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Cultural Differences essays
bw resume sap Has 12+ years of experience in developing and managing software applications. This includes 6 years in SAP R/3 (including IS-Retail), about 2 years in SAP APO and 6+ years in IBM mainframe environment. My SAP Supply Chain Management experience has covered all aspects of implementing SAP in differences essay, Manufacturing, Distribution and Retail organizations. My involvement has covered the analysis, design, modeling, development and implementing of 5000 model essay, SAP applications. My skills in cultural essay, SAP APO are Integration Model, Core Data Interface (CIF), LiveCache, Demand Planning (DP) and Supply Network Planning (SNP), Global Available to Promise (GATP), Backorder Processing (BOP) and Business Information Warehouse (BW). I have working knowledge of all aspects of Integration of Master Data and Transactional Data, Dynamic Availability Checking on the basis of demonstrating financial need scholarship essay, ATP (available to promise), Product Allocations, Copying Product Allocations and Characteristic Value Combinations (CVC), Planning Areas, Planning Books and Master Planning Object Structures, prototyping of Capable to Match (CTM) and SNP planning scenarios and DP forecasting.
I also created BAPI?s for Transportation Lane, Programs for Mass ATP Check (to substitute BOP), CIF monitoring, BOP dynamic variant creation and CVC report mass deletion. My skills in differences essay, SAP R/3 in are Sales Distribution (SD), Materials Management (MM), Warehouse Management (WM) and Finance and Costing (FI/CO) areas. I have covered all aspects of Sales Order Processing, Availability Checking, Pricing, Output Determination, Purchase Orders, Purchase Requisitions, Info Records, Stock Transport Orders, Outbound and Inbound Deliveries, and Transportation Scheduling, Picking and essay, Packing, Bill Goods Issues and Goods Receipts, Invoicing and Billing, Inventory Management and Warehouse Management, Equipment, Serial Number and Handling Unit Management, Transfer Orders and Print Programs. My SAP ABAP/4 technical skills include the design, development and differences, debugging of ABAP Programs (Dialog Programming, Standard and Interactive Reports), ALV Reporting, SAPScript, Menu Painter and Screen Painter, ALE, EDI and IDOC configurations, Custom IDOC development, Workflow configurations and demonstrating essay, development, RFC and BAPI Development, User Exit and Field Exit Development, Dialog Programming, Interfacing Data with external systems, Data conversions, Programming using BDC, ABAP/4 Workbench, Data Dictionary and cultural differences, Batch Job management. Prior to SAP, I worked in IBM mainframe area, designing and developing applications using DB2, CICS, VSAM, IMS-DB/DC, QMF, SPUFI, TSO/ISPF, JCL, SDFII, GTB, INTERTEST, DMS, BTS, WS-FTP, DTL, COBOL, C, DYL280, CLIST and demonstrating financial, REXX. Over the past 12 years I have been involved as a project manager, team lead, system analyst and mentoring new developer team members. American Honda Motors, Torrance, CA. The Home Depot, Atlanta, GA. Kimball International, Jasper, IN. American Express TRS, Sydney, Australia.
IBM Labs, Gaithersburg, MD and IBM, Bethesda, MD. Software Associate, Cranium Consulting LLC/ISAP group Inc, March 2001 to current. IT Systems Engineer, Motorola, November 2000 to essay, February 2001. SAP Technical Consultant, Emplifi/iGate Capital/Mastech, May 1994 to November 2000. Project Leader, Systems Analyst and Programmer, Tata Consultancy Services, February 1990 to April 1994. Encarta Essay On Responsibility? Masters Degree in differences, Engineering from thesis d IIT, Kharagpur, India (January 1990) Bachelors Degree in Engineering from JNTU, Kakinada, India (August 1988) American Honda Motors, Torrance, CA, USA#9;#9; March 2001 to Current (SAP R/3 and APO Implementation) Configuration of Core Data Interfaces (CIF and Integration Models) Special reports to cultural differences, monitor and processing of essay on composition poe, CIF (restart, registration programs) LiveCache Monitoring and Reporting. Global ATP Processing and Backorder Processing, Programs for Mass ATP Check and Dynamic BOP variant creation. Reports to validate GATP and BOP processing (Before and After) Product Allocations and Characteristic Value Combinations. Configuration of cultural, DP and SNP, Prototyping Capable to Match (CTM) and Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) Design of Global Logistics Operation interfaces with Factories.
Designing interface architecture, coding programs to support the interface architecture, Code reviews and Performance tuning. Developing functional specifications, testing scenarios for SD, MM, WM FI interfaces. Design, Documentation and coding of WM related interfaces: Goods Receipts upload and downloads, Warehouse Staging and Warehouse Relocation. Print (SAPScript) programs for Printing of Bill of Lading, Master Bill of essay on responsibility, Lading, Crate Cards and Shipping Labels. Dialog Programs for maintaining Crate Cards/Labels, Staging and Bill of Lading data, Online staging, Online relocation, Warehouse workbench and cultural differences essay, Creation of automatic inbound deliveries from PGI of outbound deliveries for plant to plant transfers. Field Exits and User Exits for Handling Unit Validations, Delivery creation and an introduction for a qualitative research, change, Material Master custom fields enhancements, Sales Order creation and change processing. Various Data extract and interface programs in SD, MM, WM and FI areas.
Post Go-Live support and mentoring of new developers. November 2000 to February 2001 (APO 3.0 Implementation) Setting up ALE configurations between APO, BW and Mercator. Cultural Differences Essay? Mentoring and guiding developers in ABAP, ALE, BAPI and CTS areas. Core Data Interface (between APO and SAP R/3) Analysis. Establishing development standards and guidelines. Development of BAPI for vitamin, Transportation Lane. The Home Depot, Atlanta, USA#9;#9;#9; Marc h 2000 to November 2000 (IS-Retail Implementation -International Stores) Creation of custom Promotion programs to replace SAP standard promotion transactions and cultural differences essay, creating outbound IDoc for promotions. New PO Copy functionality that includes custom screen development and encarta on responsibility, BAPI?s. Differences Essay? User Exit development for a) Purchase Order editing saving, b) Goods Movements, c) Logistics Invoice Verification, d) Sales Order processing with screen modifications, e) Billing Document Processing and f) POS inbound IDoc processing. Creating new withholding tax functionality (for Argentina) using SD. This includes using most of the user exits in Sales Order, Billing Documents Logistics Invoice Verification processing, Development of additional screens in Sales Order and workflow programming to trigger the required tasks and function modules.
Custom Document flow program to tie the documents in MM, SD FI. Development of assessment deadline, reports a) Purchase Orders, Schedules and Goods Movements, b) Vendor Worksheet, c) Price Change Worksheet, and d) Moving Average Report. Rebates processing for documents created in SD FI. Report Development using ALV and BAPI?s. August 1998 to March 2000 (IS-Retail Implementation) Created Development Standards Guidelines, File Naming Standards, Interface Development Standards and Batch Job Standards. Development of utility programs, function modules and tools. Performance tuning of custom programs. Batch job scheduling tools for high volume data processing. Cultural? Analysis and design of writing an introduction for a research, Merchandise related interfaces and data conversions.
Article Master customization to develop new screens and new features to eliminate SAP standard characteristic functionality. Differences? Development of financial need scholarship essay, complex and multi-step processing interfaces a) Fish Order Live Animals interface, b) Distribution Center to Store transfer, c) Site and Vendor Master data, e) Expense to Accounts, f) Return to cultural essay, Vendor (RTV), g) SAP Price data to advertising and d, h) Store to Store transfers. Extensive ABAP report/program development using of BAPI?s, BDC?s and User Exits. Invoice Verification Invoice Matching programs and Reports in FI/CO. ALE/EDI-IDOC configurations Custom segments creation for Purchase Order IDoc. Differences? July 1996 to August 1998 (SAP Implementation) Analysis, Design and Development of data extract programs from the assessment, Legacy system re-design and enhance legacy applications for SAP implementation. Analysis, Design and Development of Interfaces to Legacy system. Development of BDC programs for a) Vendor Creation, b) Material Prices Creation, c) Change Delivery Document with pick confirmation and d) Changing Shipment General Header Data. Differences? Development of vitamin, outbound interfaces to support a) Product ID serialization, b) SAP sales history download, c) Trends interface with open order information, d) Trip and Opportunity funds interface with sales information and e) Activity Based Costing interface with product, material and customer information. SAPScript customizations to Invoice Print program RVADIN01 and layout set and differences, Order Acknowledgment print program RVADOR01 and layout set. Development of showroom inventory processing functionality which includes BDC programs to a) Relieve inventory for showrooms, b) Receive inventory into in-transit location, c) Receipt of essay on composition, inventory from in-transit location and d) Reports that include Showroom movements in and out, Showroom inventory report and Showroom open order reports.
Development of ABAP reports and utility programs and performance tuning of custom programs. Selection of 3 rd party bar code vendors to Wave 1.5 goods movement interfaces using Bar-coding and IDocs. Kimball International, Jasper, USA. Cultural Essay? May 1994 to July 1996 (Development of self assessment, various applications) Worked on differences several projects and applications including. Product Identification System Phases III, IV and V. Quality Tracking System. Competitive Discount Authorization System. Demonstrating Financial Need Essay? ARTEC Scheduling System. Bonus and IS Focus System.
Enhancements to differences essay, Order Entry, Shipping and Allocation Systems. Trip and Opportunity Funds Programs. Automated several processes, developed interfaces to writing an introduction for a qualitative research, new and existing applications. Coordinated and led various projects in cultural essay, going through full life cycle of each and encyclopedia, every application at cultural essay Kimball. All applications are developed on IBM ES/9000 using VS COBOL II, OS/VS COBOL, DYL 280, CLIST and REXX with CICS, DB2, IMS/DB and GTB. My responsibilities include, Analysis, Design, Development, testing and implementation of the various applications. Maintenance/Enhancements to existing applications and Interfaces development. June 1993 to April 1994 (Application Maintenance Tools) The Application Management Tools (AMT) are developed to maintain about 500 applications of Shell Oil. These set of tools scan the self deadline, source programs and produce the cultural, cross-reference relations between subjects and categories. This information is loaded into on composition poe, CASEPAC (CASE tool) and/or AMT repository.
The tools are developed to scan the source code of COBOL, MARK IV and JCL languages. VS-COBOL II, C and REXX are used with DB2, VSAM and DMS on IBM 3090. My responsibilities include, Analysis, Design and Development of the tools. Testing and Implementation. December 1992 to May 1993 ( SWAP 4.0) System for Worldwide Application Processing (SWAP) 4.0 is the product used to process the credit card applications (on-line and batch) by American Express. SWAP 4.0 is an enhancement to SWAP 3.0 to add the following features. A) Mono-sourcing B) Centralized database and cultural, C) build standardized interfaces to self assessment, external systems. The system is cultural essay, developed on IBM 3090 using IMS DB/DC and VS COBOL II. My responsibilities include, Analysis and design of the vitamin, enhancements. Essay? Development of thesis d, MPP's, BMP's and batch programs.
Testing and Implementation. June 1991 to November 1992 (Image and ImagePlus) Image and ImagePlus (next version of Image) are office automation products designed to cultural differences essay, eliminate paper movement in the offices. The product has ability to essay on composition poe, capture, store, retrieve, display, distribute and print the captured information. Image 1.2 is developed using OS/VS COBOL in CICS, IMS DB/DC environments. ImagePlus 2.1 is developed using VS COBOL II with National Language Support (NLS) features. SDF II is used to develop the screens and REXX is used to develop utilities for automating the NLS process. My responsibilities include, Development, Testing Implementation of online application programs. National Language Support (NLS) Development of tools to support NLS.
Product Support, Enhancements and Maintenance. February 1990 to May 1991 (CBAM) Center for Business Administration Manager (CBAM) is a software package developed to bill the customers for using the installation resources according to their usage. Each resource is associated to a billing unit. Differences Essay? The billing cost varies depending on encarta encyclopedia essay on responsibility the billing periods and holidays. Differences? The product can simulate and forecast future resources. CBAM is developed in three layers. Application Layer interacts with Database Layer and Dialog Layer.
The online screens are developed using Dialog Tag Language (DTL). ISPF/DMS services are used for displaying the online panels/screens. The product is self, developed on IBM 3090 using DMS, REXX, DB2 and differences essay, C. My responsibilities include, Development of dialog layer programs and screens. Help Screens and Message Screens development. National Language Support.
System Support Maintenance. Additional Contact information is available on the Information Page. 5000 Role Essay? Copyright(c) 1995 - 2001 Venny Nuthalapati and Software Contractors' Guild, Post Office Box 257,Nottingham, NH USA 03290-0257.
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Save Fuel Save Environment Essays and Research Papers. Lake Allatoona Ecosystem Structure, Function, and Change Ezzell Grant SCI/256 People, Science, and the Environment July 6, 2013 . Gregory Bordner The major structural and functional dynamics (processes) of the cultural essay Lake Allatoona ecosystem has gone through drastic changes over thesis d time. Georgia is one of the cultural differences most authentically distinctly states in the country, composing through the heights and valleys of vitamin northern Georgia to a masses of acres of the rural areas in the southern areas; to the. Biodiversity , Ecology , Ecosystem 1005 Words | 4 Pages. At Home • Adjust Your Water Heater – By turning your water heater down to 130 degrees Fahrenheit, you can save energy. • Clean Your Fridge – . Refrigerators use a tremendous amount of energy every year. To cut down on waste, clean the cultural differences essay condenser coils every year. Also, do not keep the temperature unnecessarily low. • Recharge Your Batteries – If you recharge your batteries, you will save money and help stop multiple environmental problems. Scholarship Essay? You can prevent potentially hazardous metals from getting. Composting , Environmentalism , Landfill 2033 Words | 6 Pages.
How To Save The Environment Throughout the cultural evolution of the Homo sapien we have used the land to fulfill our needs. During this . millennia the Homo sapien has increased its mistreatment of the environment by continually polluting or destroying the land, causing the genocide of many animals. The environment cannot be saved when people don't change. You cannot just be a vegetarian and think you are protecting the animals. You cannot just shoot deer for population control.
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Sustainable Behaviour: Save the Environment. Sustainable Behavior: Save the Environment Abstract Our world is currently facing the commons dilemma described by essay on composition poe economist . William Lloyd. To avoid this ‘tragedy’ of complete resource depletion scientists, including psychologists, have been studying what factors influence sustainable behaviour. This research examines the effects of group size and communication on cultural differences essay, efficient harvesting of a renewable resource. The study uses a computer simulation program designed to resemble fisheries – significant. Computer simulation , Fish , Overexploitation 756 Words | 3 Pages. Alternative Fuel Sources Will Save the encyclopedia essay on responsibility Nation. can be implemented, but an overall change in the dependence on transportation will be difficult. Society depends on transportation to a great extent, and . even sky-rocketing fuel prices have not lessened usage. The nation is becoming vulnerable by differences it’s reliance on other countries for fuel and loans. The U.S. is importing fuel at an exponential rate.
Implementing change could lessen the U.S.’s dependence on encyclopedia essay on responsibility, other countries, while keeping money within the differences essay country’s economy. 5000 Role? Negative aspects of transportation. Air pollution , Alternative fuel , Automobile 1917 Words | 6 Pages. 100 WAYS TO SAVE THE ENVIRONMENT :) In Your Home – Conserve Energy 1. Clean or replace air filters on your air conditioning . Differences Essay? unit at least once a month. 2. If you have central air conditioning, do not close vents in unused rooms. 3. Lower the thermostat on your water heater to 120. 4. Wrap your water heater in an insulated blanket.
5. Turn down or shut off your water heater when you will be away for extended periods. Thesis D? 6. Turn off unneeded lights even when leaving a room for a short time. Air conditioner , Compost , Composting 1162 Words | 4 Pages. touching lives, making a difference Save Save Trees Save Environment Save . Differences Essay? Save Save Earth A TIL -CSR Initiative CSR touching lives, making a difference Celebrating World Environment Day (WED) is about channeling individual actions that collectively become an exponential force for vitamin, positive change. It’s all about being the change and take action for our generation and the next. WED is cultural essay, celebrated around the world in many ways that include street rallies, bicycle parades, green concerts.
Forest , Paper , Paper recycling 1261 Words | 6 Pages. Eco-Friendly Products And people trying to save the world, with that of the market and 5000 environment -friendly products are today . than ever before is not surprising. Cultural Differences? Buying and using environmentally friendly products to make your part to help save the world for a very good way, in fact, it's your overall strategy in conjunction with such products whenever possible to thesis vitamin, use for a very good idea. The more people that is environment -friendly products for the traditional diet is to the goal of cultural differences saving the. Earth , Environment , Environmental science 942 Words | 3 Pages. How to writing, Save Human Lives and Environment.
How to Protect Human Lives and Environment As time passes by, we can see lots of people are start fighting for the rights of wild animals . and plants to survive on cultural essay, this earth that controlled by the human activities. Today we became more self-aware that we are also a part of the nature, and therefore, anything that harms the environment will also give a great impact towards us, and that the very existence of human life depends on self assessment deadline, preserving a balanced global ecosystem. I personally think that. August , Earth , Environment 1271 Words | 4 Pages. fellow friends. I stand here today to give a speech entitled “Things That You Can Do to Save the cultural essay Environment “. Our . environment is facing a serious level of pollution. We are also experiencing the phenomenon known as Global Warming. I am sure all of you have seen effects and heard the facts about it. D? So what can you, as individuals do about it ? Can you play a role in saving our already polluted environment ? Yes, you can.
Start by doing these simple things. Differences? Firstly, recycle as much of your. Carbon dioxide , Earth , Global warming 337 Words | 2 Pages. Topic: SAVE THE TREES: SAVE ENVIRONMENT Who in this world does not know the significance of trees. Trees are no . less than GOD to qualitative paper, us in differences essay, any of the ways.
A small seed becomes a big Tree, gives shed in summers, the leaves of the tree fall down to provide us more sunlight and the atmosphere becomes more warm in writing research, the winters. Cultural? They provide shelter to the Birds, Animals and Human Beings too. Flowers on trees are a joy to encarta encyclopedia, be seen. Cultural Differences Essay? Their fruits satisfy our hunger. Many trees have medicinal values also. Trees. Carbon dioxide , Climate change , Environment 583 Words | 2 Pages. Save Earth, Save Life. An Introduction For A Qualitative Paper? Stop Global Warming The group of young and and socially concerned citizens have got together to begin . the mission of saving earth, saving Human life of generations ahead by contributing to cultural, reduce the global Warming. Global Warming is not a small or localized environmental problem.
The effects and consequences could be horrific. Temperature changes, alteration in rainfall patterns , and an increased frequency of demonstrating need scholarship essay cyclonic activity are occurring and cultural essay being measured around. Agriculture , Carbon dioxide , Climate 713 Words | 2 Pages. September 2010 Help Save the Green Planet Do people want more green in the world? Then help save the planet and model essay go . green! Going green is an cultural essay, effective way of lessening consumption on natural resources that people use every day. One does not have to be a treehugger and change one’s lifestyle, just try to essay, make a change in doing something different everyday to help save the cultural essay planet. In the United States, Americans consume many resources and essay on composition discard many wastes into cultural differences, the environment that affects all nature. Earth , Ecology , Environment 855 Words | 3 Pages. it tough to keep up with filling up your vehicle and driving to work even on a daily basis. There are many things you can do to improve your cars . fuel efficiency to help your gas last longer and although you cant control the rising gas prices at the pump, there are many steps in how to save money on your car’s gas cost.
The first step on thesis d, how to cultural, save money on your cars gas cost is to paper deadline, find the cheapest gas price in your area. Many people fill up or get gas at the place that is most convenient instead. ACEA agreement , Automobile , Corporate Average Fuel Economy 1095 Words | 3 Pages. their preferred locations, polluting the essay water and air, and encyclopedia essay on responsibility hunting their prey. An intense effort is under way to save the endangered tigers. . Unfortunately, tigers are still illegally hunted for their fur, bones and other parts to supply markets in China and essay Taiwan. Tigers have been hunted to near extinction by poachers, and all subspecies have been declared endangered. WHY SAVE TIGERS.
The tiger is not just a charismatic species or just another wild animal living in some far away forest. Bengal tiger , Endangered species , Megafauna of Eurasia 1241 Words | 4 Pages. Environment : we all refer to it through different definitions. Some call their vicinity and the air just around them their . environment , while others call the poe atmosphere of their country the environment . Cultural Essay? In fact, our environment is everything that is around us: the living and non-living things together. Self Deadline? With a lot of unnatural factors happening around us in terms of cultural human intervention with the environment , our natural environment is depleting day by day. The natural resources such as water, land. Biodiversity , Ecology , Ecosystem 540 Words | 2 Pages.
General Purpose: To persuade Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience to help children worldwide by contributing to Save the Children . Central Idea: Contributing to an organization such as Save the Children can help break the cycle of poverty that affects millions of children I. Essay? ATTENTION STEP A. Cultural Essay? Attention Getter: Every morning that you wake up and eat breakfast, there are approximately 865 million people starting their daily struggle with persistent hunger. For every morning that you have the. Central America , Cycle of poverty , Eglantyne Jebb 1490 Words | 4 Pages. Save a Life TOPIC: Organ Donating ORGANIZATION: Problem/ Solution SPECIFIC PURPOSE: I would like my audience to believe that . acquiring information about organ donating will save lives and encourage people to donate. INTRODUCTION: I. Attention Getter: You have the ability to save lives by simply dying. What am I talking about? I am talking about organ donors. According to paper, the official U.S. Government web site for organ and tissue donation, about differences essay 74 people receive organ transplants. Blood donation , Donation , Education 851 Words | 3 Pages.
SAVE ENVIRONMENT Environment : we all refer to it through different definitions. Essay Poe? Some call their vicinity and the . air just around them, while others call the atmosphere of their country, the cultural differences environment . An Introduction? In fact, our environment is everything that is around us: the living and the non-living things together. Cultural? With a lot of unnatural factors happening around us in terms of human intervention with the environment , our natural environment is depleting day by day. Financial Need Essay? The natural resources such as water, land. Biodiversity , Ecology , Ecosystem 679 Words | 2 Pages.
?It is my great pleasure and privilege to address this important “ SAVE THE EARTH” seminar on “GREENPEACE DAY”. In my speech today, I shall . endeavor to present my views on the value of conservation of the cultural essay environment . The condition of the environment and conservation of it is 5000 role model essay, a worldwide issue. It has many aspects to cultural essay, which it is destroyed and can be conserved. However, today I would like to project my speech on three of the most common of those ways. They are deforestation, marine debris and air. Agriculture , Air pollution , Atmosphere 861 Words | 3 Pages. Save Tigers 1411 left in India! Steps to for a paper, save Tigers 10:21 AM | Posted by Rocky Singh Over the past century the number of cultural differences essay . tigers in India has fallen from about 40,000 to less than 4,000 (and possibly as few as 1,500). Encarta Essay? Relentless poaching and clearing of habitat for agriculture have been the primary drivers of this decline, though demand for cultural essay, tiger skins and financial need essay parts for medicinal purposes has become an increasingly important threat in cultural, recent years. However the news is not all bad.
Research. Conservation biology , Conservation reliant species , Ecology 1901 Words | 6 Pages. The world's population is increasing at an alarming rate, therefore more and writing an introduction qualitative more food is required. The forests are being destroyed and more land is being . cultivated, thus destroying the environment . Besides this the differences essay tribal population is removing trees to practise shifting cultivation and for fuel . Poe? To fulfill the demands of the urban population the forest cover is being destroyed. We need to conserve our forests as it preserves the ecological diversity and our life support system- water, air and. Agriculture , Biodiversity , Ecology 1002 Words | 4 Pages. THE LIFE YOU SAVE MAY BE YOUR OWN Topic: General purpose : to persuade Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience to wear seatbelts . every time they ride in an automobile.
Central Idea: There are three reasons why you must wear seatbelts are reduce statistic of differences essay accident, save yourself and one vital reason to wear them - they may well save you from serious injury or death in an automobile accident. Introduction It had just stopped raining when my friend Florence and I got into thesis d, the. Accidents , Automobile , Crash 668 Words | 3 Pages. A misfiring spark plug can dramatically reduce a car's fuel efficiency. 2. Is your body in good shape?
Inspect suspension and chassis parts . for occasional misalignment. Bent wheels, axles, bad shocks, broken springs, et cetera create engine drag and are unsafe at high traveling speeds. 3. Cultural Essay? Is your air filter clean? When the engine air filter clogs with dirt, dust and bugs, it causes your engine to essay on responsibility, work harder and your car becomes less fuel -efficient. Replacing a clogged air filter could improve. Diesel fuel , Energy conservation , Fuel economy in automobiles 2072 Words | 8 Pages. do not stop this insanity, many animals might become endangered and cultural differences some may even become extinct.
Everything in the nature is connected so strongly that by . killing one kind of animals, we can destroy many other species . Does it matter? Has our environment been affected by their absence? Has the quality of our own life been changed? God has made man the smartest being on earth with the ability to differentiate between right and writing research wrong. I want to ask nonvegetarians, “Would you want to. Animal rights , Dissection , Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood 1249 Words | 4 Pages. Save the Tiger This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by differences adding citations to reliable . sources. 5000? Unsourced material may be challenged and essay removed. (October 2009) Save the Tiger is a 1973 film about role model moral conflict in contemporary America. Cultural Essay? It stars Jack Lemmon, Jack Gilford, Laurie Heineman, Thayer David, Lara Parker and Liv Lindeland.
The film was directed by John G. Avildsen. An Introduction Research Paper? The screenplay was adapted by Steve Shagan from his novel of the. Bengal tiger , Jack Lemmon , John G. Avildsen 861 Words | 3 Pages. ?Hannah Kidder Disha Acharya English 101 October 9, 2013 Save it for cultural differences, L8R Over 100,000 accidents a year involve drivers who are texting. . (www.itcanwait.com) Our natural instinct when we feel the vibration from role model essay, our cell phones or hear our cell phones going off is to cultural essay, check it, right? We do this often, especially when behind the an introduction research paper wheel of a moving vehicle. Most of us do not see the danger we put not only ourselves, but others, in cultural, every time we check a text or email or phone call while driving.
Cellular network , Instant messaging , Logos 1054 Words | 3 Pages. ____________________________ Address: __________________________ City: ______________________________ Prov/State: ______ Postal Code: ________ Phone: . ____________________________ E-mail: ____________________________ Enclosed is my contribution of Save Trees - Save Money! A WIN WIN SCENARIO! Environmentally preferable – EP The 3 R’s Before Reusing And Recycling Comes Reducing. Recycling alone does not address the issue of wasteful use.
That’s why we need waste prevention. Reducing need by using less. Coated paper , Envelope , Non-profit organization 885 Words | 4 Pages. Prepared by: lt;your namegt; and lt;your subject code and sectiongt; – e.g. Prepared by: Jyr Marie V. Reyes CSC15-A1.
Put a border on the footer. Essay On Composition? . Save the cultural second exercise. Click the File menu and Save command (Or, press Ctrl + S). Follow the demonstrating need scholarship essay standard naming convention given in our first exercise and it should look like this: EX02RJ07. Check the essay Save with password check box, then, enter and re-enter the password. Make sure to place a password you will remember, otherwise, you will not be able to.
Color , Crossword , Paragraph 1031 Words | 3 Pages. To Save Humankind, Save Marine Life. protecting marine sanctuary and many more. But it’s not enough. This is a very serious situation that demands an unequivocal action at every level. It’s not . only self deadline, a battle of the marine biologist, government or any other organizations that try to protect and essay save the marine life but it is also about on responsibility us, your responsibility. As you, how can I help? Is there anything I can do? Yes there is. Start with by doing small things such as the differences “Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle” which goes will with the idea of “Think Globally. Algae , Coral , Coral reef 1009 Words | 3 Pages.
Save the d Whales Whaling is the hunting of whales, primarily for their large quantities of fat and meat. Its earliest forms date back to 3,000 . B.C. (whale facts). Before industrialization and technological advances in cultural differences, fishing technology, a whale’s large size made it a risky and thesis vitamin deadly target. Today modern commercial whalers have hunted so many whales that they are responsible for cultural differences, the endangerment and near extinction of many whale species. If we don’t put an effort to stop this now we will surely. Cetacea , Cetaceans , Fin whale 1228 Words | 3 Pages. ideal/Ways to Save the Planet 1. CHANGE YOUR LIGHT If every household in self assessment paper, the United State replaced one regular light bulb with one of cultural differences those . Self Assessment Paper? new compact fluorescent bulbs, the pollution reduction would be equivalent to removing one million cars from the road. Essay? Don't like the color of scholarship essay light? Use these bulbs for closets, laundry rooms and other places where it won't irk you as much.
2. TURN OFF COMPUTERS AT NIGHT By turning off your computer instead of leaving it in sleep mode, you can save 40 watthours. Bottled water , Drinking water , Incandescent light bulb 2687 Words | 7 Pages. busy or too lazy to cultural differences, make a big change that would improve our lifestyle and save the self environment . Differences? Many simple ways we can do to . take part to conserve our planet such as recycle, reuse and reduce all the things that we have. For example, if we have tons of clothes or things we want to get rid of but they are still usable, give them to someone who needs them so you will protect the paper deadline environment . Differences Essay? Many people do not know we can save energy when we turn off the household devices. Essay? Turn off the light when we.
Atmosphere , Earth , Environmentalism 829 Words | 3 Pages. been launched already of course cannot be reversed or even stooped, but we can and we must slow them down in order to spend a few more decades here, on the . planet Earth. The problem is differences, - even the majority is not enough to on composition, save the planet, only all together we can save ourselves. Yes, exactly ourselves” but not the planet”, because as George Carlin, a popular American comic says: the planet is fine!” – It is cultural, more than 4,5 billiard years old and it would be strange if it might be destroyed. Atmosphere , Bottle , Climate 1015 Words | 3 Pages. recycling activities can make a difference. That's why so many communities began voluntary recycling programs. There are some household items that are . 5000 Model Essay? dangerous if they are just thrown away with the regular garbage these items can damage the environment and injure plant and animal life some of these may include moth balls, spot removers, aerosol cans, fluorescent light tubes and shoe polish. Differences? Your local waste management agency has information on how to properly dispose of demonstrating financial essay these items. Differences? A compost. Compost , Composting , Environmentalism 974 Words | 3 Pages.
killing a girl child is 5000 role, practiced traditionally. The tribes, the Toda, The Kallar and the Gounder, earlier lived in war zones are facing torture of army . solider. Essay? They started to kill the assessment deadline girl child in order to keep the population of women down and thus save them from rape by invading armies. In Rajasthan also, a girl child is differences essay, looked upon as a curse because her father has to lie low before the father of boy at the time of match finding. Upon attaining puberty, a girl is considered to be a security risk. Black-and-white films , Embryology , English-language films 1053 Words | 3 Pages. 65 WAYS TO SAVE ELECTRICITY KEEP YOUR ELECTRICITY BILLS DOWN AND SAVE ENERGY FOR THE FUTURE BY BEING AWARE OF THE MOST . EFFICIENT WAYS TO USE ELECTRICITY. COOKING 1 Keep the door closed. For A Qualitative Research Paper? Ever time you open it the temperature drop about 20 degrees (c) 2 Cook several dishes at the one time.If you are cooking small items use the frypan. Cultural Differences Essay? 3 When cooking small quantities use one sauce pan with dividers.
4 Keep food warm at 70-80 deg(c) Higher temperatures waste electricity and over cook food. Cooking , Heat , Heat pump 1229 Words | 6 Pages. Let’s save our ‘Mother Earth’ It is the essay only planet in our solar system on which life exists with incredible biodiversity. People all over . the world celebrate this grand event to protect flora and differences essay fauna and to clean up the earth on which we live. The noble ‘Earth’ has bestowed the human beings with incredible and essay on composition poe beautiful nature in the form of mountains, rivers, forests and various natural resources that helped human beings to survive and initiated our evolution. So, now it’s our time to. Earth , Earth Day , Environmental movement 925 Words | 4 Pages. “TREE PLANTATON” – most commonly used word. These words don’t only mean arising love for differences essay, nature suddenly only on role model, 5th June (World Environment . Day) just like every Indian experiences patriotism on 15th August or 26th January”. Sometimes while attending such “TREE PLANTATION” events we may feel like saving nature and plant many plants that fine day.
But, what about those plants after the event gets over? We forget about those planted plants soon after the cultural essay event is over. Weather those plants will. Construction , Human , Human height 485 Words | 2 Pages. Easy Ways to Save the essay on composition Environment. saving fuel , saving money and getting a good workout too. Essay? Now isn't that beneficial for both you and the environment ? Maintain . Encarta Encyclopedia? your vehicles in cultural, good condition. It may not be possible to go cycling or walking everywhere.
To some distances, there's no other option but your car. But how about at least maintaining it in good condition? Give your car a regular servicing. Clean the exhaust pipes. An Introduction For A? Check for pollutants emitted. Check air pressure in tires as under-inflated tires lead to greater fuel consumption. Air conditioner , Air conditioning , Automobile 797 Words | 2 Pages. Slogans on differences, Save Environment 1. Writing Qualitative Research? Get into the Green Scene 2. Differences Essay? Cool kids help a warm planet 3. Trees don’t grow on money either . 4. Water, water everywhere but not a drop to drink 5. Join the race to assessment paper deadline, make the world a better place 6. Save water! Save Life! 7. Cultural? It’s the only Earth we got 8. When you conserve water, you conserve life!
9. A drop of on composition poe water is worth more than a sack of gold to a thirsty man 10. One tree can make a million matches. One match can destroy a million trees. 11. Save water. Earth , Ecology , Environment 346 Words | 2 Pages.
affects of different queuing disciplines on packet delivery for three applications: File Transfer Protocol, Video and Voice over IP. For modeling, simulation . and analyzing on these applications is used OPNET [Optimized Network Engineering Tool] environment . Cultural? In this work it is investigated how the choice of the queuing discipline can affect the applications and utilization of the network resources in the routers. Background Being part of the on composition poe supply portion methods, each router should realize. Fair queuing , Internet Protocol , IP address 1352 Words | 7 Pages. running dry. The plants and mammals are like us-living things.
The biggest challenge that our earth is facing today is ‘global warming’, the glaciers are . melting, sea level is cultural essay, rising, amp; the model climate is changing on cultural, a fast pace. So, we must help to save them all. Activities like composting can be of great help in self, recycling garbage into cultural, useful manures. Avoid excessive use of chemical fertilizers and synthetic nutrients. Natural manures are a better option for writing qualitative research, farms and cultural differences essay gardens. Demonstrating Need Scholarship? Instead of dumping. Air conditioner , Earth , Ecology 799 Words | 3 Pages. people live their is cultural, almost always trash their. People are to lazy to dispose of essay their trash the right way so they basically throw it on the street, on cultural essay, . An Introduction? beach’s etc. The issue that are facing are wildlife is that the trash is destroying their environment and polluting their ecosystem. one example is that in Hawaii the sea turtles are dieing because they get tangled in plastic soda holders and they are also eating the trash that floats in the ocean. Polluting the ocean kills a lot of the big animals.
Environmental economics , Externality , Market failure 696 Words | 2 Pages. September 30, 2010 To Save a Life Life is differences essay, precious. Essay On Composition Poe? It is an amazing . phenomenon that has made this planet one-of-a-kind in the entire galaxy (at least so far as our knowledge goes at present). Abortion is strongly criticized by those with strong religious beliefs as they believe that life is a blessing from God. Essay? Any attempt to destroy or modify a life is on composition poe, seen as meddling with the powers of the cultural differences Almighty. As an advocate of demonstrating financial essay pro-life.
Abortion , Abortion debate , Human rights 1408 Words | 4 Pages. Vegetarianism Could Save the Planet. A. Students' Declaration I hereby declare that this project report has been written by me and cultural no part has been copied from any source other than the ones . I have mentioned in the reference. Topic: Vegetarianism could save the planet. Discuss Name: Md.Reaz Uddin Yousuf ID# 504802 Class: EAP-3.01 B. Acknowledgement One good reason to write a research report is to express publicly one's gratitude for thesis d, those who has offered their help during the cultural difficult process of gaining. Agriculture , Animal product , Carbon dioxide 1619 Words | 5 Pages. Oddie, Kate Humble, Simon King, Steve Leonard, Jonathan Scott, Chris Packham and Charlotte Uhlenbroek. A registered charity, the BBC Wildlife Fund, was . established to direct funds raised by the programmes to conservation charities in the field to help save the featured animals, and thesis d other species, from extinction. Saving Planet Earth enabled the cultural differences Fund to raise ?1 million on the night, a total which had almost doubled by the end of 2010. External links BBC Wildlife Fund (http://www.bbc.co.uk/wild). BBC , BBC HD , BBC Natural History Unit 1492 Words | 6 Pages. ?1.
What is for a qualitative research paper, Revitalization Movement? What are the stages of essay Revitalization Movement? It’s a deliberate, organized, effort by self assessment members of cultural essay society to assessment deadline, . construct a more satisfying culture. The Revitalization Movement stages include homeostasis or steady state, increased individual stress, deviant, the differences system or the establishment and cultural distortion. 2. Financial Essay? Give three examples of Revitalization Movements (other than ISKCON). Iroquois Religion of Handsome Lake, the Ghost Dance Religion. Christianity , First Amendment to the United States Constitution , Iran 1042 Words | 4 Pages. Save the Sea Turtles Laura Jo Dethloff English/215 July 23, 2012 Donna Strong Traveling the cultural differences seas by day and night are the ancient . sea creatures known as sea turtles. Essay Poe? The deep blue waters are full of them from leatherbacks to loggerheads, and differences many more.
The 100- pound enormous creatures are threatened or endangered at the hand of humans every day. With the tragic problems the world face today it is a wonder that people consider saving these animals. Environmental conservatives. Beach , Coral reef , Food chain 2248 Words | 6 Pages. Let’s keep this one simple and clean - just a bunch of relatively easy ways to save money. As you incorporate more and more of these tips into . your life, the savings add up and it wouldn’t surprise me if you could save thousands over on composition the course of a year. Cultural Differences Essay? It will take a little work on your part but those thousands of dollars in savings are what helped us get out of debt earlier, kept us out of debt for several years and essay will hopefully help us pay off our recent auto loan soon as well.
1. Automated teller machine , Automobile , Credit card 2500 Words | 7 Pages. million years ago. To this day life is still stubbornly depend on water. Differences? Although life presides where oxygen and essential elements are absent, no life has . been found without water. Even today, all animals spend their pre-natal period in on composition poe, a watery environment . From that time onwards we use water continuously till our death. As civilization began, the differences importance of poe water increased.
With the advances of agriculture, water management achieved great importance and river based civilizations appeared allover. Hydrology , Irrigation , Water 4645 Words | 20 Pages. Save the Ailing Earth from Vehicular Pollution. Save the ailing Earth from vehicular pollution Environmental pollution is one of the most serious problems facing humanity and differences essay other life . forms on our planet today. Since the rise of the advancement of awkward prepositional phrasing technology, pollution had already started its harm as well; awkward phrasing from the dropping of the first atomic bomb, which results to land, water, and air pollution, to the industrialized world that pollutes the entire earth. People had been attempting to stop. Air pollution , Alternative energy , Alternative fuel 1910 Words | 6 Pages.
length. There is no way we should compare human life to a mere tree. No matter how much sense you try to make out of the value of a tree’s life, human life . is much more valuable than a tree because humans have family to look after, take care of the environment , and essay on composition poe most of all human life is precious with feelings. Family is valuable thing to cultural, have because we are important and need each other, a group of loyal supporters. What we think and how we feel matters to our family, because nobody cares. Environment , Health , Human 993 Words | 3 Pages. the equal status of all faiths d. on circumcision and financial essay other Hebrew rituals | | Save Answer | | 2. (Points: 10) | | . Cultural? What is permitted by some Orthodox rabbis in the USA, but ultimately forbidden in essay, the UK? a. religious services only for essay, women b. any participation by women in wider society c. Essay On Responsibility? women becoming rabbis d. Differences? women leading the congregation in prayer | | Save Answer | | 3. Essay? (Points: 10) | | According to differences, Chapter 7 in your textbook, what.
Conservative Judaism , Halakha , Hasidic Judaism 346 Words | 5 Pages. ppt (segmentation 13) 3. Value ppt (segmentation 19) 4. Target market pg. 30 5. Psychographic segment ppt (segmentation 9) 6. An Introduction Qualitative Research? . Retailing concept pg. 31 7. Retail format pg. 30 8. Vendor relation pg. 38 Save -A-Lot Case Analysis In 1977, Bill Moran, was the Vice President of Sales for a food wholesaler in St. Louis. After recognizing how the cultural essay weak economy had affected his customers during the most competitive time, Bill Moran decided to become a hero.
Grocery store , Investment , Online shopping 1126 Words | 4 Pages. FOREST IS A VULNERABLE NATURAL RESOURCE SAVE OUR FOREST The poster is expressing concern about deadline one of the most important resource: forest. . It is one of the essay most vulnerable resources on our planet. The poster shows how humans are destroying this natural resource through cutting down trees and encyclopedia essay burning forests. This in turn is cultural differences essay, affecting the wildlife. The habitats of the wildlife are destroyed due to thesis vitamin d, which some species become endangered and others die because they are not able to adapt to the new. Biodiversity , Earth , Ecosystem 938 Words | 3 Pages. Save the Environment Everyone just needs to cultural differences essay, put in a couple seconds of writing an introduction research their life into the planet. Cultural? We are living like royalty, . doing absolutely whatever we want, however we want. Financial Need Essay? It is quite selfish indeed. No one thinks about anyone but themselves.
What will our kids in the future be dealing with, if we are using up all the necessities? Little things like turning off the computer when it isn’t in use, or doing laundry using cold water instead of hot-hot, and essay brushing without the water running will. Carbon dioxide , Clothing , Energy 572 Words | 2 Pages.
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paraphrase an essay We all know that when you write a research paper, you need evidence to support your arguments. That means you throw in a few quotes to cultural prove to your professor that you’ve actually used sources to help write your paper, right? Sure, it’s important to add some quotes, but too many quotes can mean that your paper turns into essay on responsibility, one long quotation from other people, leaving no room for your own words. If your paper turns into one big quote, you’re not even writing the paper. Cultural Essay. You’re just copying other people’s words. While that may seem like the writing an introduction paper, easy way out, you won’t earn a good grade by doing this. After all, your assignment is to write a paper, not copy and paste a paper.
Instead of copying a bunch of quotes to prove that you’ve done your research, try paraphrasing. When you paraphrase, you’ll include information from sources in your own words, so your professors will still know you’re using sources, but you won’t have to quote everything. To learn more, keep reading, as this blog post explains the do’s and don’ts of paraphrasing and includes 10 examples of cultural paraphrasing for a smarter, better essay. Contrary to what you might think, paraphrasing is not simply changing a few words. Yes, in order to paraphrase, you will need to change words, but you just can’t change the word “gathering” to an introduction qualitative research paper “party” and essay call it a paraphrase. A properly written paraphrase expresses the ideas of a source or passage in your own words and sentence structure.
Remember, you’re writing a paper for your class, so you should still use formal, academic language. Don’t use slang or jargon. Isn’t a Paraphrase Just Like a Summary? No. A summary is a shortened version of a piece of writing. Vitamin D. It is differences written in your own words and includes only the key points of the writing . A summary is writing an introduction research much shorter than the original source. A paraphrase is similar to a summary because you are rewriting the source in cultural essay, your own words. They key difference is that paraphrases include both key points and essay on responsibility subpoints. Because a paraphrase includes detailed information it can sometimes be as long (if not longer) than the differences, original source. In either case, it’s important to keep the meaning of the original source.
You can’t leave out words or add words to make the source fit into essay on composition poe, your paper if it changes the meaning . Yes. Always. There’s no question as to whether you should or shouldn’t cite. Always cite a paraphrase. When you paraphrase, you’re rewriting someone else’s words into your own words. You’re essentially using someone else’s ideas in your paper. If you claim the differences, information as your own (which is what you do if you don’t cite a paraphrase) you’re plagiarizing. And, of course, plagiarism means you’ll fail the paper and may even get kicked out of writing for a qualitative school! First read the source carefully so you actually know what it means. You can’t use it as a source if you don’t understand it.
Next find the part of the essay, source you want to paraphrase. For A Research Paper. You’re not rewriting the entire source in your paper, so don’t paraphrase much more than a paragraph. Finally, and pay attention to this step because it’s important, set the source aside. Write your paraphrase without looking at the original source. This will help you write in your own words and cultural differences help you resist the temptation to encarta on responsibility use the wording and sentence structure of the original source. Need some help putting this into practice? Read the essay, examples below to learn what you should and shouldn’t do when paraphrasing. 10 Examples of Paraphrasing to Help Your Essay. Example Paraphrase 1. “Police: Man breaks into Austin meat business, naps”
Original source: “AUSTIN, Texas (AP) — Police have arrested a 28-year-old man who they say broke into an Austin business, stole a couple of sausages and role fell asleep.” Incorrect: A 28-year-old man in Austin, Texas didn’t break into a business and run, like most criminals. Instead, he took several sausages then simply fell asleep inside the cultural, business. This paraphrase uses original wording and sentence structure, but it is plagiarized because it does not cite the original source. Correct: A 28 year old man in Austin, Texas didn’t break into a business and run, like most criminals. Instead, he took several sausages then simply fell asleep inside the business (“Police: Man breaks into Austin meat business, sleeps”). This paraphrase includes a proper MLA in-text citation to give credit to the source.
Example Paraphrase 2. “Police: Man fled crash to avoid yelling girlfriend” Original source: “VINELAND, N.J. (AP) — Police in New Jersey say a man told officers he fled the scene of an auto accident because he ‘didn’t want to deal with his girlfriend yelling at him.’” Incorrect: New Jersey police state a man said he left the scene of a car accident because he didn’t want to deal with his girlfriend yelling at him (“Police: Man fled crash to avoid yelling girlfriend”). The paraphrase only changes a few words. Most of the demonstrating financial need essay, words and sentence structure are too close to differences essay the original for this to be a good paraphrase. Correct: A man in New Jersey seemed to think leaving the writing an introduction paper, scene of a car crash and being arrested was a better option than listening to his girlfriend yell. He told the police he fled because he didn’t want to listen to her yell at him (“Police: Man fled crash to avoid yelling girlfriend”). Example Paraphrase 3. “Plumber Caught Dancing On The Job Has All The Fly Moves” Original source: “The video of cultural essay Topen’s dancing has racked up more than 400,000 views since it was posted on encyclopedia, YouTube last week, and the plumber says he’s already been approached in public for his autograph.” Incorrect: The video has racked up more than 400,000 views since posted on cultural differences, YouTube last week, and on composition the plumber has even been approached for his autograph. This paraphrase has two key problems: it doesn’t cite the cultural differences, original source, and it copies too much of the original wording and encyclopedia essay sentence structure.
Correct: Even though the YouTube video of the dancing plumber was only posted last week, it has already had more than 400,000 views. Topen has become an almost instant celebrity as strangers have even asked him for autographs (“Plumber Caught Dancing On The Job Has All The Fly Moves”). Example Paraphrase 4. “These Are Miley Cyrus’ Crazy Dating Rules” Original source: “According to Heat magazine, Miley has a list of intense rules for her men-to-be while out on dates. Apparently her assistant arranges what the differences, guy must wear, do, and thesis vitamin d talk about on differences essay, the date. She’s also not into flowers, so he’s banned from bringing her those.”
Incorrect: According to Heat magazine, Miley Cyrus has a list of rules for her men on dates. Her assistant arranges what guys wear and what they talk about. Vitamin D. She doesn’t like flowers, either (“These Are Miley Cyrus’ Crazy Dating Rules”). This isn’t even a paraphrase. It just leaves out cultural differences, a few words. Remember, a paraphrase must provide the assessment deadline, same information as the cultural differences, original and be written in your own word choice and 5000 role sentence structure. Correct: As stated in Heat magazine, Miley Cyrus has a number of essay bizarre rules for dating. She’s so specific about what her dates wear, say, and do, that she has her assistant enforce these rules on dates. Cyrus doesn’t even like flowers and won’t let her dates buy them for demonstrating financial essay her (“These Are Miley Cyrus’ Crazy Dating Rules”).
Example Paraphrase 5. Cultural. “Top 12 Bizarre Pet Accidents” Original source: “Often, a dog will chase an animal with the essay, focus of a heat-seeking missile. But a wheelbarrow planter was not part of Belgian sheepdog Rider’s focus. Rider collided with the wheelbarrow while the squirrel escaped up a cedar tree in Joyce Biethan’s backyard. “He’s kind of an all-or-nothing dog and he went into ‘all,'” Biethan said. “He chased after that squirrel with total disregard of differences what might be in front of him.” His collision left Rider with a broken scapula, a broken rib and a punctured lung.
“He was in so much pain that I think he just tried to qualitative lay low,” Biethan said. “He prescribed himself bedrest.” Biethan said Rider did not need surgery and made a full recovery.” Incorrect: A dog named Rider ran into a wheelbarrow but didn’t need surgery (“Top 12 Bizarre Pet Accidents”). Can you guess what’s missing from this paraphrase? Details!
The example does paraphrase some information, but it reads more like a summary, as it’s missing key details from the story. Correct: Like many dogs, a Belgian sheepdog named Rider became so focused on chasing down a squirrel that he paid no attention to the wheelbarrow directly in front of him. The squirrel got away, but Rider collided head on with the wheelbarrow. Rider broke his scapula, broke a rib, and also punctured a lung. Though he was likely in a lot of cultural essay pain, he only needed rest. Financial Essay. He did not have to have surgery” ( “ Top 12 Bizarre Pet Accidents”). Example Paraphrase 6. “10 Crazy Reasons People Got Rejected From College” Original source: “College admissions officers all advise against cultural differences essay writing a college admission essay about something that an applicant learned while stoned or drunk. “But we still get a few of those essays,” a college admissions officer tells me. 5000 Model. “We even got the classic one about how the student, while stoned, realized that the solar system is an essay, atom and the earth is an encyclopedia essay, electron. You’ll remember, that conversation occurred in the movie Animal House .” Incorrect: A college admissions officer told the differences, story of demonstrating financial scholarship essay a student who didn’t get into college because he wrote an admission essay about the essay, movie Animal Hous e (“10 Crazy Reasons People Got Rejected From College”). Remember what I said earlier about self paper writing an accurate paraphrase?
This is a good example. This attempted paraphrase is about college admissions essays, but that’s where the accuracy stops. Essay. Make sure to read the source carefully so you paraphrase correctly. Correct: College admissions officers generally tell students not to write their admissions essays about a lesson they learned when being stoned or drunk; however, some students still ignore the advice. Essay Poe. For instance, one student wrote about the conversation in Animal House , as if it were his own stoned experience, about the essay, solar system as an atom and the earth as an election (“10 Crazy Reasons People Got Rejected From College”). Example Paraphrase 7. 5000 Essay. “Over-the-top international fast-food items” Original source: “For some reason, cheese-topped donuts are quite popular in differences, Indonesia, and in on composition poe, September 2013 KFC decided to cultural get in on 5000 role model, the action, offering a glazed donut topped with shredded Swiss and cheddar cheese.” Incorrect: Cheese-topped donuts are popular in cultural, Indonesia. Poe. In September 2013, KFC decided to offer a glazed donut topped with shredded Swiss and cheddar cheese (“Over the top international fast-food items”).
This example is outright plagiarism. This isn’t a paraphrase at all; it simply omits a few words. Even though it includes a proper MLA in-text citation, it doesn’t rewrite the original using your own wording or sentence structure. Correct: In 2013, a KFC in Indonesia began selling shredded Swiss and cheddar cheese topped glazed donuts, a treat that is cultural differences essay popular in d, this Asian country. (“Over the top international fast-food items”). Example Paraphrase 8. “Original Batmobile, built in cultural, 1963, fetches $137,000” Original source: “DALLAS (Reuters) – Holy Bargain, Batman! The original Batmobile fetched $137,000 at auction on Saturday, a small fraction of the $4.2 million that a buyer paid last year for another version built for the television show that aired during the 1960s.” Incorrect: The Batmobile built for research paper the Batman show during the 1960’s sold for essay $137,000 at an introduction research paper auction” (“Original Batmobile, built in 1963, fetches $137,000”). Here’s a case of not reading carefully! Reread the original again. Differences Essay. You’ll see that the encyclopedia, paraphrase is inaccurate.
The Batmobile built for the 1960’s TV show actually sold for $4.2 million. Correct: The original Batmobile only sold for $137,000 at auction, but the Batmobile built for differences the 1960’s TVs show sold for $4.2 million the year before (“Original Batmobile, built in essay, 1963, fetches $137,000”). Example Paraphrase 9. “Police: Man Swapped furniture while neighbors away” Original source: “TACOMA, Wash. (AP) — A Washington state man is accused of differences essay swapping furniture with his neighbors while they were away. “The News Tribune reports the Lakewood man and a friend who is demonstrating financial need essay accused of helping him pleaded not guilty Wednesday to cultural differences essay charges of self residential burglary. “Court papers say a couple who returned to their apartment Monday found their love seat, matching chair and differences essay other belongings gone. Essay On Composition. A recliner and TV stand were left in essay, their place. Information on financial scholarship, a traffic ticket and pizza receipt pointed to essay the neighbor. “The man told police he thought the demonstrating need essay, couple had moved and cultural differences abandoned their furniture. Police say he told them he was drunk when he decided to switch furniture, calling his buddy for assessment deadline help.” Incorrect: A man switched furniture with his neighbor.
Where do I start with the cultural, problems here? First, there is no citation. Self. Without the citation, the paraphrase is plagiarized. Second, the paraphrase is too brief and does not summarize the cultural, information accurately. While the encarta encyclopedia on responsibility, man did switch furniture with his neighbors, it’s important to note that he did so without his neighbor’s knowledge and differences essay while he was drunk. Correct: A man pleaded not guilty to essay on composition residential burglary even though he switched furniture with his neighbors while they were away. He was drunk at differences the time and claimed he thought his neighbors had moved and self assessment abandoned their furniture (“Police: Man Swapped furniture while neighbors away”). Example Paraphrase 10. Differences Essay. “Man Scares off Thieves with Gun on Walker” Original source: “A 68-year-old Gastonia man says he scared off two men in ski masks trying to break in his home with his gun he can keep on his walker. Vitamin D. And then he taped a note to his door saying if they try to break in cultural, his house again, he will be waiting on them.” Incorrect: A 68-year-old man scared off two men trying to on composition poe break into his home.
He had a gun on cultural differences essay, his walker. Demonstrating Scholarship. He taped a note to his door to warn them. It said he would be waiting for them if they came back” (“Man Scares off Thieves with Gun on Walker”). This paraphrase uses too many of the same word choices, but it also contains another error. Simply breaking a paraphrase into multiple sentences does not mean you’re writing it in your own words. Correct: Two men attempted to break into differences essay, a 68-year-old man’s home; however, they were scared off by the gun the man kept on his walker. Afterwards, the essay, man taped a note to the door warning that he’d be waiting for the burglars if they came back” (“Man Scares off Thieves with Gun on Walker”) Remember these three tips to paraphrase like a pro. Include key points and cultural essay sub-points from the original source.
Write a paraphrase in your own words and use your own sentence structure. Always cite a paraphrase. Don’t forget to have our Kibin editors review your paper. While they can’t paraphrase your document for you, they can make sure that your paraphrasing makes sense and is grammatically correct! Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Susan M. Inez is a professor of English and thesis d writing goddess based out of the Northeast. Can you paraphrase this paragraph?please help me quickly.
In this time globalization, more and more people speak more than one language.Nevertheless, bilingual or multilingual communication demands not only the ability to differences use the other language but also to encyclopedia be able to cultural differences essay and be willing to encyclopedia read the communication situation-this includes verbal and nonverbal behaviors as well as emotional reactions to cultural essay such. To write the particular and functional essay every possible way out needs to place in model essay, the sections in proper as well as precise manner. No matter how hard the situations are the single stated propositions are very much precise In every single way. Therefore this is an ample opportunity to make the perfect along with proper steps for smoother operations along with fundamental approaches to make the differences essay, mark in vitamin, functional options in every possible way. Thanks for sharing. need help can you paraphrase the lyrics of the song favorite girl by justin bieber…. please.
Paraphrasing song lyrics can be difficult! To paraphrase this song, you’ll want to condense the lyrics and put them in cultural, your own words, but still keep the second-person perspective. So a paraphrase of the first couple stanzas might be: “While I always knew you were the prettiest, coolest girl I knew, I didn’t know my wish about you would come true.” Depending on your assignment, a summary might be a better approach. If that’s the case, then you could write a pretty good summary by answering this question: If you were explaining to on composition a friend what the song was about (assume she’s never heard it), what would you say? Then boom — you’ll have your summary #128578;
how to paraphrase someone’s life experience for example if storyline is like “i went to drop my friend in cultural differences essay, cab and asked the driver to wait . then i got into a conversation with him.
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A for and against essay about the internet. Look at the essay and cultural essay, do the exercises to improve your writing skills. Do the preparation exercise first. Then read the text and do the other exercises. What's your opinion?
Do you think the internet is bad for young people? For young people it is. They shoud be surervised while accessing the internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. Internet, an self assessment deadline invention which still amazes people in is own way, is cultural essay not always good. It has really bad side effects on young adults. As in the essay, the young people get addicted to online games and encyclopedia essay, they become addicted to cultural differences essay the internet quickly. Poe. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for young people. I think it really should have a age limit. And also we must be strict about the rules of age limit on essay, internet too. I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of it having age limits.
For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is very useful in schools and in work. It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate. On the other hand a lot of model essay people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. I also agree that learning on the internet (like here ont the british council ;) ) is very usefull . So in conclusion internet is possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. :) I agree with all of cultural differences essay you, but what about 5000 role, learning how to play a musical instrument? I think internet can be very good for teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for essays, projects and homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464.
I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in particular that you like on the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks! I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and What is it? in Study Break. Cultural Essay. British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. I love it! I think the 5000 model essay, internet is an amazing tool which can be used for equally amazing things, but only in differences essay the hands of the right person. One bad aspect of internet is that anyone could acess anything anytime.
That means there is a lot of inappropriate content out there, but a good person is thesis vitamin able to avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is very good and useful, but some young people use it for bad things. Such as playing computer games and get addict with it. Cultural Differences Essay. Many parents has banned the children not allowed to play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is useful with good children,and it is bad with bad children. I totaly agree. It all depends from parents.
If they let children to spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in point: #039;I think internet is useful with good children, and it is bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is one of the writing for a paper, greatest people created. You have an cultural differences essay access to billions of libraries from on responsibility, your computer, you are able to cultural essay speak with your friends even if they are on the other side of the world. Many people work using the Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the Internet and web-technologies. Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and can#039;t survive for more than an an introduction for a research paper hour without computer or smartphone. They need to publish their photos in social networks, chat with 7 people in one moment and read new posts in their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the real one.
The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the safety of your personal data. Cultural Differences. Everyone has heard stories about financial need essay, hackers that published private and differences essay, scandal photos of data base of the model essay, big company. It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out all your secrets. To sum up, Internrt is a wonderful tool for searching the necessary information, but social networks is quite tricky part of World Wide Web. Differences Essay. I think the internet very useful for us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing. Well, we must admit that on poe, this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists. Differences. Internet is included. Surely it was meant for connecting people from all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out how to use it for different things that provide us either with information or amusement. On Composition Poe. It is said that the cultural essay, Internet is a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the 5000 role model essay, problem isn#039;t in the Internet itself but rather in essay the humans, as it is us who are using it and need, who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it.
So for cultural, our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Internet but ourselves as we are unable to use a powerful tool for our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation. I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the most important thing in mutimedia life. Personally, l consider that the internet is bad or not,which depends on users. Deadline. I think the differences, Internet is something that we have to know, and self assessment paper, we should know what is good and bad for us, and cultural essay, keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in any way. I think it is the same for young people, we have to be responsible, because the Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of reaching the whole world. Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the essay poe, week, a lot of information, and a lot of people online. About teenagers who are addicted to games, that depends on each family.
Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do. It#039;s impossible to cultural live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on a project. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and hours looking for few informations? Internet is useful for encarta on responsibility, everyone, for young and essay, old people. There#039;s a lot of sites that can help us a lot. But, today Internet ha gone too far away.
Almost, there#039;s no home without the writing an introduction for a qualitative research paper, internet(more than 70% in cultural essay whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and a bad sites on the Internet. We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. ) that shows us a different world. 5000 Role. We can learn a lot of things (English, French. Cultural Differences Essay. ) and a lot of other things. But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t. There#039;s a lot of vitamin d dangerous people in cultural the world. To sum up, I completely agree with essay. Poe. No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is many information in the internet. In my opinion, I dont think Internet is differences essay bad for people. Without the vitamin, Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and I wouldn#039;t be able to access to lots of cultural useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. On the other hand, internet is writing bad only when people dont know how to use it wisely.
If young people use the Internet for studying and relaxing in proper way, internet would be very useful. To me, the internet#039;s the most wonderful tool that human had created. In my own perspective, the Internet plays an important role in the communicating barrier. As you can see, people all around the world are using the Internet, including the elderly. We communicate with each other using the internet and it really helps us to stay connected with one another. Besides, without the differences, internet, how are the countries going to develop? Our knowledge and the view to the outside world, the thesis, perspective to cultural essay the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in encarta encyclopedia essay the well. So, why not? The internet is the best connection between an individual to the whole wide world. It#039;s definitely a boon. Internet is very usefull for differences, us.
Internet is particularly useful for everyone, nearly all things are on d, the internet, you can get anything by only searching on it. Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for example i use internet for learning English, reading news and doing research for my tasks. However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on social media and often forget about time and everything they should do. Differences. I completely disagree that internet is bad for writing for a research, teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on the way people use the internet. How does this photo make you feel?
Can you write a caption for it? . Look carefully. Differences. What's this everyday object? Play Wordshake and see how many points can you get in 3 minutes. © British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities. A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland).
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Cultural Differences essays
Essay on Social Change: Meaning, Characteristics and other details. Here is your essay on Social Change! Change is the internal law. History and science bear ample testimony to the fact that change is the law of life. Differences Essay? Stagnation is an introduction qualitative research paper death. They tell us stories of man’s rise and cultural essay growth from the essay on composition, Paleolithic age to the Neolithic age, then to the Stone Age and next to the copper age etc. Cultural? On the stage of the world, scenes follow scenes, acts follow acts, and drama follows drama.
Nothing stands still. Image Courtesy : 2.bp.blogspot.com/_1-xvEOICRwA/SHQeR5CcI3I/AAAAAAAAAVs/OUtRL2GLZXg/s1600-h/PontmorlaisWest_CircusParade_1948-49_CliveArthur.jpg. The wheel of writing an introduction qualitative research, time moves on and on. The old dies and the young steps into the world. We ring out the old and ring in the new. A child changes into a boy, a boy into a youth and differences essay then into vitamin a man. The bud changes into a flower. The dawn turns into morning, morning into noon, noon into afternoon and afternoon into night. It is said, “Today is not yesterday, we ourselves change. No change is permanent, it is subject to change.
This is cultural differences observed in all spares of activity. Change indeed is 5000 painful, yet needful”. Flowing water is wholesome, and stagnant water is poisonous. Only when it flows through and alters with changes, it is able to refresh and recreate. Change is an ever-present phenomenon. It is the cultural essay, law of nature.
Society is not at all a static phenomenon, but it is a dynamic entity. It is an ongoing process. The social structure is subject to incessant changes. Individuals may strive for stability, yet the fact remains that society is an every changing phenomenon; growing, decaying, renewing and accommodating itself to thesis vitamin changing conditions. The human composition of societies changes over time, technologies expand, ideologies and values take on new components; institutional functions and structures undergo reshaping. Hence, no society remains complete static. Incessant changeability is very inherent nature of human society. A social structure is differences a nexus of present relationships. It exists because social beings seek to maintain it. It continues to assessment paper deadline exist because men demand its continuance. But the existing social structure is influenced by many factors and forces that inevitably cause it to change.
Society is cultural thus subject to continuous change. The change of man and society has been the central and quite dominant concern of sociology right from the demonstrating need scholarship, time when it emerged as branch of learning. The concern for social change is of great importance not only in studying past changes but also in investigating ‘future’ developments. Meaning of Social Change : Change implies all variations in human societies. When changes occur in the modes of cultural differences, living of individuals and social relation gets influenced, such changes are called social changes. Social change refers to the modifications which take place in life pattern of people. It occurs because all societies are in a constant state of disequilibrium.
The word ‘change’ denotes a difference in anything observed over some period of time. Hence, social change would mean observable differences in any social phenomena over on composition any period of time. Social change is the change in cultural differences essay society and society is essay on responsibility a web of social relationships. Hence, social change is a change in social relationships. Differences Essay? Social relationships are social processes, social patterns and social interactions. These include the mutual activities and relations of the various parts of the society.
Thus, the term ‘social change’ is thesis vitamin used to describe variations of any aspect of social processes, social patterns, social interaction or social organization. Social change may be defined as changes in the social organization, that is, the structure and functions of the society. Whenever one finds that a large number of persons are engaged in activities that differ from those which their immediate forefathers were engaged in differences some time before, one finds a social change. Whenever human behaviour is in the process of modification, one finds that social change is occurring. Human society is constituted of human beings. Thesis D? Social change means human change, since men are human beings. To change society, as says Davis, is to change man. Theorists of social change agree that in most concrete sense of the word ‘change’, every social system is changing all the time. Essay? The composition of the population changes through the life cycle and assessment paper thus the occupation or roles changes; the members of society undergo physiological changes; the continuing interactions among member modify attitudes and expectations; new knowledge is constantly being gained and cultural differences transmitted. The question to what social change actually means is perhaps the deadline, most difficult one within the scientific study of change. It involves the often neglected query of what ‘kind’ and degree of change in what is to be considered social change.
Most analysts of social change deal with this question implicitly somewhere in their theoretical system or in the context of the latter’s application to differences some empirical case. For the present purpose it should suffice to examine definitions that are frequently used to conceptualise change. According to Jones “Social change is a term used to describe variations in, or modifications of any aspect of social processes, social patterns, social interaction or social organization”. As Kingsley Davis says, “By Social change is meant only such alternations as occur in model essay social organization – that is, the structure and functions of differences, society”. According to Maclver and Page, “Social change refers to a process responsive to many types of changes; to changes the writing an introduction for a qualitative research, man in made condition of life; to changes in the attitudes and beliefs of men, and to cultural differences essay the changes that go beyond the for a, human control to the biological and cultural differences essay the physical nature of things”.
Morris Ginsberg defines, “By social change, I understand a change in social structure, e.g., the size of the society, the composition or the balance of its parts or the type of its organization”. P. Fairchild defines social change as “variations or modifications in any aspects of social process, pattern or form. B. Role Model Essay? Kuppuswamy says, “Social change may be defined as the process in differences essay which is discernible significant alternation in the structure and functioning of a particular social system”. H.M. Johnson says, “Social change is either change in the structure or quasi- structural aspects of a system of change in the relative importance of coexisting structural pattern”. According to writing an introduction Merrill and Eldredge, “Change means that large number of persons are engaging in cultural activities that differ from those which they or their immediate forefathers engaged in some time before”. Anderson and Parker define, “Social change involves alternations in the structure or functioning of societal forms or processes themselves”. According to M.D.
Jenson, “Social change may be defined as modification in ways of doing and thinking of financial, people. As H.T. Mazumdar says, “Social change may be defined as a new fashion or mode, either modifying or replacing the old, in the life of people or in the operation of a society”. According Gillin and Gillin, “Social changes are variations from the accepted modes of cultural differences essay, life; whether due to alternation in geographical conditions, in cultural equipment, composition of the population or ideologies and brought about by diffusion, or inventions within the group. By analyzing all the definitions mentioned above, we reach at the conclusion that the two type of changes should be treated as two facts of the same social phenomenon. Two type of changes are e.g. (i) changes in the structure of society, (ii) changes in the values and social norms which bind the encarta encyclopedia on responsibility, people together and help to maintain social order. These two type of cultural differences, changes should not, however, be treated separately because a change in one automatically induces changes in the other.
For example, a change in the attitude of the people may bring about changes in the social structure. Towards the close of the 19 century, there was a tendency in the countries of Western Europe for families to grow smaller in size. There is a general agreement that this has been brought about mainly by vitamin d, voluntary restriction of births”. In this case, a change in the attitude of the people is mainly responsible for change in the social structure. Cultural? On the other hand, a change in the social structure may bring about attitudinal change among the members of the society. Transformation of encarta encyclopedia essay, rural society into industrial society is differences essay not simply a change in the structure of society.
For example, industrialisation has destroyed domestic system of production. The destruction of domestic system of production has brought women from home to factory and office. The employment of women gave them a new independent outlook. The attitude of independence instead of dependence upon men has become the trait of women’s personally. Hence, these two type of changes should not be treated separately but both of them should be studied together. The problem of social change is one of the central foci of sociological inquiry.
It is so complex and so significant in the life of essay, individual and of society that we have to explore the essay, ‘why’ and ‘how’ of social change in all its ramifications. Characteristics of Social Change : The fact of social change has fascinated the keenest minds and still poses some of the great unsolved problems in social sciences. The phenomenon of social change is not simple but complex. It is difficult to understand this in its entirety. Encarta Essay On Responsibility? The unsolved problems are always pressurising us to find an cultural differences essay appropriate answer. To understand social change well, we have to analyse the nature of role essay, social change which are as follows:
1. Social Change is cultural differences essay Social: Society is a “web of deadline, social relationships” and hence social change obviously means a change in the system of social relationships. Social relationships are understood in terms of social processes and social interactions and social organizations. Thus, the term social change is used to describe variation in social interactions, processes and social organizations. Only that change can be called social change whose influence can be felt in a community form. The changes that have significance for differences essay all or considerable segment of population can be considered as social change. 2. Social Change is Universal: Change is the universal law of nature. The social structure, social organization and social institutions are all dynamic.
Social change occurs in all societies and at all times. No society remains completely static. Each society, no matter how traditional and conservative, is constantly undergoing change. Just as man’s life cannot remain static, so does society of all places and times. Here adjustment take place and here conflict breaks down adjustment.
Here there is revolution and here consent. Here men desire for achieving new goals, and here they return to old ones. 3. Social Change occurs as an Essential law: Change is the law of nature. Social change is also natural. Change is an unavoidable and unchangeable law of nature. By nature we desire change. Our needs keep on changing to satisfy our desire for role model change and to satisfy these needs, social change becomes a necessity. The truth is cultural essay that we are anxiously waiting for a change. According to 5000 essay Green, “The enthusiastic response of change has become almost way of life. 4. Social Change is Continuous:
Society is an ever-changing phenomenon. It is undergoing endless changes. It is an “ongoing process”. These changes cannot be stopped. Society is cultural subject to continuous change. Here it grows and decays, there it finds renewal, accommodates itself to various changing conditions.
Society is a system of d, social relationship. But these social relationships are never permanent. They are subject to change. Society cannot be preserved in a museum to save it from the ravages of time. From the dawn of history, down to essay this day, society has been in flux. Social change manifests itself in different stages of human history.
In ancient times when life was confined to caves (Stone Age), the social system was different from that of the vitamin, computer age today. There is essay no fixity in an introduction qualitative paper human relationships. Cultural Differences? Circumstances bring about many a change in the behaviour patterns. 5. Qualitative? Social Change Involves No-Value Judgement: Social change does not attach any value judgement. It is neither moral nor immoral, it is amoral. The question of “what ought to be” is beyond the cultural differences, nature of social change. The study of social change involves no-value judgement.
It is ethically neutral. Essay? A correct decision on what is empirically true is not the same as correct decision on what ought to differences be. 6. Social Change is Bound by Time Factors: Social change is temporal. Writing Qualitative Paper? It happens through time, because society exists only as a time-sequences. We know its meaning fully only by understanding it through time factors. For example, the caste system which was a pillar of stability in traditional Indian society, is now undergoing considerable changes in the modern India. There was less industrialisation in India during 50s. But in 90s, India has become more industrialized. Thus, the speed of social change differs from age to age.
The reason is cultural essay that the self paper, factors which cause social change do not remain uniform with the changes in time. 7. Rate and Tempo of Social Change is Uneven: Though social change is a must for differences essay each and every society, the rate, tempo, speed and extent of change is not uniform. It differs from society to society. Essay On Responsibility? In some societies, its speed is rapid; in another it may be slow. And in some other societies it occurs so slowly that it may not be noticed by those who live in them.
For example, in differences essay the modern, industrial urban society the speed and extent of thesis, change is faster than traditional, agricultural and rural society. 8. Definite Prediction of Social Change is Impossible: It is very much difficult to make out cultural differences, any prediction on the exact forms of social change. A thousand years ago in Asia, Europe and Latin America the face of 5000 essay, society was vastly different from that what exists today. But what the society will be in thousand years from now, no one can tell. But a change there will be. For example, industrialisation and cultural differences urbanisation has brought about a series of interrelated changes in our family and marriage system. But we cannot predict the exact forms which social relationships will assume in future. Vitamin D? Similarly, what shall be our ideas, attitudes and value in future, it is unpredictable. 9. Social Change Shows Chain-Reaction Sequences:
Society is cultural differences essay a dynamic system of interrelated parts. Changes in financial need one aspect of life may induce a series of changes in other aspects. For example, with the emancipation of women, educated young women find the traditional type of family and marriage not quite fit to their liking. They find it difficult to live with their parents-in-law, obeying the cultural differences, mother-in-law at writing an introduction for a qualitative every point. They desire separate homes. The stability of marriages can no longer be taken for granted. The changing values of women force men to change their values also. Therefore, society is a system of interrelated parts. Change in its one aspect may lead to a series of changes in other aspects of the society. 10. Social Change takes place due to Multi-Number of Factors:
Social change is the consequence of a number of factors. A special factor may trigger a change but it is always associated with other factors that make the triggering possible. Social change cannot be explained in terms of one or two factors only and that various factors actually combine and become the ’cause’ of the change. M. Ginsberg observes: “A cause is an assemblage of factors which, in interaction with each other, undergo a change”. Differences? There is demonstrating no single master key by which we can unlock all the doors leading to social change. As a matter of fact, social change is the consequence of a number of factors. 11. Differences Essay? Social Changes are Chiefly those of Modifications or of Replacement: Social changes may be considered as modifications or replacements. It may be modification of physical goods or social relationships. For example, the form of our breakfast food has changed.
Though we eat the same basic materials such as meats, eggs corn etc. which we ate earlier, their form has been changed. Ready-to-eat cornflakes, breads, omelets are substituted for the form in which these same materials were consumed in earlier years. Role Essay? Further, there may be modifications of social relationships. For example, the old authoritarian family has become the small equalitarian family. Our attitudes towards women’s status and rights, religion, co-education etc. stand modified today. 12. Social Change may be Small-scale or Large-scale: A line of distinction is drawn between small-scale and large scale social change. Differences Essay? Small-scale change refers to changes within groups and organizations rather than societies, culture or civilization. According W.E. Moore, by small-scale changes we shall mean changes in essay on composition the characteristics of social structures that though comprised within the general system identifiable as a society, do not have any immediate and differences major consequences for the generalised structure (society) as such.
13. Short-term and Long-term Change: The conceptualization of the magnitude of change involves the encyclopedia essay, next attribute of change, the time span. Differences Essay? That is to say, a change that may be classified as ‘small-scale from a short-term perspective may turn out to have large-scale consequences when viewed over a long period of time, as the decreasing death rate since the 1960 in thesis India exemplifies. 14. Social Change may be Peaceful or Violent:
At times, the attribute ‘peaceful’ has been considered as practically synonymous with ‘gradual’ and ‘violent’ with ‘rapid’. The term ‘violence’ frequently refers to essay the threat or use of physical force involved in attaining a given change. In certain sense, rapid change may ‘violently’ affect the emotions, values and expectations of those involved. According to W.E. Moore, “A ‘true’ revolution, a rapid and self deadline fundamental alternation in the institutions or normative codes of society and differences essay of its power distribution, is rapid and continuous by definition and is likely to be violent, but may well be orderly as opposed to erratic”. ‘Peaceful’ has to do with the changes that take place by consent, acceptance or acquisition and that are enforced by the normative restraints of society. 15. Social Change may be Planned or Unplanned:
Social change may occur in the natural course or it is d done by man deliberately. Unplanned change refers to change resulting from essay, natural calamities, such as famines and floods, earthquakes and essay volcanic eruption etc. So social change is called as the unchangeable law of nature. Essay? The nature is paper never at rest. Planned social change occurs when social changes are conditioned by human engineering. Plans, programmes and projects are made by man in order to determine and control the direction of social change. Besides that by nature human beings desire change. The curiosity of a man never rests; nothing checks his desire to cultural know. There is self paper deadline always a curiosity about unknown. Cultural Differences? The needs of human beings are changing day by day.
So to satisfy these needs they desire change. 16. Social Change may be Endogenous or Exogenous: Endogenous social change refers to the change caused by the factors that are generated by society or a given subsystem of society. Conflict, communication, regionalism etc. are some of the examples of endogenous social change. On the other hand, exogenous sources of social change generally view society as a basically stable, well-integrated system that is disrupted or altered only by the impact of an introduction qualitative research, forces external to the system (e.g., world situation, wars, famine) or by new factors introduced into differences the system from other societies. For example, technological transfer and brain drain, political and cultural imperialism may lead to the diffusion of cultural traits beyond the limits of single societies. 17.
Change Within and Change of the System: The distinction between kinds of change has been developed by Talcott Parsons in his analysis of change ‘within’ and change ‘of the system, i.e., the orderly process of ongoing change within the boundaries of a system, as opposed to the process resulting in changes of the structure of the system under consideration. Conflict theorists draw our attention to the fact that the cumulative effect of change ‘within’ the system may result in a change ‘of’ the system. To conclude, some of the attributes most frequently used in describing change are: magnitude of change (small-scale, large-scale changes), time pan, direction, rate of change, amount of violence involved. These dimensions should not be taken as either/or attributes but rather as varying along a continuum from demonstrating need essay, one extreme to cultural differences another (e.g., revolutionary vs evolutionary). Other categorization that have been devised involve division of changes on the basis of such characteristics as continuous vs spasmodic, orderly vs erratic and the number of people (or roles) affected by or involved in change.
Although no hard and fast categories have yet been developed into which we can fit different types of change, the use of the foregoing distinctions, may be helpful in clarifying one’s conceptualization of any type of on composition, change or at least, they can help one to understand the complexities involved in developing a definition of the subject of social change. In explaining the cultural essay, concept of encyclopedia on responsibility, social change, sociologists from time to time used words and expressions like evolution, growth, progress, development, revolution, adaptation etc. discarding one in preference to the other. Though the concept of evolution was known to the generation preceding the publication of Darwin’s “Origin of Species”, the notion of social evolution was taken directly from the theories of biological evolution. Evolution in biological science means the developing of an organism. It is cultural differences essay a process by which a thing continuously adopts itself to its environment and manifests its own nature. Consequently it is a change which permeates the whole character of the object.
Many social theorists from on responsibility, Herbert Spencer to Sumner applied this conception of ‘organic evolution’ in various ways to the explanation of social change. The term ‘evolution’ is borrowed from biological sciences to Sociology. Cultural? The term ‘organic evolution’ is replaced by ‘social evolution’ in sociology. Whereas the term ‘organic evolution’ is used to denote the evolution of 5000, organism, the cultural differences essay, expression of ‘social evolution is used to explain the evolution of human society. It was hoped that the theory of social evolution would explain the origin and development of man. 5000 Role Model Essay? Anthropologists and Sociologists wanted to find a satisfactory and significant explanation of how our society evolved. They were very much impressed by the idea of organic evolution which explain how one species evolves into another, and differences essay wanted to apply the same to the social world. Hence, the concept of social evolution is on composition quite popular in sociological discussion.
Sociologists adopted the word ‘evolution’ to cultural differences convey the sense of growth and change in social institutions. Social institutions are the result of evolution. They began to work to an introduction for a qualitative trace the origin of the ideas, institutions and of the developments. The term ‘evolution’ is derived from the Latin word ‘evolvere’ which means to ‘develop’ or ‘to unfold’. It is equivalent to the Sanskrit word ‘Vikas’.
Evolution literally means gradually ‘unfolding’ or ‘unrolling’. Cultural Essay? It indicates changes from ‘within’ and not from ‘without’. The concept of evolution applies more precisely to the internal growth of an organism. Evolution means more than growth. The word ‘growth’ connotes a direction of change but only assessment of quantitative character e.g., we say population grows, town grows etc. But evolution involves something more intrinsic; change not merely in size but also in essay structure. According to Maclver and Page, “Evolution involves something more intrinsic, a change not merely in size but at least in structure also”. Ogburn and Nimkoff write, “Evolution is merely a change in a given direction”. Ginsberg says, “Evolution is defined as a process of change which results in the production of something new but revealing “an orderly continuity in transition”.
That is to say, we have evolution when” the series of changes that occur during a period of time appear to be, not a mere succession of changes, but a ‘continuous process’, through which a clear ‘thread of identity runs’. Evolution describes a series of an introduction paper, interrelated changes in a system of some kind. It is a process in which hidden or latent characters of a thing reveal themselves. It is a principle of internal growth. It shows not merely what happens to a thing but also what happens within it. “What is latent becomes manifest in it and what is potential is made actual.” Evolution is an differences essay order to change which unfolds the variety of aspects belonging to the nature of changing object. We cannot speak of evolution when an object or system is changed by forces acting upon it from without. The change must occur within the d, changing unity.
Characteristics of essay, Social Evolution : According to Spencer, “Evolution is the integration of matter and concomitant dissipation of motion during which matter passes from an indefinite, incoherent homogeneity to for a qualitative research a definite, coherent heterogeneity.” Society, according to his view, is differences also subject to a similar process of demonstrating need essay, evolution; that is, changing from a state of differences, ‘incoherent homogeneity’ to assessment paper deadline a state of ‘coherent heterogeneity.’ Evolution is, thus, a gradual growth or development from simple to complex existence. The laws of evolution which were initially fashioned after the findings of charters. Darwin, came to be known as social Darwinism during the nineteenth century. Spencer’s point of view can best be illustrated by an example.
In the beginning, the cultural essay, most primitive stage, every individual lived an individualistic life, trying to know and essay do things about himself alone. Every man was more or less similar, in so far as his ignorance about organized social life was concerned. In this sense, the people were homogenous. At that stage, neither they were able to essay organize their social life, nor could they work together. There was no system; nothing definite, expect their incoherent or loose-group-formations. Thus, they formed “an indefinite, incoherent homogeneity,” But gradually, their experiences, realizations and knowledge increased. They learnt to live and to work together.
The task of social organisation was taken on, division of labour was elaborated; and each found a particular type of work which he could do best. All worked in an organized and definite way towards a definite goal. Encyclopedia On Responsibility? Thus, a state of “definite, coherent heterogeneity” was reached. Herbert Spencer has prescribed four important principles of evolution. These principles are: 1. Social evolution is on cultural or human aspect of the law of change of cosmic evolution. 2. Hence, social evolution take place in the same way at cultural all places and progress through some definite and demonstrating inevitable stages. 3. Social evolution is gradual.
4. Social evolution is progressive. In addition to this characteristics, other features of social evolution are clearly evident which are discussed below. Evolution is a Process of Differentiation and Integration: The concept of evolution as a process of differentiation cum-integration was first developed by the German Sociologists Von Baer and subsequently by Spencer and cultural differences many others. (i) In order to understand this statement, i.e. evolution takes place through differentiation and Integration; we have to study the history of a society over a long, period of time.
Then we shall find that its associations, institutions, etc” are constantly evolving or developing. In social evolution, new and encarta essay on responsibility ever newer circumstances and problems are constantly appearing. In order to cope with them, new associations and institutions are evolved. Differences? For example, a community in a town previously. When the self deadline, town had been a small community, its management was the responsibility of cultural essay, a Panchayat or a town area committee. Now that the town has become a big commercial centre, its management is in the hands of a dozer different committees. One of them looks after the educational facilities, another looks after the sanitation, a third is deputed to look after the demonstrating financial need scholarship, octroi, while a fourth manages the markets and so on. In this way, this differentiation increases with the evolution of the town. (ii) But without Integration, this differentiation cannot take one anywhere. Hence, synthesis along with differentiation is necessary.
In urban areas one can find various sectarian associations such as Khandayat Kshatriya Mahasabha, Kayastha society, Brahman Samiti, Napita associations etc. At the same time, one also can find institutions: ‘Arya Samaj’,” etc. which synthesize and compromise associations based on various caste and class distinctions. Today, while new nations are coming into being in the human society, equally strong efforts are being made to create a world society by compromising these nations. (iii) By virtue of this double processes of differentiation and integration, the efficiency of the society is being constantly increased. Division of labour is the magic word of modern economic evolution. By an increase in the number of associations and institutions in society, work in various spheres is performed more successfully.
And because of the process of synthesis, various spheres take advantage of cultural, each other’s efficiency also. Maclver points it out in vitamin d a very systematic manner. According to differences him, evolution or differentiation manifests itself in society by (a) a greater division of society by labour, so that thereby a more elaborate system of encarta essay, cooperation, because the energy of more individuals is concentrated on more specific tasks, a more intricate nexus of functional relationships, is sustained within the cultural, group; (b) an increase in the number and the variety of functional associations and institutions, so that each is more defined or more limited in the range or character of its service; and (c) a greater diversity and refinement in the instruments of social communication, perhaps above all in the medium of encarta encyclopedia essay on responsibility, language. Various sociologists have laid stress on essay one or another of these aspect of evolution. Thus, Emile Durkheim has insisted on the preeminent importance of the social division of labour as a criterion of social development. Other writers have taken the various aspects together and poe sought to show that society passes through a definite series of cultural essay, evolutionary stages. Social Evolution does not always proceed by Differentiation: Morris Ginsberg writes, “The notion that evolution is financial need essay a movement from the simple to the complex can be and has been seriously disputed.” In every field where we find the forces of differentiation at work, there the opposite trends are also manifested.
For example in the development of languages, where the process of differentiation has been stressed, we have many disconnecting facts. The modern languages derived from Sanskrit Like Bengali, Gujarati, Telugu and Tamil cannot be compared in differences essay their structure with the richness and diversity of their origin. Here the process is not towards differentiation but towards simplification. In the development of for a research, religion too, the transition from differences essay, fusion to differentiation is difficult to see. Vitamin D? On the whole we find that social evolution does not always proceed by differentiation. However in cultural differences spite of the various difficulties, the concept of evolution still retains its usefulness. Maclver has strongly supported the principle of social evolution. He has criticised the vitamin d, practice of believing social evolution to be imaginary. Cultural Differences Essay? Social evolution is a reality. Model Essay? Maclver has given some arguments in favour of the reality of cultural differences, social evolution.
He emphasizes, if we open the pages of History, we find that in the beginning there was no differentiation of institutions within human society or the performance of diverse functions. But latter on, as culture and civilization progressed, differentiation increased and it is even now increasing. This historical fact is an evidence of the extent and element of reality in the principle of social evolution. Social Evolution and Organic Evolution : Though ‘social evolution’ is borrowed from the biological concept of ‘organic evolution’, still then these two terms are not one and the same. There are some basic differences between the two which are as follows: Firstly, organic evolution implies the differentiation in the bodily structure, which is generally in the form of new organs to use for different purpose. Essay? But social evolution does not imply this. Man is the centre of social evolution. He need not have to develop new organ to adjust himself with changed conditions of life.
Because man has the capacity of inventing tools, making instruments and devising techniques to control the forces of differences, nature and to writing an introduction qualitative research adjust himself with the natural conditions. He can look before and cultural essay after. Secondly, in organic evolution, the transmission of qualities takes place through biological heredity, i.e. through ‘genes’. But social evolution takes place through ideas, discoveries, inventions and experiences. Here the changes are transmitted mostly through the mental ability and genius of man. Thirdly, in case of organic evolution only the descending generation is affected by the structural modification, alterations. But in on composition poe social evolution even the old as well as the new generations are affected by it. For example, invention of new techniques and devices is influencing the present as well as the future generations. Lastly, the organic evolution is continuous.
There can be no break in it. It is continuous because of the irresistible pressure within the organisation and of environment or natural forces. But such a continuity may not be observed in the case of social evolution. It is cultural differences essay subject to disruption. It is an self paper intermittent.
It lacks continuity. Social Change and Social Evolution : Social change is an ever-present phenomenon everywhere. When we speak of social change, we suggest so far no law, no theory, no direction, even no continuity. Social change occurs in cultural differences all societies and at all times. No society remains completely static. The term ‘social change’ itself is wholly neutral, implying nothing but differences that take place in human interactions and interrelations. In explaining this concept of social change, modern sociologists from time to time used different words and expressions. Scholarship Essay? Evolution is one of them. Many social theorists form Herbert Spencer to Sumner applied this conception of evolution in various ways to the interpretation of social change.
But many modern theorists, particularly American, have abandoned the idea that social change takes place by evolutionary stages. Evolution describes a series of interrelated changes in a system of some kind. It is a process in which hidden or latent characters of a thing reveal themselves. It shows not merely what happens to cultural differences essay a thing but also what happens within it. Evolution is an order of change which unfolds the variety of aspects belonging to the nature of model, changing object. We cannot speak of differences, evolution when an object or system is an introduction for a paper changed by forces acting upon it from without. The change must occur within the changing unity.
Evolution is essay a process involving a changing adaptation of the essay, object to its environment and a further manifestation of its own nature. Consequently, it is a change permeating the whole character of the object, a sequence in differences which the equilibrium of its entire structure undergoes modification. According to Maclver, evolution is not mere change. It is an immanent process resulting in increased complexity and differentiation. He writes, “the Kernel of organic evolution is differentiation, a process in which latent or rudimentary characters take a distinct and essay variable form within the unity of the organism.”
Maclver further says, evolution or differentiation manifests itself in society by (a) a greater division of labour resulting in great specialization (b) an increase in the number and variety of functional associations, (c) a greater diversity and refinement in the means of social communication. “When these changes are proceeding, society is evolving”, concludes Maclver. The concept of progress found notable expression in the writings of the French Philosophers such as Turgot, Condorcent and Fancis Bacon of the 18th century and has been a dynamic agent in the social activity of modern man. Cultural? Sociologists such as Saint Simon, Auguste Comte and Herbert Spencer were the self assessment paper, earlier exponents of the cultural, idea of progress. According Comte, it was the intellectual elite who could bring about an era of progress. Etymologically, the word progress means “moving forward.” But moving forward or backward, progress or regress are relative terms. If it be remarked that such and such country has progressed, no meaningful information can be extracted from such a statement unless the direction towards which progress has been made be known. In this way, progress is not mere change.
It is a change in particular direction. The word progress cannot be appended to financial need essay change in every direction. For example, if the condition of agriculture in a particular country worsens and a famine results, it is undeniably a change, but it will not be called progress. Progress means moving forward in cultural essay the direction of achievement of some aim. Different thinkers have defined progress in different ways. The important definitions are as follows: Maclver writes, “By progress we imply not merely direction, but direction towards some final goal, some destination determined ideally not simply by the objective consideration at encarta encyclopedia on responsibility work. Lumely defines, “Progress is a change, but it is cultural essay a change in paper deadline a desired or approved direction, not in cultural essay any direction.” Ginsberg defines progress as “A development or evolution in 5000 a direction which satisfies rational criterion of value”. According to Ogburn, “Progress is cultural differences a movement towards an objective thought to be desirable by the general group for the visible future. Burgess writes, “Any change or adoption to essay an existent environment that makes it easier for a person or group of persons or other organized from essay, of life to live may be said to represent progress”.
Progress means an advance towards some ideally desirable end. Since progress means change for the better it definitely implies a value judgement of highly subjective character. For value, like taste, has no measuring rod. A particular social change may seem to be progressive to one person to another it may seem retrogression, because they have different values. The concept of social progress is, therefore, subjective but it has reference to an objective condition. It is difficult to explain the criteria of progress which are relative to their temporal context.
Social values determine progress. Thesis Vitamin D? Whether any change will be considered as progress or not depends upon the social values. Social values change with time and place. The criteria of progress change with the change of social values. Hence, it is difficult to formulate a universally acceptable criterion of progress. However, the following can be tentatively suggested. Health and Longevity of Life: Average length of life is one index of progress whether the world is growing better. But it does not necessarily follow from this that a longer life must be more pleasurable and better. In the opinion of some persons, wealth or economic progress is a criterion of progress.
Some people are of the view that an increase in population is a sign of differences, progress. But over-population cannot be a sign of d, progress. According to some thinkers, moral conduct is the criterion of progress. Since life has many facets, it is not possible to formulate any one criterion of progress. But is cultural essay stated that the integrated development of society is the criterion of progress. Integrated development comprehends all mental, physical and spiritual aspects including above criteria. By analysing above definitions, we find that progress is a change, a change for the better. When we speak of progress, we simply not merely direction, but direction towards some final goal.
The nature of the 5000 role model essay, progress depends upon two factors, the nature of the end and the distance of differences essay, which we are from it. The modern writers today speak of social progress though they do not have a single satisfactory explanation of the concept. In order to have a better understanding of the meaning of progress, we have to analyse the following attributes. 1. Progress is Dependent upon Social Values: Progress dependent upon and is determined by social values. It means that progress does not have precisely the same meaning at all times and places, because values change from poe, time to time. There is no object which can uniformly or eternally be considered valuable irrespective of differences, time and place. Due to this reason, Maclver and Page have written, “The concept of progress is a chameleon that take on the colour of the environment when we feel adjusted to that environment, and some contrasting colour when we feel maladjusted. 2. There is a Change in Progress: Change is one of its essential attributes.
The concept of on composition, progress presupposes the presence of change. Without change, there can be no progress. 3. In Progress the Desired End is Achieved: The progress is essay not mere change. It is a change in a particular direction. Broadly speaking, progress means an essay on composition advance towards some ideally desirable end. It always refers to the changes that leads to cultural differences human happiness. 5000? Not all changes imply progress. Progress from its ethical point of view, may be personal but from the sociological point of view, is differences essay communal since sociology is that science of society. In it, the individual is taken into consideration only as a part of an introduction qualitative, society. Only that change, whose influence can be felt on differences entire community or society for its betterment or welfare, can be called social progress.
5. Progress is on composition poe Volitional: Progress does not come about through inactivity. Desire and volition are needed for progress. Efforts have to be made and when these efforts are successful it is called progress. It is an uphill task. It must be remembered that every effort is not progressive.
The concept of progress varies from society to cultural essay society, place to an introduction qualitative place and from time to time. It does not remain constant in cultural all times and of all places. That which is today considered as the symbol or progress may tomorrow be considered and writing an introduction qualitative research paper treated as a sign of regress. For example, in India, free mixing of young boys and girls may be interpreted as an indication of regress, whereas the same may symbolise progress in the Western Countries. 7. Criteria of Progress are Variable:
As stated earlier criteria of progress are relative to their temporal context. Social values determine progress. But social values change with time and differences place. Therefore, criteria of self assessment, progress vary from place to place. Further, different scholars have prescribed different criteria of progress. For example, health and longevity have been considered as criteria of progress by some, while other have taken economic security, moral conduct as the cultural differences essay, criteria of progress. 8. Progress does not have a Measuring Rod: The term progress is self paper very much subjective and value-loaded. It is not demonstrable with a degree of certainty. We cannot show it to others unless they first accept our evaluations. Cultural Differences Essay? We may or may not agree that there is progress, but we cannot prove it.
Progress is a reality which is immeasurable and undemonstrable. Anything that cannot be demonstrated and measured scientifically cannot be rejected socially. It is especially true in the case of progress. To conclude, progress conveys the sense of something better and improved. The advancement in technology was opposed to contribute to progress.
But, these developments did not carry the demonstrating need scholarship essay, sense of cultural differences, progress. It was advancement only in a particular direction. The comprehensiveness of progress was missing. The extremes of poverty and health, of ignorance and encarta enlightenment had continued to coexist as ever before. Progress as conceived over the ages past, is essay now considered to be illusive. The end of progress, it has come to be accepted, cannot be determined. The ‘progress’ in the West did not meet all its ends. It did not bring the fulfillment, that was taken to be its true aim.
For this, the model essay, use of the term progress was considered inappropriate. The application of the cultural differences, term fell into essay on composition disfavour. More so, the growing belief that sociology should be value-free also discouraged the use of this expression. Social Change and Social Progress : Change is the basic content of both evolution and progress. But the term change is wholly neutral, only suggesting variation in a phenomena over, a period of cultural essay, time.
The moment the specifications like direction, desirability, and value-judgement are added to change, another terminology ‘progress’ becomes necessary to describe the demonstrating financial need, process of change. Progress is not mere change. It is cultural differences a change in particular direction. Self Assessment Deadline? It cannot be appended to change in every direction. The word progress means moving forward in cultural the direction and achievement of some desired goal. It is certainly a change, a change for the better not for the worse.
The concept of thesis vitamin d, progress always involves and implies value judgement. It is cultural not possible to speak of progress without reference to standards. Not all changes imply progress. But social change is a generic term, an objective term describing one of the fundamental processes. There is no value-judgement attached to it. Encyclopedia? It is essay true that some changes are beneficial to mankind and some are harmful. But social change is neither moral nor immoral, but amoral. The study of social change involves no value-judgement, while the concept of social progress implies values judgement. Social progress means improvement, betterment, moving to assessment a higher level from a lower level. Social Evolution and Social Progress : In the earlier theories of biological evolution, the concept of differences, social evolution was intimately connected with social progress.
For the for a paper, social evolutionists of the nineteenth century from Auguste Comte to Herbert Spencer and Lester F. Ward, social evolution was, in effect, social progress. Differences Essay? Modern sociologists, particularly Americans, do not hold this proposition. They point out thesis d, that evolution does not mean progress, because when a society is more evolved it does not necessarily follow that it is cultural differences more progressive. For A? If it would have been progressive, Maclver and Page remark that people in cultural differences the more evolved society are better or better fitted to survive or more moral or more healthy than those we call primitive. Even if the opposite were true, it would not refute the fact that their society is more evolved.”
Social evolution should also be distinguished from social progress. Firstly L.T. Hobhouse says, evolution means a sort of growth while .social progress means the growth of social life in financial essay respect of those qualities to which human beings attach or can rationally attach value. The relation between the two is thus a ‘genus-species’ relation. Social progress is only one among many possibilities of social evolution; any or every form of social evolution is not a form of social progress. For example, caste system in India is a product of social evolution.
But it does not signify progress. Hobhouse concludes, “that it is good, the fact that society has evolved is differences essay no proof that it progressed. Secondly, evolution is merely change in a given direction. It describes a series of interrelated changes in a system of some kind. Essay? It refers to an objective condition which is not evaluated as good or bad. On the contrary, progress means change in a direction determined ideally. In other words, it can be said, progress means change for the better not for the worse. It implies a value-judgement. The evolutionary process may move in accordance with our notion of cultural differences, desirable change, but there is no logical necessity that it should.
The concept of progress necessarily involves a concept of end. And the concept of end varies with the mentality and experience of the individual and the group. The affirmation of evolution “depends on our perception of objective evidences, whereas the affirmation or denial of progress depends on our ideals.” It follows that evolution is a scientific concept and progress is an ethical concept. Evolution is a demonstrable reality; out the term progress is very much subjective and value-loaded and is not demonstrable with a degree of certainty. While social evolution is clearly distinguished from social progress, we must not loose sight of their relationships. Ethical valuations or ideas (Progress) are socially determined and hence determine the objective phenomena (Evolution) of society. They have always been powerful in shaping and moving the world. In some manner they are active in every process of thesis vitamin d, social change. “All social change has this double character.” From the above analysis we find, though the cultural differences essay, above three concepts, social change, social evolution and social progress share many common reference points, they have different intellectual framework. They all articulate same consequential effects. In all the encyclopedia essay, three processes, one cause produces a number of effects, the effect and cause get intermixed to produce other new effects, again new connections between cause and effect are established and so on goes the process.
Factors of Social Change : A sociological explanation of change refers not only to the structure that changes but also the factors that effect such a change. Social change has occurred in all societies and in all periods of time. We should, therefore, know what the factors are that produce change. Of course there is little consensus among the representatives of theoretical proposition on the sources. Besides, the linear as well as the cultural differences, cyclical theorists paid little attention to the determinations of factors involved in encyclopedia essay on responsibility social change. Morris Ginsberg has made a systematic analysis of the factors which have been invoked by cultural, different writers to explain social change.
Here, our analysis is confined to sociological implantation of the origins and causes of change. Cause will be defined here as set of related factors which, taken together, are both sufficient and necessary for the production of a certain effect. Attempt has been made to take up each factors of social change by itself and find out the way in which it effects social change. These factors are treated independently, purely for purpose of understanding and on responsibility we are not of the view that they can influence social change independent of other factors. Technological factor constitute one important source of social change. Technology, an invention, is a great agent of social change.
It either initiates or encourages social change. Technology alone holds the differences essay, key to change. When the scientific knowledge is applied to the problems of thesis d, life, it becomes technology. In order to cultural satisfy his desires, to fulfill his needs and to make his life more comfortable, man builds civilisation. The dawn of this new civilization is the single most explosive fact of our lifetimes. It is the central event, the key to the understanding of the financial essay, years immediately ahead. We have already crossed the first wave (agricultural revolution).
We are now the cultural differences, children of the next transformation i.e. the third wave. We go forward to describe the self deadline, full power and differences reach of this extraordinary change. Some speak of a “Looming Space Age”, “Information Age”, “Electronic Era”, or “Global ‘ Village”. Brezezinski has told us, we face a “Technetronic Age”. Sociologist Daniel Bell describes the coming of essay on composition, a “Post-Industrial Society”.
Soviet futurists speak of the STR-‘The Scientific-Technological Revolution”. Alvin Toffler has written extensively about the arrival of a “Super Industrial Society”. Technology is fast growing. Every technological advance makes it possible for us to attain certain results with less effort, at less cost and at less time. It also provides new opportunities and establishes new conditions of life.
The social effects of technology are far-reaching. In the words of W.F. Ogburn, “technology changes society by changing our environment to which we in turn adapt. Cultural Essay? This change is usually in the material environment and the adjustment that we make with these changes often modifies our customs and social institutions”. Ogburn and Nimkoff have pointed that a single invention may have innumerable social effects. According to them, radio, for example, has influenced our entertainment, education, politics, sports, literature, knowledge, business, occupation and our modes of organisation. They have given a list consisting of 150 effects of radio in U.S.A. The pace of change in the modern era is easily demonstrated by demonstrating scholarship essay, reference to rates of technological development.
The technological revolution enabled human kind to shift from hunting and gathering to sedentary agriculture and later to develop civilizations. Technological revolutions enabled societies to industrialize urbanize, specialize, bureaucratize, and take on characteristics that are considered central aspects of modern society. “Modern technology,” remarks the cultural differences, economic historian David Landes, “produces not only more, faster; it turns out objects that could not have been produced under any circumstances by the craft methods of yesterday. Most important, modern technology has created things that could scarcely have been conceived in the pre-industrial era the camera, the motor car, the aeroplane, the financial need essay, whole array of electronic devices from the radio to cultural differences essay the high speed computer, the nuclear power plant, and so on almost adinfinitum…. The result has been an enormous increase in the output and variety of goods and services, and this alone has changed man’s way of life more than anything since the discovery of fire…” Every technological revolution has brought about increase in the world population. Development and advancement of essay, agriculture resulted in the increase of population in the agricultural communities; rise of commerce gave birth to the populous towns, international trade and international contact and essay the industrial revolution set the encyclopedia essay, human society on the new pedestal. Technological changes have influenced attitudes, beliefs and traditions. The factory system and industrialization, urbanization and the rise of working class, fast transport and communication have demolished old prejudices, dispelled superstitions, weakened casteism, and has given rise to differences the class based society.
Ogborn even goes to the extent of suggesting that the starter in motor car had something to do with the emancipation of women in vitamin the America and Western Europe. Development in transport and communication has changed the outlook of the people. Railways in India have played tremendous role in bringing about social mixing of the people. Essay? It has helped people to move out of thesis, their local environments and take up jobs in distant corners of the country. Movement of people from East to differences essay West and North to South has broken social and regional barriers.
There have come into essay on composition poe existence new vocations and trades. People have begun to give up their traditional occupations and are taking to work in the factories and in the offices-commercial as well as Government. This has also made possible the vertical mobility. A person can now aspire to take up an occupation with higher status than he could have ever thought of in the pre-technological days. Technology has brought about Green Revolution with abundance and variety for the rich. The rapid changes of every modern society are inextricably interwoven or connected with and cultural differences essay somehow dependent upon the development of new techniques, new inventions, new modes of production and new standards of living. Technology thus is a great bliss. It has made living worthwhile for the conveniences and comfort it provides, and has created numerous vocations, trades and professions. While, giving individual his rightful place, it has made the collectivity supreme. Technologies are changing and their social consequences are profound. Fundamental changes brought by technology in social structure are discussed as under:
1. Birth of Factory System: The introduction of machines in the industry has replaced the system of individual production by encyclopedia on responsibility, the factory or mill system. Cultural Differences? It has led to the creation of huge factories which employ thousands of people and where most of the work is performed automatically. The birth of 5000 essay, gigantic factories led to urbanisation and big cities came into existence. Many labourers, who were out of employment in rural areas migrated to the sites to work and settled around it. As the essay, cities grew, so did the community of ‘labourers and demonstrating financial need essay with it was felt the need for all civic amenities which are essential for society. Their needs were fulfilled by establishing market centers, schools, colleges, hospitals, and recreation clubs.
The area further developed when new business came to it with the essay, formation of large business houses. 3. Development of New Agricultural Techniques: The introduction of machinery into the industry led to the development of new techniques in agriculture. Need? Agricultural production was increased due to the use of new chemical manure. The quality was also improved by the use of superior seeds. All these factors resulted in increase of production. In India, the effect of technology is most apparent in this direction because India is preeminently an agricultural country.
4. Development of Means of cultural, Transportation and Communication: With the assessment paper, development of technology, means of transportation and communication progressed at cultural differences essay a surprising rate. These means led to essay the mutual exchanges between the various cultures. Newspapers, radios, televisions etc. helped to bring news from every corner of the world right into the household. The development of the car, rail, ship and aeroplane made transportation of cultural differences, commodities much easier. As a result national and international trade made unprecedented progress.
5. Evolution of New Classes: Industrialisation and urbanisation gave birth to essay on composition poe the emergence of new classes in differences essay modern society. Class struggle arises due to division of 5000 role model essay, society into cultural differences essay classes having opposite-interests. 6. New Conceptions and Movements: The invention of mechanism has also culminated in encarta encyclopedia on responsibility the generation of new currents in the prevalent thinking. Cultural Differences? ‘Trade Union’ movements, ‘Lockouts’, ‘Strikes”, “Hartals’, ‘Processions’, ‘Pen down’ became the stocks-in-trade of those who want to promote class interest. Demonstrating Financial Need Scholarship Essay? These concepts and movements become regular features of economic activity. The effects of technology on major social institution may be summed up in the following manner: Technology has radically changed the family organisation and relation in differences essay several ways.
Firstly, small equalitarian nuclear family system based on love, equality, liberty and freedom is replacing the old, authoritarian joint family system. Due to demonstrating financial invention of birth, control method, the size of family reduced. Secondly, Industrialisation destroying the cultural, domestic system of production has brought women from scholarship essay, home to the factories and cultural office. The employment of demonstrating financial scholarship essay, women meant their independence from the bondage of man. If brought a change in their attitudes and ideas. It meant a new social life for cultural essay women. It consequently affected every part of the family life. Thirdly due to technology, marriage has lost its sanctity. It is now regarded as civil contract rather than a religious sacrament.
Romantic marriage, inter-caste marriage and late marriages are the effects of technology. Instances of divorce, desertion, separation and broken families are increasing. Lastly, though technology has elevated the model, status of women, it has also contributed to the stresses and strains in the relations between men and women at home. It has lessened the importance of cultural differences essay, family in the process of socialisation of self assessment paper, its members. Technology has effected wide range of changes in our religious life. Many religious practices and essay ceremonies which once marked the demonstrating financial essay, individual and social life, have now been abandoned by them. With the growth of scientific knowledge and modern education, the cultural, faith of the people in several old religious beliefs and activities have shaken. The most striking change due to technological advance, is the change in economic organisation. Industry has been taken away from the household and new types of economic organisation like factories, stores, banks, joint stock companies, stock-exchanges, and role model corporation have been setup. It has given birth to capitalism with all its attendant evils.
Division of labour, specialization of differences, function, differentiation and integration all the products of technology. Though it has brought in higher standard of living, still then by creating much more middle classes, it has caused economic depression, unemployment, poverty, industrial disputes and infectious diseases. Effects on State: Technology has affected the State in several ways. The functions of the State has been widened. A large number of functions of family, such as educative, recreation, health functions have been transferred to the State. The idea of social welfare State is an offshoot of technology. Transportation and communication are leading to a shift of self paper deadline, functions from local Government to the Central Government.
The modern Government which rule through the cultural, bureaucracy have further impersonalised the human relations. Technological innovations have changed the 5000 role model essay, whole gamut of social and cultural life. The technological conditions of the modern factory system tend to weaken the rigidity of the caste system and essay strengthen industrializations. Essay On Composition? It has changed the basis of social stratification from birth to wealth. Urbanization, a consequence of technological advance, produces greater emotional tension and mental strain, instability and economic insecurity. There is masking of one’s true feelings. Cultural? Socially, the urbanites are poor in the midst of plenty. “They feel lonely in the crowd”. On all sides, one is confronted with “human machines which possess motion but not sincerity, life but not emotion, heart but not feelings”. Technology has grown the sense of individualism. It has substituted the ‘handi work’ with ‘head work’.
It is clear from the essay on composition, above explanation that technology has profoundly altered our modes of life and also thought. Cultural Essay? It is capable of bringing about demonstrating financial need scholarship, vast changes in society. But is should not be considered as a sole factor of social change. Man is the master as well as a servant of the machine. He has the ability to alter the essay, circumstances which have been the creation of encarta, his own inventions or technology. Cultural Factor of Social Change : Among all the factors, cultural factor is the most important which works as a major cause of differences essay, social change. Demonstrating Scholarship? Culture is not something static. It is always in flux.
Culture is not merely responsive to changing techniques, but also it itself is a force directing social change. Culture is the internal life forces of society. It creates itself and develops by itself. It is men who plan, strive and act. The social heritage is never a script that is followed slavishly by people. A culture gives cues and direction to social behaviour. Technology and material inventions may influence social change but direction and degree of this depends upon the cultural situation as a whole. “Culture is the realm of final valuation”. Men interpret the whole world. He is the master as well as the servant of his own inventions or technology. To employ Maclver’s simile, technological means may be represented by a ship which can set sail to various ports. Essay? The port we sail to remains a cultural choice.
Without the ship we could not sail at all. According to the character of the ship we sail fast of paper, ‘slow, take longer or shorter voyages. Our lives are also accommodated to the conditions on ship board and our experiences vary accordingly. Essay? But the direction in which we travel is not predestinated by the design of the ship. Encarta Essay? The port to which we sail, the direction in which we travel, remains totally of a cultural choice. It should be noted that technology alone cannot bring vast changes in society. In order to be effective “The technology must have favourable cultural support”.
When the cultural factor responds to technological change, it also reacts on it so as to influence the direction and character of social change. It may be noted that culture not only influences our relationship and values but also influences the direction and character of technological change. For example, different countries like Great Britain, Soviet Union, U.S.A. and India may adopt the same technology, but in so far as their prevalent outlook on life differs, they will apply it in different directions and to different ends. The atomic energy can be used for munition of war and for production purposes. Cultural? The industrial plant can turn out armaments or necessaries of life. Steel and iron can be used for building purposes and for warships.
Fire can be used for constructive and destructive purposes. For a better understanding of the relationship between culture and technology, let us analyse here the concept of “cultural lag”. The concept of ‘cultural lag’, has become a favourite one with sociologists, it is an expression that has a particular appeal in an introduction for a research paper an age in which inventions discoveries and innovations of many kinds are constantly disturbing and threatening older ways of cultural essay, living. Writing An Introduction Paper? In this context, it will serve also to introduce the principle that cultural conditions are themselves important agencies in the process of cultural essay, social change. The concept of ‘cultural lag’ was first explicitly formulated by W.F. Ogburn in his treaties entitled ‘Social Change’. Lag means crippled movement. An Introduction For A Qualitative? Hence, ‘cultural lag’ means the phases of culture which fall behind other phases that keep on moving ahead.
Ogburn’s idea of ‘cultural lag’ is perhaps one of the most important concept influencing the fact of cultural differences essay, discussion regarding technology and social change. Ogburn distinguishes between “material” and ‘non-material’ culture. By ‘material culture’ he means things which are ‘tangible’, visible, seen or touched like goods, tools, utensils, furniture, machine. But the an introduction for a qualitative, ‘non-material’ culture includes things which cannot be touched or tangible such as family, religion, skill, talent. Government and education etc. According to Ogburn, when changes occur in ‘material culture’, those in turn stimulate changes in differences ‘non-material’ culture, particularly in what he terms the ‘adaptive’ culture. According to Ogburn, material culture changes by a process which is different in pace from changes in non-material culture. The larger the technological knowledge of a society, the greater the on composition, possibility of a new combinations and innovations. Cultural Differences? Thus, material culture tends to grow exponentially.
Because society cannot develop methods of controlling and writing for a research utilizing new technology before the technology is differences essay accepted and used. There exists a “cultural lag” in creating controls and altering social relationship related to new conditions brought about by new technology. Cultural lag is due to encarta essay on responsibility man’s psychological dogmatism. He is wedded to certain ideologies regarding sex, education and religion. On account of his dogmatic beliefs and ideologies, he is not prepared to change his social institutions. The failure to adopt social institutions to the changes in the material culture leads to cultural lag. But Maclver points out that “unfortunately it is often adopted without adequate analysis and consequently it has not been developed in cultural differences essay a clear and effective manner. According to him, the distinction is not a workable one. Nor again should be assumed that, it is on composition poe always the ‘material’ or that the main problem is one of adapting the ‘non-material’ to the ‘material’ culture.
Maclver also observes that the differences essay, term ‘lag’ is not properly applicable to essay relations between technological factors and the cultural patterns or between the various components of the cultural pattern itself. He has used different words like, ‘technological lag’, ‘technological restraint’, for the resulting imbalance in the different parts of culture. Kingsley Davis, in his ‘Human Society’ holds that the aspect of culture cannot be divided into material and cultural differences essay non-material and demonstrating need essay that this distinction in no way helps us to understand the nature of technology. Other sociologists, Sutherland, Wood Ward and cultural essay Maxwell, in vitamin their book ‘Introductory Sociology’ point out that Ogburn is guilty of over cultural essay simplifying the processes of social change. Social change is paper a complex phenomenon. The rate, speed and essay direction of an introduction qualitative, social change is not the same everywhere. Cultural Essay? So it cannot be explained by simply saying that change first takes place in material culture and thereafter in non-material culture. Ogburn has taken an over simple materialistic view of society. In spite of various shortcomings, Ogburn’s theory of self paper deadline, cultural lag has been proved to differences be beneficial for the understanding of the cultural factor in bringing about social change. It has been acknowledged by all that there is an model intimate connections between the technological advance and our cultural values. Hence, we may note here that our culture, our thoughts, values, habits are the consequences of technological changes; the latter also is the consequences of changes of the former.
Both technology and cultural factors are the two important sources of social change. The two are not only interdependent but also interactive. Man does not simply want a thing but he wants a thing which may also be beautiful and appealing to his senses. Dowson and Gettys, in introduction to Sociology’, rightly remark, “Culture tends to give direction and momentum to social change to set limits beyond which social change cannot occur. It is the culture which has kept the social relationship intact. It makes people think not of their own but also of the others.
Any change in cultural valuation will have wider repercussion on cultural differences essay the personality of the individual and the structure of the group. Every technological invention, innovation, new industrial civilization or new factor disturbs an old adjustment. The disturbance created by mechanism was so great that it seemed to be the enemy of culture, as indeed all revolutions seem. The wealth-bringing machine brought also, ugliness, shoddiness, haste, standardization. It brought new hazards, new diseases, and industrial fatigue. That was not the fault of the machines and power plants. It was due to for a qualitative the ruthlessness and greed of those who controlled these great inventions.
But human values or cultural values reasserted themselves against economic exploitation. Differences Essay? Culture began, at first very slowly, to redirect the new civilization. Encarta Encyclopedia? It made the new means of living at length more tractable to cultural essay the uses of personality and new arts blossomed on the ruins of the old. To conclude, social systems are directly or indirectly the creation of cultural values. So eminent sociologist Robert Bierstedt has rightly remarked, “What people think, in short, determines in every measure… what they do and what they want”. Thus, there a definite relation is a definite relation between changing beliefs and attitudes and changing social institutions. So Hobhouse says, there is “a broad correlation between the writing an introduction for a qualitative research, system of institutions and mentally behind them”.
Demographic Factor of Social Change: The demographic factor plays the most decisive role in essay causing social change. The quantitative view of demography takes into account the factors that determine the population: its size, numbers, composition, density and the local distribution etc. The population of every community is always changing both in numbers and in composition. The changes in population have a far-reaching effect on society. During the 19th century, the population of most countries of Western Europe fell down.
During the on composition, same time also, the essay, death rate of these countries declined. This double phenomenon is unprecedented in the history of man. Population changes have occurred all through human history. It is poe due to cultural essay various reasons such as migration, invasion, and war, pestilence, changing food supply and changing mores. There was depopulation and overpopulation in times past. The swift and steady decline of both the birth rate and death in the past 70 years or so witnesses to a great social transformation. In a society where the size or number of female children is greater than the number of male children, we will find a different system of courtship, marriage and family disorganisation from that where the case is reverse. Women command less respect in that community where their numbers are more. It has always been recognised that there exists a reciprocal relation between population and social structure.
The social structure influences population changes and is affected by them. It is beyond doubt that economic conditions and population rates are interdependent. Model? Increasing 254 Social Change interaction results from an increase in differences essay the size and density of population. Increase in population also leads to an increase of social differentiation and a division of labour. With the changes in size, number and scholarship density of population, changes take place in composition. The most important reasons for the contemporary population explosion are the tremendous technological changes on the one hand and a most spectacular advance in controlling the diseases by science and preventive medicines on the other hand. Advancement in science and differences technology is 5000 model essay indirectly boosting the world population by delaying the death rate. For example, take the case of ‘Malaria’. This disease was responsible for differences essay the death of million of people in India and other countries. But it has now been completely eliminated by destroying the malaria carrying mosquitoes with the 5000 model, use of pesticides.
Surgery too has advanced so much today. The vital organs of human body such as kidney and heart can be transplanted or replaced when worn out. The growth of population has given birth to cultural a great variety of social problems such as unemployment, child labour, wars, competition and production of synthetic goods. It has led to urbanization with all its attendant evils. Countries with growing population and relatively limited resources have an incentive to imperialism and to militarism. These attitudes in turn, encourage a further increase of population. Increase in population threatens the standards of living and thus inspires a change of attitude. Due to unprecedented growth of population in the 19th century, the practice of birth control took a new development. This practice (use of contraceptive), in turn, had many repercussions on family relationships and even on attitudes towards marriage. With a change in population, there is also a change in a pattern of ‘consumption’. Societies having large number of children are required to spend relatively large amounts of money on food and education.
On the other hand, societies with large proportions of elderly people have to spend relatively more amount on medical care. In some cases, population changes may initiate pressures to change political institutions. For example, changes in the age, sex or ethnic composition of role model, a people of then complicates the political process of differences, country. Besides, there is poe a close relationship between the cultural differences, growth of population and the level of physical health and vitality of the people. Because there are many mouths to feed, none gets enough nutritious food to eat, as a result chronic malnutrition and associated diseases become prevalent. These, induce physical incompetence, apathy and lack of essay, enterprise. Due to these people’s low level of physical well-being, they are socially backward and unprogressive. They show their indifference to improve their material welfare. An underfed, disease-ridden people are lethargic people. Moreover, if the growth of population is checked, it would mean a higher standard of living, the emancipation of women from child-bearing drudgery, better care for the young and consequently a better society. Demographers have shown that variation in the density of population also affects nature of our social relationship.
In a low population density area, the people are said to exhibit a greater degree of primary relationship whereas in the area of cultural differences, high density of population, the relationship between people is on composition poe said to cultural differences superficial and secondary. In the opinion of Worth, high density areas witness the growth of mental stress and loneliness of life. The importance of demography as a factor of social change has been realised by various sociologists and demonstrating financial need economists. An eminent French sociologist, Emile Durkheim, went on to the extent of developing a new branch of sociology dealing with population which he called “Social Morphology” which not only analyses the size and quality of population but also examine how population affects the quality of essay, social relationships and social groups. Durkheim has pointed out that our modern societies are not only characterised by increasing division of labour but also specialisation of function. The increasing division of labour and specialization of function have a direct correlation with the increasing density of population. He stresses on the fact that in a simple society with comparatively lesser number of people, the necessity of complex division of labour is less felt. This society, according to Durkheim, is based on “mechanical solidarity”. But as the groups grow in size and 5000 role model complexity with the increase in cultural essay population, the “services of the thesis d, experts” are more required. The society, according to him, moves towards “organic solidarity”. There is, so to say, a drift from cultural differences essay, mechanical to organic solidarity.
M. David Heer, in his book “Society and essay on responsibility Population”, has developed a “theory of demographic transition”. The theory was popularised just after the end of World War-II. It has provided a comprehensive explanation of the effects of economic development both on differences essay fertility and mortality decline. Schneidar and Dornbusch, in their book “Popular Religion”, have pointed that decline in mortality rate evokes several changes in social structure. They have stressed on the point that due to decline in mortality rate in USA since 1875, negative attitude towards religious beliefs have been cultivated by thesis d, the people. They also point out that in a society wherein children die before reaching the age of five, parents may not develop a strong emotional attachment to their children and also in a high mortality society, arranged marriages are common, but in a low mortality society love marriages become the dominant feature. Again when mortality rate is high, individual tends to have a weaker orientation towards the future and stronger orientation towards the present. Thomas Robert Malthus, an English cleargyman, mathematician and economist, was one of the earliest demographers. In his work, “An Essay on the Principles of Population”, published in 1978, he mentioned that under normal conditions, population would grow by geometrical progression, whereas the means of subsistence would grow by arithmetical progression. The imbalance or lag or gap between the two would create a lot of problems for society.
That is why, Malthus has pleaded for two types of checks which can keep the cultural essay, population down. He spoke of hunger and disease as positive check, and late marriage and enforced celibacy as the preventive check. From the financial need essay, above analysis, we find that demographic factor has been contributing to the great transformations in society’s socioeconomic and political structure throughout human history. For example, most countries in Asia where more than half world population is now living, is characterised by high birth rate. These countries in general and Indian society in particular, are passing through a critical period of cultural differences essay, great poverty, unemployment and moral degeneration.
The gap between the living standards of general masses of these countries and that of the developed countries is widening. The gap is encarta essay on responsibility cruelly frustrating the third world country’s hopes for development. With the current rate of population increase, it is expected that the total requirements for differences essay future health, education, housing and many other welfare needs are bound to increase. This will certainly bring the drastic changes not only in the microstructures, but also in macrostructures of Indian society. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply.
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Custom Asian Dust essay paper writing service. Asian Dust (also China dust storms) is a seasonal meteorological phenomenon which affects East Asia at irregular intervals in cultural differences, the spring festival months. The storm originates in encarta essay, the deserts of Mongolia, Kazakhstan and Northern China, where high-speed surface winds and intense dust storms kick up dense clouds of fine, dry soil particles. These storms are then carried eastward by prevailing storms and pass through China, North and South Korea and Japan, as well as parts of the Russian Far East. Sometimes, the airborne particles are carried much further, in significant concentrations which affect atmosphere quality as far east as the cultural differences essay, United States. In the past years or so, it has turn out to be a severe crisis because of the raise of industrialized pollutants contained in the soil and intensified desertification in China, thus causing longer and more recurrent incidences (Veeck, Gregory, and Clifton Pannell 1). Additionally, in the few years when the Aral Sea of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan begun dying up due to the diversion of the river Amu and Syr following a Soviet agricultural program to irrigate Central Asian deserts for cotton plantations purposes. A current modernization in satellite descriptions lets the documentation and tracking of these enormous Asian aerosol clouds. These dust storms sometimes are so massive that they can take a five to six day expedition crossways the Pacific Ocean to collision North America. These theatrical pollution occurrences can overwhelm the whole “Great Basin” in writing qualitative research, a substantial layer of mist that can lessen through solar radiation, dual the dispersed radiation plus have a theatrical collision on the visibility crossways the National Park System with the Bryce Canyon, canyon lands and Grand Canyon.
Visibility deprivation of Asia dust cloud occurrences can scope from differences a whitish staining of the usually blue sky to a substantial mist that decreases visibility to thirty miles or even less. Encarta Essay On Responsibility. The contribution of these storm clouds can be as much as forty µg/m3 of fine atom to already existing milieu levels (Zhenxin 1). China has constantly been aggressively attacked and assaulted by airborne dust and sand, so each time a windstorm takes place dust and sand load the sky. There are areas where it carries on for some days and the ground is then fully covered with a thick layer of sand and differences essay under such circumstances people are forced to stay indoors as much as possible and just in case someone happens to go outdoors, have to take care not to be hit by trees been blown down by wind and to wear heavy cloths and protective masks. This is essay on composition poe because the differences essay, sand can easily get into the eyes and mouth, and many people are infected in such manners. Additionally, to the reality that dust storms cause inconvenience to individual’s lives and influence transportation and shipping, agricultural production, as well as other industries and encarta cause severe economic damage thereby (Seinfeld et al, 1).
According to the report written by the Chinese Academy of Science, the cultural, dust storm comes from despoiled pasture-land and role model dry-land of the area near the cultural differences essay, Desert in Inner Mongolia. The record also indicates that in the seventeenth century there were about vitamin d, 0.3 to 1.0 sand storms in Inner Mongolia each year, but by the year 1990, the yearly rate of events of dust storms in China had gone up from about 3.0 to 5.0 times each year. Simultaneously, the rate of events of dust storms in China has also risen and the rate of aggressive dust storms that happened this spring in China was above three times the middling for the same duration in the 1990s. Others have stated that the dust storms occurred in April 10 th 2000 was the most severe in cultural, ten years. A part from natural factors such as aridness being the root of these conditions, the reality is that ecological environment of China has experienced damages as another main basis of these calamities (Shao, Yen and Chin 1). Owing to the growth of agriculture, the part of land unfavourably affected by the dust has steadily gone up, and in writing an introduction for a research, the 1950s and cultural 1960s, the land pretentious by the dust extended on middling by one thousand six hundred square kilometres each year. By the assessment deadline, 1990s, the part by which this land was expanding had reached two thousand five hundred squared kilometres each day and this kind of circumstances where the land is harmfully pretentious by dust especially severe in various areas upwind from essay Beijing (Zhang, Arimoto, Chen, Zhu and Wang 2055). The Mean Climate. Using the comprehensive data from the forty four years, Aerosol Regional Climate Model (NARCM) spurs to describe the modelled climatology of the temporal circulations and distinctive spatial of the Asian top soil dust emission, transpacific transport routes, budgets, column loading and depositions.
Asian Dust Surface Concentrations and Aerosol Emission. Through the use of the Northern Aerosol Regional Climate Model (NARCM) spurs from the thesis vitamin d, year 1960 to 2002, some authors like Zhang et al (1) studied temporal and spatial circulations of Asian dust aerosol emission from ten diverse desert provinces in East Asia. Climatologically, the main basis of Asian dust atomizer is the desert in Mongolia, the Badain Juran Desert in Northern China, and the Taklimakan desert in western China and with the circulations at an average of twenty-nine percent, twenty-two percent and twenty-one percent of the differences, total amount of the Asian dust emission correspondingly. The spring time dust emission from the main basis and demonstrating financial need scholarship the other desert provinces in Kazakhstan and western China demonstrated a lessening tendency over the past twenty years behind the year 1980, whereas the sand emission from several desert provinces in Northeastern China had rising tendency over cultural differences essay the past 20 years. According to the NARCM, it is argued that the climatologically spatial circulations of Asian surface sand concentrations areas are semi-arid and arid regions in encarta essay on responsibility, East Asia sand storms with the differences essay, central sand centre in role essay, the Taklimakan desert in Western China and the Gobi Desert, as well as both the Mongolia and the Badain Juran Deserts in differences, Northern China. Asian Dust Aerosol Loading.
The averaged sand aerosol loading during spring from the year 1960 to year 2003, the amount of dust loading was more than five hundred kg/km 2 above the basis area in Western China and downwind regions close to the Gobi Desert in essay on composition, Northern China and Mongolia. Asian dust atomizer emanated from the basis areas chips in directly to regional dust loading there. The East Asian deserts subjugated by cultural differences essay surface level North Westerly winds related with that Asian winter downpour. Therefore, spatial circulation of dust loading pressurized by the incursion of 5000 role essay dry-cold atmosphere masses from the North West. Crossways the North-Pacific a zone axis of dust loading approximately 400 N extends from the Western-Pacific in to Western North America alongside the prevailing free-troposphere noticeable wind in the multitude spring.
The prototype of Asian soil loading is an effect of the cultural differences essay, Asian soil emissions from the basis provinces in East Asia, the local transport through surface North Westerly storms in the lesser troposphere crosswise the Asian sub-continent, the Trans-Pacific transport of Asian soil atomizer with the mild-latitude westernise and deposition next to the transport alleyways. This prototype means that the major changes in atmospheric chemistry, radiation pressuring, and the dregs in the ocean and land may possibly be expected over role model huge parts of the Northern hemisphere because of the Asian soil atomizer and its move. In addition, Asian soil aerosol chips in large of the dust atomizer filling in the troposphere over mild-latitude provinces from East Asia to Western North America in spring festive (Sun, Zhou, J. Essay. Lu, Kim and 5000 role Chung 45). The Asian Dust Deposition. Deposition is the most important withdrawal procedure for cultural, aerosol from ambience.
In NARCM, deposition comprises particles and gas both wet and essay dry deposition with under-cloud plus in-cloud foraging, which were deemed in the size separated aerosol mass balance equation. The sum soil quantity from dry to wet deposition in spring scoped between 0.05 and 500 tonnes km 2 over NARCM domain from the East Asian crossways the northern-pacific to Western North America. Cultural Differences Essay. Utmost deposition was above the soil basis provinces with the most of the emanated soil reposition on demonstrating need scholarship, to the soil basis parts. Over Asian dust basis provinces that are either arid or semi-arid, having low precipitation, dry deposition is the dominant elimination procedure. Over the complete model area, entirety arid deposition was besides bigger than soggy deposition with regard to the dust quantity deposition due to a key area of soil deposition happened over basis parts. However, on the alleyway of differences transpacific soil transfer far from the basis areas damp deposition surpass arid deposition. Encyclopedia On Responsibility. Arid deposition as a function of precipitation is the main procedure of the cultural differences essay, top soil dust elimination from the ambience to the North Pacific Ocean. Climatologically, arid deposition is a central elimination procedure of Asian aerosol close to the basis areas while the 5000 model essay, elimination of dust particles by differences precipitation is a key procedure of soil deposition in the transpacific transfer of Asian dust (Madsen, David Chen Fa-Hu, and Gao 1).
The Asian Dust Transport. The existing mid-latitude free-troposphere storms in writing qualitative research paper, spring are westerly, most transpacific transport of the Asian soil atomizer may be anticipated to cultural differences, be a zone. Therefore, the outcome of the encarta encyclopedia essay on responsibility, soil aerosol concentration and zone wind component, for instance, the zone soil transport flux could be applied to approximate the quantity and direction of the cultural differences, Asian dust transpacific transport. The positive zone soil transfer fluxes signify eastward, while the demonstrating financial scholarship, negative indicates westward Climatologically, the local-scale transfer of the Asian soil from the desert provinces to the East Asian offshore areas in the Western Pacific widens to an elevation of three kilometres. Previously, Asian soil from the basis areas under the pressure of Northwesterly storms and cultural differences the cold flow of winter downpour reaches South China and writing an introduction qualitative paper it is raised to differences essay, the free troposphere and transmitted by the mild-latitude westernise. Most transpacific soil transfer happens in for a qualitative paper, the central troposphere between three to ten kilometres, where the cultural differences essay, zone soil transfer fluxes are at upper limit. The average height of self deadline Asian soil inflow entering Northern America from one hundred and twenty to one hundred and forty degree ranged from five to ten kilometres in spring (Yumimoto, Uno, N. Sugimoto, Shimizu, Liu, and Winker 2870). China Government Policies. China has already identified this crisis and has espoused corrective measures.
Recently, there are some actions taken in rejoinder, for instance, the abandonment of land from farming and pasturage and its return to meadow and cultural differences essay forestland in regions such as Hebei region and Inner Mongolia. The government of China also publicizes that it would invest more than 600 million TN Chinese currency to manage Beijing’s dust storms in the next years. Therefore, only by lessening the damage caused by a human being and paper deadline refurbishing the natural environment will it be potential to differences, hold in and check efficiently the causes of the dust and essay sand to advance the problem essentially (Natsagdorj, Jugder, and Chung, 1409). In addition, the government of China has agreed to form a bilateral intergovernmental cooperation with other Asia Governments, such Korea and cultural essay Japan. The aim of this cooperation is to paper deadline, come up with various strategies of overcoming the Asia Dust, for example, reforestation, afforestation, monitoring yellow sand, and exchange of information as well as holding seminars. Moreover, the government of differences essay China and Japan form a treaty on environmental problems in 1994. This treaty highlighted that each country will plant trees in order to encyclopedia essay, prevent soil erosion and regulate the ecosystem of yellow sand. In the year 2004, both governments invested $39 million toward the successful of the project. Essay. China has also created its own polices to limit the spread of the yellow sand and has implemented various reform in its legal institutions. In the year 2001, a measure to limit desertification was enacted, and by December 2002, various regulations on farmland conversion to forest were enacted, which permitted businesses or individual to be remunerated and thesis d reimbursed toward their forestation endeavours by the local and central government (Natsagdorj, Jugder, and Chung, 1409).
In addition, due to high spread of Asian dust in the north-western regions of cultural differences essay China, which have turned the region into desert and spread to the United States, the essay, government of china has implemented new polices and decreased the priority that is certain to irrigation of farm in the Yellow River basin. Also, Japan, China and Korea are planning to cope with Yellow Dust by holding a workshop to deal with the problem. The project secretariat has been formed through the UN Convention to fight desertification, with a regional coordinating unit in essay, China. This project will also establish a regional monitoring and early warning network for sandstorms and dust in north-east Asia (Madsen et al, pp 25-60). Land degradation in China has been triggered by human activities, due to on composition, well-intentioned polices, which have severe impacts to cultural, the environment. Examples of essay on composition human activities include: converting grasslands for cropping and raised livestock grazing in marginal regions, more likely in essay, the frontier areas, developing industry on large-scale in remote and migrating people from densely populated regions to urbanised marginal lands among others. To combat the human activities, the political system of China has implemented polices like An Investment Strategy for Prevention and Control through Demonstration Projects, which allows public and other stakeholders to reject any human encroachment activities (Madsen et al, pp 90-150). The Asian Dust Aerosol Budgets. The budgets of the Asian soil atomizer in transpacific transfer for the form sphere during spring, in three consecutively months that is March, April, and May the total average of one hundred and thesis vitamin d twenty Mt soil from the Asian soil, cause states were emanated into differences, the ambience of the sphere form.
Even though, almost fifty percent of the emanated dust elements were re-deposited onto vitamin the cause states with arid deposition of fifty-six Mt and soggy de-position of cultural essay 2.8 Mt during spring, the Asian soil causes hold main contribution of for a research troposphere soil atomizer to the ambience. Asian soil emissions are extensively deemed to be the main causes loess substance dumped on the “Loess Plateau” and marine residues in cultural, the North Pacific. Essay. Approximately twenty-one percent of the Asian soil emission was dumped onto the regions with no deserts, such as in the Asian sub-continent with the largest soil going under in the Loess Plateau, located instantly down winds of the Gobi Desert. Cultural Essay. The estimations of climatology shows that twenty-six percent of the Asian soil is transferred eastward from the East Asian sub-continent to the western Pacific, sixteen percent of the Asian soil production is dumped into essay on composition, the North Pacific. On the other hand, three percent of the Asian soil production surged into the ambience over the North America through the transpacific transport (Qian, Quan, and Shi 10,334) The Asian dust storms have affected many areas in cultural differences essay, China, thus parts affected by the experience decreased visibility and the dust has caused a variety of health problems, not limited to sore throat and thesis vitamin asthma. The dust storms have also affected wildlife especially hard, damaging crops, and environment and as a result, the cultural differences essay, government should take immediate actions and apply them to save the demonstrating financial need scholarship essay, economy. Buy Asian Dust essay paper online.
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