;fieldOfStudies focus on essay on composition, a policy itself, iterative and cyclic though it may be, as an outcome rather than practical outcomes that support the policy goals. The means is mistaken for the ends.

This approach artificially delineates policy development from my spring break, implementation and the motivations of those involved in each are not necessarily aligned. The context of the model in the handbook is also somewhat misleading which affects the accuracy and relevance of the model. The book over simplifies the roles of various actors in policy development, placing policy responsibility clearly in the domain of Cabinet, Ministers, the Department of Prime Minister Cabinet and senior departmental officers (Bridgman and Davis, 2012 Figure 2.1). Arguably, this conflicts with the essay on composition supposed point of the book to support even quite junior or inexperienced public servants throughout a government administration to develop policy. It does not match reality in practise thus confusing students at best or establishing misplaced confidence in outcomes derived from policies developed according to the Handbook at worst. An alternative model. Part of the reason the Bridgman and Davis policy cycle model has had such traction is because it was created in the absence of much in my spring, the way of pragmatic advice to policy makers and thus has been useful at filling a need, regardless as to essay how effective is has been in doing so.

The authors have however, not significantly revisited the model since it was developed in 1998. Phd Dissertation Proposal? This would be quite useful given new technologies have established both new mechanisms for public engagement and new public expectations to co-develop or at least have a say about the policies that shape their lives. From my own experience, policy entrepreneurship in modern Australia requires a highly pragmatic approach that takes into account the various new technologies, influences, motivations, agendas, competing interests, external factors and on composition poe, policy actors involved. This means researching in the first instance the landscape and then shaping the policy development process accordingly to maximise the my spring quality and potential adoptability of the policy position developed. As a bit of a thought experiment, below is my attempt at a more usefully descriptive and thus potentially more useful prescriptive policy model. I have included the main aspects involved in policy development, but have included a number of additional factors that might be useful to policy makers and policy entrepreneurs looking to successfully develop and implement new and iterative policies.

It is also important to identify the inherent motivations of the various actors involved in the pursuit, development of and implementation of a policy. In this way it is essay on composition, possible to align motivations with policy goals or vice versa to get the best and differences, most sustainable policy outcomes. Where these motivations conflict or leave gaps in achieving the policy goals, it is unlikely a policy will be successfully implemented or sustainable in the medium to long term. This process of proactively identifying motivations and effectively dealing with them is missing from the policy cycle model. The Bridgman and Davis policy cycle model is demonstrably inaccurate and yet is held up by on composition its authors as a reasonable descriptive and prescriptive normative approach to policy development. Evidence is lacking for both the model accuracy and differences, any tangible benefits in applying the model to a policy development process and on composition poe, research into policy development across the public service continually deviates from and often directly contradicts the model.

Although Bridgman and Davis concede policy development in practise will deviate from their model, there is biography shakespeare, very little useful guidance as to how to implement or deviate from the model effectively. The model is also inaccurate in that is overly simplifies policy development, leaving policy practitioners to learn for themselves about external factors, the various policy actors involved throughout the process, the changing nature of public and political expectations and myriad other realities that affect modern policy development and implementation in essay on composition poe, the Australian public service. Regardless of the policy cycle model inaccuracy, it has existed and been taught for my spring break essay nearly sixteen years. It has shaped the perspectives and processes of essay on composition, countless public servants and uk forum, thus is poe, relevant in the Australian public service in so far as it has been used as a normative model or starting point for countless policy developments and provides a common understanding and lexicon for engaging with these policy makers. The model is therefore both inaccurate and relevant to policy entrepreneurs in the Australian public service today. I believe a review and rewrite of the model would greatly improve the differences essay advice and guidance available for essay poe policy makers and policy entrepreneurs within the Australian public service and phd thesis stress antioxidants diseases, beyond. (Please note, as is the on composition poe usual case with academic references, most of collection;fieldOfStudies, these are not publicly freely available at all.

Sorry. It is an ongoing bug bear of mine and many others). Althaus, C, Bridgman, P and Davis, G. 2012, The Australian Policy Handbook. Sydney, Allen and Unwin, 5th ed. Bridgman, P and on composition, Davis, G. 2004, The Australian Policy Handbook. Sydney, Allen and Unwin, 3rd ed.

Bardach, E. 2012, A practical guide for policy analysis: the eightfold path to more effective problem solving, 4th Edition. New York. Chatham House Publishers. Everett, S. 2003, The Policy Cycle: Democratic Process or Rational Paradigm Revisited?, The Australian Journal of Public Administration , 62(2) 65-70. Howard, C. 2005, The Policy Cycle: a Model of Post-Machiavellian Policy Making?, The Australian Journal of Public Administration , Vol. 64, No. 3, pp3-13. Rozzoli, K. My Spring Essay? 2013, Book Review of The Australian Policy Handbook: Fifth Edition., Australasian Parliamentary Review, Autumn 2013, Vol 28, No. 1.

8 Responses to Essays: Improving the Public Policy Cycle Model. quick brain dump: – the organisational/environmental context with in which the BD model was developed might be worth exploring – resulting in its bureaucratic centredness. – not dissimilar to contemporary corporate strategic planning approaches. – driven by notions of incremental change, minimising risk and focused on efficiencies. – doesn’t lend itself to transformational change. – I think this is essay poe, very analogous to cultural differences essay the traditional waterfall vs agile software development approaches – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agile_software_development. – in today’s more dynamic environment the need to test and iterate faster in the policy is essential.

– also notions of on composition, Lean Startup have application – ie MVP (Minimum Viable Product) Pivoting – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lean_startup. – I think the notion of consultation (even continuous) is also flawed because it typically frames the discussion in terms of preconceived assumptions/expectation and essays uk forum, does not capture experiential information (I am informed by notions of tacit and essay, explicit knowledge http://hbr.org/2007/07/the-knowledge-creating-company/ar/1) might quit there before I fall off my soapbox… hope that was useful in collection;fieldOfStudies, some way. Nice, thanks James! I guess I come from an assumed position of co-development where possible rather than straight consultation, so perhaps my assumptions don’t shine through allowing a less collaborative approach. Point taken! The rest of the ideas are fascinating and I’ll get reading asap Thanks! re consultation – worth looking at ethnographic approaches… btw – love Pinky and essay on composition poe, the Brain – it was often my team mantra in my corporate lives – but, strictly speaking the quote is: Pinky: “Gee, Brain, what do you want to do tonight?” The Brain: “The same thing we do every night, Pinky—try to take over the world!” just one more thing… from my spring essay, my experience cycles with even numbers of essay poe, steps don’t work nearly as well as one with odd numbers… and less steps is better – 3 or 5 work best – 7 is max… and proposal collection;fieldOfStudies, if you get the steps to start with the same letter of the on composition alphabet that’s a bonus and differences, increases the chances of it catching on. Looks good Pia ! My key criticism (which you’ve also captured) is that Bridgman and Davis place the essay on composition poe Cabinet process at the centre of policy making when agencies and policy officers (through their interactions with other stakeholders) can actually set the policy agenda.

In your diagram I would also include ‘stickability’- there are a myriad of proposal, issues that can be triggered but whether or not they last the distance to getting properly considered is another issue. Essay On Composition? As a model of policy making I am a fan of Charles Lindblom and cultural differences, incrementalism (http://www.britannica.com/topic/incrementalism) . Essay On Composition? Amatai Etzioni built upon this paradigm further and called it mixed scanning as a third approach (the second approach was Herbert Simons Bounded Rationality) …in this day and age a pluralistic approach to conceptualizing all three in the guise of ‘strategic policy’is probably most useful. Thanks Evan, really useful! Really enjoyed reading this (albeit a few years late!). I agree this policy development model reflects none off the shakespeare realities in which real policies are developed, and that the staged nature precludes a more interactive and engaged model. I am really interested in how social media can be harnessed for poe co-development and design of policy and break, would welcome any thoughts/readings you may have on the issue… Thanks Jeremy, I’m glad it was useful You may enjoy an article we wrote about the Public Spheres, which was a model for public policy development with public co-design http://cpd.org.au/2009/09/case-study-public-sphere-as-a-gov-2-0-example-of-open-government/ Welcome to my blog. Essay On Composition Poe? It goes back a while and has my thoughts on all things technology, open government, FOSS and freedom. May contain traces of silliness and martial arts. Check out my Gov 2.0 (open government) posts.

They represent the bulk of my thinking and work at the moment.