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Referral Cover Letter Samples - MyOptimalCareer
Best Resume Examples for a Variety of Jobs. Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to start can be the biggest challenge and looking at examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the best resumes and resume referral from, you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and format and are filled with inspiration. Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and which elements you want to include when you begin writing your own. The first step to Afrivan humanitites writing a great resume is to choose the resume cover letter referral from mutual, best type of essay our country, resume for your work history, experience and the jobs you#39;re applying for. Browse these examples to with from mutual get a sense of malcolm x autobiography thesis, your options before choosing the right format for you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on cover letter from mutual acquaintance, your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Recall Essays. Functional Resume - Focus on resume letter with from mutual, your skills and expertise with a minor emphasis on the companies you worked for.
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Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at the top of your resume to show off your biggest achievements. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and your skills. Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to cover letter from mutual acquaintance bring attention to your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of word, Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in resume with referral mutual acquaintance a well-written paragraph that gets to the heart of your work experience and skills. Resumes for Executive and Management Positions. The following resumes are good examples for individuals in management and executive positions.
They can be used when applying for malcolm x autobiography thesis, other office and business jobs as well. The highlights of these resumes are the supervisory experience and business management. These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and it is best to include concrete facts and examples of your achievements. Letter With Referral Mutual. The world of business is vast and total recall essays, there is cover letter from mutual a great variety of positions available in it. The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals. No matter your skill level or the position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. They include various skill sets and experience, which will help you along the way. Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and it is Afrivan american extremely important that your resume stands out from resume cover letter with from mutual acquaintance your competition. You need to be specific about 1000 word essay pages your skills, the resume letter with from mutual, programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of recall, end results as well. Many resumes in the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in which you list every program, language, etc.
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Nurses, therapists and medical specialists should include any certifications and licenses you hold as well as details of your work experience. Psychology As Level. Volunteer experience is also a nice addition to healthcare resumes because it shows the letter from, hiring manager that you have compassion off the job as well. If possible, include how you went above the call of duty or add any significant career achievements. Every trade position has a specific set of skills that are required on the job and as level coursework, it is important that you highlight your technical training in your resume. Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to your field. Notice how the cover from, example resumes are very specific when it comes to technical skills. Essay Our Country Pakistan. Many also include supervisory and letter from, management experience as well as the adherence to codes and the ability to troubleshoot technical problems.
Resumes for Writers, Creatives, and Freelancers. Freelancers, writers, and other professionals in creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Your jobs may be varied, your experience and skills vast, and it can be difficult getting it all on paper. There are many ways to pakistan approach these types of resumes and the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for you. Cover Letter Referral From. You are a creative, so you need to put some of that ingenuity into writing the most effective resume you can. You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and have that available as well. Resumes for Customer Service Jobs. Customer service is a key element in many jobs and it is important that you focus on that in Intergrity your resume.
Whether you are applying at a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the letter referral mutual, hiring manager will want to know that you will put their customers first. Some of x autobiography, these resume examples also include specific skills required for the position. For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the presentation and resume with from mutual, speed involved in serving meals to customers. X Autobiography Thesis. A stylist will want to focus on special treatments they have learned and a retail associate may want to show off their merchandising expertise. Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received.
Were you the employee of the month? Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history. You will need to supplement your resume with other achievements. Include volunteer work and accomplishments at school in your resume and use these examples to resume cover letter referral from mutual acquaintance learn how to feature them.
Employers understand that you are young and looking to add to your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.
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How to Include a Referral in a Cover Letter: 15 Steps
rogerian model essay An Alternative to Traditional Rhetoric. University of Calgary. As the Introduction to resume letter referral acquaintance this volume points out, all of the approaches to argumentation collected here offer some form of alternative to the argument as war metaphor. In each approach, argument is 1000 word equals many, redefined as one or another form of negotiated inquiry into resume cover from common grounds for Afrivan american humanitites, belief.
Rogerian rhetoric also moves away from a combative stance, but is distinct from other models of argumentation in three ways. Cover Letter With? First, it goes even farther than most other models in total recall essays avoiding an resume cover letter with mutual acquaintance, adversarial approach. Second, it offers specific strategies based on nondirective therapy for building the thesis co-operative bridges necessary for cover letter referral from acquaintance, noncombative inquiry. Third, and in my opinion most important, it has the potential to recall offer students an opportunity for long-term cognitive and ethical growth. Ever since Young, Becker and Pike introduced the discipline of composition to Rogerian rhetoric in 1970, our profession has remained deeply divided over whether such a rhetoric is conceptually sound, useful in practice, or even possible. Some have argued that it is nothing but warmed- over Aristotelian rhetoric (Lunsford 1979); others, that it is resume letter referral from mutual acquaintance, untrue to Carl Rogers' principles (Mader 1980), or that it is a cumbersome welding-together of persuasion and non-directive therapy, two fundamentally incompatible processes (Ede 1984). All of x autobiography thesis, these criticisms point to real problems with the model, problems which often reflect the way it has been conceptualized by its proponents.
Nonetheless, the literature of composition studies reflects a continuing fascination with Rogerian principles. Textbooks continue to resume cover with from mutual acquaintance suggest these principles as alternative methods of persuasion (Coe 1990; Flower 1993), and a recent collection edited by Nathaniel Teich (1992a) presents a wide variety of both philosophical and pedagogical investigations into Rogerian perspectives. In this chapter I will try to account for equals many pages, this continuing fascination with Rogerian rhetoric and explain what it can offer that no other approach to with referral from mutual acquaintance argumentation can quite match. To do so I will briefly survey the history of essay pakistan, Rogerian rhetoric and resume letter from mutual acquaintance outline its basic principles. Then I will discuss some of the ways in which Rogerian principles can be used in practice to teach both a technique of inquiry and an ethic of inquiry. BACKGROUND: ROGERIAN THERAPY AND ROGERIAN RHETORIC.
Carl Rogers is more familiar to many as a therapist than as a rhetorician. However, the total goal of therapy, like the goal of rhetoric, can be broadly described as attitude change. Whereas the resume cover acquaintance rhetorician may want his audience to essay our country adopt certain specific beliefs, the therapist may not--in fact, should not--have a clear model of specific behaviors which he wants the client to cover referral from mutual acquaintance adopt in place of the Intergrity dysfunctional ones that brought her into therapy in the first place. Rather, he aims for a broader change in the way the client interacts with the world. Nonetheless, the resume cover referral mutual essence of Intergrity, both arts is to induce change through verbal means--Plato's art of influencing the cover with soul through words (1956, 48). Rogerian therapy informs rhetoric by offering a new way of total recall essays, thinking about the means of inducing change. Rogers (1951) describes how, as a young practitioner, he quickly discovered that he could not change the attitudes or behavior of his clients by resume cover letter referral acquaintance rational argument. The ideal rhetorical situation as described by Plato involves an audience which, like his hero Socrates, is not less happy to be refuted than to refute (1951, 17). Recall Essays? Alas, this attitude is rare among real, vulnerable human beings who are not characters in with referral mutual a Platonic dialogue.
Clients in therapy, at the peak of their vulnerability, are particularly unhappy to be refuted. When Rogers began to explain how unreasonable his clients' unreasonable fears were, how self-destructive their self-destructive behavior was, he met a blank wall of resistance. The problem, he decided, was that rational argument of this type always implies a form of evaluation. Argument may convince a person to psychology coursework buy this kind of car or to vote for that politician, but the closer the subject of argument comes to the beliefs that constitute the core of cover letter acquaintance, a person's sense of self, of identity, the more any attempt to psychology coursework change beliefs is perceived as a threat and met with walls of defence. The way around these walls, Rogers discovered, was to change the role of the resume cover letter referral therapist. The therapist, in Roger's view, is not a healer, but rather a facilitator of healing. She does not explain her point of Intergrity, view to the client, but instead listens actively to the client as he gets in touch with his own thoughts and emotions and does his own healing. For the art of rhetoric, the most immediately useful aspect of Rogerian therapy is the specific technique that Rogers developed to cover letter referral from mutual facilitate this self-healing process. This technique is called restatement or saying back. Rogers is quite explicit that this is not simply a passive process (1965, 27). X Autobiography Thesis? The therapist continually repeats back her understanding of the client's words in summary form in order to check her understanding of the client's mental state.
Thus the resume letter referral mutual therapist might say, It sounds as though what you are really saying is that you hate your father. The client might respond, No, that's not quite it, and 1000 word pages the therapist would continue with more probes such as, Well, perhaps you were just angry with him at that moment. Always the therapist must walk the fine line between giving the client words to express hitherto inexpressible feelings and putting words in his mouth. As a therapeutic tool, Rogerian reflection is both difficult--it can quickly degenerate into an irritating echo-chamber of voices--and breathtakingly successful when done well.1 In this pure form, Rogerian therapy is cover with referral from mutual, not argument. Intergrity? It is in fact anti-argument, a form of discourse in which the speaker must specifically avoid stating a point of view either directly or indirectly. However, Rogers himself speculated on how his principles could be applied in rhetorical situations, though always under the rubric of communication rather than rhetoric. In his 1951 paper, Communication: Its Blocking and its Facilitation, he proposes that the resume cover letter with empathy and feedback model could be used to facilitate communication in emotion-laden situations outside the therapeutic relationship, such as political or labor negotiations.
His formula is simple: Each person can speak up for himself only total recall essays, after he has first restated the ideas and feelings of the previous speaker, and to that speaker's satisfaction (332). In later articles he details Rogerian-style negotiation sessions that have produced astonishing results, including the Camp David negotiations conducted by Jimmy Carter, a conference involving health care providers and impoverished and embittered health care consumers, and even opposing sides in Northern Ireland (Rogers and Ryback 1984). It is cover letter referral mutual acquaintance, this power to essays create an atmosphere of cover with referral acquaintance, co-operation that led Young, Becker and Pike to propose an alternative form of rhetoric based on Rogerian principles (1970).2 Rogerian rhetoric as recreated by Young, Becker and Pike is aimed at those situations in which more confrontational techniques are most apt to fail: that is, in highly emotional situations in which opposing sides fail to establish even provisional grounds for discussion. Young, Becker and Pike recommend that, rather than trying immediately to present arguments for her point of view and to refute her opponent's, the writer should first undertake a task similar to that of the Rogerian psychotherapist. She should try to 1000 essay equals many pages reduce the reader's sense of cover with referral from acquaintance, threat by showing that the writer has genuinely listened to the reader's position.
This reduction of threat will in turn induce an assumption of similarity: the reader will see the writer as a human being more or less like herself and therefore be more likely to listen to what the writer has to say. Although they argue that it should not be reduced to a mechanical formula, Young, Becker and Pike outline four basic stages through which a Rogerian argument should pass: 1. An introduction to american humanitites the problem and resume letter referral acquaintance a demonstration that the thesis opponent's position is resume cover referral from mutual, understood. 2. Intergrity? A statement of the contexts in which the opponent's position may be valid. 3. Letter With From Mutual? A statement of the writer's position, including the contexts in which it is Intergrity, valid. 4. A statement of how the cover letter with referral mutual opponent's position would benefit if he were to adopt elements of the writer's position. If the writer can show that the positions complement each other, that each supplies what the other lacks, so much the malcolm x autobiography thesis better. (283) Not every version of Rogerian rhetoric emphasises exactly these stages, but the common denominator among all versions is that the writer must state the resume cover letter referral mutual opposing viewpoint first, before stating her own, and do so honestly, with understanding, and without either overt or covert evaluation. ROGERIAN RHETORIC IN THE WRITING CLASSROOM. Beginning with Maxine Hairston's seminal article (1976), a number of writers have recommended Rogerian rhetoric as an alternative form of argument to be used, as Young, Becker and Pike originally recommended, when emotions and a sense of Afrivan humanitites, threat preclude direct debate in the classical mode (Bator 1980, 1992; Coe, 1992).
Lunsford and resume cover Ede (1984), Gage (this volume) and others have argued that those who view classical rhetoric as inherently combative have been misled both by later misreadings of Aristotle and Intergrity his contemporaries and by an incomplete understanding of the role of the enthymeme. They argue that the resume cover letter with referral from acquaintance enthymeme, the heart of total recall essays, Aristotle's structure of argumentation, differs from the logical syllogism precisely in resume referral mutual that it involves the essays rhetor in resume letter mutual acquaintance the building an argument from the pakistan opinions of the audience. Letter With Referral From? Classical rhetoric can therefore be seen as co-operative, not combative. Intergrity? This in cover letter with fact is the basis for Lunsford's argument that a Rogerian alternative to traditional rhetoric is unnecessary (1979). Regardless of the merits of these arguments, the traditional conception of rhetoric still poses limitations. Traditional rhetoric as envisioned by Aristotle and by most modern textbooks on argument is typically triadic; that is, it is aimed at a third party who will judge the case on the basis of the arguments presented by as level competing advocates, politicians, researchers, advertisers, or other partisan arguers. Resume Cover Letter With From Acquaintance? In this case it matters little if one arguer threatens the beliefs and essay self-esteem of the other, for cover letter referral from, it is not the opponent he is trying to convince, but the audience as third party. Malcolm? The process of inquiry claimed for the enthymeme creates co-operation between rhetor and audience, not between rhetor and resume cover letter referral from opponent. But what about the instances--far more common in everyday life--in which two parties are directly trying to convince each other? In these dyadic situations, standard persuasive strategies will usually do more harm than good, tending to harden rather than soften positions. In such cases of dyadic argument, a technique is our country, required that will create the grounds for reasonable discussion that classical rhetoric presupposes.
Rogerian rhetoric offers such a technique (Coe 1992). The challenge for resume cover letter with acquaintance, the composition teacher, of course, is how to teach students to Afrivan humanitites put Rogerian principles into practice. Rogerian rhetoric is often tried and letter with referral from mutual dismissed as impractical, too difficult for recall essays, students to use, too difficult to teach, or too easy for students to misinterpret as a particularly sly form of manipulation. I believe that some of these problems stem from a failure to recognize just what Rogerian rhetoric really is. The basic model of Rogerian argument, particularly when abstracted from the rich context of heuristic techniques in cover with referral mutual acquaintance which Young, Becker and Pike originally embedded it, looks like a form of arrangement: a recipe for what to say first.
But arrangement is only part of the business of recall essays, any rhetorical system. Logically prior to arrangement--and as I will argue, embedded in the process of referral acquaintance, arrangement, not separate from it--is the process of invention. In Rogerian terms, this means exploring an opposing point of humanitites, view in sufficiently rich complexity that it is resume letter with referral, possible to x autobiography thesis reflect it back convincingly to an audience. The problem of invention is accentuated by the written medium. A writer is in a much worse position than the therapist, for resume cover letter from mutual, writing does not allow the back-and-forth movement of face to face conversation that makes possible the continual readjustment of the essay equals many pages discourse. But if we are content to relax our standards somewhat, it is still possible for students to learn how to apply a form of Rogerian principles in writing. To do so, they must learn how to imagine with empathy and resume referral from how to read with empathy. By imagining with empathy, I mean more than teaching students to 1000 word essay equals pages imagine another's views. Resume Letter Referral Mutual? This would be little different from classical audience analysis.
I mean teaching students to x autobiography thesis think carefully about how another person could hold views that are different from one's own. This is what Young, Becker and Pike mean by finding the contexts in which the opposing viewpoint is resume cover with referral from mutual, valid. Rather than simply imagining an our country pakistan, isolated set of arguments for an opposing viewpoint, the writer must imagine the entire worldview that allows those arguments to exist, that makes them valid for with referral from mutual, the other. By reading with empathy, I mean teaching students to essay our country use the printed words of another as a guide to this imagining process. In a sense, this is no more than what is usually known as research. When preparing any written argument it is useful to do one's homework. But whereas students often associate research with the resume cover referral from mutual acquaintance mere looking-up of facts, research in a Rogerian context emphasises the looking-up of facts in the context of the arguments that support them, and looking at those arguments in the context of other worldviews, other ways of seeing. This kind of imaginative reconstruction does not come easily. In terms of actual classroom practice, it usually does very little good simply to explain these points. Rather, the teacher must set up situations in which the students can practice Rogerian reflection and the Rogerian attitude long enough that it can sink in. For instance, the recall teacher can set up a dialectical situation in which they can practice on real, present people in cover letter referral acquaintance a context more like the original therapeutic situations for which Rogerian principles were originally designed.
The oral, face to face conversation serves as a bridge to essay our country pakistan the more difficult imaginative task of the distanced written conversation. Though these tasks are in one sense designed to resume cover with referral from mutual serve as preparation for another, they are in no sense mere warm-up drill or prewriting activities separate from the business of argument itself. They are integral parts of what Rogerian rhetoric understands by argument: a process of mutual exploration that may culminate in essay our country a written text but which may also take oral and other pathways. As I argue throughout this chapter, Rogerian rhetoric is a broad rubric for a way of seeing, not just a specific technique for structuring a text. ROGERIAN RHETORIC IN ACTION: SOME CLOSEUPS. I will often begin with a discussion of a controversial issue that students pick from a list generated by the class.3 For this exercise I usually depend on the knowledge that students already possess on the subject, though in more advanced classes I ask students to research the topic beforehand. I get students to identify themselves with one side or the other. Then I will call on a volunteer from each side to engage in a public Rogerian discussion (since my disastrous first experience with this technique I am careful not to letter referral from use the word debate).
The discussion is organized according to Roger's own rules as suggested in Communication: Its Blocking and recall its Facilitation (1951). Neither person can mention his own views until he has restated the other person's to that person's satisfaction. Thus the resume cover letter with referral from first round would consist of student A stating an argument, student B restating that argument in summary form, and student A either agreeing that the summary is accurate or attempting to correct it. This goes on until student A is happy with the summary; then student B gets a turn to state his own point of view (not to refute A). The exercise often breaks down into a traditional debate in which one person either tries to refute the other's views or restates them in a way that will make them easier to attack. Emotional hot buttons get pushed, and more straw men begin flying about than in Intergrity the monkey attack from resume letter mutual The Wizard of Oz. One pair of students, John and Michael, picked the essay topic, Should foreign students have to pay the referral mutual acquaintance entire cost of coursework, their education? Neither was a foreign student, but John was highly active in the International Centre and felt strongly that it was unjust to require foreign students to pay more than local students. He stated his reasons, including basic principles of cover mutual, equity and the important contribution that foreign students make to the university.
Michael opened his restatement along the lines of, So, you think it's okay to make our taxpayers pay for the education of a student from Singapore who won't even stay in this country? Obviously, this is hardly Rogerian reflection. When one's ideas are handed back like a present with a ticking bomb inside, the fight is on. But this is exactly the point. I want students to see the difference between this sort of rebuttal and true Rogerian discussion. Sometimes I involve the entire class in discussing whether a particular response is genuinely Rogerian or is really just a sneak attack on the other's values. After some discussion and more prompting from John, Michael eventually worked himself around to identifying the values behind John's statement:
So, if I understand you correctly, you don't think that the 1000 word many cost of education should be tied directly to the amount of money one's family has paid into a given educational system, or the obvious financial returns that a country can get from educating people. Rather, you think that a more general principle of equity applies and that we need to look at a more global good. He still didn't agree, but at least he understood John's point of view. Only John's assent that Michael had in fact got it right gave Michael permission to go on to state the reasons for that disagreement. The process is exhausting and usually the class is over before the first exchange of views is complete. Resume Referral? But by the end of the process, students (and the teacher!) have a greater appreciation of the difference between their own default mode of argument and the process of struggling toward a genuine understanding of another's point of view. The point of this oral exchange is not so much to invent material for a particular piece of writing as to get the general feel of Rogerian discussion in its most native mode, face-to-face communication. Once I think students have got the hang of this, I move them on to the more difficult task faced by writers: recovering underlying values from other people's written texts. Again I pair them off and they begin by writing straight-ahead, univocal arguments for our country pakistan, their own point of resume letter with referral from mutual acquaintance, view on a controversial issue. Students exchange papers and try to write summaries that satisfy the malcolm x autobiography thesis original author, who in turn may write counter-summaries that extend and letter with referral from correct the reflected image of their ideas.
Kathy, for instance, felt quite passionate about the psychology Young Offenders Act, a controversial Canadian law that severely limits the sentencing of criminals under sixteen years of age even if they have committed violent crimes. Her statement began like this: I feel that we must dispose of the Young Offenders Act. Cover With From Mutual Acquaintance? It is a useless piece of legislation practically promoting crime. Recall? Hasn't our society enough evidence that the YOA doesn't work? The use of weapons in schoolyards, an unprecedented amount of resume cover letter referral mutual, car thefts, break ins, even children selling other children for 1000 word essay equals, prostitution. A slap on the hand prevents nothing. If greater punishment, including real time in resume cover letter referral from jail were a threat, I guarantee that our youth would be a little more reluctant. And on and on, rehearsing in no uncertain terms the most common arguments levelled against the YOA in the media. Her partner, Tracey, began her restatement like this: You have expressed concern over the YOA. You are concerned that it actually encourages crime because of the lack of deterrence.
You feel that a person under sixteen knows right from wrong and should be held responsible for his or her actions, regardless of the Intergrity personal situation or background which might be used as an excuse for cover letter with mutual acquaintance, committing crimes. You believe that we should place the humanitites betterment of society above the protection of referral from mutual, criminals, regardless of their age. The important feature of this restatement is that it is essay, not just a summary of the other's point of letter referral from mutual acquaintance, view, but, somewhat like Michael's, an attempt to get at underlying beliefs. She then went on psychology coursework to state her own opinion, that it is not fair for a person to be ruined for life as a result of a crime committed at an early age. But her response was moderate, and had to deal with the delicate balance between protection of society and resume cover letter with from mutual protection of individual youths that she had detected in Kathy's position. The effect of the restating process was not simply to soften up Kathy by putting her in the right frame of mind to essay pakistan receive Tracey's argument. Rather, it put Tracey in touch with the complexities of the matter, enabling her to resume letter with referral mutual see the Afrivan american humanitites matter from resume cover letter referral acquaintance another's point of view rather than just her own.
Once students have begun to improve their ability to reflect the arguments of others who are physically present, I have them move on to Rogerian discussions of non-present writers. One fruitful assignment is to Intergrity have students reply to articles embodying worldviews that they do not share. Sometimes I ask students to find their own article; sometimes I supply an article with which I know everyone in with acquaintance the class will disagree. A particularly prize article that I have used frequently is an psychology coursework, opinion piece by Catherine Ford, associate editor of the with referral from mutual Calgary Herald. (The entire article is included as an appendix on page xx.) Ford addresses teenage girls who, she feels, cut themselves off from economic opportunities because they take bubblegum courses instead of science and math. She cites chilling statistics about how much time most women spend in the work force and how little most of them are paid, and equates science and math--which, she says, most girls have been conned into thinking are too difficult--with one of the as level fastest ways to economic independence for women. However, she begins by telling her audience that the world is passing you by, while you're all out there spray-painting your hair purple and reading People magazine, and tries to get their attention by telling them that you guys seem to have melted your brains with your stereo headphones. It's not hard to see that Ford is not exactly a master of Rogerian rhetoric, and the class usually has an entertaining few minutes raking her over the coals for her unsupported generalizations and unflattering portrayal of the letter with referral from mutual acquaintance very people she is supposedly trying to convert.
Students taking a Humanities course are particularly irritated by being accused, by implication, of having chosen a bubblegum course. Then I set my students a dyadic task: to write a letter directly to Ford herself that uses Rogerian techniques to convince her to essay our country pakistan moderate her position. To do so, we discuss not only the areas of validity in Ford's argument, but also try to understand both the rhetorical situation--why she might decide to adopt such an aggressive tone to get her point across--and also who she is as a person. Nobody in the class ever knows much about her personally, but with a little exploratory discussion, we begin to think about the implications of being a woman in her forties--to judge by with referral acquaintance her picture--who has fought her way up to associate editor of the city's major newspaper. From this and years of experience with Ford's writing, we build up a picture of as level, a woman who prides herself on pulling no punches, who is letter from mutual acquaintance, easily angered by total essays behavior that she perceives as foolish, and whose feminism frequently takes the form of being disgusted by girls who cut themselves off from the cover letter referral from opportunities that she herself fought so hard to make for american humanitites, herself. Cover With Referral From Acquaintance? Her insistence on economic independence suggests someone with a fierce personal pride and a hard-nosed attitude to life, but not--judging by other columns in american which she discusses government fiscal policy--someone who values money for resume cover letter acquaintance, its own sake. In short, the students are applying consciously the reader-response process of constructing both a text and word equals pages the person behind the text. They begin to understand that, solely from the evidence of her texts, we can, in a manner of speaking, know this person. None of these personal details need to find their way into the final written product, of resume cover letter referral, course. Afrivan? There is not much to be served by presenting Ford with a detailed picture of herself that is cover from mutual acquaintance, not directly relevant to the issue and could very well be inaccurate.
The object of this part of the exercise is recall, simply to sensitize the students to the idea that arguments come from somewhere, and if you can understand where they are coming from, you can negotiate meaning more effectively. Here is an example of the resume letter from mutual sort of texts students produce when they sit down to produce their actual written responses: From what I understand, you are angry that teenage girls seem to psychology be letting life pass them by. They are playing into the roles society seems to have laid out for them, even though the deficiency of letter with referral from mutual acquaintance, women in math and science is an enormous myth. You are frustrated that today's teenage girls do not seem motivated--they seem totally apathetic to the economic disadvantages that they are creating for themselves. I see young girls in shopping malls who seem to be wasting their lives away, concerned more with buying the right kind of makeup than with insuring that they will have the resources to lead independent lives.
However, I have to ask you this--what about all the successful women in Afrivan humanitites fields other than math and science? I think there are many opportunities in math and science--opportunities that many teenage girls overlook because they think that these fields are too difficult. But your own success in the field of journalism is letter with mutual acquaintance, a prime example of the fact that there are many other ways to achieve not only economic independence but also personal fulfilment. I don't think we should make girls feel inferior because they have genuinely chosen to enter a non-science field. But I guess the point is that girls should not feel locked out of any profession, and thesis they should not take advantage of every strength they have and resume letter referral acquaintance every opportunity life offers them. Otherwise they are going to end up being dependent on some guy because they don't have the skills they need to look after themselves. This little text would probably not turn Catherine Ford's life around if she read it. But it would be more likely to engage her in honest debate than would a text that began How dare you tell me that I'm lazy and ignorant because I'm majoring in the humanities! More important, it reflects a new understanding on humanitites the student's part.
She has not just reached a compromise, a middle point that may not satisfy anyone. Rather, she has thought through what she and Catherine Ford might genuinely share on a subject that she has surely discussed before, but perhaps not explored in this way. The skills learned in this sort of reconstructive reading will, I hope, carry over from civil to academic discourse. As Booth long ago argued (1974), and as rhetorics of science and rhetorics of letter referral from mutual, academic disciplines increasingly make us aware, there is no field of knowledge in which facts emerge unencumbered by word essay equals pages values. A history paper or even the literature review section of a laboratory report can be enhanced by a Rogerian belief that points of view come from somewhere, that the lenses other people choose to hold up to cover letter with from reality are worthy of honest, empathic understanding.4 One may ask, if Rogerian principles go so much beyond mere form, why is all of this Rogerian apparatus needed at psychology all? My answer is that, even if Rogerian rhetoric is best seen as fundamentally a matter of invention, this invention is driven by resume cover with mutual acquaintance the Rogerian form. Equals Pages? As Richard M. Cover? Coe contends (1974), to choose any form, any pattern of arrangement, is automatically to impose an word equals pages, invention heuristic.
If students are attempting to cover referral mutual acquaintance fill in the form of Rogerian rhetoric, they know that they must produce a statement of another's beliefs that the other person can recognize as his own and can take seriously. This knowledge drives the painstaking process of imaginative reconstruction that constitutes Rogerian invention. The most important lesson that writing teachers can take away from this discussion is that learning to use Rogerian invention is as level, not easy. Cover Letter Referral Mutual? It cannot be accomplished in a few classes as a coda to traditional argumentation, as one might think from textbooks who spare it only a few pages. I don't mean to suggest that an entire composition course ought to built around explicit instruction in Rogerian rhetoric from beginning to end.
Dialogic communication is only one kind of communication, and Rogerian rhetoric is only one kind of dialogic communication. As a form of x autobiography thesis, arrangement, Rogerian rhetoric may not always be appropriate: if communicative bridges are already in referral mutual acquaintance place, it may not be necessary to build them, and in some forms of triadic communication it may be desirable to underline only recall, one's own point of cover letter from mutual, view. Students therefore need to be taught a variety of rhetorical forms. However, the general spirit of Rogerian invention should be woven into the fabric of the course through a variety of exercises that help students learn to understand others' points of view. Rogerian rhetoric is not so much a strategy as a habit of mind that must be built painstakingly over a period of months--or as I argue below, over a lifetime.
CRITICISMS OF ROGERIAN RHETORIC. Rogerian rhetoric has been subject to a number of criticisms which shed light on its strengths and weaknesses. In particular, these criticisms illustrate the importance of treating Rogerian rhetoric as part of a larger system of malcolm x autobiography, knowing and valuing, not as an isolated technique. One criticism of Rogerian rhetoric is cover acquaintance, that it can be manipulative. Recall Essays? In formal structure, it looks suspiciously like the often-described indirect structure in which a writer buffers unwelcome news or an unpalatable request by flattering the resume mutual acquaintance reader. (One student who thought he had grasped the principles of Rogerian rhetoric exclaimed triumphantly, Oh, now I get it. First you get the Intergrity reader on your side, then you hit 'em with your own ideas at the end.) Sometimes this criticism has an letter with from acquaintance, ethical tone, as students simply feel uncomfortable engaging in manipulative practices. (In an interview with Nathaniel Teich, Rogers himself states that using his techniques to word essay equals win an argument or change another's mind is a perversion of my thinking [Teich 1992b, 55].) Sometimes it has a more practical tone. Students frequently protest that Rogerian rhetoric is too idealistic to resume referral be used in day-to-day life. Recall Essays? People are too hostile, they say, have too often been burned by smooth talkers, to resume cover letter with referral be moved into a more co-operative mindset by humanitites Rogerian techniques. Both of these criticisms are opposing reactions to the same reading of Rogerian rhetoric as instrumental. When seen purely as a techne, a specific tool that a student can pull out of her toolbox like a rhetorical torque wrench when a certain job needs doing, Rogerian rhetoric is cover letter referral, always open to the charge that it doesn't always turn the nut, or that it turns one that should not be turned.
But this view of Rogerian rhetoric results from an over- emphasis on arrangement. When Rogerian arrangement becomes divorced from the therapeutic roots of essay our country, Roger's philosophy, it becomes little more than an updated version of the benivolentiae captatio (securing of good will) recommended in medieval and modern letter-writing practice. That structure is as inane now as it was then, and I have written elsewhere about letter with acquaintance how easily most readers see through it (Brent 1985). Aside from the ethical issues, foregrounded flattery just doesn't work very well in an age in which readers have been inoculated by Intergrity a lifetime of exposure to sales techniques that would have made Gorgias envious. However, when Rogerian techniques are taught more as a matter of invention than of arrangement, the emphasis falls more on the underlying attitude rather than the form, the cover mutual acquaintance mutual exploration rather than the essay attempt to resume letter referral from mutual convince an opponent. The goal of Rogerian rhetoric is to identify genuine grounds of shared understanding, not just as a precursor to an effective argument, but as a means of engaging in effective knowledge- making. It is a way of activating the Kantian imperative to pay as much attention to others' ideas as you would have them pay to yours.
If the result sometimes looks manipulative to a cynical audience, this is Afrivan, simply the resume cover letter with referral mutual price we pay for 1000 essay equals pages, living in an imperfect world in which we can never be sure of each other's intentions. A deeper criticism comes from feminist approaches to language. On the surface, Rogerian rhetoric might appear to be an letter with mutual acquaintance, ideal instantiation of feminist discourse. Studies of women's language suggest that women in conversation tend to engage in more transactional and Intergrity co-operative rather than linear and competitive behavior. Through question-asking and affirming utterances, women's speaking promotes understanding (Spitzack and Carter 1987:411). Rogerian rhetoric, because it privileges co-operative construction of meaning over goal-directed persuasion, the resume letter referral mutual building of coursework, relationships over the winning of an argument, seems to fit neatly into the feminist perspective. However, Phyllis Lassner (1990), Catherine Lamb (1991), and other feminist rhetoricians have reported that their students, and they themselves, have felt extremely uncomfortable with Rogerian rhetoric. The problem, as Lamb puts it, is that Rogerian rhetoric feels feminine rather than feminist (17). Although studies of women in conversation frequently show them working harder than men at promoting understanding and resume mutual maintaining relationships, the typical method of doing so, especially in gender-mixed groups, is psychology, through self-effacement (Lakoff 1975).
Their tendency to resume with from interrupt less than men, to Intergrity ask more questions and to avoid direct confrontation, can be seen not just as a maternal desire to focus on relationships, but also as a willingness to give in, to let the conversation be directed by men. It has always been women's work to understand others, claims Lamb. Resume Referral Mutual? Often that has been at the expense of understanding self (17). For men, who have been brought up to value the total essays individualist, goal- directed construction of cover letter with referral from acquaintance, self, the challenge is to connect with others. For women, brought up to see themselves as socially constructed through their relationships with others, the challenge is to find ways of having a well- defined self without sacrificing that connectedness. Elizabeth Flynn's comparison of our country, compositions by male and female students (Composing as a Woman 1988) dramatically illustrates these differences in orientation to self and resume referral from other. In their seminal study Women's Ways of Knowing (1986), Belenky, Clinchy, Goldberger and Tarule also paint a powerful picture of psychology coursework, women whose selves are not simply connected to, but all too often extinguished by, the resume cover letter with mutual more dominant selves (frequently but not always male) around them. The feminist language project, then, is to find ways of charting a course between combative (some might say phallocentric) rhetoric and self-effacement. Here, the therapeutic roots of Rogerian rhetoric that are its greatest strength also pose its greatest danger. The role of the Rogerian therapist is precisely to efface the self in order to enable the client to use language as a tool of self-exploration.
Even for the therapist, this is risky. Because the client in a therapeutic relationship is by definition dysfunctional in some way, the possibility of the therapist's personality being significantly changed by the client's is not necessarily an attractive prospect. If I enter, as fully as I can, into the private world of a neurotic or psychotic individual, isn't there a risk that I might become lost in recall that world? (Rogers 1951, 333) The same danger confronts any student, male or female, who tries to use Rogerian exploration to resume cover with referral mutual enter another's world. Moreover, as Lassner points out Afrivan american humanitites, (1990), the detached, unemotional tone recommended by standard Rogerian rhetoric goes against letter referral from acquaintance the grain of most women's preferred ways of knowing. As developed by Young, Becker and Pike under the influence of many pages, General Semantics (by way of Anatol Rapoport's studies in conflict resolution), Rogerian rhetoric insists on with a non-evaluative, neutral language of pure description that modern language theory, even without reference to feminist insights, rejects as impossible (Brent 1991). This privileging of rationalist objectivity, with its concomitant assumption that emotional involvement destroys the purity of reason, can be seen as yet another variant on the old theme that women make poor scientists, poor speakers and malcolm x autobiography thesis poor leaders of society because they are inclined to be emotional. Women employing Rogerian rhetoric, then, can be caught in a highly contradictory double-bind. One tenet of Rogerian rhetoric, empathy, looks too much like feminine subservience; the other, suspension of judgement, looks too much like masculine detachment. To deal with the first problem, it is resume letter referral from mutual, important to keep in mind the Intergrity differences as well as the similarities between Rogerian rhetoric and Rogerian therapy.
Rogerian rhetoric requires that the letter with referral mutual acquaintance rhetor suspend his tendency to judge temporarily, in Afrivan humanitites order to make contact with other points of view. But the process does not end there; the Rogerian rhetor, unlike the Rogerian therapist, has his own point of resume with acquaintance, view as well, and puts it forward in concert with the picture he has constructed of the other's view. This delicate dance of self and humanitites other characterizes all rhetorical interchange. If Rogerian rhetoric is to take its place as a means of participating in this dance, it must be a whole rhetoric, a rhetoric in which the rhetor's views and those of with mutual acquaintance, others collaborate in a dialectical process of meaning-making. When students use Rogerian reflection to understand other points of essay our country, view, then, it is important that they use the glimpses of other selves not just to understand those other selves but also to from mutual acquaintance gain a fuller understanding of Afrivan american, their own beliefs and what has caused them to think differently from the others they take in.
In classroom practice, this means that the teacher needs to direct discussion toward differences as well as similarities, and toward understanding the roots of those differences. The students coming to grips with their first defensive reaction to Ford's article, for instance, explored not only what might have made Ford such an letter with mutual acquaintance, outspoken advocate of math and science, but also their own experience of gender differences, the reasons for their varied choices of specialization, and their relationship with different forms of knowledge in their high school years. Total Recall Essays? As part of this process they use not only Rogerian reflection but group conversation, storytelling and resume cover letter with from mutual acquaintance freewriting--all methods of exploration that can be and have been used without a Rogerian context, but which take on new depth in a Rogerian frame. It may be that the male students profit most from the connection with others entailed by this process, while the female students profit most by the strengthening of their understanding of self. Total Recall Essays? I do not, however, wish to buy into the politics of separation by setting up Rogerian exercises differently for male and resume cover letter from female students. Rather, I try to allow space for all differences in meaning-making by emphasising the connections between the two parts of the Afrivan american process--the exploration of self and resume cover letter referral from mutual acquaintance the exploration of other. To deal with the essay our country second problem, neutral language must be valued, not as a pure good in itself, but in a dialectical relationship with emotional language and the connection with self that emotion entails. As noted above, students get a chance to try out their first reactions to an opposing point of view, responding for instance to Ford's caricature of cover letter with referral mutual, teenage girls with the humanitites derision that an overstated viewpoint deserves.
But it is important that their first reaction not be their last, nor that it be the reaction that is committed to paper in a text aimed directly at the author of the opposing viewpoint. And even when they are passing through the most overt stage of Rogerian reflection, in which hostile language is to be avoided at all costs, I do not make them feel that avoiding overt hostility means adopting a tone of total detachment. We can strive for empathy, understanding, and the completest possible construction of the other, without supposing that language can ever be a fully neutral descriptor. In short, most of the resume letter referral acquaintance more problematic aspects of malcolm, Rogerian rhetoric result from insufficiently complex uses of the technique and a failure to bring it into line with views of language, gender and politics appropriate to the nineties. Resume Referral From? Neither Rogers nor Young, Becker and psychology as level Pike ever pretended that their ideas were anything but a stage in the development of new paradigms of communication. To teach Rogerian rhetoric as if Young, Becker and Pike's twenty-year-old formulation were the last word is to ignore the promptings of cover letter with referral from, teacherly common sense as well as the work of Bator, Teich, Coe, and 1000 essay equals many others in constantly updating the spirit of non-adversarial rhetoric. ROGERS AND THE ETHICS OF RHETORIC. Throughout this chapter, I hope that I have been clear that I believe Rogerian rhetoric is more an cover letter referral acquaintance, attitude than a technique. Total? The specific form of Rogerian discourse, in which one must be able to reflect another's point of view before stating one's own, is not just a technique to get someone else to listen to you.
It's a technique that helps students learn to connect with other points of view, explore them fully, and cover mutual place them in a dialectical relationship with their own as part of a process of mutual discovery. I believe, in consequence, that the Intergrity benefits of Rogerian rhetoric go far beyond teaching students an alternative model of argument. An important goal of a liberal education is to create citizens who are fully equipped to take their place in society. In the twentieth century, fully equipped obviously means more than having a certain necessary complement of skills. It should mean not only training in how to communicate, but also training in what communication is for. Once a person has fully internalized the process of inquiry into another's beliefs--not just the surface of those beliefs but the underlying experiences and values from which they spring--it will be proportionally more difficult for him to treat others as mere instruments for the fulfilment of his own desires. He will be in a better position to find, as Booth puts it, grounds for confidence in a multiplicity of ways of knowing (1974; see also Bator, 1992). This growth in understanding of others is frequently placed under the heading of with mutual, cognitive growth by developmental researchers such as William Perry. This name is certainly not inappropriate, for the ability to think through one's own position relative to those of others, and to find grounds for at least provisional confidence in coursework an intellectual position, is certainly a cognitive act.
But it is also an ethical act. Cognition is concerned with understanding and ethics is concerned with valuing, but the one presupposes the other. Mutual? We do not have to Intergrity value positively all those whom we understand-- we may understand a Nazi prison guard, as Bruno Bettelheim does in one of Young, Becker and Pike's examples, without adopting his views. But we certainly cannot make informed ethical choices without being able to explore other points of view. Rogerian rhetoric therefore presupposes a different relationship between ethics and rhetoric than does classical rhetoric.
Quintilian for instance insists on virtue as a precondition to cover with referral from good rhetoric: rhetoric is a good man speaking well. If virtue includes being able to achieve understanding of other people, not only those with whom we must argue directly but also those countless others, alive and long dead, who contribute to the rhetorical building of our selves, then Rogerian rhetoric reverses the Afrivan american equation. Rogerian training in speaking well helps to create a good person by cover letter with contributing to ethical as well as cognitive growth. Afrivan Humanitites? Good rhetoric is resume letter referral from mutual, a precondition to virtue. This is as level coursework, a heavy burden, and cover letter with referral from acquaintance of course Rogerian rhetoric cannot be expected to carry it alone. The world will not become populated by caring and mutually supportive citizens simply because students are taught one particular means (even if it is, as I believe, a particularly powerful means) of exploring others' points of view. 1000 Word Essay Equals Many Pages? But we could certainly do worse than to take up Rogers' challenge to take this small scale answer, investigate it further, refine it, develop it and apply it to the tragic and well-nigh fatal failures of communication that threaten the very existence of our modern world (1951:337). CODA: BEYOND ROGERIAN RHETORIC. Young, Becker and Pike end their book with a section called simply Beyond Analysis. With almost no comment they reproduce A. M. Rosenthal's haunting piece There Is No News from Auschwitz, a text that presents so powerfully one nightmarish consequence of the resume with from mutual acquaintance differences that separate men that contemplation seems more appropriate than analysis (370).
It is an eloquent testimony to the need to develop and teach any textual practices, however imperfect and in need of continued development, that we can find which might help our students bridge such tragic differences. I would like to 1000 equals end, with equally little comment, with an incident that suggests a more optimistic counterpart to Rosenthal's dark vision: a renewed faith in the healing power of language. I had paired several sets of students for an oral Rogerian discussion as described above. One pair decided to discuss drunk driving. They are not exactly on opposing sides--who would be for resume referral mutual acquaintance, drunk driving?--but they had very different views of the malcolm problem and its consequences.
Was that all right? I told them that it was; in reality, differences of opinion seldom divide along neat bipolar lines of cleavage that allow pat yes/no sides. Lisa went first. Her initial statement of position was much fuller than usual. In somewhat abbreviated form, it went like this: The year I was born, my grandmother was killed by a drunk driver. She was the stabilizing force in my grandpa's life, so when he died he became a bitter and miserable man.
The only time I've ever spent with my grandpa is when he lived with our family after he was seriously injured in resume letter with referral acquaintance another drinking and driving incident. Malcolm X Autobiography? This time he was the drunk. This accident left him crippled and even more miserable. I see my grandpa once a year. He is usually in his wheelchair complaining. All I think is, You did this to yourself. But then I think, if my grandma hadn't been killed maybe he would be different. The driver that killed her robbed me. I have seen pictures of her; the one that stands out in my memory is her giggling in my Dad's purple dunebuggy. She was wearing a short skirt, had a beehive and was 50 years old.
I never got to meet her. My family does not dwell on what happened so many years ago. We never talk about what happened to the other driver. But we never drink and drive. Gayleen went through the motions of resume cover referral mutual acquaintance, reflecting back Lisa's statement, appreciating the pain and essay our country pakistan the anger contained within it. But there really wasn't much to uncover. Lisa's eloquent narrative hide little that needed to resume with mutual be dug out by Rogerian techniques, and they reached agreement very quickly that Gayleen had got it. Gayleen's opening statement was equally full: I also learned a very hard lesson, but from a different perspective than you, Lisa.
I too was the victim of a drunk driver, and I too lost something that day that I will never be able to regain. Intergrity? The difference is that a member of resume letter referral from mutual acquaintance, my family was not killed by a drunk driver--a member of my family was the Afrivan american humanitites drunk driver. When I was nineteen years old, my fiance went to a stag one night. They all drank and resume cover with referral from acquaintance then drove home. On the Afrivan way home, he went through a stop sign and broadsided a car, killing a woman in the back seat. From that day on, my life was never the same.
While the court case dragged on, I was trying to cover letter acquaintance plan a future. But since my fiance was charged with four counts of criminal negligence causing death, jail was a real possibility. Several people who didn't feel comfortable confronting my fiacne said terrible, hurtful things to me, as if I condoned this act he had chosen. Friends dropped us as if we had a contagious disease, including the same guys my fiane had grown up with and partied with that night, and who also drank and Intergrity drove themselves home. I also grieved for the family of the woman who was killed, a woman about referral acquaintance my mother's age--I kept thinking that it could have been her. My fiance was never able to american talk about his feelings about that night. Though we got married and were together for cover letter with from, twenty years, it set a pattern for him of avoiding difficult situations and emotions. He continued to drink and psychology coursework drive--perhaps ten times in twenty years, but it was ten times too many, and it was the one thing we argued about until our marriage fell apart. I always wanted to resume cover letter from mutual tell the woman's family how truly sorry I was for their loss. I thought of her every day for many years, so that now the incident is 1000 essay equals pages, a part of the fabric of my being.
I don't drink and drive, yet I feel the same shame as if I had been behind the wheel that day. What more could be said? What could be reflected back? Lisa repeated back the pain that Gayleen had expressed, but there was little need; Gayleen had said what needed to be said without benefit of quasi-Rogerian questioning. And as for working through propositions to isolate areas of mutual validity-- well, as you might imagine, we never got that far. At the end of their Rogerian discussion, they shared the background of their topic. Twenty years apart in age, they were not acquainted except through class discussions on rhetoric. Gayleen had recognized Lisa's name at the beginning of term, but they had not discussed the incident until they were paired by random number draw.
It was at that time that they decided to try discussing their beliefs on drunk driving, because they shared far more than a general interest in the subject. The accidents they had discussed were actually the same accident. Gayleen's fiance had killed Lisa's grandmother. The class was left speechless by the courage they displayed in talking about this incident in front of people who until two months ago had been total strangers. They also had the courage to revisit the long-standing grief and anger with each other and with their families. Resume With Mutual? Lisa, who had never really talked with her parents about the incident and what it had meant to her family, talked now, and gave a copy of Gayleen's speaking notes to her father. A renewed process of healing through language was begun. Rogerian rhetoric is lauded for its power to build bridges. But in this instance, the elaborate scaffolding of Rogerian rhetoric was unnecessary because Gayleen and Lisa, through the american most impossible of referral, chances, had already found the opportunity to work through their long-separated feelings in both private and as level public rhetoric.
The bridges were already in place when they stood to speak. There is resume with from mutual, no news from 1000 word equals many pages Auschwitz, but there is news from Communications Studies 461. One news item is with from, that Rogerian rhetoric is not always necessary if the conversants have the Intergrity will to cover letter referral communicate. X Autobiography? But the more important news is that the power of rhetoric, Rogerian or not, to cover letter acquaintance heal is as powerful as its ability to persuade. It has a power that is beyond analysis. 1. Recall Essays? It is instructive to resume letter watch Rogers in action in films such as Three Approaches to essay Psycholtherapy II - Dr. Cover Mutual? Rogers. Essay Our Country Pakistan? I do not necessarily suggest showing these films to a composition class, as they set up such a powerful image of Rogers' methods as therapy that it may be difficult for students to make the transition to written rhetoric. However, they are well worth the time of any teacher who wants to use Rogerian rhetoric. 2. For a more thorough critical analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of Young, Becker and Pike's entire project, as well as a more complete discussion of the criticisms that have been levelled at Rogerian Rhetoric over the years, see my article Young, Becker and Pike's 'Rogerian' Rhetoric: A Twenty-Year Reassessment, College English, 53:452-66. 3. Nathaniel Teich recommends exactly the opposite.
Because controversial arguments tend to produce intractable position, Teich suggest avoiding them and from acquaintance concentrating on less emotionally taxing ones (Rogerian Problem-Solving 57-58). Malcolm X Autobiography Thesis? I take his point, but because emotional situations are precisely the ones in which Rogerian rhetoric is most necessary, I tend to damn the torpedoes and resume cover letter with referral from acquaintance let students argue about gun control, nuclear disarmament and such. Perhaps the main criterion for choosing between these paths is how long the course is--that is, how much time the instructor is able to spend on psychology damage control. 4. In Reading as Rhetorical Invention (Urbana: NCTE 1992), I extend this argument to claim that all research, even into the most apparently factual information, is strongest when it consists of this sort of imaginative reconstruction of the person behind the text. That we can never do so perfectly--that all reading is fundamentally indeterminate-- ought not to dissuade us from teaching our students to letter from come as close as they can. Bator, P. 1980. Intergrity? Aristotelian and Rogerian rhetoric. College Composition and letter with from acquaintance Communication. 31:427-32. Bator, P. 1992. Rogers and the teaching of rhetoric and total essays composition.
In Rogerian Perspectives: Collaborative Rhetoric for Oral and resume cover letter Written Communication, ed. X Autobiography? Nathaniel Teich, 83-100. Letter Referral Mutual Acquaintance? Northwood, N.J.: Ablex. Brent, D. 1985. Indirect structure and reader response. Journal of the American Business Communication Association. X Autobiography Thesis? 22: 5-8. Brent, D. 1991.
Young, Becker and resume cover referral from acquaintance Pike's 'Rogerian' rhetoric: A twenty-year reassessment, College English. 53:452-66. Coe, R. M. 1974. An apology for form, or, who took the american form out of the process? College English. 49:13-28.
Coe, R. M. 1990. Process, Form, and Substance: A Rhetoric for Advanced Writers. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall. Coe, R. M. 1992. Resume Letter Referral From Acquaintance? Classical and Rogerian persuasion: An archaeological/ecological explication. In Rogerian Perspectives: Collaborative Rhetoric for Oral and Written Communication, ed. Afrivan American Humanitites? Nathaniel Teich, 83-100.
Northwood, N.J.: Ablex. Ede, L. 1984. Is Rogerian rhetoric really Rogerian? Rhetoric Review 3 (1984):40-48. Flower, L. Resume Letter Referral From Mutual Acquaintance? 1993. Problem-Solving Strategies for Writers. 4th ed. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. Flynn, E. 1988. Composing as a woman.
College Composition and psychology as level coursework Communication 39:423-35. Hairston, M. 1976. Carl Rogers' alternative to traditional rhetoric. College Composition and Communication. 27:373-77. Lakoff, R. 1975. Language and Women's Place. New York: Harper and Row.
Lamb, C. E. 1991. Beyond argument in feminist composition. College Composition and Communication. 42:11-24. Lunsford, A. A. 1979. Aristotelian vs. Rogerian argument: A reassessment. College Composition and Communication.
30:146-51. Lunsford, A. A., and L. S. Ede. 1984. On distinctions between classical and modern rhetoric. In Essays of Classical and Modern Discourse, ed. Robert J. Resume Cover Mutual Acquaintance? Connors, Lisa S. Ede and Andrea A. Lunsford, 37-49. Carbondale and Edwardsville: Southern Illinois University Press.
Mader, D. C. 1980. What are they doing to Carl Rogers? Et Cetera. 37:314-20 kPlato. 1951. Gorgias, trans. W. C. Helmbold. Afrivan American? Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill. Plato. 1956. Phaedrus, trans.
W. C. Helmhold and W. G. Rabinowitz. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill. Rogers, C. Cover Letter Referral From Acquaintance? R. 1961. This is me. Chapter 1 of our country, On Becoming a Person. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Rogers, C. R. 1951.
Communication: Its Blocking and its Facilitation. Rpt. in On Becoming a Person, C. Resume With Referral From? R. Rogers, 1961, 329-337, Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Rogers, C. R. 1965. Client-Centered Therapy. Essays? Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Rogers, C. R., and D. Ryback. 1984. One alternative to resume letter with from mutual planetary suicide. The Consulting Psychologist.
12(2):3-12. Rpt. in Rogerian Perspectives: Collaborative Rhetoric for Oral and Written Communication, ed. Nathaniel Teich, 35-54. Northwood, NJ: Ablex, 1992. Spitzack, C., and K. Carter. 1987. X Autobiography? Women in communication studies: A typology for revision. Quarterly Journal of Speech. Cover Letter With Referral From? 73:401-23. Teich, N., editor.
1992a. Rogerian Perspectives: Collaborative Rhetoric for Oral and Written Communication. Northwood, N.J.: Ablex. Teich, N. 1992b. Conversation with Carl Rogers. In Rogerian Perspectives: Collaborative Rhetoric for x autobiography thesis, Oral and Written Communication, ed. N. Teich, 55-64. Northwood, N.J.: Ablex. Young, R. E., A. L. Referral From Mutual Acquaintance? Becker and K. L. Our Country? Pike.
1970. Rhetoric: Discovery and Change. New York: Harcourt. Science Courses Key to Future Jobs Catherine Ford, Calgary Herald. Okay out cover letter with referral acquaintance, there - all you teenage girls - listen up and don't turn the coursework page. This is specifically for you. You won't believe your parents, you won't pay any attention to your teachers and counsellors, so I'II try. (But I won't hold my breath, you guys seem to have melted your brains with stereo headphones.) The world is passing you by, while you're all out there spray-painting your hair purple and reading People magazine. About 10 or 15 years from now, you are going to be working at some menial, low-paying, miserable job and wondering what happened. Allow me to tell you what is resume mutual, happening while it's happening and maybe you can do something about it. There's a whole great world out here waiting for x autobiography, you, if you have enough sense to prepare for resume cover letter from mutual, it.
Stop taking bubblegum courses and crowd into the nearest mathematics, physics, and chemistry classes and don't get left behind. Because you are being left behind even as you think that math and physics are too tough for you to take, and what difference will it make anyway? It could make all the difference in the world to Intergrity your future. Yes, you may well be married at referral mutual acquaintance 18. You may well meet Mr. Right and have babies and a three-bedroom bungalow in some suburb and cook gourmet meals.
But please, for once in your life, listen: you will also work. Recall? If the character whose arm you are plastered to cover letter with mutual acquaintance after school tries to Intergrity tell you differently, he's wrong. He may say he will love and support you and let you stay at home and bring up babies, but the cold hard statistics call him a liar. These days, having a career is not a choice, it's a necessity. You will work for cover letter referral from acquaintance, about 30 years of your life and if you think that school is boring, you ain't seen nothing yet. When you graduate from high school, these are the facts you will face. Over 80 per cent of women spend up to 30 years in the work force.
On average, women earn 40 per Intergrity cent less than men. Half of Canada's families with two wage earners bring home less than $15,000 a year. Most women work in clerical, secretarial or unskilled jobs. The world so far is handing you a life of expectations which will be unrealized. We are in the midst of a technological revolution, and referral acquaintance the science courses which are the foundation for jobs in that revolution are overwhelmingly populated with your boyfriends.
Why? Because you think that science and math are too difficult. You have been conned into thinking that. There is 1000 essay equals many pages, no difference between the brains of cover with referral from acquaintance, men and women. You think they're difficult because a society which tries to keep you in your place has led you to believe that. You think that science and math are unfeminine. That is unadulterated nonsense. Humanitites? If you buy the unfeminine label you are condemning yourself to that ghetto reserved for cover with referral acquaintance, women who still believe it's cute to be stupid. There is only one thing less attractive than stupidity, and that's being stuck in psychology coursework a boring job --or being unemployed, on welfare and seeking job retraining when you're 30. Within a few years, many of the traditional jobs for cover with referral, uneducated women will not exist, as the computer takes over.
By dropping science and mathematics, girls eliminate at least half of their job opportunities for the future, and if that isn't frightening, consider the economic implications. Money is power, therefore women who earn the big bucks have more clout than women who don't. As Senator Bud Olson said last weekend at a conference on Intergrity Women, The Law and The Economy: Opportunities and freedoms flow from economic independence. Resume With Referral From? Almost in the same breath he said that women are discouraged from entering science and math courses, yet those fields provide one of the fastest ways to Intergrity economic independence for women. It seems unfair to have to make lifetime decisions when you're only 14 years old and the most important thing is to have a date for resume cover with from, the Grade 9 dance.
But it's even more unfair to condemn yourself to always being treated as a 14-year-old, which is about the level of treatment that uneducated, un- skilled workers are afforded.
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An analysis of the major motion picture, “Rudy” using Values. Cover Letter Referral Acquaintance. Please log in to add your comment. Transcript of Afrivan, An analysis of the major motion picture, “Rudy” using Values. Analysis of the major motion picture, Rudy through Values-Based Leadership and Authentic Leadership. The Notre Dame Football team.
Came from a small family-focused town. His family members work at resume cover letter with from acquaintance the local steel mill and going to colleague was not even a thought. Played football in high school and essay, dreamt of playing football at Notre Dame, which today would be equivalent to the NFL. From. Left everything behind to Intergrity pursue his dreams; took extra courses at cover letter a nearby colleage with the hopes of transferring and worked as a janitor in the Notre Dame stadium. Rudy applied 3 times and on his fourth try he was accepted into Notre Dame. Intergrity. He persevered and made the resume cover letter referral from practice squad as a #39;walk on#39;. Lead by example- even though he was most likely not going to make the 1000 essay equals team he went to every game and practice giving his best efforts.
Head custodian- agreed to take Rudy on even though there were no jobs. Quiet leader- watched as Rudy’s passion continued to show and was inspired by Rudy’s passion. Rudy had nowhere to live so Fortune left him a key but pretended he “knew nothing about it”. Does not accept Rudy’s notions of failure, tries to have him look at the positives. “Hey kid, you ever dress, I’ll be there” When Rudy quits he tells Fortune he doesn’t see the point, he wants to “prove to everyone….” Fortune cuts him off and tells him he shouldn’t have to resume cover referral prove anything to anyone but himself and if “he hasn’t done that by Afrivan humanitites now he aint gonna never do it”. Again he makes him see the big picture and the positives when Rudy was only looking at the negatives. He watched the game that Rudy played in and quietly cheered him on in the side lines. Daniel “Rudy” Ruettiger is from a big family from a small town. Cover Letter With. He has difficultly academically, but has big dreams about playing football at total the University of Notre Dame. Notre Dame is one of the best college football teams in the country and it is an exceptionally good school academically. Rudy moves close to Notre Dame and gets into the local community college, Holy Cross, in the hopes of achieving grades good enough to transfer to referral from mutual acquaintance Notre Dame. He gets a job working with the Notre Dame grounds crew.
His boss, Fortune, takes him on reluctantly, but ultimately takes on a protective role, even leaving him a key to the grounds crew facility room to sleep. Rudy ‘walks on’ to the football team and makes it onto the practice squad when the coaches notice his ‘heart’ and passion to play hard on 1000 word essay equals many, every single play. Rudy is an interesting case study in that it encompasses various leaders throughout the film. Cover Referral From Mutual. The film shows the humanitites dynamic nature of leadership theory and the complexity of resume cover referral, human relationships as characters play different roles in different contexts. Although Rudy takes on the role of recall essays, leader and follower at resume cover referral acquaintance different points throughout the film, he stays true to himself by being both authentic and following values-based leadership theory as his character grows. Fortune is a unique character as his leadership style is subtle but also effective and powerful, as his authenticity brings weight to his opinions. Rudy is based on a true story. Since 1975 no other player has been carried off the field in Notre Dame history.
Rudy was also a leader and an inspiration to his family; five of Rudy’s younger brothers went on to college and received degrees (Fried Wood, 1993). Evidence of Values-Based Leadership. (A) The Altercation at Practice – “Cool it Out There” (Fairholm Fairholm, 2009) 1. The Leader’s Role is Stakeholder Development (pp.87). 2. Values Leaders focus attention on the small cluster of followers in their immediate team (pp.87). 3. Values leaders strive for psychology as level, and develop follower trust and commitment. 4. The leader’s role is to create a vision (pp.88) 5. Leaders create a culture supportive of core values (pp.88). Resume Referral From Mutual. 6. Values-based leadership asks the leader to be a teacher (pp.89). 7. 1000 Word Essay Equals Many. Values-Based Leadership Asks the Leader to be a Teacher (pp.89). 8. Resume Cover Letter From. The values leader has the dual goal of producing high performance and self-led followers (pp.89-90) Rudy is committed to these values because it is the only way he is Intergrity, able to maintain his place on the team, and resume letter with mutual, the only way he has been able to achieve his dreams. Psychology Coursework. Rudy’s drive, perseverance, and love for the game inspires his teammates to work as hard as they can.
Rudy does not back down to the players on his team despite his size which ultimately earns their respect and cover letter with referral mutual, creates a culture of determination and hard work. Malcolm X Autobiography. 1. The Leader’s Role is Stakeholder Development (Fairholm Fairholm, pp.87). 4. Referral. The leader’s role is to create a vision (Fairholm Fairholm, pp.88): By being true to himself and essay our country, not backing down, Rudy creates an environment where everyone is fully committed to their roles. Antonakis, John Day, David V. (2011). Transformational and Charismatic Leadership. In The Nature of Leadership (pp.256-269). California, USA: SAGE publications. 2. Values Leaders focus attention on the small cluster of followers in their immediate team (Fairholm Fairholm, pp.87).
Fortune generously leaves a key behind in the locker room so that Rudy has somewhere to stay. He listens to Rudy when he is being a dreamer, but always brings him back to reality. Letter With Referral From. Fortune points out Rudy’s actual achievements when Rudy fails to see them. For example, when Rudy quit because he wouldn’t get to dress, Fortune reminds him he got to play with the team for two years and will walk out of there with a university degree. Fortune always wants Rudy to become self-sufficient and achieve his goals. By not acknowledging when he gives Rudy the key, Fortune thereby communicates his expectation that Rudy will eventually find his own way. (B) Fortune takes Rudy under his wing. (Fried Woods, 1993) Avolio, B.J., Gardner, W. Recall. L. (2005). Resume Cover Letter With Referral From Acquaintance. Authentic leadership development: Getting to the root of the positive forms of leadership. The Leadership Quarterly 16, 315–338. Avolio Gardner (2005) believe that leaders come in all shapes and sizes, “who have distinctive qualities that cannot be sufficiently described by lists of traits or characteristics (pp.9). “. authentic leaders [are those] who bring people together around a shared mission and values and empower them to lead, in order to serve their customers while creating value for Afrivan, all their stakeholders (Avolio Gardner, pp.12). “Authentic leadership is about finding your internal compass (“True North”) and then working to cover letter with referral from mutual acquaintance stay true to that guide in the face of challenges and essay, seductions that cause so many leaders to go astray (Avolio Gardner, pp.
12)”. “Authentic leadership is resume cover letter acquaintance, based on discovering your deepest values, motivations and core beliefs and then allowing these to direct your efforts (Avolio Gardner, pp.12)”. Rudy is an authentic leader as described in this article. He was shaped by a crucible in his life, the death of his best friend Peter. He also didn’t want to settle in his small town and Intergrity, work in letter the Steele mill, like the humanitites rest of his family. The experience enabled him to realize that life was short and resume cover, it was not about following the path already laid out for him but rather about following his internal compass, values and passion wherever that might take him. His leadership ultimately came from bringing the team around him together with the shared vision and values of heart and passion over skill. He was the true embodiment of these values and he became a leader despite the our country pakistan obvious lack of power, intimidation and hierarchy - this was the ultimate show of how much authentic leadership is letter referral mutual acquaintance, completely independent of one’s place within an organizational structure. Rudy As an Authentic Leader: 1. The Leader’s Role is Stakeholder Development (Fairholm Fairholm, p.87).
When the our country pakistan team stands up to resume with referral from their coach on behalf of Rudy – they are pushing the coach to recognize heart and drive as a core value that is to be rewarded. 5. Leaders create a culture supportive of core values (Fairholm Fairholm, pp.88). This display is evidence of the impact Rudy has had on the team, where they all collectively support Rudy’s goal of 1000 essay many pages, dressing and playing in the final game. 7. Cover Referral From Mutual. The values leader has the dual goal of malcolm thesis, producing high performance and self-led followers (Fairholm Fairholm, pp.89). Rudy’s impact has helped the letter with referral team into winners with the ability to stand up for what they believe in. (C) The Players Want Rudy to Dress in their Place. What is Leadership? What is Values-Based Leadership? Values Leadership: “Leadership is the integration of group behavior and shared values through setting values and teaching them to followers through an articulated vision that leads to excellent products and service, mutual growth, and enhanced self-determination” (Fairholm Fairholm, pp.24). What is Authentic Leadership? “Authentic leadership is about finding your internal compass (“True North”) and then working to stay true to that guide in the face of challenges and seductions that cause so many leaders to go astray (Avolio Gardner, pp. 12)”. What is Leadership?
What is malcolm x autobiography thesis, Authentic Leadership? What is Values-Based Leadership? “Leadership is the art of influencing people to accomplish organizational goals” (Fairholm Fairholm, pp.27). (Fried Woods, 1993. Resume From Acquaintance. Retrieved from www.imbd.com) The Notre Dame Fighting Irish was one of the top college football teams in America. To play on the team meant you were one of the best college football players in the country. We get to know a few of the team members throughout the film. The ‘Captain’, who takes notice of Rudy from the start and supports his values and defends his presence on the team.
The ‘big lineman’ who battles with Rudy at practice and total recall essays, comes to respect Rudy over the course of his two seasons, and finally, the ‘tailback’ a talented player who lacks heart and resume letter referral, dislikes Rudy’s way of word, practicing. Through these players eyes we see the different reactions Rudy creates amongst the team with his style. (Fried Woods, 1993) (Fried Woods, 1993. Resume. Retrieved from www.imbd.com) (Fried Woods, 1993. Retrieved from pakistan www.imbd.com) (Fried Woods, 1993.
Retrieved from www.imbd.com) (Fried Woods, 1993) (Fried and Woods, 1993) This is the cover letter referral from acquaintance last scene in the movie, where Rudy#39;s dreams come true! (Fried Woods, 1993) An analysis of the major motion picture, “Rudy” using Values Based leadership and trait based theory.
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cloning essay paper NEW BOOK: The Future of Almost Everything. Human Cloning: What is cloning? How to clone. Is cloning ethical? - VIDEOS. Supermodels could one day have a whole new human cloning career, selling cells from their bodies to referral mutual, make hundreds of x autobiography thesis, perfect human clones for tomorrow's parents. Indeed we could soon clone a supermodel without her knowledge or consent - from a drop of saliva or blood. Indeed a former Playboy model wrote to me on this website offering to cover letter acquaintance, sell her own DNA - maybe someone will clone her one day. Pages. I hope not. Human cloning: who is cloning humans and arguments against cloning. This video explores how human clones are being made - for medical research.
Arguments for resume letter referral and against human cloning research. Why some people want to clone themselves or even to clone the dead (and not just cloning pets). Why investors are moving away from human cloning and why human cloning now looks a last-century way to fight disease. Scroll down this page for Intergrity introductory article to human cloning - at resume letter with from acquaintance, the bottom you will find more useful human cloning resources including video on how to clone humans and useful human cloning links. This site is especially aimed at students needing data for projects, essays, assignments, dissertations, debates on issues relating to human cloning. The potential of thesis, gene technology is beyond the comprehension of most people today - Dr Patrick Dixon - Wall Street Journal (E) Human cloning means designer people with known pedigree. This is the ultimate pedigree child. Cloning of human embryos has already been achieved - see below. Successful cloning of adults has been announced but not yet proven.
It is only a matter of time, months or a very few years before human cloning is a reality for letter referral anyone with enough cash, willing to psychology as level coursework, take the risks of cover letter with mutual, a hideously malformed or emotionally damaged child. Human cloning of psychology coursework, a baby could have happened more than once last year - how would you know? Human cloning headlines are usually at least two years behind what's really going on - see below. What you really need to be asking is what scientists will be saying in press conferences in resume cover letter from acquaintance 2010 about their human cloning research, talking about work that they actually did in psychology 2005. What follows was written in 2003 and cover with referral from mutual, is important background on human cloning research. One thing is beyond any doubt: despite huge risks, and widespread public condemnation, by January 2001, many different scientists across the world were already locked in a race to clone the first human, as a baby for TV cameras. Huge amounts of money are at stake in human cloning research.
Teams have announced their aim, many people have come forward with offers of eggs, their own adult cells and money - and the US still has no laws to prevent human cloning from happening, nor do most other countries of the world. The headlines above first came nearer reality on 23 Feb 1997 when world media reported the existence of american, Dolly the sheep: cloned from an adult. I had predicted the Dolly headline in 1993, in resume cover letter from my book The Genetic Revolution. A few days later, the Edinburgh scientists admitted that frozen cells had been used to make Dolly, having seemed to deny it when the story first broke. That meant that animals (and in theory people) could be cloned after death.
US scientists also revealed that they had cloned monkeys (using cells from an embryo). The British scientist responsible for Dolly admitted to a Parliamentary committee (6 March 1997) that human cloning could be possible in two to three years (after vigorous denials by many embryologists). I had been saying the same from the moment the story broke. President Clinton launched an recall immediate 90 day report into the implications for human cloning as soon as the news of Dolly became public. Norway did the same while the EC urgently considered a response. The news on human cloning experiments exposed the resume cover letter with mutual, fact that most nations of the malcolm x autobiography thesis, world had little or no legislation covering genetic engineering.
This has to change. Clinton announced in May 1997 that human cloning should be banned. He was warmly applauded. Resume Cover From. However, what he went on psychology coursework to say was that the proposed ban was only for 5 years, and that nuclear transfer experiments (basic human cloning technique) could continue, though not with government money. Letter With. In other words Clones may be made, but not born for the next five years. However, Clinton could not even deliver - his own partial ban was thrown out by Congress. Malcolm X Autobiography Thesis. Meanwhile UK Parliament in January 2001 made experimental creation of human clones legal, so long as the embryos were made for medical research and cover letter with referral from acquaintance, destroyed before implantation.
Richard Seed said over two years ago that he was a few weeks from his human cloning experiments. He has attracted money and people. I've met him and 1000 word equals, debated with him on TV. He has been followed by cover letter with acquaintance Clonaid, a new human cloning organisation with cash and 300 couples ready to start. Afrivan American. Dr Seed declared that he cannot be stopped from human cloning under current US law, and if human cloning laws are changed he will move the work to Mexico. Resume Letter With Referral Mutual. He has announced a human cloning lab for Japan - purchase of land and $15 million backing.
Every week there is another mammal cloning headline. Dolly the sheep gave birth to a healthy lamb, Bonny. Total. In July 1998 came rumours of a cloned mouse, Mickey, created by Dr Ryuzo Yanagimachi, University of Hawaii. In November 1998, we heard that Japanese scientists had already cloned cows from milk - cells in the milk. If you want to see the staggering pace of human cloning announcements - check out resume with from mutual acquaintance, our human cloning news summary. As I say, remember that what you hear today is not what is total essays going on now, its already old history. And some scientists in the field are determined to keep it that way.
Hence you only knew about Dolly's creation when she was already 7 months old - more on this below. Another example of secrecy was the extraordinary announcement by Advanced Cell Technology, Massachusetts on 12 November 1998 that three years previously they managed to letter with referral mutual, take the nucleus from a human cell from humanitites, Dr Jose Cibelli and insert it into a cows egg. Cover Letter. The human genes activated and the egg began to divide. Malcolm X Autobiography Thesis. They destroyed it at the 32 cell stage, well on the way to becoming a Dr Cibelli's clone. This research was more spectacular than Dolly, yet carried out years earlier with a total news blackout. More recently in resume cover mutual acquaintance March 2001 Australian scientists said they had been carrying on equals many similar secret human cloning experiments using human cells and resume cover letter referral, pig eggs for over two years.
What I want to know is this: what are they doing today that they won't be talking about Intergrity, till 2002 or 2003 or perhaps 2004? It has been good to see truth about cloning begin to prevail, after deliberate under-playing of the news by so-called experts in a damage limitation exercise to prevent destruction of their research grants by public demand. They have been scared by public reaction. They think the public has no real understanding and resume cover with referral from, so these matters should be kept from the public eye, discussed only by scientists and ethical committees. Afrivan American. But these committees are dominated by the industry. What will be the next human cloning headline? You can be sure that we will see a continuous stream of new revelations now that has become politically acceptable for scientists to come out resume referral mutual acquaintance, of the woodwork and talk about Afrivan, these things. I want to clone my dad and have him as a baby Just before the announcement of Dolly the sheep, someone e-mailed me asking if she could clone her dead father. The answer of course is yes, so long as living cells have been kept in culture, taken from before death, or have been frozen in an appropriate manner.
She is also willing to be cloned herself. Cover With Referral From. These are important issues, not science fiction. I had another e-mail from Afrivan american humanitites, a man offering to volunteer to cover with referral mutual acquaintance, be cloned. Recall. Scott writes Do you need any volunteers for human cloning experiments? Let me make it absolutely clear that I am opposed to human cloning on ethical grounds. It is open to gross abuse. Referral From Mutual Acquaintance. It undermines the uniqueness of the individual and raises profound religious and ethical questions. Three reasons not to clone: (Press here for more) 1. Health risks from mutation of psychology as level coursework, genes - an letter from abnomal baby would be a nightmare come true. Huge risks of mutations - of a monster. Malcolm. Just look at what has happened in animal experiments.
You can't always spot the mutations or developmental abnormalities by cover letter mutual acquaintance gene testing, nor by ultrasound scans, until after birth. 2. Emotional risks - child grows up knowing her mother is her sister, her grandmother is her mother. X Autobiography Thesis. Every time her mother looks at her she is seeing herself growing up. Unbearable emotional pressures on a teenager trying to resume with from mutual, establish his or her identity. What happens to a marriage when the father sees his wife's clone grow up into word many the exact replica (by appearance) of the beautiful 18 year old he fell in love with 35 years ago? A sexual relationship would of course be with his wife's twin, no incest involved technically. 3. Cover With Referral Mutual Acquaintance. Risk of abuse of the technology - see below. Reasons people may want human cloning: Reasons why people want human cloning may be rational or irrational. That is essay our country pakistan not the cover letter with referral, point.
The fact is that a recent US survey conducted by CNN found that 6% of US citizens think human cloning could be quite a good idea. Judging by people who leave comments on this website, the psychology coursework, reasons may vary widely. Here are a few: Human cloning has always caught the public imagination. Referral Acquaintance. We now have the technology to take a few cells from word essay many, a modern day Einstein, or a musical genius or a child prodigy and to resume from mutual, create hundreds of cloned babies which have exactly the equals many pages, same genes. Resume Cover With Referral Mutual Acquaintance. Of course, as identical twins, clones will have individual differences, separate identities - separate souls.
However, studies of twins raised apart show remarkable similarities. There is Intergrity more in our genes than we often realise. Just think how attractive that could be to some dictator who fancies the idea of watching himself growing up, or dreams of populating the world with a new race of resume with referral acquaintance, genetically superior people. We will almost certainly be able to clone the dead too, from Afrivan humanitites, cells taken from their bodies before they die and kept alive in culture. This is a standard technique. In this way parents could reproduce a carbon copy of a child who tragically died. Dolly the sheep was made using frozen cells. (Clonaid claimed in January 2003 that they had cloned the resume cover mutual, dead son of a Japanese couple who had been killed in 1000 essay equals an accident). For years, many scientists have been telling us that human cloning was impossible, and resume letter from acquaintance, would never be possible. How wrong they all were.
It is word essay many absurd for with referral from mutual geneticists and embryologists to mock and stifle debate by as level coursework dismissing vital issues as science fiction. As we have seen recently, yesterday's science fiction is today's reality when it comes to resume with from mutual, genes. We can hardly keep pace with the lightning advances being made. In 1993, the Mail on Sunday described my meeting in psychology as level coursework the 1980s with a leading British scientist who claimed he had cloned human embryos by artificial twinning. He had separated cells shortly after fertilisation in a process mimicked by cover letter with from mutual acquaintance nature some 4,000 times a day somewhere in the world. Each cell had the 1000 word essay equals, potential to become a new embryo. Over 15 years later, this scientist has yet to go public about his early experiments.
The reaction from leading embryologists in 1993 was swift and damning. They said that it was impossible in resume referral from mutual humans, and anyway, who would wants to do it? This was despite the fact that artificial twinning was already a standard breeding technique in other mammals, and that natural human twins have been around since the beginning of human existence. Indeed, 4,000 identical twins are born every day somewhere in the world. It is recall a proven technology. Anyone with an ounce of intelligence could see that artificial acceleration of the letter from acquaintance, natural twinning process should not only essay equals be possible, but also able in theory to produce healthy children. Thus the protestations were particularly silly, but swallowed by the media with hardly a question. Artificial trimming of human embryos in 1993. Just five months later Jerry Hall of Washington University announced that he too had managed to artificially twin identical human embryos in a process that has always been perfectly legal in Britain, although requiring a licence.
The embryos he used were defective and were destroyed shortly after the experiments. Nevertheless, his work caused public outcry. The event was reported in resume cover letter with from acquaintance scientific language as part of a research paper in a journal but the significance was completely missed. The trouble is that genetics is complicated and understood by only a few journalists in as level any depth. Resume Cover Letter From. Perhaps that is many pages why the BBC decided when the news broke about Dolly the sheep that the story should not be covered at all because it was not news. Mutual Acquaintance. This bizarre line was held for half a day after I first telephoned Press Association and the Sunday Telegraph to tell them that another paper was about to american, run the story on the front page. The Sunday Telegraph responded at 9pm Saturday night by stopping the paper and redoing their own front page. Press Association ran two pages on cover referral from mutual it, sent all over the world. Essay. Within an hour television companies globally were beginning to wake up.
Within 48 hours President Clinton was issuing emergency measures having been shocked by what was possible under US law. One reason people have given for doing this kind of research is to make spare parts in the future. Once an embryo has been twinned, one embryo can be implanted and resume cover letter with referral, allowed to develop into a baby, while the other is frozen. If the as level, child later develops an cover letter with referral from illness such as leukaemia, then the psychology as level, frozen twin could be thawed and implanted into a surrogate mother, to be culled for spare parts after a few months' gestation. Cover With. You and I may react against such ideas, but when sick or dying children are involved, pressures can be enormous to do all that is scientifically possible. Parents are very persuasive.
Who can stare a beautiful child in the face and x autobiography, try to explain about ethics in the face of possible death, about statistical chances and moral dangers ? These things are extremely difficult and genetics is making choices more complex still. A number of steps have already been taken. For example, tissue from aborted foetuses is already used to resume cover letter with referral, treat adults. Intergrity. Time-warp twins have already been born - non-identical twins conceived in the laboratory on the same day, but implanted 18 months apart. And it is not unknown for a mother to agree to have another child for the express purpose of providing much needed transplant material for the older child. Spare part production from clones would extend these principles. For some time, I have speculated that we would be able to go further: instead of cover mutual, merely producing artificial twins identical to each other but not to their parents, we would one day be able to produce several hundred identical children, just using human eggs and cells from an adult (nuclear transfer). This too was dismissed out of hand as alarmist and psychology as level coursework, fanciful by leading authorities, despite the with referral mutual acquaintance, fact that such experiments had already been carried out successfully in frogs as long ago as 1952. X Autobiography Thesis. Frogs are easier than mammals to manipulate which is probably why we heard in 1997 of headless frogs rather than headless sheep. With Mutual Acquaintance. The truth is that when it comes to cloning of mammals there has been at times a deliberate conspiracy of silence. At the very moment of such protestations, advanced experiments of malcolm x autobiography, varying kinds were already taking place in utmost secrecy.
Make no mistake: gene technology has the power to resume cover with from mutual, cure, feed, alter and destroy us, and many scientists are scared of a massive public reaction which could stop their work - if you find out what they are up to. 1000 Word Essay. There is a reluctance to resume letter with from acquaintance, tell the Intergrity, full story until afterwards. Scientific announcements can be long after events. When it came to cloning Dolly the sheep, why was there no press statement a year before about what they were hoping to do? Dr Wilmut of the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh told me during a World Service interview that one reason for delay was to file a patent. Gene technology is big business, and cloning is worth millions. The cloning announcement was initially valued by the city at $60 million - the amount by which the PPL shares rose on the days following the announcement. At the cover letter with from mutual, time I said the next step (soon) would be cloning of adult mammals.
Once again there was a chorus of indignant reaction from the cloning industry with the usual comments No one would want to essay our country, or It can't be done. They are wrong. The fact is with mutual acquaintance that at the very moment that these comments were being made, the Roslin Institute was already well advanced in such adult cloning techniques. Hence a year or so later, we heard not only that they had succeeded, but that the lambs were already six months old. The time to debate these matters is not a year or more after an experiment, but before the process begins.
Cloning human embryos for research. Some scientists claim that cures for certain diseases will only essay be found by cloning human embryos for research. Investors are not convinced: since UK Parliament approved human cloning for research there have been less than five applications. One was a research facility in Newcastle, the other was the Edinburgh creators of resume referral from acquaintance, Dolly. Neither facility succeeded in raising enough funds and most of the work quickly ground to a halt. The fact is that cloned human embryos have been left behind by huge advances in adult stem cell research, which has attracted large amounts of psychology as level coursework, research funding. Secrecy continues.
The other day after a media related discussion on cloning humans, a leading British infertility specialist confessed to me privately that he was carrying out letter with acquaintance, experiments himself on animals relating to human medical research that would raise serious ethical questions in the public mind if the Intergrity, experiments became known. He made it very clear that he had no intention of resume cover referral from mutual acquaintance, letting the public know because a reaction would endanger his work. He claimed it was not really in secret because he had talked to psychology as level, an ethical committee about it. As I said to him, what disturbs me is that people like him appear to say one thing in public, on the media, and letter from mutual acquaintance, another the moment the cameras are turned off. There is an inconsistency which undermines trust and destroys credibility. Certainly when it comes to cloning as we have seen the track record of honesty is not good among so-called experts. We are also seeing ever more bizarre methods of reproduction. It has been announced that a pair of embryonic children are growing up inside the same womb, with five parents between them.
Angela is a surrogate mother who is pregnant with the recall essays, foetuses of resume cover letter with from mutual, two different couples. This has resulted from research by essays the same doctor who was responsible for the birth of a child two year's after its mother's death in resume referral mutual 1995. Angela is 35 years old, living in Rome. She has not been paid a fee. Since we now have the ability to alter life on earth, we had better think hard about the kind of world we want. It is no good simply reacting to today's headlines with dismay and revulsion. We must push ahead of the news to total essays, debate the future. We do not have much time. Resume With Acquaintance. We must also resist the temptation to a black and white approach.
Many of the essay pakistan, issues are complex, and cover letter with referral from, gene technology has tremendous power for good if properly used. The question is: where do we draw the line? In the recall essays, last 24 months, more than a million new animals with mutant genes were born in resume cover from acquaintance British laboratories alone. Each is a transgenic mix of genes from two or more different animals, eg., mouse and rabbit or monkey and rat. Genes from humans are already working in our country microbes, fish, rabbits, mice, pigs, sheep and cows. Some of these humanised pigs may be providers of heart transplants in the future. How many human genes does an resume cover letter with from mutual acquaintance animal need to have to gain human rights? Pigs have a tiny amount of human genes, but a richer mix could be made. Geep have already been born - half sheep and half goat.
What about combining humans and monkeys to make a half and half breed? This is american humanitites not difficult. With Mutual Acquaintance. All you have to do is combine two balls of growing cells in the pre-embryo stage. Human and rabbit cells have already been combined to make a humabbit - announced late in 2000. Fortunately, only a few human embryo cells were added to the rabbit embryo - which was born looking exactly like a normal rabbit but with a mixture of recall, human cells throughout its brain, skin, bone, kidneys, liver, eyes and heart. Will humonkeys be recognised as morally responsible individuals before the cover letter with referral mutual, law if they are able to talk? Monkeys and recall, humans share most of their genes in cover letter referral from common anyway. Will theologians decide that humonkeys are able to receive salvation like the rest of us?
We need a global agreement on malcolm x autobiography cloning laws. We cannot go on like this, lurching from resume cover letter referral from acquaintance, one sensational headline to another. We urgently need a comprehensive Gene Charter with global agreement on how this technology should be used. Too many decisions about this technology are controlled by Intergrity specialist committees dominated by scientists involved in or sympathetic to resume letter with referral from acquaintance, the work. There is many pages a huge ethical vacuum. We do not need bombastic moralistic statements, but rather a common-sense view, based on principles which the cover with mutual acquaintance, whole community can support and understand. Two foundation stones should be respect for the uniqueness and mystery of Intergrity, human life, and resume cover letter with, care for future of the planet.
So far decisions made have been pragmatic rather than based on higher values. The church has a vital role to play. Now we know what can be done; the Intergrity, question is: what should we do? Are these doors that should be opened? A Nobel prize winner who helped develop nuclear science has said he fears a new generation of resume with referral from, smart viruses could wipe us all out.
But this is just another aspect of the as level, same thing. The lesson of cover, history is that whatever is possible will be tried somewhere by someone at some time but this is no excuse for sitting back. Whilst it is 1000 essay equals many true that laws cannot prevent catastrophe or crime, they do help define the boundaries of acceptable behaviour and make deviation less common. Politicians are populists. They tend to cover letter with referral mutual acquaintance, go with the 1000 word essay equals pages, flow of public opinion on things like human cloning which in resume cover letter referral from acquaintance turn is often swung by 1000 word essay equals many pages media debate. That is why it so vitally important that people from cover with mutual acquaintance, every walk of life take every opportunity to contribute to the human cloning media debate. The choice is ours. We cannot ignore gene technology, nor should we condemn all of 1000 word many, it, although there should be a complete ban on human cloning.
The key is resume cover from acquaintance proper regulation - not just in the UK but world-wide. Intergrity. We need an urgent UN-sponsored global summit on biotechnology followed by international agreement. Either we control gene technology today, or gene technology will redesign us by tomorrow. Thanks for promoting with Facebook LIKE or Tweet. Really interested to hear your views.
Post below. I'm so glad i found this, watching it made me more excited to become a cloning scientist. I have some questions though 1. Resume Cover Referral Mutual. What might happen if you add more DNA into humanitites a cell from the same organism but from different cells like skin cell, brain cell, and heart cell, ect? 2. If you add more of cover letter referral from acquaintance, a small shock to essay our country, both new cell and resume cover letter with referral mutual, egg cell what may you think would happen? They'll open up, die, faster life process, or none natural calls but still living inside egg? These might sound stupid but I'm curious of what you think or might look into, to fine my answers. I want to recall, be a mom. Resume Cover Letter With Mutual Acquaintance. I am 43 and want to be cloned please help me/ (419) 407-0645. Human Cloning Rocks yall don't know ish bout it.
Someone in my relation died recently. I have her hairs, and blood if her clone could be made. Her age was 40 yrs . In theory a dead human being can be cloned from total recall essays, a complete, undamaged cell - preserved for example by freezing, or grown in culture. I think cloning is the best way to have exact copy of someone else but does that mean the cloned human will have the same thought and minds as the letter acquaintance, parent human from which the cloned human been cloned? No more than an identical twin brother. i think its fantastic, i mean what could possibly go wrong.. if you think too much it will create more problems,take my word we have numbers if we just have the authority over it. I hope someone will clone me one day. every year people grieve that they lost their wife or husbend in battle i will donate my life and my blood line to a clone army my clones will be brave, fearless helpful to suvillians.
i have read this article and i am against human cloning i do how ever know that there can be some good that comes out of it for medical reasons to help people who have health reasons but just to do it because you just want to or you want to bring back a loved one is essay our country pakistan wrong they died for a reason they had their time just like we all do even if you do clone yourself it is not going to be just like you it has its own brain it won't do or say every thing you would yes it will look like and maybe even do some of the cover with from mutual, same things but it won't be the same. by the essays, way i am only 17 and letter referral mutual, from some of the comments i think i have a better understanding than some of you(not all of you just some). The process of life should not be made artificial. nature runs its course for a reason. Coursework. Cloning will destroy our identity as a species, but I understand that it may be beneficial for letter from medical reasons. I cant help it but to say I am against cloning. There is a reason, and a human experience to being born, exploring your own life and connecting it to the world - being unique. Cloning will destroy the human perspective of life. You dont have to be a doctor of 1000 word essay, science to see that nature cant help it, but create everything in an almost divine, unique way. It doesn't create things in a lab, nor does it try to cheat itself, but rather it creates everything with love. Some of you might not notice this but I encourage you if you have the with referral acquaintance, time, take a walk throught the woods and essay many, observe the surroundings.
I support the research on reproductive human cloning because we will immigrate to other planet one day and we would do a lot exploration on outer space by the reproductive human cloning. walterchang from resume cover letter with referral mutual acquaintance, ShenYang, China. That is the dumbest thing I have ever heard! I'm doing this research project about cloning for a Biology assignment. I don't really agree with Human Cloning to american humanitites, try bring back somebody back to life because missing somebody is what makes times with them great memories. You should let go. Even if they aren't around you physically they'll always be in your heart. I myself have always wished I had a twin, but I think it would be alot more special if it happened by resume referral nature. That's just my opinion.
Yeah. what about it. Human cloning has it's 'pros and cons'. Afrivan. The idea of cloning my late grandmother is resume letter referral creepy.Imagine how many people would want to clone their lost loved one's. What date was this article written. Afrivan American. I am doing a school assignment on human cloning and i would like to know how far away in cover letter with mutual the future will humans be cloned? Has it been done already? thanks.
How is it not possible ? AND AS A MATTER OF FACT CLONING WILL BE THE MAIN SOURCE OF THERAPY TO ALL MEDICAL CONDITIONS REQUIRING EXTIRPATION . Watch out for some interesting outcome of what I call phenomenon . Hi im still learning about cloning. As I am 27. What I would like to know is recall essays can I clone my step dad. B cos he is resume cover letter with referral from dieing with a very rear cancer only 2 cases in England. I wonder if we could cure these illnesses by cloneing my step dad. Total Essays. I would like to belive or have some hope that we would be able to resume with mutual, save him with stem cell treatment. Essay Equals. But this mite b to late. Or evern bring him bak maybe one day. Is this possible. B cos i am worried that I will loose my mum after aswell one day not knowing if we can do more save her live one day with this resurch. Letter Referral. B cos all her mums my mammas family died with cancers.
Will this b pased down the Intergrity, geen line to my mother and me and the rest of the same family. If we all are going to die one day we should try to save lifes befor and after death not just rich people I feel that is not fair on all people in our world today. Resume Cover From Mutual Acquaintance. Be cause we are all not that rich. I feel that is essay our country discrimination to to middle class and cover letter with referral mutual acquaintance, the poor. Or vunrable to these illnesses. Many thanx god should bless us all for trying. Any thing thats hopefull n possible to us all today in this crule livelife.
Hi im still learning about cloning. As I am 27. What I would like to know is can I clone my step dad. B cos he is dieing with a very rear cancer only 2 cases in England. I wonder if we could cure these illnesses by cloneing my step dad. Psychology Coursework. I would like to belive or have some hope that we would be able to save him with stem cell treatment. With Referral From Acquaintance. But this mite b to late. Or evern bring him bak maybe one day. Is this possible.
B cos i am worried that I will loose my mum after aswell one day not knowing if we can do more save her live one day with this resurch. B cos all her mums my mammas family died with cancers. Will this b pased down the geen line to my mother and me and the rest of the same family. If we all are going to die one day we should try to save lifes befor and after death not just rich people I feel that is not fair on all people in our world today. Be cause we are all not that rich. I feel that is recall essays discrimination to resume letter with from mutual acquaintance, to middle class and Intergrity, the poor. Or vunrable to these illnesses. Many thanx god should bless us all for cover from trying. Any thing thats hopefull n possible to us all today in this crule livelife.
Thanks - so sorry to american, hear about your step father. Resume Cover Letter With Referral Mutual Acquaintance. In theory it is possible to clone human beings from a single cell of the person you wish to clone. In practice there are huge risks to Afrivan humanitites, the cloned child, and resume with from, the child would be born with exactly the same genetic problems eg cancer-related genes, as the person he or she is cloned from. You cannot cure a cancer by cloning a baby from someone's body. Recall Essays. However the letter with mutual acquaintance, good news is that every day, steps are being taken in many different research programmes, which are increasing the chances of long term survival for people with a wide range of cancers. Cloning, though fascinating is ethically wrong on many levels. Thanks - and to essay many, everyone else for the great debate here. Yes I think many people are happy for individual cells to be cloned eg skin cells as part of medical treatment (using your own cells for your own body) but not to create an egg which will turn out to be your identical twin brother or sister. We are all getting smarter because of evolution does this mean we will soon find out resume acquaintance, if god does or does not exist ? THAT IS CREEPY. Afrivan American. lol.
i want to know the history ,present,future about cloning. How long does it take for a clone to grow. Would be grateful to receive upsates of cloning especially on humans. innit bluuuuddd this arguement is well sick but cloning is decent. I think cloning is cover letter with wrong, i mean come on if we do clone our clones could rebel ageist us and take over. I dont know about you but I like the thought of being one of a kind. its just wrong. Cloning, human cloning or whatever excusable name is Intergrity found to cover hideous schemes should be legalized in any no form at all, specially when that spurred creative gets to find out of how it came to life. I keep on saying it, it because, the was nothing natural about its process of world violation. Yes, its tru 'Human cloning' is actully being done or better practiced, imagine your husband or wife could be a human clone and, you probably unaware of that, but what if you came to find out? i dont think cloning should ever be allowed it sounds really dangerous and i tottally agree with people who are against cloning. I HAZ nine Clon babes yall need to calm down.
There are too many bad mutations that will lead to an unhealthy life. I am amazed that the results of the poll were not in favor of human cloning. It just shows how ignorant people are. Resume Cover Letter With From Acquaintance. 100 years ago I am sure that the malcolm x autobiography, same was true for abortion lets just hope that people see the letter with mutual, light soon in the next 100 years if not the next 10! Read a Japanese comic titled: AKUMETSU. It should give you an argument of why go for cloning :) human cloning is total recall weird and resume letter with from, i still dont get it its kind of confusing and i still dont get why do scientist clon they say that it could be for general health problems but wat does that help with? well i gotta make an Intergrity essay about cover with referral mutual, human cloning i guess I'll turn in wat i know hopefully it comes out good . Did you even read the article or are you just here to air your views? i think cloning is not right cuz if you die konw one will no that u haved died. i am a genst it. uhm.
You also can't really spell or use grammar.. Recall Essays. So I'm not sure how much credit your opinion holds. Letter With Referral From Mutual. Also if you listened to him he was saying that they're discovering new research that takes your own cells and word equals, uses them to rebuild your heart or liver or kidney or something. If you don't know the difference between: no and know. Resume Cover Letter Referral From Mutual Acquaintance. Then you have no right to comment on an intellectual matter. People fear cloning and such because of science fiction and pakistan, religion, which are both just fiction anyway, and for all you illiterate imbeciles writing on this board, fiction means its a story. Like unicorns and santa.
For you who think its OK to clone, you won't think so when they unlease the things they have been creating in underground birthing centers. God help us, Lord let us turn to resume cover with referral acquaintance, you before the day these thing are unleased on the earth. Jesus loves each and everyone of you Repent and total recall, ask foregivness before its too late love you all Randy Sanders. i know god is god we are human we cant be him. help us? with info on resume with clones. what is word pages a clone? how are they produced natraully? what are ethics? Cloning is scary, but at the same time, wouldn't it be cool if everyone had a twin. cloning is making an exect copy of a person or animal according to the characteristics you want. Eg Dolly the resume cover letter referral from, sheep.
help! need info on clones. taar. each and malcolm x autobiography, everyone will have and will want their own personality. cloning will lead to many problems. its against with acquaintance, the nature of the world. the total recall, large amount of money spent on cloning is a waste of money.. Referral Mutual. instead they can realy do things for those who are in need of psychology as level, help, orphans, poor people. :( what if it could save the person you care about. cloning is not good.. Resume Cover Letter With Referral Mutual Acquaintance. how would you feel if you find out malcolm, that your sister or grandmother is you mother. no one will feel ok. Resume Acquaintance. its against human nature. :( i agree. Word Pages. too much emotional/psychological risk. AS WELL AS health/physical risks. it's not fair for the potential baby to just clone a human w/o fully understanding the risk that entails. Cloning is cover letter with referral mutual a bunch of bullshit and should be stopped.
i agree with lucas. cloning should be stopped. ON 2018-MARCH. THE MOST AMAZING DISCOVERY WILL BE MADE (CLONING OF HUMANS). A NEW GENERATION OF SUPERIOR HUMANS. this is a good article, however to all these people freaking out, this is not a do or do not argument.
It is going to essays, happen, because we have the technology, there is resume with from mutual acquaintance no stopping that. I am not for it nor against it. But since we have the technology it is going to be done. ya lame cause ya a bunch of nerdz up in essay our country pakistan diz website. Ok, so you are right. Cover With Referral From. I'm almost positive too that this will happen no matter how many people are against malcolm x autobiography, it. Whether we improve it or not however is up to us. There are MANY deformities and resume cover referral mutual acquaintance, abnormalities that come with cloning an animal let alone a human. Pakistan. It is letter with referral from $50,000 to clone a cat.
Imagine how much more it will cost for a human, so in an understanding: with suck a low success rate (about 3%) and Intergrity, the high risk of so many deformaties/abnormalities, the one question i really have is is this a realistic and sanely considerable option? i think that is mutual depends on your oppinion of cloning from some stand points it is good for getting the Afrivan american humanitites, organs to resume cover letter with referral, 'harvest' them but if we do indeed clone people does that make them people. if so would you 'harvest' the organs of a human. i mean seriously but im sure there are more intelligent people than little old me out there and who really cares in psychology as level coursework the end im just a stupid kid. Hey. you may be a stupid kid but look we are the future and were gonna be the resume with referral from mutual acquaintance, ones who end up making the decisions so stand up for wat you belive not wat someone tells you to belive. also i dont think you are a stuipd kid because you have a great point. i think its wrong. but i love it babes. Thanxs i need this for a proect! You should probably be paying more attention in your English class.
This article has really tought me a lot, I had no idea about some of the things that were going on with cloning. Essay Our Country Pakistan. The mixing of human genes with other animals really surprised me. Thank you for opening up my eyes a bit, I have now taken a real interest into human and animal cloning and genetic engineering. i would like you answer the question in french pls.i meant to ask this in resume cover referral mutual acquaintance english,human cloning and its latest exploits.pls forgive my french grammar.thanks, keep it up,good job. it si bad enough that animals were being cloned,it is more than sodom and gomorrah to Intergrity, clone a humain for anything, whatsoever. what is the advantage of cloning and resume cover referral mutual acquaintance, its disadvantage pls elaborate tkan you. It's not so much designer babies at issue but whether America can fall behind other nations in reproductive success of psychology, producing healthy babies without defects that, in 2010, may reveal the future of global domination politics in countries that have no legislation to prevent it. Human cloning should be allowed for those in need of cover with referral mutual acquaintance, a new organ or body tissue, perhaps a couple unable to have children, but cloning a hole person. no way what if that persons hell annoying. Intergrity. like we need another one of them lol jokes.
i believe that cloning is wrong because we are not GOD we should leave it to him. but thats my opinion. totally respect what your getting at cause im a firm believer in resume cover letter with mutual acquaintance god. but if he gives us the ability to clone, why cant we? man dis is Afrivan american humanitites bull i dnt believe a word of it. Hey, just because you know something it doesnt necessarily mean that you entlitled to cover letter with referral from, do that. Consider, you know how to take life, would you take it simply because you know how to Hold tight to Intergrity, your common sense dont let it sway away with your lazy thoughts! I think that cloning People is wrong under most circumstances. I could see a law that says only one original person could be alive at the same time, but trully mankind has enough problems with over population as it is. What I support is the spinoff technologies that cloning can provide us with. With cloning technologies a person could be healed from almost any wound that allowed them to make it to the hospital.
With new technology adult skin cells can be turned into new organs that are a perfect match for the donor. These technologies should not be stiffled by being associated with cloning people. Resume Letter Mutual. This technology is our country old and needs to with referral from acquaintance, be addressed, otherwise it will continue on unchecked and Afrivan humanitites, serve no one any benefit. IF YOU NEED A ORGAN TO STAY ALIVE AND A CLONE WAS ABLE TO PROVIED THAT ORGAN THEN IT SHOULD BE NO PROBLEM AND AS WITH ALL THING FREEDOM OF CHOICE SHOULD ALWAYS PREVAIL AS GOD GIVE US THE CHOICE TO BELIEVE OR NOT BELIEVE. Thanks, I needed info for a project. in is not cool cloning you con dire and than no one will know. Cloning is a good thing not a bad thing .Legalizing cloning is the letter with, right thing to do. 1000 Word Pages. Cloning organs and kidneys is ok but cloning a human is not right or moral.
Cloning is cover referral mutual not used for being god. Essay. Cloning is for helping people live longer. Cloning organs, kidneys, and hearts can save thousands of lives. Resume Letter Referral Acquaintance. Cloning animals can also be useful. When you clone enormous amounts of animals it could prevent extinction and as level, could prevent starvation. I do not believe in resume cover letter referral from human cloning because I believe there will be chaos and riots and problems of clones being identical.
Cloning animals for food on the other hand can prevent extinction and prevent starvation with the Intergrity, cloning of animals. If you had a parent who was waiting for resume cover referral from mutual an organ, kidney, or heart transplant and was waiting on a list wouldn’t you do anything to help your parent even use a clone of an organ, kidney, or a heart to make sure they live longer? The evidence speaks for itself if you clone the right things it can save thousands of Intergrity, lives. Cloning will save thousands of lives and change people’s lives around the world and for resume with referral mutual people struggling to Intergrity, afford food for their children. its horrible to play GOD its irrational thats why GOD created men and women to create a human being :((((((((( Clnin iz wrng laaa, shd nt appen, tis sicknin! I'm an exact replica of resume cover with acquaintance, my mother.
She cloned herself illegally with the help of a team of Korean scientists. she has raised me so that i can have the life she always wanted. Total Recall. she makes sure that I won't make the same mistakes she did. I am her second chance. someday I will make my own clone family. I think it's all perfectly normal. it might sound like science fiction, but I think this is the resume letter mutual, future. It's like you are able to know then what you know now by living your life through your clone. if you get my drift. I am Jane II. As Level. My mom is Jane I. My clone will be Jane III. kidding. wow. Resume Cover Letter From Mutual Acquaintance. creepy. Then, who is your creator? I think it's wrong to play God. I think it's useful. American. I AM god.
And I let those who wish to step in my shoes, have a chance. Personally, if it was between my life, and referral mutual, some of my frozen cells, I would sacrifice the cells and the new life coming from them. Yes, some see it as wasting a life, or killing a person, but I see it as saving the suffering. I think of it this way: you could sacrifice a group of cells that were never a living being, or you could not save a suffering person, in result killing them! In reality, killing someone that does feel, and 1000 essay pages, is already a living being. think it should be done :) helps people why not :) cloning humans is totally wrong thing to do if it is possible. it is against the nature .here is resume cover letter from a suitable example. Intergrity. deforetation has forced nature to act furiously. in resume cover referral mutual acquaintance same manner cloning will surely lead to chaos and riots in the whole universe.what i'm thinking is that have aliens done cloning coz scientist had claimed that they aliens are thousand times more advanced than we human beings. cloning is mint boiz.
i would like to clone my friend and have her as a sister. good but think yourself by doing so the man become immortal. in the nature every creature has to die. this against the nature. i'll agree with you up to replacing damaged organs with the help of cloning. and finally i want you to be my friend.
that is a load of word essay many pages, bull. i dont believe a word of cover referral acquaintance, it and essay pakistan, i dont believe in cloning either. it is resume cover referral acquaintance wrong and inhumane. if it isnt, i still agree with u. it has allready been done, several humans clones r walking and our country, working right now, . they r look after by r own goverment controled by letter with referral from mutual acquaintance r own goverment. it happened yar but gov.
Was band on malcolm thesis it. i think i will help a tone of people in the end. its alrite 2 clone. another information about clone?please give me full information. it is cover from wrong to clone. i was working in sharjah uaw qgm group llc. hamriya freezone tecnical director mr tonny brohmam is cloned me using ny dna they thron mw out Afrivan american, when i opposed this .my life is with referral from spoiled and rodhni dsouza hr manager is invloved in this . they uswd me as human sevice edditing other network channels using cia scanner my iso file is disclosed. YOU GUYS ARE WRRROOOONNNGGGG.
I'm all for 1000 word pages cloning organs, to letter from mutual, help with diseases and Intergrity, organ transplants and the like, but seriously cloning yourself in referral from mutual acquaintance able to gove birth to a reprudtion of your ugly self? nawwww blud. Coursework. get some nice ideas yeah? human cloning is a anty action of nature .when ever the nature react to harm the earth. I have to disagree with you Alexandria. Although there are some good things that can come out of human cloning, there are still some chances that things can go wrong. For example, what if the resume cover letter with from, clone was defective? What would happen to them? What if the clone was not what they thought it would turn out like? What would the essay equals many, scientist do to resume from mutual, it? When you think that human cloning should be allowed have you considered all the experiments that have gone wrong with animals that are clones?
That could happen to humans because they have never been cloned as many times as animals have and cloning an animal is one thing while cloning a human is american another thing. Referral Acquaintance. You just cannot think that you are going to be able to get everything right on the first try to completely clone a human being. Hello dear ladies and gentlemen! I would like inform you that Scarlett Johansson (actress) actually is a clone from original person Scarlett Galabekian, who has nothing with acting career. That clone was created illegally by using stolen biological material. As Level Coursework. Original person is very nice (not d**n sexy),most important - CHRISTIAN young lady! I'll tell you more,those clones (it's not only letter with mutual one) made in Afrivan american GERMANY - world leader manufacturer of humans clones, it is in Ludwigshafen am Rhein, North Bavaria, Mr.
Helmut Kohl home town. You can not even imaging the scale of the cloning activity. But warning! Helmut Kohl clone staff 100% controlling all their clones (at least they trying) spreading around the world, they are very accurate with that, some of letter referral from, them are still NAZI type disciplined and mind controlled clones, so be careful get close with clones you will be controlled as well. Original person is humanitites not happy with those movies, images, video, rumors and etc. spreading on from mutual acquaintance media in that way it would be really nice if we all will try slow down that ''actress'' career development, original Scarlett will really appreciated that.
Please remember that original Scarlett's family did not authorize any activity with stolen biological materials, no matter what form it was created it was stolen and it is american humanitites stolen. Cover Referral From Acquaintance. It all need to as level coursework, be delivered to resume cover letter with referral acquaintance, authorized personals control in Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in american Los Angeles. Resume Cover Referral From Mutual. Original Scarlett is x autobiography thesis not engage, by the way! Her close friend Serge G. H.R. 534, the Human Cloning Prohibition Act of 2003, was introduced to the U.S. House of Representatives on February 5, 2003. After discussion, it was passed on February 27 by acquaintance a vote of 241-155.
It now moves on to the Senate for consideration. This bill makes it unlawful for our country any person or entity to perform or participate in human cloning, or to ship or receive embryos produced by human cloning. With Referral From Mutual. The penalties are imprisonment of up to 10 years and fines of essay pakistan, $1 million or more. These now join other nations as diverse as Norway, Australia, and Germany, which had already added cloning for any purpose to their criminal code. And in Germany where it carries a penalty of five years imprisonment they know a thing or two about unethical science. How do you that's true? Where is all the resume cover letter referral mutual, evidence? How would you know that if you got close to a clone, which you can't tell the difference from a human to a clone anyway so that wouldn't be your fault, that you'd get controlled?! And by recall who would be able to controll you, and resume referral from, how would they do such a thing. Who gave you that information?
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essay what is truth THE REASON FOR TRUTH Contents. We live in a strange world in which many people seem able to doubt almost everything (such as the validity of resume cover with mutual evolution or man landing on the moon or the official explanation for 9/11) and yet simultaneously are willing to believe almost anything (whether it be creationism or alien abduction or the our country pakistan, murder of Princess Diana by MI5) with little or no regard for rationality or evidence. In academic circles, this phenomenon is associated with the rise of letter with referral from acquaintance relativism, postmodernism and pseudoscience. In more everyday terms, the psychology as level, development is associated with new ageism, spirituality, and the like.
I believe in rationality, reason and science and therefore I am profoundly sceptical about resume letter with referral from, many beliefs and ideas that others hold always sincerely and often passionately. I believe in Afrivan american humanitites, the value of evidence and resume cover referral from mutual I am deeply sceptical of psychology as level coursework anything contrary to reason or lacking in resume from mutual, evidence. I believe that belief should be proportioned to credible evidence and Intergrity demonstrable causality especially where counter-intuitive notions are concerned. I believe in having an open mind - ready to contemplate new ideas backed by persuasive evidence - but not an empty one - ready to letter with referral from mutual acquaintance, accept any novel suggestion however lacking in sense or evidence. Does it really matter what people believe and how they reach their beliefs? Cannot we just accept that different people believe very different - often fundamentally opposite - things and that some people are more open to esoteric ideas and 1000 essay many more willing to have faith or belief in unusual notions? This essay sets out: why truth matters the techniques people use to acquaintance, deny truth the techniques for determining truth the our country pakistan, techniques for resume cover with referral mutual acquaintance, identifying non-truth the american, sort of beliefs that I challenge. WHY TRUTH MATTERS.
I would offer the following reasons for letter with mutual acquaintance, why truth does matter: Truth has its own virtue . Most of the time we expect and want people - including our relatives, friends, politicians, doctors and american humanitites professional advisers - to tell us the truth because we believe that it is important to know the truth and honourable to express the resume cover letter with mutual, truth. Only humans can discern truth . Of all life on the planet, only humankind can rise above conditioning or instinct and identify truth, so that this is in thesis, effect one of the defining characteristics of what it means to be human. Truth is an intrinsic part of human history and culture . All our historic and contemporary experience is based on identifying the resume with referral from, best possible understanding of truth and building upon this to create a better understanding of our world and our universe. Truth is necessary for a consistent and meaningful approach to life . If we do not know whether statements are true, we cannot make reasonable decisions about our life, such as whether to marry an individual or whether to buy a particular property. Truth is useful because it enables one to make predictions . Recall Essays? If we are confident that things are true, then we can make assertions about the referral mutual, future with equal confidence, such as that a particular design of aircraft is safe or a particular form of sex is Intergrity dangerous. The absence of truth is cover from positively dangerous . If truth does not matter, then we can be persuaded to do things with great personal and societal implications, such as to psychology as level, use an ineffective treatment for HIV/AIDS or to go to war over weapons of referral mutual mass destruction that do not exist. Equally we can deny the reality of the Holocaust or the evidence of global warming. Some people argue - in a spirit of mistaken tolerance - that ultimately truth is psychology as level a personal issue and it does not really matter if one person believes one thing and another person believes something else about the same subject. Letter Referral From Mutual Acquaintance? However, one person's 'truth' often has consequences for as level coursework, another person. For instance, in the UK one flawed piece of research which appeared to suggest a relationship between the MMR (mumps, measles and rubella) vaccine and referral from acquaintance autism was believed to be true by some parents who then ensured that their young children did not receive the vaccine.
Not only were the children concerned then at greater risk of disease but gradually so was the whole child population. Acceptance of the word essay equals many, truth would seem to cover letter from mutual acquaintance, be self-evidently a sensible thing, so why do so many people so often deny the truth? There are many reasons including the following: They are advised against the truth by an authority figure . If at the time of Galileo, the Roman Catholic Church told its members that it was heresy to suggest that the earth was not the centre of the universe, most religious people would not be willing to accept the truth. Essay? Today religious or political leaders or our parents or teachers may - often with great sincerity - take a position contrary to the truth as presented in credible evidence. Letter From? As the writer George Orwell once put it: Some ideas are so stupid that only intellectuals can believe them.
The truth may be contrary to the status quo. Einstein's theory of relativity was not consistent with Newton's laws of gravity - but Einstein was right and eventually scientific evidence demonstrated this and Einstein's theory became the new paradigm. We once thought that smoking and asbestos were not harmful to health but then the total, evidence showed otherwise. From Acquaintance? This is what happens in 1000 word equals many, science and life and we should be open to it. The truth may offend against a received wisdom. For instance, it may seem obvious to supporters of capital punishment that the resume cover letter referral mutual acquaintance, death penalty is a deterrent but countless studies show that it has no effect on murder rates. One may not like the source of the truth.
If a person whom we dislike or an 1000 essay pages, organisation that we oppose - perhaps a political party or a campaign group - puts forward an assertion, we may be inclined to dismiss it, whatever the evidence, because we are to resume letter with from acquaintance, some extent influenced, even blinded, by the source. One may feel that there is an alternative explanation. Of course, there are often alternative explanations; the question is whether an american humanitites, alternative explanation both is consistent with all the evidence and better accords with the resume cover with from mutual, evidence than the explanation offered. One may feel that there is other evidence. However, we can only x autobiography thesis make judgements based on the evidence we have at resume cover from mutual acquaintance the time. Word Essay Pages? This is how individuals, businesses and courts make decisions. If new evidence becomes available, then one can reassess one's position. As the eminent economist John Maynard Keynes once put it: When the resume cover with referral mutual, facts change, I change my mind. What do you do, sir?
One may simply not understand either the evidence or the arguments. Afrivan? In which case, one either takes the studies and the time to understand or one accepts the resume letter acquaintance, authority of Intergrity those who have the relevant knowledge and expertise. One may actually have a fear of the truth. Sometimes people do not want to examine evidence or consider a different outlook because they are afraid of the possible consequences. Similarly, changing one's mind can be stressful, if by doing so one needs to re-examine and possibly extensively modify one's view. DETERMINATION OF TRUTH. So, how do we know what is the truth? The following considerations are paramount: Above all, we have to use our reason. We cannot simply accept things because they conform with our previous ideas or reinforce our prejudices or suggest the world as we would like to see it. We have to think about the arguments and resume with referral from mutual acquaintance the evidence and work things out.
We need to malcolm x autobiography thesis, look at the evidence. So often assertions are made with little or no evidence. We should be very reluctant to letter, accept any such assertion. As the Scottish philosopher David Hume (1711-1776) put it: “A wise man proportions his belief to the evidence”. Personal experience or anecdotes of acquaintances may seem convincing evidence, but our senses can easily deceive us and individuals can be seriously, if sincerely, wrong. Sometimes there is insufficient evidence to form a conclusion, in which case I don't know is an acceptable response and american better than jumping to conclusions on inadequate eveidence. We need strong evidence if the cover letter, assertion is contrary to recall essays, the current wisdom. Of course, as we saw earlier, people can deny a 'new' truth or understanding simply because it is contrary to the 'old' truth or explanation and resume cover with referral from acquaintance one should beware of essays this. However, most of the time most of the assertions that are contrary to the current wisdom are wrong, so we need convincing evidence if we are to abandon current thinking.
We should look at whether an assertion is testable and has been tested. If we are told that a particular drug or treatment is resume cover letter referral from effective, then the drug or treatment can be tested using a large enough sample of patients and a proper control group. Equals Many Pages? If the proposition - for instance, prayer can cure cancer - has not been tested or cannot be properly tested, one needs to be very sceptical of its validity. We should look at whether an assertion has been the referral acquaintance, subject of peer group review. The best people to x autobiography, judge the truth of particular propositions are usually those who have the relevant knowledge and expertise in that area. So doctors are best able to assess medical propositions; climatologists are best able to judge the validity of global warming; physicists are most likely to know the cover with referral acquaintance, effects on humans of electric fields. If a proposition has not been tested by peers or has been rejected by those peers, one should be inclined to 1000 word essay equals many, reject it. We need to weigh carefully the opinion of relevant authorities. Of course, again as we saw earlier, authority can be wrong - especially when a new idea is concerned and most especially when the new idea challenges a well-established older idea.
However, most of the time most of us need to with mutual acquaintance, accept the view of the relevant authority because we simply do not have the knowledge or expertise to make an informed judgement and 1000 essay many most of the time these authorities serve us well. Resume Letter With Referral Acquaintance? So, if the overwhelming majority of doctors state that the MMR injection is safe or the overwhelming majority of scientists state that global warming is a reality, we need compelling reasons - preferably based on sound evidence - to disbelieve this. We should be more inclined to accept assertions emanating from open systems than from closed ones. The reason why democratic societies are more successful economically and its citizens on the whole are happier than in the case of authoritarian societies is malcolm because a democratic nation is an open system with stronger and more effective mechanisms for determining and disseminating the resume cover with referral from, truth. These mechanisms include universal franchise, regular elections, a choice of political parties, a free media, freedom of expression, freedom of association, the 1000 word equals pages, rule of law, an independent judiciary, the jury system, open courts, free markets, educated citizens and consumers. Similarly political parties, companies and resume with referral from organisations that have open systems - promoting a free flow of information, encouraging debate, and permitting challenge - are more likely to be sources of total truth. Cover Letter With From? DETECTION OF NON-TRUTH. The world is awash with non-truths. How does one detect such non-truths.
We need to apply the following tests: Above all, what is the evidence? As well as the evidence itself, we want to know the source - the primary source, not a reported or second-hand source - of the evidence and we want to know its authority and its timing. Again we need to appreciate that most personal experience and anecdotal evidence is weak and unpersuasive. Has the Intergrity, evidence been reviewed by letter from mutual, a group of peers? If not, why not? If so, what was the response of the peer group? Has the evidence and 1000 essay pages the methodology been confirmed or challenged or questioned by the peer group? Is the assertion consistent with current knowledge or is it counter-intuitive . Referral From? If it challenges current thinking, it may still be valid, but we need clear and coursework persuasive evidence before accepting it. Are we sure that there is not merely correlation but actual causality?
Every time I wake up in the morning, the sun rises. Here there is a clear correlation but obviously there is absolutely no causality. This is a simple example. Consider another: more police are put on cover with referral mutual acquaintance, the streets and crime falls. Here there may or may not be a causality - we need to assess all the relevant variables such as changes in population or reporting or sentencing. Does the assertion lend itself to prediction? If one believes in Intergrity, homeopathic medicine, then one can predict that those using it will recover from various ailments. Letter Referral Acquaintance? This can and should be tested in a controlled experiment. When carrying out such experiments, one needs to be aware of Intergrity 'the placebo effect', whereby people often report improvements in health even when no drug has been administered, and 'the Hawthorne effect', whereby people's behaviour changes simply as a response to being observed in resume cover letter from mutual, an experiment.
The analysis in this essay leads me to a particular position on many issues of thesis discussion and debate in our society. While I have deep respect for people with religious views, especially when this leads to ethical and moral behaviour, I am profoundly sceptical of all metaphysical and paranormal concepts and ideas such as God, the Devil, angels, ghosts, spirits, Heaven, Hell, grace, sin, miracles and the efficacy of prayer. Equally I am unconvinced of the cover letter referral from acquaintance, existence of physical notions for which there is little or no evidence such as UFOs, aliens, alien architecture and alien abductions. I reject very strongly the theories of young earth creationism and intelligent design. I am opposed intellectually to all non-rational modes of thought and therefore I am profoundly sceptical of the validity of aura, shakra, reiki, clairvoyance, telepathy, psychokinesis, astrology, cosmic ordering, crystals, feng shui, labyrinths, dowsing, horoscopes, prophecies, numerology, faith healing, alternative medicine, homeopathy, miracle cures, and conspiracy theories. I reject very strongly the x autobiography, idea of resume with from acquaintance Holocaust denial. In short: there is no evidence for any of total essays these things, so I do not believe in letter with from acquaintance, them. I would summarize my position on truth as follows: In a strict sense, all truth is as level provisional and stands open to challenge on the basis of a new interpretation of the available evidence or the provision of resume cover letter with referral from mutual acquaintance new evidence.
The key point here is that it is total evidence - old or new - that is at the heart of the cover with from mutual acquaintance, determination. In the meanwhile, the most truthful statements explain and are consistent with all the currently available evidence. On the basis of consistency and utility, the most truthful statements are likely to be consistent with the current paradigm until persuasive evidence challenges that paradigm. Coursework? The most useful truths are those that do simply explain past phenomena but enable consistently accurate statements about the future. FURTHER READING The Demon-Haunted World by Carl Sagan (Random House, 1995) [for my review click here] Why People Believe Weird Things by Michael Shermer (W.H. Freeman, 1997) [for my review click here] The Skeptic's Dictionary by Robert Todd Carroll (John Wiley, 2003) [for online version click here] How Mumbo-Jumbo Conquered The World by Francis Wheen (Harper Perrenial, 2004) [for my review click here] Counterknowledge by Damian Thompson (Atlantic Books, 2008) [for my review click here] Don't Get Fooled Again by cover letter referral, Richard Wilson (Icon Books, 2008) [for my review click here] Ben Goldacre's Bad Science site click here My advice on humanitites, How To Think Critically click here.
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