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Winners Announcement via website and email. Words. CONGRATULATIONS TO THE WINNERS OF THE SUNWAY OXBRIDGE ESSAY COMPETITION 2017. CELINE JAMES DONSIA CHARLENE LIM RUI YING DANIEL LOOI JUN JIE KHADIJAH ZUN ARIF HAKIM HO CHEN NING TAN WEN WEYN WANG JIA EN KUAN KWOK YONG OOI LI PO MUHAMMAD HAFIDZ IKMAL BIN SHAIFUL HASNAN DHANIEYA GANEISH LUQMAN HAKIM BIN AHMAD FIRDAUS WAN TAUFIK HIDAYAT BIN WAN MOKHTER. ALYSSA SOFEA AHMAD ZAHARIL CHAI KAI WEI CHAN MENG HUI LEONG JIA TING SERENA SOO LI YENN VEE NIS LING DARREN LINUS JOHN ISABEL ANDREW CHELSEA JOY A/P VILSON DARYL CHOO CHIA LER NURUL IMAN DAYANAH BINTI ZAMBRIE CHLOE YEO LOK YEE JONATHAN AIDAN ROYAN. Who can participate in the Sunway-Oxbridge Essay Competition? This competition is open to all Form 1 to Form 5 Malaysian students from government and private schools using Malaysian education syllabus. (Not open to International school students). Age group for the contesting categories are: Step 1 : Register an account. Log on to www.sunway.edu.my/essay . Click on Register or Join Now button. Fill in the form with your personal details, including Full Name (as per MyKad), NRIC/ Passport No., E-mail, Contact/Mobile Number, Form, State, Town/City, School Name, Parent's/Guardian's Name, Mobile Number and E-mail.
Check the free homework box indicating you have read our terms and conditions, received parental consent to join the essay competition, and understood the jfk in essay Personal Data Protection Notice. Click on Register. Step 2 : Submit Essay. Click on homework help, Add New. Type your essay in essays the space provided and free homework help, press Submit button once done. Fill in the survey form. And then press Submit button once done. Writing Papers. 1 April 2017 Ė 30 April 2017, 1.00pm. 30 April 2017, Sunday, 1.00pm. Essays received after the deadline will be automatically deemed ineligible. You can submit only one best essay based on your MyKad number.
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What is the maximum word count for each category? Category A : 350 words. Category B : 650 words. My essay doesnít go through, what should I do? Please email your enquiry to email@example.com. Please email firstname.lastname@example.org with your school name and school address. Winning entrants are expected to words essay, show originality and help, flair, link to academic standards and writing research, competent use of English as a written language. This includes a good standard of spelling, grammar and free help, punctuation. Will I be receiving a certificate if I participated in jfk in courage the competition? No, participants are not entitled to help sites, a certificate of participation. Only the Top 100 finalists and winners will be receiving award certificate for this competition.
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LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for and executing the ďAĒ essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. Free Help. A law student learnsófinallyóto learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer. I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams. This program was exactly what I needed ÄĒ the tools to confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. ó Jan Court, Univ Texas '00. Just knowing you have a plan ÄĒ i.e., the steps ÄĒ keeps you from richard rodriguez, worrying about panic.
ÄĒ Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by free help a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon apa format performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is essay in nature. (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and either closed or open book. The former means you bring nothing into the exam with you (save the code in a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in free homework help, taxation, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to essay bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to reassure students. However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to refer to aids. Open or closed book, the law you need to know should be in your head.
Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and limits as to how much you can write or type. Grading is invariably anonymous to protect professors and students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades. Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the grading policies and practices of individual professors. There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from among the eight in the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the free homework, LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into south paper units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to help sites you. You may want to attempt a response before looking at the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to identify all issues lurking in for college essay, the fact pattern; you don't know how to sites analyze as a lawyer; and you don't know how to present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature.
A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the legal issues that would be of of hamlet essays, interest to a judge or lawyer. You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. Free Help. Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on final exams. But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently.
Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about -- for any exam in any subject, no matter the richard rodriguez essays+aria, question(s)/instruction(s) posed by the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.) Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at free the Only For Us Racquet Club in Long Island City, Queens County, New York. As she explained to her husband moments later by phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Essays. Be a dear and bring home din-din.
I'm going to be in the hot tub for help sites hours. As she limped out to jfk in courage essay her Lexus, Coris ran into the club owner, Jett Setter. Homework Help. He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Jfk In. Not the most graceful move in the world. At which point Coris determined to sue Setter personally, as well as the free homework help sites, club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for richard Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the following events and motions: 1 ÄĒ OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of venue to Queens County.
2 ÄĒ Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the summons and complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to him. Help Sites. [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 ÄĒ Although the complaint affixed to his door separated from the summons and blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by his attorney, appeared in the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against the action. Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense. 4 ÄĒ OFU, Inc. served notice of the deposition of a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 ÄĒ OFU, Inc. Essay. requested an admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior. Doris ignored it. 6 ÄĒ Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for destruction of the free homework sites, racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for apa format writing research papers damages on the same ground in free homework help, small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and south, appellate judges assigned to free homework help sites this case. Prepare a memorandum of for college essay, law respecting the issues raised in the above.
Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in homework help, your head as well as your course outline. Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.) Discovery (scope of) ÄĒ Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to transition the subject matter of the action is homework help discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof.
Communications between spouses ÄĒ A confidential communication between husband and wife is privileged against disclosure by either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction ÄĒ Generally, in order to determine the rights and duties of parties to an action, and to bind the parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in the state where an action is writing research papers brought, and personally served with process. Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to substitute such service by affixing a copy of the summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and free homework, also mailing a copy of same by writing research papers regular mail to said address (so-called nail and mail). A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the homework sites, summons and complaint with a person of apa format research papers, suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Waiver of ÄĒ Where a defendant appears, answers the help, complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense will be deemed waived on appeal. Requests for admission ÄĒ A request for of hamlet admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in free homework help, doubt and essays, that should not be necessary to prove at homework trial. The party served normally has 30 days to respond. Failure to timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted.
Inter alia , it is permissible to request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against traffic on a one-way street). Apa Format Writing. However, it is not proper to request an homework sites admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se). Res Judicata ÄĒ Doctrine that for south africa research reasons of economy, prevention of harassment, and free homework sites, avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of courage essay, claims and issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion ÄĒ Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Venue ÄĒ Refers to the proper place for trial of a lawsuit. The purpose of free homework, venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!). South. Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the action arose. MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL.
(1/4 - 1/3 of allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals) Preliminary Overview ÄĒ Six distinct events/motions. Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on homework, each is my initial perspective on how to proceed. [Always the Steps, always the Steps ÄĒ a constant way of thinking.] Step One ÄĒ [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. Richard Rodriguez Essays+aria. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to homework obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on demonstrating scholarship, the other. However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the homework, objectives that count for purposes of generating premises are intermediate in nature.
In the for college, larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. Help. More immediate to the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. Words For College. not. 3 = Have lack of free homework help sites, personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. exists and viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable.
5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed. [My view at richard this point is that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of help sites, analysis. Therefore, the time to be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of of hamlet, thought and be time wasting to continue applying the Steps to all six, from this point on I shall work on each question to completion before going on to the next .] Step Two ÄĒ [Consider each pairing, party, and homework, objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is scholarship essay considered. See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.)
2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . . . No.4; . . . 5; . . Sites. . Words For College. 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for waiver thereof overrides. 4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for admission, and failure to respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three ÄĒ [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to free homework be but one or two premises to be considered for each event/motion, and since I am working on climax, each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an independent exercise. It is part and parcel of inspecting the homework help sites, law giving rise to the premise under consideration to determine whether it is necessary to state all of the writing papers, law to begin the first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.]
Preview of a logical sequence for discussion ÄĒ No overlap of discussion apparent. No reason apparent not to homework sites proceed in climax essays, the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it. Sites. The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here. However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose.
Transitory has been defined to words mean that the transaction that is the free homework, subject of the demonstrating financial scholarship, action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the help sites, racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of south research, relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and free sites, Jett Setter all reside in jfk in essay, Queens County. Homework Help. The residence in New York County of apa format papers, Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the only apparent reason for trying the action in New York County. It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of sites, law to relevant facts.] Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of personal jurisdiction only where personal service on south africa paper, a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and free homework sites, complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Demonstrating Financial Need Scholarship Essay. Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at his place of business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at homework help sites any time claims lack of richard, personal jurisdiction, the defense of lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an appeal. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served.
Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the complaint, defended in the action, and at no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction. Arguably, raising the claim on appeal is after trial. However, waived upon the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the time for raising the homework sites, claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and africa research paper, is relevant to the subject matter of the action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. Homework Help. Confidential communications between husband and essay, wife are privileged from disclosure by free help either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an words for college indication of Coris' truthfulness. Confidential normally implies private or secret. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential. Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in the context of remarks about free homework, dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. Apa Format Writing Research Papers. The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged. A request for help sites an admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the transition words essay, existence of facts that are not in help sites, doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial.
However, inter alia, it is not proper to climax request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to homework help sites drive is negligent, per se). The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and that may be necessary to prove at transition words for college essay trial. Moreover, in free help, that negligence is a legal conclusion, the rodriguez, statement would appear to be an abstract statement of law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of acknowledgment. A final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Doris' action in small claims court is grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the same cause of action as the one dismissed in the primary action herein. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on the merits. Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata. Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.)
The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in its bylaws and homework, articles of incorporation) of manufacturing and retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to south forty million dollars. Flush with their success and invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. Help. The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by far the largest voting block. Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured.
Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of courage, record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at free homework help RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of climax of hamlet essays, Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the fall of homework, 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to climax of hamlet the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and records to persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to block the ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for repayment by the RIPCORP board of directors of any expenses incurred in connection with the pursuit of said venture. Homework Help Sites. 1) RIPCORP moved to paper dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to homework help sites first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to state a cause of action. South Africa Research. 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit. 3) Meanwhile, the RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for homework help indemnification of the directors in jfk in, the event Meddle prevailed, and homework help, purchased insurance to provide for of hamlet same.
Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions. How should the court decide the motions under 1, 2, and 3 above? RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts ÄĒ Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in free homework sites, an unauthorized manner or without authority. Of Hamlet. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to the following: 1) the right of a shareholder to free homework sites enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the corporation to of hamlet essays recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s).
Shareholder inspection rights ÄĒ Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in free homework sites, common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and south research paper, minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is a holder of homework help, 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action ÄĒ Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. The latter derivative action may be maintained only if 1) the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is apa format writing research brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and 3) the plaintiff shows in his complaint that he has demanded that the board of homework help, directors commence the action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). Note that in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the transition words, plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of free homework help sites, their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification ÄĒ Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against demonstrating financial need expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of help sites, good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview ÄĒ The three motions referred to by the question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. [Note the enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.]
Step One ÄĒ Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the motions in conjunction with the sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. South. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for homework help each motion (i.e., question). Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the south paper, motions reflects three ultimate objectives of sites, Meddle. However, the objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in south research, the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to be posted, versus not;
3) board indemnification resolution and free help, purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of same. Step Two ÄĒ [RIPCORP is of hamlet movant for motions 1 and homework, 2, Meddle for 3. Apa Format Writing Research Papers. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises. In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in the preceding sentence . The facts in the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of help sites, analysis.] 1) Lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board, and failure to state a cause of action respecting each of courage, Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. Homework Help. Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against richard rodriguez corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of help sites, directors in such a suit. Step Three ÄĒ [The motions seem more or less equivalent in rodriguez, weight.
Given the homework, complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the demonstrating need scholarship essay, effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the free sites, analysis to be performed in writing the actual response. Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and south paper, go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for homework sites discussion ÄĒ No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to demonstrating essay state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the homework, corporation in south africa research paper, her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the help sites, corporation to demonstrating financial essay procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only free homework help, if the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought and when the research papers, alleged wrong to the corporation occurred. Sites. Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and has been since long before the words essay, ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and free help, statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper.
A shareholder may examine the richard rodriguez, stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or she is a holder of five percent of any class of outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares. However, she has been a stockholder of homework, record since the initial offering, over two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts ÄĒ acts beyond the purposes or powers of the corporation, and africa, sometimes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders. Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Homework. Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to manufacture and retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the transition words for college essay, Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to first make a demand on free help, the board. Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is that the plaintiff demand that the board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). The Bottomline brothers are named in jfk in courage essay, M's suit and hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception. Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to homework help post security for costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least five percent of any class of outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000.
M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at the time of the jfk in essay, suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. However, M has been a shareholder since the free homework, very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!] Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and the policy justification underlying the apa format writing research papers, security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to impose this financial impediment. [Note the use of the policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.] Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against free help expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances.
The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the analysis in a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. Rodriguez. The facts are unclear about whether the resolution indemnifies against expenses of defending against the action. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of free homework help, their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to south africa research paper act in good faith. However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for some time in a pattern of divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is free unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of courage, any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance.
Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on behalf of the corporation, denied as to sites portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by M, and denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in south research paper, the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and sites, remainder of my estate to my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by the terms of apa format writing research papers, which he increased the legacy to Y to $150,000; and in all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and free, republished the 1994 will.
T died in 2001. Climax. In a probate proceeding the free homework sites, evidence established the following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in 1999, T was drunk out of research, his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in 1997 for $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in free homework help sites, 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in research, hand, set fire to some papers. One of the papers destroyed was the original copy of the sites, 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in 2000.
5) S, the son of Y, was one of several witnesses to essay T's execution of the help, 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of words for college essay, who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Ademption ÄĒ Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is homework sites not in existence or not in the possession of the africa paper, testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). Free Homework Sites. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Death of a beneficiary ÄĒ A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the estate). By statute in richard essays+aria, many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to free sites beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue.
Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate ÄĒ Shall be in accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of a will ÄĒ A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication ÄĒ A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of climax essays, testamentary capacity at help sites the time of making. Revocation ÄĒ As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the jfk in essay, prior will by implication. A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction.
Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for the purpose of free sites, revoking the will. Specific legacy ÄĒ A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature. Transition Words For College Essay. It must be taken by the legatee as and where he finds it. Testamentary capacity ÄĒ Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the nature and extent of his property, and recognizes the natural objects of his bounty. Witness as beneficiary ÄĒ A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in free help sites, probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview ÄĒ The instruction points to parties who stand to take from T's estate. Each will be in opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from need essay, T's estate. Step One ÄĒ X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the estate) that stands between him and taking from T's estate.
B v. Help. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two ÄĒ [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Each will likewise seek to transition words for college essay defeat a competitor claim. Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in my wills toolbox will come into play. However, it would be inefficient and confusing to try to sort them out at this point. Better to focus on one conflict at a time in the writing phase.
Possibly there will be overlap of homework help, premises/discussion.] Step Three ÄĒ [Having declined to set forth the premises of the various parties in demonstrating scholarship essay, Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. Homework. My impression is that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an interesting discussion. Preview of a logical sequence of discussion ÄĒ Resolving which instrument controls seems the richard rodriguez essays+aria, obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to make sense.
B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Z!] As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and help, made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of apa format research papers, testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy.
The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the 1994 will. There being no evidence to free help the contrary, the fact that T in research papers, executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of his property and recognized the natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in making the help, codicil. Although a will may be revoked by means of africa, physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is free help thus of no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and papers, B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will. An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the homework sites, same or similar nature) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies.
When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to south research paper be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses.
By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the now republished 1994 will. A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. S was one of several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to free sites prove the will in probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to transition words for college the will. The rationale for not allowing a witness necessary to probate to help sites take under the south africa research, will being probated is free help sites presumably the conflict of interest posed.
The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in africa paper, having the will probated is compromised. Y, however, not S stood to take under the free homework help, 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and transition for college, now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is homework help sites not necessary.
However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an A. Possibly it should be highlighted in some way, perhaps with a red star. I might even decide to put it on the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per apa format research papers, stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Memphis School of Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and homework help sites, model response sent to us by one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). The exam was given jointly to essay two first year classes by their professors. Free Homework Help. Richard ordered the audio CD version of richard, LEEWS. His is the verbatim model response offered to students ó with professor comments! ó as what was wanted. His response received the free help, highest grade, one of only jfk in courage, two A+ grades.
His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section. Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . Homework Help. The exemplar is, in fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for every response is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. Jfk In Essay. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the help sites, examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and demonstrating essay, present. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at the end, and perform Step One. A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to a Follow IRAC instruction by merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at free homework the end. LEEWS posits that in general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (ß 11 = Prof Banks, ß 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points.
Average -- ß 11 [17.2]; ß 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- ß 11 [3 - 42]; ß 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions) Average -- ß 11 [33.70]; ß 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- ß 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; ß 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- ß 11 [50.90]; ß 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- ß 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; ß 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - ß 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] ß 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and above.
F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. You are responsible for following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for rodriguez failure to follow instructions. Before you begin work on this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is closed book. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument.
You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person. Your answers for homework Part I should be written on richard, the paper provided. Be sure to identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). When you have completed your answers to homework sites Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and for college, staple all of the pages together in the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is relevant to a problem, you may identify it by sites number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by number. 3. Write on only one side of a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for Part II and demonstrating financial scholarship essay, mark the appropriate corresponding circles on your answer sheet to indicate your examination number. Help. Do not staple the apa format research papers, answer sheet for Part II to anything. Submission of Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in.
You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at free the top of the first page and apa format research, return the free homework help, booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the answers. Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. all states have enacted statutes that authorize the apa format writing research papers, exercise of jurisdiction on free help sites, each of the traditional bases recognized by the Supreme Court up to the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. ß 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over rodriguez essays+aria, a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the personÄôs. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by an act or omission outside this State if the person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in this State; (e) contracting to insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of contracting. X.C.A. ß 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of free help sites, this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and south africa paper, a copy of the complaint by homework sites registered mail, return receipt requested, to research the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located. The problems in Part I are worth a total of 45 points.
They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in a law firm. Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of your employers. ÄúI QuitÄĚ is free homework sites not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Apa Format Research. Isolde. Date: Dec. 11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in free homework help, a furniture repair business. Their shop is in the State of transition for college, Swabia where most of their customers are from.
Sometimes people from the nearby States of Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in free homework help, Swabia. Rodriguez Essays+aria. Isolde was raised in Prussia and lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home. In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [ÄúFirst CommercialÄĚ] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and Isolde had a promising business and that the bank would do well to help procure their business. After receiving a letter at their shop offering the richard essays+aria, bankÄôs services, Tristan and Isolde decided to homework help borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the bank send them the paperwork at their shop. On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the courage, loan papers at their shop and Tristan immediately took them to First CommercialÄôs main office, located ten miles away in free, the State of apa format papers, Prussia. First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000.
The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and that it was to free homework help sites be repaid in two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and papers, Isolde made only free help sites, two payments on the loan. When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the writing research, bankÄôs claim against him for free $50,000. First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to research paper collect the free homework help sites, unpaid principal and interest. First CommercialÄôs attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at of hamlet essays the shop in Swabia.
On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to respond to help sites the complaint and summons, the south paper, court entered a default judgment against her for free sites $100,000. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the judgment against Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in need scholarship essay, a bank account in free homework sites, Swabia. First Commercial also procured a writ of garnishment from the federal court in Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to courage Isolde by one of homework help, her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde. Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Transition For College. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and free homework sites, explain fully why you have rejected them. B. The next day, you receive the essay, following memorandum from the homework sites, same partner. Again, respond fully. To: Associate.
Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. 12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in Swabia a week after she was served with process by jfk in essay registered mail. She was rendered unconscious for two days. An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in Prussia.
Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and complaint for the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in the state, it now seems to me that the judgment of the federal district court in sites, Prussia against Isolde is unquestionably valid and is enforceable in both Swabia and Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and transition words for college, whether the service on Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction. The discussion below is a verbatim copy of a studentÄôs essay that received a top grade. Commentary by Professors Banks and homework help sites, Entman appears in brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.] LEEWS NOTE: ďIRACĒ (merely a formula for climax of hamlet essays organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to precede the statement of R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this. Our only suggestion is free homework help sites that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law ó e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in transition essay, the next ó to assist the professor in recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in Article III of the US Constitution and as authorized by Congressional Statute.
First Commercial will argue that the free help, US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on the diversity of citizenship of the parties. Richard Rodriguez. First Commercial is free homework help a citizen of Prussia. Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at which jurisdiction must either exist or not. At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Jfk In Courage Essay. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is free homework help still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to writing June of 2003, because she only moved to Swabia temporarily, to see Äúif she would enjoyÄĚ life on her own. If Isolde is free homework help sites found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is not diversity of citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to writing papers Swabia with the intent of staying for the indefinite future, then the free sites, parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement.
N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under Äúfederal questionÄĚ jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim. Jfk In Courage Essay. Therefore nothing in the plaintiffÄôs complaint arises under the free help sites, Constitution and laws of the United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on collateral attack. However, it is more likely than not that the court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the intent to stay indefinitely, so the research paper, District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction. In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on collateral attack in the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at free homework help this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the facts to support your analysis.
The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in the original action. Of Hamlet Essays. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over free homework sites, her in transition for college, Prussia. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of state defendant only if the state court could do so. Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Free Homework Help Sites. Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to establish diversity of of hamlet essays, citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile. Even though the contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of free homework sites, Prussia to essay possible disputes, that is not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. Help Sites. At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in climax, part of the homework help, answer and a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer. Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of transition words, a serious lack of free help, preparation.
Failure to devote sufficient time to jfk in courage study of the assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a personÄôs demonstrated obliviousness to homework sites important distinctions. Others simply didnÄôt know what to do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to apa format study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis. Homework Help Sites. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over Isolde on the basis of the first of the enumerated acts: Äúa) transacting any business within the jfk in essay, State.ÄĚ The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendantÄôs act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on homework help, TristanÄôs delivery of the loan documents to the BankÄôs main office in essay, Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at free homework the furniture shop in Swabia. This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of state act, the signing of the contract, which causes an in state result, the climax, execution of the contract. [It is probably not necessary to stretch the construction of the statute as the court did in free homework sites, Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of this problem.
The statute covers transacting business in for college essay, the forum state Äúdirectly or by an agent.ÄĚ Like McShara in homework help sites, Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the papers to climax essays the bank. The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them. There is simply no basis in the facts for speculating that Isolde didnÄôt know what she was signing. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. Homework Help. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of apa format, life, liberty or property without due process of law. Free Homework Help Sites. The U.S. Climax. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only help sites, if the cause of financial need essay, action arises from the defendantÄôs minimum contacts with the homework, forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is sufficient to of hamlet essays provide a statutory basis of jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the free homework sites, Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in the answer that the research, constitutional hurdle becomes important only help, if the court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan.
Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of conducting activities in transition for college essay, the forum, Prussia. First Commercial will counter that Tristan and Isolde were operating together to secure the loan. They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial. Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by homework sites many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in Prussia over any disputes to the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the of hamlet essays, facts seem to favor First Commercial. In the free homework, alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining Äúfair play and africa, substantial justice,ÄĚ articulated in the US Supreme CourtÄôs Burger King decision? In weighing the relative burden on Isolde compared to free homework the interest of First National in rodriguez essays+aria, litigating in Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to a nearby state where she lived most of her life and where she sometimes appears to give lectures.
The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an interest in adjudicating its own laws. The interest of the several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to enter the picture, so the fairness factors do not point to Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction. [Many of you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of process in the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of our classwork on homework sites, Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Apa Format. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]
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Ten Easy Ways to Improve Your Resume: Tips for Job-Seekers. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. In my line of work, I see hundreds of resumes, and I often see the same patterns over and over again. I frequently observe resume tendencies that are not necessarily mistakes, yet the job-seekers behind these resumes could have much nicer, cleaner, more readable resumes if they just tweaked a few things. Free Homework! And none of these tweaks are hard to accomplish. Even if your resume has other problems, youíll see significant improvements if you make these 10 easy fixes. Use a bulleted style to make your resume more reader-friendly. Given that employers screen resumes for as few as 6 seconds, they will find your resume a lot more readable if you use bullet points instead of paragraph style. Research! Itís just easier to read. Homework Sites! Follow ďThe Resume Ingredients Rule.Ē Set forth by Donald Asher, author of numerous resume books (see our QA with him), the rule says that information on a resume should be listed in order of scholarship essay, importance to the reader. Therefore, in listing your jobs, whatís generally most important is your title/position.
So list in this preferred order: Title/position, name of employer, city/state of employer, dates of employment. I canít tell you how many resumes Iíve seen that list dates first. Dates can be important to some employers, but theyíre generally not as important as what your position was and whom you worked for. Not only that, but listing dates first can hurt you with the software employers use (Applicant Tracking Systems) to screen resumes. Help! ďTo ensure applicant tracking systems read and import your work experience properly,Ē Meridith Levinson wrote on CIO.com,Ē never start your work experience with the dates you held certain positions.Ē Education follows the same principle; thus, the preferred order for listing your education is: Name of apa format writing, degree (spelled out: Bachelor of óóó) in name of major, name of university, city/state of university, graduation year, followed by peripheral information, such as minor and GPA. If you havenít graduated yet, list your information the same way. Simply by virtue of the fact that the graduation date youíve listed is in the future, the help sites employer will know you donít have the degree yet. If youíre not comfortable listing your grad date when you donít yet have the degree, you can say, for example, ďexpected May 2014.Ē By the of hamlet way, the Resume Ingredients Rule is also the homework help reason that experience and education are listed in climax of hamlet reverse chronological order on your resume; itís assumed that your most recent education and experience are most important and free homework sites relevant to the reader.
Eliminate ďresponsibilitiesĒ words from your resume vocabulary. Climax Essays! Never use expressions like ďDuties included,Ē ďResponsibilities included,Ē or ďResponsible forĒ on your resume. Why? Because your resume should be accomplishments-driven, not responsibilities-driven. Anyone (well, maybe not anyoneÖ) can perform the duties listed in a job description. Job-description language is help sites not what sells in a resume. Writing Research! Accomplishments-oriented language tells employers how youíve gone above and free homework sites beyond in your jobs, what makes you special, how youíve taken initiative and demonstrating essay made your jobs your own. Check out our article, For Job-Hunting Success: Track/Leverage Your Accomplishments, and Accomplishments Worksheet. Eliminate clutter from your resume.
Several elements can clutter up your resume and impede readability: Unnecessary dates. Donít list dates that donít add anything to your resume; for free homework, example, dates you spent involved in college extracurricular activities. If you were involved in africa research these activities during college, the reader can pretty much guess your dates of involvement, and listing the dates will just clutter up your document. Same with dates of free help, involvement in professional or civic organizations; ask yourself if those dates will be meaningful to the employer reading your resume. Parentheses. Job-seekers have a particular tendency to words essay set off dates of employment with parentheses. Free Homework! Itís easier on the reader if you just use commas.
The line ďReferences: Available upon request.Ē This statement is essays+aria highly optional because it is a given that you will provide references upon sites, request. If you couldnít, you would have no business looking for a job. The line can serve the purpose of signaling: ďThis is the end of my resume,Ē but if you are trying to conserve space, leave it off. Articles. Those little words ďa,Ē ďan,Ē and ďthe.Ē Generally speaking, resumes arenít written in sentence form, but in concise phrases that have become an accepted shorthand that employers understand.
Articles tend to clutter up that shorthand; your resume will read in a more streamlined manner without them. Consider these ďbeforeĒ and ďafterĒ examples: Arenít the ďAfterĒ versions a lot more streamlined? Use strong, concrete verbs to describe your jobs, and donít mix noun and verb phrases. Letís look at this example: Managed and controlled all aspects of companyís West Coast presence. [verb] Complete ownership of inventory and financial standards. [noun] Full PL responsibilities. Apa Format Research! [noun] Analyzed market and forecast sales, prepared corporate budgets and monitored results to achieve ROI objectives. [verb] Instead, be consistent with verbs: Supervised inventory and financial standards. Completely oversaw profit and free help sites loss aspects of operation. Also avoid the weak verbs, ďto be,Ē ďto do,Ē and ďto work.Ē Everyone works.
Be more specific. ďCollaborate(d)Ē is often a good substitute. Instead of: ďWorked with Marketing Department to launch promotional campaign,Ē say ďCollaborated with Marketing Department to launch promotional campaign.Ē Focus on research papers, describing past job activities that highlight the skills you most like to use and want to use in your next job. Donít waste words, for example, describing all that clerical stuff you did in a past job if you have no intention of doing clerical work again. Even if youíve mastered skills that are in great demand, donít emphasize them if theyíre not the skills you want to use in free help the future. Demonstrating Financial! Donít fret about the free sites one-page resume rule. Sure, itís nice to keep your resume to richard one page if you can, but donít go to free help sites extraordinary lengths, such as by using tiny type.
If you have significant experience, youíll probably need more than one page. What you should avoid is rodriguez having one full page with just a little bit of text on your second page. Free Help Sites! If you fill a third or less of the second page, consider condensing to one page. Ways to condense: Narrow your margins. The margins in Microsoft Word are set very wide by default. South Africa Research! You can have margins as narrow as .75? all around and still have a nice-looking document. Use a smaller point size, but not too small. A font size of 11-point is good; donít go smaller than 10.5-point. Many jobseekers use a two-column format with headings in the left-hand column. To conserve space, narrow or even eliminate the free homework left-hand column and climax of hamlet simply stack your headings on top of each section.
Formatting such as columns doesnít work well with employersí Applicant Tracking Systems. Make sure your resume has a sharp focus. Help! Again, given the microscopic amount of time that employers spend screening resumes, you need a way to show the employer at financial scholarship, a glance what you want to do and what youíre good at. One way is to add a section called something like ďSummary of Qualifications,Ē or ďProfile.Ē Learn more in homework help our article, Your Job-Search Resume Needs a Focal Point: How Job-Seekers Can Add Focus to Resumes. For examples of south africa research paper, such sections, see most of the samples in our Sample Professional Resumes for All Job-Seekers, and consider using our Resume Professional Profile/Qualifications Summary Worksheet. Donít emphasize older experience on your resume. Help Sites! The rule of need, thumb for someone at the senior level is to spotlight about 15 years worth of jobs. Age discrimination, unfortunately, is free a reality. Because many hiring decision-makers want to see your full experience, itís best to list older experience in bare-bones fashion ó with or without dates ó in south research a section labeled, ďPrevious Professional Experience.Ē Similarly, donít give the date of your college graduation if it was more than about free homework, 10 years ago. Be sure the reader will understand all the acronyms and jargon you use in your resume. Resumes in the high-tech field are notorious for richard rodriguez, these mysterious terms.
We recently received a resume containing the following acronyms and jargon: MCSE, MCP+I, TCP/IP, CCA, CCNA, token ring and PCMCIA network interface cards for help sites, LAN connectivity, NT Service Packs, Ethernet cards, Server 4.0, SQL 6.5, 7.0, Red Hat Linux 6.1, Turbo Linux 4.0 and Caldera 2.3, Cisco 2500 routers and transition words for college essay switches. Now, chances are that employers in this jobseekerís field understand all these terms. Just be sure thatís the case. Spell out any acronyms you think could be questionable, and explain any terms you think some readers of free homework help sites, your resume might not understand. College students, too, need to be aware of ďinsideĒ jargon. At Stetson University, my alma mater, for africa research paper, example, we have an annual charity fundraiser called ďGreenfeather;Ē freshman-orientation leaders called ďFOCUSĒ advisers; and a volunteer organization called ďInto the Streets.Ē The schoolís graduates routinely use those terms on free sites, their resumes without any explanation, as though everyone knows what Greenfeather, FOCUS, and Into the jfk in essay Streets mean. Look at your resume from an outsiderís perspective ó and explain (or eliminate) any unfamiliar terms or acronyms.
Bonus tip: Be sure to free homework help list locations (city and state) for all your past employers. Essays+aria! Itís resume protocol to do so, and employers expect to see that information. Iím constantly amazed at all the resumes I see that list names of past employers, but donít tell where those employers are located. Questions about some of the terminology used in this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Job-Seekerís Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms.
Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of free homework, Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an electronic newsletter for richard, jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career . Sites! Katharine, who earned her PhD in words for college essay organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to homework help a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiotís Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy(at)quintcareers.com. Climax Of Hamlet! Check out Dr. Free Help Sites! Hansen on of hamlet essays, GooglePlus. QUINTESSENTIAL RESUME-WRITING PARTNER. LiveCareerís Resume Builder is the fastest, most efficient way to build an free sites effective resume. Featuring hundreds of apa format research papers, templates and professional designs for all jobs and industries, Resume Builder also includes sample phrases written by our experts, plus helpful tips and advice to make your resume stand out.
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Hansen is writing research also an educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by help sites email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Check out Dr. Hansen on climax of hamlet essays, GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at free homework help sites, A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from climax of hamlet, Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is homework sites author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into transition for college essay the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to free help sites a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiotís Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at email@example.com. Financial Essay! Check out Dr. Free Help! Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related.
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An A to Z of Theory | Jean Baudrillard: Hyperreality and Implosion. #8220;All cultural forms and media are being absorbed into advertising#8221; The model of the code does not represent a prior social reality. It creates a new social reality, which Baudrillard terms hyperreality . Hyperreality is a special kind of social reality in which a reality is created or simulated from models, or defined by reference to models Ė a reality generated from ideas. The term has implications of #8216;too much reality#8217; Ė everything being on the surface, without mystery; #8216;more real than reality#8217; Ė too perfect and schematic to free be true, like special effects; and #8216;para-reality#8217;, an africa research, extra layer laid over, or instead of, reality. It is experienced as more real than the homework real, because of its effect of transition, breaking down the boundary between real and imaginary. Free Homework Help Sites? It is a #8216;real#8217; without #8216;origin or reality#8217;, a reality to which we cannot connect. Hyperreality differs from jfk in essay, other realities in that the free homework help division between reality and imaginary disappears.
Reality becomes a cybernetic game. It is as if, at transition words for college a certain point of free homework help, time, we left reality behind, and never noticed until now. We can no longer tell the transition former reality from hyperreality, and we wouldn#8217;t know if reality returned. Baudrillard does not suggest when this loss of reality happened, but it can be deduced from his work fairly easily. Free Sites? The final loss of meaning happened at some point after the of hamlet 1960s. Baudrillard sees figures such as J.F.K. and Marilyn Monroe as still having symbolic force. One might tentatively situate the homework help sites transition in 1973 or 1979 Ė at the point where neoliberalism takes root.
Hyperreality corresponds to jfk in the disappearance of intensity. It becomes something ď cool Ē stripped of help, intense affective energies and financial the power of the symbolic and of fantasy. For instance, the ďhotĒ commitment to labour is replaced by the ďcoolĒ execution of tasks. The ďhotĒ art and film of historical investment is replaced by the ďcoolĒ functional or machinational pleasure of perfectly simulated fiction. Baudrillard is often misunderstood. He does not use the term ďcoolĒ in the sense of fashionable or enjoyable.
He is referring to the loss of heat. Heat is here a metaphor for intensity, enjoyment (as opposed to pleasure), and emotional investment. To be ďcoolĒ is to be apathetic, disillusioned, uncommitted. In hyperreality, simulators seek to make all of reality coincide with their models of simulation. The result is that #8216;the real is no longer real#8217;.
For instance, production is now primarily virtual Ė the unreal circulation of values. Cinema is getting closer to an absolute reality in all its naked obviousness. Functional arrangements seek to create the greatest correspondence possible between the object and its function. Baudrillard terms such changes as expressions of an attitude to signs which is naive and paranoid, puritan and terrorist. Its destruction of the homework help sites gap between signs and demonstrating need essay their referents creates immense social effects. For instance, one#8217;s experience of time collapses without accumulation and a referent. Time is increasingly experienced as an eternal present without end, rather than as a linear sequence. Hyperreality is for Baudrillard simply one of a number of related cases of homework help sites, excessive or simulated forms. Today#8217;s regime is based on the compulsory sharing of meaning and of the real. This occurs instead of the sharing of secrets in a band, or of simulacra in sovereignty.
It is because the importance of simulation is denied that things seem over-present and obscene. All spheres tend to converge on the model of fashion, the commutation of signs. Baudrillard sees fashion as the absorption of past signs the same way machines absorb past labour. Consumption of apa format writing research papers, fashion actually draws on the endless revival of past cultural forms as empty signs. Fashion simulates the innocence of becoming and the cyclical process of exchange.
There is fashion wherever forms are reproduced from models, and not through their own determinations. The light play of fashion replaces the heavy meanings of free homework help, production. Although this is part of the system#8217;s internal change, it is papers, also subversive of the system. Free Homework Help Sites? The free play of fashion renders all signs relative, rendering power arbitrary. Baudrillard thinks the left has become moralistic in its attacks on fashion as insubstantial. Instead, we should deconstruct the form of fashion and of the code. Fashion is more beautiful than the beautiful, as the model is truer than the transition for college essay true.
As a result, they are fascinating. They give rise to a particular ecstatic experience arising from their excess. This experience comes from the collapse of the categorical distinctions, and bears a remnant of return to symbolic exchange. The experience, which is almost vertigo, #8216;today tends to become our only passion#8217;. Free Homework? Or rather, it replaces passion, being counterposed to passionate investments in the scene. It is the experience that arises when a body #8216;spins until all sense is lost, and south africa research then shines forth in its pure and empty form#8217;. It almost disappears, but remains fascinating.
Such fascinating images deter the true, the free homework help real, and so on by getting too close to them. In this way, they put an end to the social. Information in the age of the Internet is transition essay, ecstatic because there is too much of free help, it. Fascination exists in essays a field of non-contradiction, of entities beyond binaries. It happens, for instance, when the true is invested with the power of the false, the beautiful with the homework ugly, or the real with the unreal. It consists of a kind of contemplation of what exists. It carries a symbolic energy, opening into the field of demonstrating financial need scholarship, symbolic exchange.
It escapes from the ultimatum of meaning. The visible fades into these kinds of ecstatic forms, becoming the #8216; obscene #8216; Ė what is more visible than the visible. Help? War becomes ecstatic in the nuclear form. With no proportionality between means to annihilate and goals of essays, war, waging war becomes pointless. The social becomes ecstatic in the masses, the free help political (or violence) becomes ecstatic in terrorism.
Objects become obscene as #8216;light#8217; commodities in circulation. Money becomes obscene in gambling (and capital speculation?). Things take up too much room. Essay? They have too much meaning to be meaningful, as if they mean everything and therefore nothing. This is distinct from classical obscenity, which is an irruption of the repressed.
Today#8217;s obscenities are surfaces with no secret beneath them. They are abjectly visible, but mean nothing at all. For something to be meaningful, it needs a scene. All cultural forms and media are being absorbed into advertising. By this, Baudrillard means the homework help sites #8216;zero degree#8217; of meaning, the triumph of form over substance, a #8216;simplified operational mode#8217;, a seductive and pseudo-consensual presentation. Things are presented in such a way that the surface effaces and covers up any possible depth.
Political soundbites, tabloid news, the cult of #8216;methods#8217; would be variants of this new reality. Research Papers? Of course, the effect of this is a loss or entropy of meaning. Free Homework? Advertising destroys intensities and accelerates inertia. And it is itself threatened. Computer code simplifies even further than advertising.
It is putting an end to the power of advertising. In an earlier work, Baudrillard emphasised that advertising actually promotes the entire social system, far more than the specific product it is meant to apa format writing papers sell. It exists more as a way of free sites, signifying a way of climax of hamlet essays, life than an free help sites, economic practice. Hence, across a range of fields, the jfk in courage essay basic form is replaced by an ecstatic or excessive form Ė the real by the hyperreal, aesthetics by fashion, the scene by free homework, the obscene. This happens because of the loss of referents in words essay the various fields. For instance, the free homework sites loss of social transcendence Ė law, scene, stakes Ė is what renders the social ecstatic and obscene, or over-present.
Ecstasy is a #8216;cool#8217; or #8216;cold#8217; passion. It relies on the non-existence, or affective non-investment, of what is consumed. A #8216;hot#8217; passion, for instance, consists of really believing money has value, or really believing in the law, even if one breaks it. A #8216;cool#8217; passion instead depends on the secret of the courage nonexistence of what is contemplated. The ecstatic also becomes a metastasis Ė it cross-contaminates between social fields. Baudrillard#8217;s account of a functionally-obsessed code does not conclude with a smoothly functioning totality.
The system which results depends on the constant maintenance of a regime of control. Free Homework Help Sites? Such a system is very unstable, open to collapsing at the slightest rupture. For instance, systems of power depend on a master-signifier, which is ultimately arbitrary and contingent. (There is no longer a master-signifier of the entire system, but agencies such as states and companies still have leaders for example). Climax Of Hamlet Essays? When it is obvious that it is arbitrary and contingent, power is unpinned from its apparent obviousness. It comes to seem purely arbitrary, and this interferes with its functioning. When power occupies the free homework empty place of power, it comes to seem obscene, impure and ridiculous, and eventually collapses. Baudrillard refers to this instability as implosion . This means that he sees the research papers system collapsing from within. The system is no longer expanding Ė hence the turn to deterrence instead of war. It is in free homework help #8216;involution#8217; Ė collapsing in richard rodriguez essays+aria upon itself. For Baudrillard, the system has reached its culmination.
It is accelerating towards its limit, which today is expressed as implosion (rather than explosion or revolution). The growing density of help sites, simulations is destroying it. Implosion is swallowing all the energy of the real. Implosion is similar to the idea of need, #8216;internal contradictions#8217; in Marxism. It refers to a tendency to collapse arising from the system#8217;s own dynamics. Implosion arises from the destruction of meaning and the reality-effect due to the precession of simulacra. The problem for free help sites the system is that signs need a separate reality in order to refer to something, and climax essays hence to function as signs. In the current regime of simulation, social realities are generated from signs and models which precede them. Free Homework Sites? The model produces the ďrealĒ, the medium, and transition for college the message all at once. Reality separate from the regime is sites, either destroyed, denied, or incorporated.
As a result, the signs stop referring to anything. At the same time, therefore, a total system of meaning is rodriguez essays+aria, created, and its meaningfulness is destroyed. All signs or referentials are combined in free homework a vicious circle or Moebius strip. Truth, equivalences, rational distinctions break down. Without a clear outside or referent, the reality-effect breaks down. Without a focus of intensity, meaning breaks down. Meaning can no longer be pinned-down in particular places. It circulates at increased speed, without any referent or guarantee. For instance, economic growth is increasingly unstable. Economic bubbles form and burst, commodities (such as Internet companies or real-estate) are immensely valued and then collapse, emerging ďtigersĒ from Korea to Ireland to Mexico suffer sharp collapses.
Baudrillard sees the same thing happening with everything from fashion to art to politics. Courage? The problem is structural. Once the system reaches saturation, it starts to fall in on itself, like a black hole. Saturation leads to inertia. For Baudrillard, global cities have already become black holes, eating up past social phenomena and meanings.
They are entirely functional zones, arranged around sites such as hypermarkets (massive supermarkets), shopping centres and transport networks. The system is based on functionality. Yet in hypermarkets and modern universities, functions seem to become indeterminate Ė hence cities seem to disintegrate. This is because they have lost their distinct purposes or use-values. Homework Help? They become polyfunctional black-boxes with different input-output combinations. Usefulness is itself an ideology, which relies on climax of hamlet essays, the simulation of shortage or the creation of artificial scarcity. It is homework help, actually a moral convention, not a fact of nature.
Today, supermarkets are also insurance companies, banks, pharmacists, government information dispensers, home-delivery services; today#8217;s universities are also corporate research subcontractors, vocational trainers, immigration monitors, producers of brand-name merchandise, profiteers on debts, affiliates of regional development councils, housing providers, monitors of student dissent#8230; This kind of hyper-functionalism renders them almost functionless Ė they can no longer be defined by a particular core function. They become a means without end. An operationalism without specific functions. All the different functions become simultaneous, without past, future or distinction. South Paper? All mental, temporal, spatial and signalled coordinates become interchangeable in the simulated world. Hence, institutions cease to be related to specific functions, and cease to be believable as guarantors of meaning. This has social effects.
Power has ceased to believe in the university. Sites? Degrees no longer have the value they once did. Like work, they persist on south africa paper, the basis of a dead referential, as a simulation. The real function of sites, these functionless institutions is deterrence (see below). Their hyperreality, their simulation of functions, neutralises the surrounding territory.
People won#8217;t notice the absence of education when there#8217;s a ďworld-classĒ university next-door. And if they do, they won#8217;t feel they can compete with such a monolith. Research? There are, of course, exceptions, but on the whole, such simulations shut down social life. For Baudrillard, the system is haunted by a constant sense of crisis. And this crisis is free, not simply a limit. It is ever-present. The system constantly presents its own crisis as spectacle.
It juxtaposes its ideal (the advert) to its crisis (news, disaster movies, crime dramas, action films). But it is distributed in #8216;homeopathic doses#8217; Ė in tiny amounts absorbed in other things. Hence, it doesn#8217;t explode. Africa Paper? It is constantly drip-fed to us instead. Free Homework Help? The world becomes non-representational through lack of signs. After meaning, we are left with manipulation, touch, circulation, ventilation. It becomes a world of panic. Explosions are foreseen and foreclosed. But implosion, the death of the cybernetic combinatory world, is a constant threat.
Some social institutions collapse more quickly than others. Law is in crisis because it is a power of the second order. It is undermined by parody, which makes submission and richard rodriguez essays+aria transgression equivalent. Indeed, the social order prefers to opt for free homework help the real, taking simulations for reality. Power is financial need essay, disempowered by the slippage of significations and the lack of referentiality. It is turned into an empty simulation of power.
It is at risk of collapse from being dissolved in the play of signs. At one point Baudrillard argues that power no longer produces anything but the signs of its resemblance, the appearance of power. (Real power, perhaps, requires a symbolic aspect). This crisis of law is the condition for a particular transition. Law is replaced by the norm. Rather than explosions which escape the law, the free sites present period deals with deviance as anomalies which deviate from the transition words essay average. People are now anonymous, subject to an anonymous terror. Help Sites? People can be exterminated, not to achieve their death, but because they are statistically indifferent. Power tries to defend itself against the collapse of meaning by reinjecting the jfk in courage essay real and homework help the referential everywhere.
It tries to convince people that the social world is still objectively real. It prefers to refer to crisis, or even to desire, than to admit its own collapse. Historically, it combated threats from the real by recuperating them in equivalent signs. Now, it combats the threat from simulation by playing at crisis. It embraces theories of ideology, and south africa paper even radical critiques, as ways to maintain the free help appearance of truth. The responsible subject is in a similar situation of crisis. The system rests on responsibility. But in a system based on bureaucratic programming, irresponsible actors are required Ė figures like Eichmann who simply obey orders or perform functions. The system is left constantly trying to exhort people to be responsible subjects while producing them as simple conductors of south africa research, social power. Subjects are put into drift, into something like a constant unconscious state.
Without fixed relations, everything turns into flows of transference. The replacement of meaning with functions makes people expect everything to work all the time. A few seconds#8217; delay in a webpage loading becomes an inexplicable source of free homework, immense frustration. Causes have disappeared, but effects have become immense Ė as when a local disaster causes a global shutdown. And with the responsible subject no longer there (because it is an effect of the essay old subject-object split), people try desperately to impute responsibility.
The excessive reservoir of #8216;floating responsibility#8217; through finding scapegoats or guilty parties is just waiting to be invested in any particular incident. The Katrina or Christchurch disasters get projected onto looters; Chilean forest fires are targeted as #8216;terrorism#8217;; social insecurity is projected onto Muslims, immigrants, minorities. Social problems of increasing triviality are subjected to immense crackdowns and moral panics. In a wave of free homework, disproportion, mitigation and even innocence are cast aside in the search for someone to blame. Meanwhile, people are repeatedly subject to tirades to demonstrating financial essay #8216;take responsibility#8217; for problems (from unemployment to alcoholism to post-traumatic stress) which the experts know very well are not really self-caused. We are subject to a blackmail by identity, condemned for what we are labelled as in free help the code, not for what we are. For Baudrillard, this is a consequence of the disappearance of causes and the power of research, effects. It reflects something deeper: the world is held collectively responsible for free sites the system. If the system is infringed, the world will have to be destroyed. Or rather, we are #8216;psychologically programmed to destroy ourselves#8217; if the system collapses.
We could think of transition, this as the code blackmailing reality. Though the code is tautological and does not depend on reality, it holds reality responsible for itself, and punishes reality if it collapses or crashes. This generalisation of responsibility can be traced back to the loss of symbolic exchange. Generalised, unlimited responsibility occurs because nothing is exchanged anymore, the terms of sites, exchange are simply exchanged among themselves. The system produces nothing but vertigo and fascination. Generalised responsibility becomes the same as generalised irresponsibility and the collapse of social relations. Values such as responsibility, justice and violence continue to circulate only climax of hamlet essays, as simulations imposed by free homework help sites, the state. This in turn is fatal for the #8216;scene#8217; of demonstrating, politics. On a similar note, there is an ideology of exhuming, documenting, rediscovering the real Ė from reality TV to the preservation of historical artefacts and indigenous groups Ė which according to Baudrillard, simply reinforces the process of killing and then simulating. What is preserved is free help, never what it would have been without intervention.
We constantly recreate and apa format relive bits of the past and present which are now simulated. The real has become our utopia, that we dream of free homework help sites, as if of a lost object. An entire culture now labours at counterfeiting itself. This only exacerbates the problems. Climax Of Hamlet Essays? Inertia gets worse and worse as simulations of past forms, frozen in time, proliferate and overgrow their uses. Production and meaning are replaced by simulation and help sites fascination. The content Ė information, culture, commodities Ė is now simply the support for the operation of the code, the medium.
The function of the code is simply to reproduce the masses. Information devours its own contents by turning the real into the hyperreal. The media has a special place in the implosion of courage essay, meaning. In particular, it creates a pressure of free help sites, excessive information. According to an online saying, ďgetting information from the Internet is demonstrating need scholarship essay, like taking a drink from a fire hydrantĒ. For Baudrillard, this leads to the destructuring of the social. Free Homework Sites? Social life undergoes entropy. It implodes.
Baudrillard also portrays the media as performing certain functions. Africa Research Paper? It juxtaposes disaster and disorder, shown in the news and in most TV shows (from action films and crime dramas to documentaries and police-camera reality-shows), to the system#8217;s ideal of order, shown in homework help the adverts in between. Research? This order is portrayed as natural wellbeing, but is really a new regime of constraint in consumption. The media also injects people with a vaccine of unthreatening, mediated violence which keeps fatality at bay by displaying its signs. This vaccine covers up the actual fragility of consumerism. It restores grandeur and free homework help sublimity to the everyday by making it seem under threat. At the same time, the media encourages a sense of security. Essays? Even when it presents violence or disaster, the fact of not #8216;being there#8217; while watching it makes it reinforce security. Through the media, we never reach the real event, but only free homework help, its informational stand-in, which is africa, open to endless interpretation. It is above all the form of the media, not the specific content, which has an sites, ideological effect.
The media#8217;s specific informational content is subordinate to the function of producing consensus by deterring thought. Knowledge of the event as an aspect of writing papers, life is prevented, creating an atmosphere of free sites, stupidity. Consensus functions by the exclusion of more radical others, and the mobilisation of resources to destroy them. It is achieved by powerlessness. The personal response, and responsiveness, is not possible in mass media. Climax? Disasters past and present are neutralised in a simple emotional response. Events like Live Aid involve viewers enjoying the spectacle of their own compassion. News programmes treat all spectacles as interchangeable, reducing everything to help sites spectacle. As a result, the writing media mainly talks about itself. Free? The real function of the media is to transmit the general outlook of reducing everything to signs. Media technologies subtly alter how viewers and need readers think.
Viewers have to homework help unconsciously decode stories, and as a result, internalise the climax essays code. Behind the shifting images lies a conception of a world which can be seen, divided into segments, and read in signs. Increasingly, only what can be read is allowed to exist. The differences between news and adverts are also significant: whereas adverts are cheery and encourage engagement, news encourages lack of concern through a blank, neutral tone. An ideological code of mass culture is created through the mass media#8217;s formal homogeneity, and free through technical processes such as articulation and segmentation. Mass culture, according to Baudrillard, is a set of ritualised signs of culture, with no actual content.
For example, he refers to the isolated knowledge and trivia of quiz shows. Culture is reduced to the lowest common denominator of right answers. Essays+aria? Speed of reaction-time and free trial-and-error replace intellectual questioning of the answers. The form of the question-answer or stimulus-response pairing is transition for college, reproduced across capitalist culture. Participation in help sites a liturgy or ritual is all that remains of demonstrating financial need scholarship essay, collective participation, and it would be undermined by symbolic processes. People affiliate to groups by reproducing their signs.
This occurs both with specific groups, such as Guardian- or Sun-readers, and across the entire culture. It creates a kind of homework sites, magical communion of the mass through electronic mass media. People are ďretribalisedĒ through a simulated totality, arising from signs which demand cultural complicity instead of climax, conveying a meaning-content. Language becomes a fetish by being used mainly for ingroup collusion. What are the help social effects of all these changes? The main function of the of hamlet changes is to actualise and preserve the homework help sites system. Ultimately, the system seeks only to preserve itself.
The ultimate end of politics, concealed by democratic discourse, is to maintain control of the population by any means necessary, including terror. The system is a kind of violence without consequences. It constantly dominates through deterrence, without this gesture being returned or reversed. It is sustained by fascination for the system#8217;s operations. And its effects on the everyday? The social is now a special effect.
The appearance of networks converging on an empty site of collective happiness produces the special effect. Jfk In? Consumption now functions like labour. It is a kind of work, which gives the system sign-value. We have lost the social, the real, and sites power. We don#8217;t know how to mourn them. We become fascinated by the real as a lost object. Melancholy (depression) becomes the dominant tone of social life. It is a brutal disaffection arising from demonstrating financial need scholarship, generalised simulation and help the loss of intensity and meaning. The system seems too strong to papers be checked.
People become fascinated at what is free homework help, happening to signs and to reality. The lines between categories become vague and courage categories begin to disappear, or become poorly defined or all-encompassing. The lack of differentiation Ė the collapse of the segmenting categories Ė brings us back to a terrifying, undivided nature. Interstitial space Ė the space between things Ė disappears. We are overwhelmed by the over-proximity of all things, like in the Lacanian view of psychosis. It#8217;s not so much that reality doesn#8217;t exist, as that it is homework help sites, inaccessible from within a regime of simulation. Transparency has the effect of demonstrating scholarship, curtailing intensity. Free Sites? Social life falls into a stupor or inertia, #8216;deterred#8217; by the code and by paper, its own transparency. Today, illusion no longer counts.
Survival depends on the real, the object. This has negative effects. Objectivity is the opposite of fatality, and is always subject to law. This is another way of saying that we are lacking the symbolic dimension. This lack resounds throughout various fields, putting an end to free homework sites values. The autonomy of the system of signs puts an end to the regime of essay, signs, of representation, and of production. Aesthetics are destroyed by the cold, systematic reproduction of functional objects, including objects signifying beauty. Signs become socially mobile, as in the phenomena of kitsch and cliche.
All the humanist criteria of value Ė from morality to truth to aesthetics Ė disappear, because the sites code rests on indifference and neutralisation. Writing Research? Capitalism almost becomes a parody of itself. The situation of indistinction which reason and science have historically struggled against help sites, is now coming into existence, because of hyperreality Ė because a lot of what exists is jfk in courage essay, neither objectively true nor subjectively imagined. Panic tends to arise because of the functioning of value separately from its referential contents. We are living through a collapse of free help sites, meaning. [Part Ten will be published next week. Click here for essays+aria other essays in this series.] Sep 7, 2012 12:00. This is the homework help sites latest column I can see, have more recent ones been posted yet? Sep 8, 2012 21:06. Hi Nick, there#8217;s been two more instalments. Please search for #8216;Baudrillard#8217; from the homepage or look under the #8216;In Theory#8217; column archive. H. Sep 9, 2012 20:09.
[#8230;] zeker ook: Andrew Robinson, Jean Baudrillard: Hyperreality and Implosion, Ceasefire Magazine, augustus, 2012 Share this:FacebookTwitterE-mailadd thisRedditStumbleUponDiggVind ik leuk:LikeBe the first to like [#8230;] Mar 6, 2013 11:55. [#8230;] this essay on Baudrillard, which I found intersting and it got me thinking about how we protray/interpet everyday things. Are [#8230;] Sep 21, 2013 21:22. That#8217;s a very funny parody of postmodernism. Jan 3, 2014 23:09. Mar 23, 2014 9:55. [#8230;] Hyperreality affects us all. Weíre increasingly lost in its mesh of simulation.
Yet weíre blind to it because we are blinded by it. As Andrew Robinson puts it in his mesmerizing article in Ceasefire Magazine: [#8230;] Sep 18, 2014 16:52. [#8230;] Hyperreality: Relating to a state of reality that exists on the borderline between the real and the non-real, between consensus and the virtual. https://ceasefiremagazine.co.uk/in-theory-baudrillard-9/ [#8230;] Sep 28, 2014 1:49. [#8230;] powerful addition to social media bad for our mental health Ė perhaps for some? Are we living in Baudrillardís hyperreality Ė how would we [#8230;] Dec 19, 2014 10:42. [#8230;] over courage, was initialised by a reach for my phone to flick through the strange and surreal versions of (hyper)reality I routinely gorge myself on in an effort to feel connected and important. My feed included a photo [#8230;] May 12, 2015 15:13. [#8230;] it seems that Baudrillard#8217;s theory of hyperrealism fits perfectly with what Lou experiences on the set of the TV station. And this gets me to thinking [#8230;] Jun 14, 2015 10:29. [#8230;] Entropy may also be defined as Ďuseless informationí Ė which is to say, information that tells us nothing new, nothing that hasnít been said before a million billion times, nothing useful or usable.
Useless information is redundancy, it is a kind of background hum of recycled or repeated information that might Ė if you were slap-dash enough in your outlook Ė appear to be something new, something useful, something interesting. Free Homework Help Sites? As it happens, the major part of our culture is made up of this sort of endlessly recycled and very superficially revamped information. This is what Jean Baudrillard speaks of as the jfk in courage essay Realm of the Hyperreal Ė the world which Ďfeeds off itselfí, the world which is made up of references to some idea or theory we have of it. Free Homework Help Sites? According to Andrew Robinson: [#8230;] Oct 21, 2015 15:53. [#8230;] of artworks, but fundamentally serving only their own commerce; mere #8216;simulacra#8217; in Baudrillard#8217;s term. One starts to question as Umberto Eco does, whether American culture itself is losing its [#8230;] Nov 11, 2015 0:51. [#8230;] the Internet the Hyperreal? Or is it the richard essays+aria Library of Babel! Don#8217;t forget about your final presentations Magic [#8230;] Dec 10, 2015 7:06. Dec 16, 2015 12:13. Free Homework? [#8230;] horse altogether. Who needs a horse? We are Ďpromoting the hyperreal over the realí because the hyperreal has become the new real.
The hyperreal always becomes Ďthe new realí Ė thatís the whole [#8230;] Feb 14, 2016 19:17. [#8230;] one is a distorted view of reality. There view of the world is skewed and not realistic anymore. A hyperreality exists. Video games in particular contributed to this phenomenon. An example would be Daniel [#8230;] Mar 30, 2016 16:34. [#8230;] more open to cliche and superficial romanticism. Curtis has managed to create this British hyperreality in which Curtis#8217; construct of romance is then believed to be the actual reality, and in turn [#8230;] May 2, 2016 19:41. Jun 13, 2016 3:48. [#8230;] Jean Baudrillard: Hyperreality and Implosion | Ceasefire #8230; Ė All is not well in courage the world of the capitalist code. In the latest essay of his series on Jean Baudrillard, Andrew Robinson explores the French thinker#8217;s account of #8230; [#8230;] Aug 15, 2016 16:26. [#8230;] in order to inject certain universal truths about the nature of man and media. In an article forCeasefire magazine, Andrew Robinson deconstructs Jean BaudrillardĎs hyper-reality.
A concept prominently observed [#8230;] Sep 7, 2016 22:25. [#8230;] An A to Z of Theory | Jean Baudrillard: Hyperreality and Implosion [#8230;] Nov 30, 2016 21:44. Sites? [#8230;] (Accessed: 2016). Robinson, A. (2012) Jean Baudrillard: Hyperreality and Implosion. Available at: https://ceasefiremagazine.co.uk/in-theory-baudrillard-9/ (Accessed: [#8230;] Dec 16, 2016 9:46. Jan 8, 2017 18:12. [#8230;] and conditions our perception of the world. As political theorist Andrew Robinson comments in his definition of transition essay, hyperreality: ďIt is homework sites, as if, at a certain point of time, we left reality behind, and papers never noticed until now. [#8230;] Jan 20, 2017 21:01. Mar 3, 2017 14:28. Mar 5, 2017 20:57. [#8230;] are now simulated. The real has become our utopia, that we dream of as if of sites, a lost objectĒ. https://ceasefiremagazine.co.uk/in-theory-baudrillard-9/.
He powerfully implies that much of what we show is a myth built on a [#8230;] Mar 20, 2017 3:17. [#8230;] a physical scale, Robinson states that tangible mediums such as supermarkets no longer have a #8216;core function#8217; [#8230;] [#8230;] Baudrillard, J 2012, #8216;An A to jfk in essay Z of Theory: Jean Baudrillard: Hyperreality and Implosion#8217;, CeaseFire, 10 August, viewed 30th March 2017, https://ceasefiremagazine.co.uk/in-theory-baudrillard-9/ [#8230;] May 11, 2017 23:14. May 17, 2017 14:16. [#8230;] has seen the notion of global, third-space networking and communications become a reality, or Baudrillardian hyper-reality, as it were. Here we find some of the central elements of a culture in and of itself: a centralised [#8230;] Ceasefire Magazine 2002-2017. All Rights Reserved. Sign up for entries RSS and for the comments RSS.
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2. Transition Words Essay? _____ I can play (or used to play) a musical instrument. 3. _____ I can associate music with my moods. 4. _____ I can add or multiply in my head. 5. _____ I like to work with calculators and computers. 6. _____ I pick up new dance steps fast. 7. _____ It's easy for free homework help sites, me to say what I think in an argument or debate.
8. _____ I enjoy a good lecture, speech or sermon. 9. Essay? _____ I always know north from free, south no matter where I am. 10. _____ Life seems empty without music. 11. Jfk In Courage Essay? _____ I always understand the directions that come with new gadgets or appliances. 12. Free Homework Help Sites? _____ I like to work puzzles and play games.
13. _____ Learning to richard, ride a bike (or skates) was easy. 14. _____ I am irritated when I hear an argument or statement that sounds illogical. 15. Free Sites? _____ My sense of balance and climax of hamlet essays, coordination is good. 16. _____ I often see patterns and relationships between numbers faster and easier than others. 17. _____ I enjoy building models (or sculpting). 18. _____ I'm good at homework help, finding the fine points of word meanings. 19. _____ I can look at an object one way and see it sideways or backwards just as easily. 20. _____ I often connect a piece of for college essay, music with some event in free homework help sites my life. 21. Apa Format Research? _____ I like to work with numbers and figures. 22. _____ Just looking at sites, shapes of buildings and structures is pleasurable to rodriguez, me.
23. Free Homework? _____ I like to hum, whistle and sing in the shower or when I'm alone. 24. _____ I'm good at athletics. 25. South Paper? _____ I'd like to study the structure and logic of languages. 26. Free Help? _____ I'm usually aware of the south africa expression on my face. 27. _____ I'm sensitive to sites, the expressions on other people's faces.
28. _____ I stay in touch with my moods. Richard Rodriguez? I have no trouble identifying them. 29. _____ I am sensitive to the moods of others. 30. Free Homework Help Sites? _____ I have a good sense of what others think of me. MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE SCORING SHEET. Place a check mark by each item you marked as true. Add your totals. A total of transition for college, four in any of the categories A through E indicates strong ability. Sites? In categories F and G a score of one or more means you have abilities as well. The Seven Multiple Intelligences in Children.
Children who are strongly: reading, writing, telling stories, playing word games, etc. books, tapes, writing tools paper diaries, dialogues, discussion, debate stories. experimenting, questioning, figuring out essay, puzzles, calculating, etc. things to explore and sites, think about, science materials, manipulatives, trips to the planetarium and science museum. in images and pictures.
designing, drawing, visualizing, doodling, etc. art, LEGOs, video, movies, slides, imagination games, mazes, puzzles, illustrated books, trips to art museums. through somatic sensations. dancing, running, jumping, building, touching, gesturing, etc. role play, drama, movement, things to build, sports and demonstrating financial need, physical games, tactile experiences, hands-on learning. via rhythms and melodies. singing, whistling, humming, tapping feet and hands, listening, etc.. sing-along time, trips to concerts, music playing at home and school, musical instruments.
by bouncing ideas off other people. leading, organizing, relating, manipulating, mediating, partying, etc. friends, group games, social gatherings, community events, clubs, mentors/apprenticeships. deeply inside themselves. setting goals, meditating, dreaming, being quiet, secret places, time alone, self-paced projects, choices. CHECKLIST FOR ASSESSING STUDENTS' MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES. Name of free sites, Student: ___________________________________. In each of the following categories, check all items that apply.
_____ writes better than average for for college, age. _____ spins tall tales or tells jokes and stories. _____ has a good memory for homework sites, names, places, dates, or trivia. _____ enjoys word games. _____ enjoys reading books. _____ spells words accurately (preschool: does developmental spelling that is writing, advanced for age)
_____ appreciates nonsense rhymes, puns, tongue twisters, etc. _____ enjoys listening to the spoken word (stories, commentary on help the radio, talking, books) _____ has a good vocabulary for age. _____ communicates to others in a highly verbal way. Other Linguistic Strengths: _____ asks a lot of questions about how things work. _____ computes arithmetic problems in his/her head quickly (preschool: math concepts are advanced for financial scholarship, age)
_____ enjoys math class (preschool: enjoys counting and doing other things with number) _____ finds math computer games interesting (no exposure to computers: enjoys other math or counting games) _____ enjoys playing chess, checkers, or other strategy games (preschool: board games requiring counting squares) _____ enjoys working on logic puzzles or brain teasers (preschool: enjoys hearing logical nonsense such as in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland) _____ enjoys putting things in categories or hierarchies. _____ likes to free help sites, experiment in a way that shows higher order cognitive thinking processes. _____ thinks on a more abstract or conceptual level than peers. _____ has a good sense of cause-effect for apa format writing, age. Other Logical-Mathematical Strengths: _____ reports clear visual images. _____ reads maps, charts, and diagrams more easily that text (preschool: enjoys visuals more than text)
_____ daydreams more than peers. _____ enjoys art activities. _____ draws figures that are advanced for age. _____ likes to free homework help, view movies, slides, or other visual presentations. _____ enjoys doing puzzles, mazes, Where's Waldo? or similar visual activities. _____ builds interesting three-dimensional constructions for age (e.g., LEGO buildings) _____ gets more out of pictures than words while reading. _____ doodles on workbooks, worksheets, or other materials.
Other Spatial Strengths: _____ excels in courage one or more sports (preschool: shows physical prowress advanced for sites, age) _____ moves, twitches, taps, or fidgets while seated for a long time in one spot. _____ cleverly mimics other people's gestures or mannerisms. _____ loves to take things apart and put them back together again. _____ put his/her hands all over need essay, something he/she's just seen.
_____ enjoys running, jumping, wrestling, or similar activities (older: show this in free homework a more restrained way, e.g., woodworking, sewing, mechanics) or good fine-motor coordination in other ways. _____ has a dramatic way of climax of hamlet essays, expressing himself/herself. _____ reports different physical sensations while thinking or working. _____ enjoys working with clay or other tactile experiences (e.g., finger-painting) Other Bodily-Kinesthetic Strengths: _____ tells you when music sounds off-key or disturbing in some way other way. _____ remembers melodies of songs.
_____ has a good singing voice. _____ plays a musical instrument or sings in free homework help sites choir or other group (preschool: enjoys playing percussion instruments and/or singing in a group) _____ has a rhythmic way of speaking and/or moving. _____ unconsciously hums to himself/herself. _____ taps rhythmically on the table or desks as he/she works. _____ sensitive to environmental noises (e.g., rain on the roof)
Other Musical Strengths: _____ enjoys socializing with peers. _____ seems to demonstrating financial need scholarship essay, be a natural leader. _____ gives advice to free homework help sites, friends who have problems. _____ seems to be street smart. _____ belongs to climax of hamlet essays, clubs, committees, or other group organizations (preschool: seems to be part of free help sites, a general education social group) _____ enjoys informally teaching other kids.
_____ likes to africa, play games with other kids. _____ has two or more close friends. _____ has a good sense of free homework help sites, empathy or concern for others. _____ others seek out his/her empathy or concern for others. _____ others seek out south africa research, his/her company. Other Interpersonal Strengths: _____ displays a sense of free help sites, independence or a strong will. _____ has a realistic sense of climax, his/her strengths and weaknesses.
_____ does well when left alone or to play or study. _____ marches to the beat of a different drummer in free his/her style of living and essays+aria, learning. _____ has an interest or hobby that he/she doesn't talk much about. _____ has a good sense of self-direction. _____ prefers working alone to working with others.
_____ accurately expresses how he/she is feeling. _____ is able to free homework sites, learn from his/her failures and apa format writing research papers, successes in life. _____ has high self-esteem. Other Intrapersonal Strengths: Excerpted from Armstrong, Thomas. Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom, Alexandria, Virginia, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (1994). MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES: STRATEGIES IN THE CLASSROOM. The following list provides a survey of the free homework help techniques and materials that can be employed in teaching through the multiple intelligences. lectures, debates large- and small-group discussions books, worksheets, manuals brainstorming writing activities word games sharing time storytelling, speeches, reading to class talking books and writing research papers, cassettes extemporaneous speaking journal keeping choral reading individualized reading memorizing linguistic facts tape recording one's words using word processors publishing (e.g., creating class newspapers) mathematical problems on homework help sites the board Socratic questioning scientific demonstrations logical problem-solving exercises creating codes logic puzzles and jfk in courage, games classifications and free sites, categorizations quantifications and africa, calculations computer programming languages science thinking logical-sequential presentation of free homework help sites, subject matter Piagetian cognitive stretching exercises Heuristic. charts, graphs, diagrams, and maps visualization photography videos, slides, and essays, movies visual puzzles and mazes 3-D construction kits art appreciation imaginative storytelling picture metaphors creative daydreaming painting, collage, visual arts idea sketching visual thinking exercises graphic symbols using mind-maps and other visual organizers computer graphics software visual awareness activities optical illusions color cues telescopes, microscopes, and free homework help, binoculars visual awareness activities draw-and-paint/computer- assisted-design software picture literacy experiences.
creative movement, mime hands-on thinking field trips the richard classroom teacher competitive and free, cooperative games physical awareness and relaxation exercises all hands-on activities crafts body maps use of kinesthetic imagery cooking, gardening, and other messy activities manipulatives virtual reality software kinesthetic concepts physical education activities communicating with body language/ hand signals tactile materials and essays, experiences body answers. musical concepts singing, humming, whistling playing recorded music playing live music on piano, guitar, or other instruments group singing mood music music appreciation playing percussion instruments rhythms, songs, raps, chants using background music linking old tunes with concepts discographies creating new melodies for concepts listening to inner musical imagery music software supermemory music. cooperative groups interpersonal interaction conflict mediation peer teaching board games cross-age tutoring group brainstorming sessions peer sharing community involvement apprenticeships simulations academic clubs interactive software parties / social gatherings as context for learning people sculpting. independent study feeling-toned moments self-paced instruction individualized projects and games private spaces for free, study one-minute reflection periods interest centers personal connections options for demonstrating need scholarship essay, homework choice time self-teaching programmed instruction exposure to inspirational/ motivational curricula self-esteem activities journal keeping goal setting sessions. Excerpted from help sites, Armstrong, T. Climax Essays? Multiple Intelligences In The Classroom . Free Help? Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (1994).
ďIf we are to essays, achieve a richer culture. we must weave one in which each diverse human gift will find a fitting place.Ē