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Bp Oil Spill Essays and Research Papers. BP Oil Spill Chait, J, (2010). Dear Leader. New Republic, 241(10), 2-2. Retrieve June 21, 2010, from structure extended project Academic . Search Premier. This article discusses the present oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. The president’s has not changed the top custom Minerals Management Service. In reality, the federal government has no agency tasked with capping undersea oil leaks. All the necessary equipment, along with the project essay expertise for operating it, resides with the private sector.
BP will likely bear the full cost of the spill;. BP , Chevron Corporation , Gulf of Mexico 1188 Words | 4 Pages. The BP Oil Spill “Thank God men cannot fly and lay waste to sky, as well as the earth,” said Henry David Thoreau . on environmental damage. The BP , or British Petroleum, Gulf oil spill has been widely referred to as the biggest environmental disaster that the United States has ever faced, with over essay about in lord of the four million gallons of oil pouring into the waters off the Mexican Gulf Coast. Structure Project. The BP oil spill occurred in April of 2010. It was, and still is, the biggest oil spill in essay, all of U.S. history. The massive. Extended Project Essay. Galveston, Texas , Gulf Coast of the United States , Gulf of Mexico 2831 Words | 7 Pages. ? BP OIL SPILL IN 2010 April 20th was a tragic day for BP and the crew . of the Transocean’s Deepwater Horizon. “Floating fifty-two miles off the coast of Louisiana in 5,000 feet of water was an oil rig drilling in the Gulf of Mexico.” (Hoffman, 2010) What unfolded next will go down in history as the worst accidental oil spill in the world. “The oil well a mile below the surface of the Gulf blew up from high-pressure methane gas expanding into freud of dreams the drill. As a result of. Alabama , Class action , Drilling rig 2171 Words | 6 Pages. ?Deepwater Horizon Assignment On April 20th 2010 a BP licenses oil rig 50 miles off the coast of of an project essay Louisiana exploded, killing . 11 people.
For three months millions of barrels of oil poured into the Gulf of Mexico killing sea life, altering the capital budgeting case study eco-system and affecting towns situated around the Gulf’s livelihood and quality of life. The Deepwater Horizon rig is responsible for structure of an extended project essay the worst offshore oil spill in history. Budgeting Indian Case Study. The corporation lost billions of dollars due to structure extended, the disaster stemming for systematic. In Lord Of The Flies. Chevron Corporation , Crisis , Gulf of Mexico 1197 Words | 4 Pages. Project Essay. BP oil spill is ranked as the largest environmental disaster in the world history. As the oil from about evil of the flies . BP spill washes ashore, people on Gulf Coast are suffering huge damages they have never met before. The U.S. government estimates that up to 60,000 barrels of oil a day are spewing out from the damaged BP drilling rig to Gulf of Mexico.
It has ruined the shoreline, killed animal and of an extended essay, sea life, threaten the ecosystem and harmed the for essays tourism and fishing in Louisiana. After the spilling happened, US government. Drilling rig , Federal government of the United States , Oil platform 1509 Words | 4 Pages. ? BP Oil Spill 2010 Elizabeth Morton University of Phoenix SUS/300 3/9/15 Tereza Marks Gulf . Structure Of An. Oil Spill Case BP Oil Spill 2010 BP is a world leading international oil and Gas Company. Top Custom Term. The BP Company however had an oil spill on April 20, 2010 due to a gas release in structure extended project essay, the Gulf of Mexico. A massive explosion followed the gas release on an essay the Deep Water Oil rig that was working on the exploration of British Petroleum. The explosive gas leak resulted in eleven peoples dead and several other. Biodiversity , Bioremediation , Ecology 1696 Words | 8 Pages. Five Lessons from the BP Oil Spill It's very easy to pile onto BP right now. The accident, which . may be due more to extended, negligence, is essay in lord, bad enough. Extended Project. The company lost 11 employees — after losing 15 in a high-profile explosion at a refinery 5 years ago.
The damage to results, the Gulf, its species, and the people who depend on structure extended essay it is almost incalculable. But surprisingly, it's even easier to criticize BP's behaviour since the explosion — the company has tried hard to downplay the scale of the tragedy and it has. BP , John Browne, Baron Browne of Madingley , Management 1317 Words | 3 Pages. relationships between countries and affected the world economies, be it the relationship with the board of directors of term papers BP and the US . government or the change in value of BP PLC on the stock exchange. ?As a result of the of an project oil spill the Obama administration imposed a six month moratorium on new deep water drilling operations which ended on the 12th of October. For twenty years previous to the oil spill in essay about evil flies, the Gulf of Mexico there had been a total ban on deep water off shore drilling. But during his presidency.
BP , Gulf of structure of an Mexico , International trade 1062 Words | 3 Pages. BP is a British global energy company which is the an essay third largest energy company and the fourth largest company in the world. As a multinational . oil company, BP is the UK's largest corporation, with its headquarters in structure of an project essay, London. BP's headquarters is in Houston, Texas. The company is among the largest private sector energy corporations in the world, and one of the six private sector oil exploration, natural gas, and writing results of research paper, petroleum product marketing companies. Structure Of An. Tony Hayward took over as the Chief Executive. BP , Exxon Valdez oil spill , ExxonMobil 862 Words | 3 Pages. BP CASE-STUDY 1 BP Case-Study Ethics in Today’s Organizations Nicki Marzolf March 1, 2011 BP . Results. CASE-STUDY 2 Company Summary Beyond Petroleum ( BP ) is a British oil company that was founded over project a century ago by an affluent business man, William D’Arcy.
D’Arcy put all of his money into searching for oil in idioms, the Middle East; a decision that nearly bankrupted him, because it took six years before any oil could be tapped. It is important to note that locating the oil was not the only. Project. BP , Ethics , Exxon Valdez oil spill 1567 Words | 6 Pages. Oil is a product used by about flies, everyone, but sometimes oil is structure extended, a problem. An oil spill is a leakage from an . oceangoing tanker, pipelines, or other oil sources. Oil spills occur very frequently, and cause enormous ecological harm. About eight million barrels of oil are spilled each year. Tankers usually carry about essay about evil in lord of the flies five hundred million barrels of oil . Many oil spills , large in land or ocean coverage, have had major impacts on the earth and essay, it’s inhabitants.
Many animals die and some are injured in some way. Bird , Exxon Valdez oil spill , Offshore drilling 880 Words | 3 Pages. occurs today is oil spills . The first major oil spill happened during World War II on the East Coast . of the idioms for essays United States and spilled about 590,000 tons of oil . The most recent oil spill happened last year in 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico and about 190,120,055 gallons of oil leaked into the Gulf. Oil spills have affected our marine life, seafood industry, houses, health, and fossil fuels. Our world will never be the same after these horrifying spills that are destroying our environment. Extended Project Essay. Oil is evil, a source. Earth , Exxon Valdez oil spill , Marine biology 1835 Words | 5 Pages. Who is extended, Responsible? BP is an essay, responsible for the disaster and should be held fully accountable for all economic retribution financially and . environmentally. Structure Of An Extended Project. The oil rig was under contract by BP and according to the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 it stipulated that those parties responsible for the rig or facility which oil is being discharged from—is the responsible party held liable for english idioms for essays cleanup costs. The conflict revolves around the fact that BP failed to clean-up the structure of an extended project essay oil after seven days of trying. Barack Obama , BP , Conflict 1229 Words | 4 Pages.
The 2010 BP Oil Spill allowed about 5 million barrels of oil to flow into the Gulf of Mexico before . the gush was capped. Unfortunately, the budgeting indian case explosion killed 11 people and injured several others (Benoit, 2011). To claim its ultimate negligence and reduce the pollution of the spill , BP created a multi-page website entitled “Gulf of Mexico Restoration” to structure extended project, communicate its message to the public. Writing Results Section Of Research Paper. BP’s “Gulf of Mexico Restoration” website uses these three strategies to repair its reputation: displaying. Exxon Valdez oil spill , Galveston, Texas , Gulf Coast of the United States 973 Words | 3 Pages. Ethics in structure extended, the Workplace - Bp Oil Spill. Results Of Research Paper. Ethics in the Workplace Case Study: BP Oil Spill On April 20, 2010 off the Gulf of Mexico, there was a blowout . Project Essay. of the Macondo well which is owned by British Petroleum also known as BP . English For Essays. When the blowout took place it got immediate media attention because aspects of the event were known over the world. Within events transpiring it was discovered how limited the resources and reaction to the disaster was going to be.
This paper will detail aspects of the event from symptoms of the problem, the root. BP , Business ethics , Ethics 1720 Words | 5 Pages. BP COMMUNICATION FAILure DURING GULF OIL SPILL CRISIS An important component of crisis management is . Structure Extended Project Essay. response. Response can include several actions such as communication with stakeholders, the public and the government. Appropriate and effective communication can minimize the distribution of incomplete and of research, inaccurate information, reduce speculation and prevent or quell rumors. Structure Of An. In fact, studies suggest that the message itself can affect the public’s evaluation of the company and for essays, perhaps. Communication , Crisis , Exxon Valdez 2159 Words | 7 Pages. Management Crisis The Frontline report, “The Spill ”, which focused on British Petroleum's problematic management culture and structure, its catastrophic . effects, aired on October 26, 2010. Around then, the oil giant BP had suffered a crisis with its latest off-shore oil rig, the Deepwater Horizon. However, this was just the latest in accidents concerning its oil operations.
In the years before the Deepwater Horizon accident, BP had also suffered major accidents in its oil production fields in Texas and Alaska. Its. BP , Drilling rig , Exxon Valdez oil spill 2343 Words | 6 Pages. The Economic Impact of the writing section BP Oil Spill. Structure Essay. ? The Economic Impact of the BP Oil Spill In April of 2010, a British Petroleum operated oil . drilling rig off the Gulf of Mexico, the budgeting Deepwater Horizon, exploded suddenly after high pressure methane gas from the oil well rose to the drilling rig, causing it to structure of an extended, ignite and then sink to interpretation of dreams, the bottom of the ocean floor. The explosion caused a sea-floor level oil blowout, and crude oil was leaked into essay the surrounding water for three months before a solution was found. After eighty-seven long days, the. Drilling rig , Exxon Valdez oil spill , Oil platform 2342 Words | 6 Pages. Bp Marketing Problem After Oil Spill. British Petroleum’s Marketing Problem Florida International University Summer 2011 Alex Del Veccio Yudith Torres BP Marketing Problem . In April 20th, 2010 one of the worst environmental natural disasters that were brought on by a men happened. Evil In Lord Of The. We are talking about the British petroleum Oil spill on the Golf Coast.
The disaster not only extended essay, affected the plants, animals and about evil, people living in the area but also the image of the company. British Petroleum has been successful on creating a powerful. BP , Canada , Chevron Corporation 2530 Words | 7 Pages. BP Oil Madeline O’Hara MGT 2037 S03 Instructor Azadegan South University Online December 14, 2012 I have chosen to . research the management of a large company called BP Oil . This company is structure of an, one of the world’s largest and is involved in all aspects of oil and gas industry. British Petroleum operates in many countries and has had to capital case study, go through many incidents which cause controversy. These controversies make it a highly interesting company to research when it comes to the forms of management. BP , Exxon Valdez oil spill , Management 856 Words | 3 Pages. Ethical Dilemma with the Bp Oil Spill. The BP oil spill , more famously referred to as the Deepwater Horizon Spill , occurred in 2010 in the . Gulf of structure of an Mexico and flowed unmitigated for as long as 3 months.
The BP oil spill has fared as the largest marine oil spill ever confronted in the history of the writing results section petroleum industry. Structure Extended Project Essay. The oil spill on case the 20th of April 2010 was primarily the result of a gas release followed by structure of an project essay, an explosion in the Deepwater Horizon oil rig, in the Gulf of Mexico, established on the Mocando exploration well designed for. Blowout preventer , Drilling rig , Exxon Valdez oil spill 1115 Words | 3 Pages. Questions: What are the environmental implications of an essay others oil spills ? What legislative policies have been instituted to mitigate the . Of An Project. possibility of future oil spills ? How are oil spills cleaned up and what are the freud interpretation of dreams advantages and disadvantages of each method? What type of research and innovation surrounding oil spills has been done to prevent their occurrence? In order to foster an environment for emerging technologies and higher standards of living, the United States, Canada and many other nations. Structure Of An Essay. Bioremediation , Environmentalism , Exxon Valdez oil spill 1899 Words | 5 Pages. BP : The Oil and writing of research, Energy Company BP is an oil company whose roots start back in Cleveland, Ohio in . the 1870's. BP has grown from a local oil company to now being a global energy group employing over 80,000 people and operating in over 100 countries worldwide. BP provides fuel for transportation, energy for heat and structure of an project essay, light, retail services, and petrochemical products for freud interpretation of dreams everyday items. Of An Extended Project Essay. They are all about finding oil and natural gas and have several brands that might sound familiar: BP , Castrol.
ARCO , BP , Chevron Corporation 1422 Words | 4 Pages. Ethical Issues Surrounding the idioms for essays Bp Oil Spill. Ethical Issues surrounding the BP Oil Spill By: Angela Higgins December 16, 2010 The BP . Oil Spill which happened on April 20, 2010, was the largest offshore oil spill in project essay, U.S. Interpretation Of Dreams Essay. history releasing approximately 185 million gallons of structure extended essay crude oil into the gulf. This event was the top custom term result of a wellhead on the Deepwater Horizon oil drilling platform blowing out in the Gulf of structure of an essay Mexico approximately 40 miles southeast offs the of research Louisiana coastline. Eleven men working on structure extended project the oil rig platform were killed and. Drilling rig , Ethics , Exxon Valdez oil spill 1236 Words | 4 Pages. ?ID#: 2468915 ESOL 0054 Effects of the Oil Catastrophe in capital budgeting indian case, the Gulf of Mexico The oil spill . in Gulf of Mexico in the 27th June is the second largest oil spill in essay, the world, bearing in mind that over 7 tones of oil have been spilled between 1970 and 2009 (Jamsey M. 2).
This oil leak recently occurred and made the headlines for quite sometime. Now there are over 94000 barrels spilled, knowing that 5000 barrels are added every single day, adding that 154 sea turtles. Arianna Huffington , Effect , Exxon Valdez oil spill 826 Words | 5 Pages. Oil Spills : Their Environmental Impact on Our Oceans How do we prevent oil spills ? (The last part) . Oil spills are the on respecting most devastating environmental disasters. On the surface, oil spills directly pollute oceans, kill sea life, and damage the environment we live in. Furthermore, oil spills hurt the nation’s health, environment, tourist and the fishing business. Therefore, oil spills impact the structure of an essay entire economy and our standard of living. How do we prevent future oil spills and protect our oceans.
Alternative energy , Energy development , Mediterranean Sea 662 Words | 3 Pages. ? Deepwater Horizon oil spill July . 5, 2010 Word count: Background: BP plc is a British-based global energy company which is the writing results of research paper third largest energy company and it is the United Kingdom’s largest corporation the fourth largest company in the world ( BP , Wikipedia). Its name is initials of the company’s former legal names British Petroleum. British Petroleum merged with Amoco. BP , Exxon Valdez oil spill , Ixtoc I 1167 Words | 4 Pages. Professor Quazi Seraj English 112 11 October 2012 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill The . Deepwater Horizon oil spill was a devastating event that lasted several months. It occurred on April 20 through July 15, 2010 offshore Louisiana, Gulf of Mexico, USA. Deepwater Horizon is owned and operated by structure extended essay, British Petroleum ( BP ). The spill was caused by an oil gusher on the ocean floor. The Deepwater Horizon rig started drilling a well at a water depth of 5,000ft. Exxon Valdez oil spill , Gulf War , Oil gusher 812 Words | 5 Pages. Current Ethical Issues on Oil Spill. Term. their domestic consumptions of oil have led to increased prices of gasoline whereby alternative forms of energy production are sought.
With . this in mind, offshore drilling can be a viable option for satiating the need of oil and also to boost the economy of the structure of an extended project essay nation. In this report, I am going to freud interpretation of dreams essay, discuss how the current Deepwater Horizon rig explosion has led to disastrous oil spill into the Gulf of Mexico causing environmental problems and also discuss how the oil spill if resolved and with safe and. Structure Extended. BP , Hydrocarbon , Natural gas 1476 Words | 4 Pages. Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Damage April 20, 2010 began as a day of celebration, a day that marked 7 years without injury on . the Deepwater Horizon oil rig, and ended with 11 people dead, 78 days of oil flow, and 1,074 miles of the Gulf of top custom Mexico contaminated. Three years after the structure of an extended project Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill the beaches may appear clean but we have yet to see the in lord of the final effects. BP , the company behind this tragedy, is extended project, still trying to clean up the mess they have created. This is a lot more complicated. Environment , Exxon Valdez oil spill , Gulf Oil 1275 Words | 4 Pages. Effects of Oil Spills amp; Fluctuating Gas Prices in the United States of America Strayer University Spring Semester 2010 . “Every area in the country is subject to some kind of an essay on respecting others disaster - flood, hurricane, earthquake, to name a few. Even man-made disasters - oil spill , civil unrest, fire - can devastate the surrounding neighborhood and structure of an extended project, economy. Even though an area has never been damaged before, there is no guarantee that it will not happen tomorrow.” Carol Chastang Oil spills not only affect.
Cost , Economics , Economy of the United States 1504 Words | 5 Pages. Essay 1 The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was an oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico which flowed for . three months in 2010. This spill had a catastrophic on the environment causing extensive damage to marine and wildlife habitats as well as killing 11 workers and injuring 17 others. This spill is the freud of dreams “worst environmental disaster the US has faced”, according to White House energy adviser Carol Browner. Why did this occur? The staff of the BP Deep Water Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore drilling Commission.
Chevron Corporation , Cost , Costs 1102 Words | 4 Pages. An oil spill can be defined as an accidental or deliberate dumping of oil or petroleum products into the ocean and . Structure. its coastal waters, bays, and harbors, or onto english, land, or into rivers or lakes (Holum 1977). Of An. Between one and ten million metric tons (one metric ton is 1000 kilograms) of budgeting indian case study oil are put into the oceans every year. The oil is of an extended project essay, released, most often, in for essays, small yet consistent doses from tankers, industry, or on shore waste disposal (Boesh, Hersher, et al. 1974). Structure Of An Project. Tanker spills cost the United. Exxon Valdez oil spill , Marine biology , Ocean 2467 Words | 7 Pages.
Seunghwan Lee Professor Poe En 102 11/08/2010 Causes and evil in lord, Effects of Gulf Oil Disaster As the situation of environment is becoming worse . than ever these days, the explosion of Deepwater Horizon ship has been making things the structure of an worst with the enormous damages since this incident happened on April 20th 2010. An Essay On Respecting. This disastrous accident happened under the 2nd biggest oil company BP’s poor responsibility. According to this accident, about 30 laborers died or got deadly hurt then the ship started to. Exxon Valdez oil spill , Northern bluefin tuna , Oil spill 1344 Words | 4 Pages. On April 20, 2010 BP’s Deep Horizon oil rig exploded, spilling more than 200 gallons of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico and structure of an extended project, . killing 11 workers (“11 Facts about the papers BP Oil Spill ”, 2013). BP’s manual and emergency prevention efforts failed, allowing oil to spill into the Gulf for 87 days, resulting in the largest U.S. oil spill in history (Brown, 2013). The spill hurt the of an essay company’s reputation and caused a company crisis that involved BP’s stock price to decrease from $57.45 before the disaster.
BP , Exxon Valdez oil spill , Mexico 1309 Words | 3 Pages. Freud Essay. Bp Oil Explosion in extended essay, the Gulf of Mexico. English For Essays. its worst oil spill disasters in the history of structure of an marine petroleum exploration. A deadly oil well blowout at Macondo . Prospect, about 41 miles off the southeast coast of Louisiana, spewed huge quantities of oil for 87 long days causing major environmental and economic troubles to term papers, the Gulf region (Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill ). It started with a fire and explosion, killing 11 workers, and then unleashed a slow motion disaster that spread across the 600 mile gulf coastline. The massive oil spill disrupted. Drilling rig , Exxon Valdez oil spill , Oil platform 1404 Words | 4 Pages. Oil Spills Pollution in structure extended project essay, the ocean is about in lord, a major problem that is affecting the ocean and the rest of the structure Earth. Pollution is the . ocean directly affects ocean organisms and indirectly affects human heath and resources. Oil spills is one of the harmful materials that are a major source of pollution in capital case study, the ocean. “ Oil spills stem from accidents involving tankers, barges, pipelines, refineries, and storage facilities, often while the oil is extended, being transported to its users.” (NOAA 2012) Based on information. Exxon Valdez oil spill , Hydrocarbon , Intertidal zone 1017 Words | 3 Pages. quality Oils consist of a complex mixture of hydrogen and carbon which is used for fuel, lubrication, plastics manufacturing, and about in lord flies, many other . purposes. These petroleum products get into water mainly by means of accidental spills from of an extended project essay ships, tanker trucks, pipelines, and leaky underground storage tanks Petroleum products affect surface water, impairing water quality with hydrocarbons, salts, nutrients, a host of organic compounds, and various heavy metals. Immediately after a spill , Oil slicks on.
Benzene , Exxon Valdez oil spill , Gasoline 2066 Words | 6 Pages. After the writing results paper tragic BP oil spill in 2010, Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal was quoted saying “the day that we’ve been . fearing is upon us.” It is of an project essay, obvious that oil spills are a major concern throughout the world and pose a menacing threat to our environment and our public health. When hearing the phrase “ oil spill ,” many immediately think about top custom term papers death, destruction and disaster. Unfortunately, a majority of project essay people only acknowledge the devastating and capital indian, highly publicized oil spills , but what they don’t see. Exxon Valdez , Exxon Valdez oil spill , ExxonMobil 1564 Words | 4 Pages. ?The Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill commenced on structure extended project April 20, 2010 and continued for next 86 days. It was devastating to the extent that . it killed eleven men and seventeen people severely wounded. English. The total estimate of the crude oil spilled is about 4.9 million barrels. Structure Of An Extended Project. It was controlled later on about of the but the devastating effects that last for a longtime, is was the structure extended essay contribution of the essay about of the flies deterioration of structure extended essay air and water through pollutions. When the oil evaporation happens it creates very small particles called carcinogens.
Air pollution , Barack Obama , Exxon Valdez oil spill 861 Words | 3 Pages. Enviromental Damage from Oil Spill. Running head: Environmental damage from the BP oil spill Topic: Ethics and Leadership . Top Custom. Analysis and Application Solns. to Org. Of An Extended. Challenges: A Capstone Exp. in Integration and Strategy June 2, 2012 Environmental damage from the BP oil spill Oil spills of any form always results in gradual and an essay others, long-term environmental damage. Some environmental damages caused by oil spillages can last for years and even decades after it occur. Extended Project Essay. In 2010 the world woke. BP , Crisis , Environmental disasters 1170 Words | 3 Pages. Top Custom Papers. EXXON VALDEZ OIL SPILL Relevant Facts On March 24, 1989, there were several ruptured tanks of the Exxon Valdez that . allowed approximately 11 million gallons of extended crude oil to pour into the Gulf of Alaska.
As soon as this happened, it started what would be described as one of the most dreadful environmental disasters in the history of oil drilling. A few months after, there were enormous surges of wind and waves that caused the budgeting indian case oil to spread further out into the shorelines of Prince. Structure Of An Extended. Alaska , Exxon Valdez , Exxon Valdez oil spill 705 Words | 3 Pages. crisis of the english British concern British Petroleum ( BP ). At first I would like to provide more information about the crisis and its consequences, . then I will identify the kind of crisis we have to structure, deal with, I will discuss the idioms several communication strategies BP have used, I will explain the different reactions of the public on extended essay the crisis. At last, I will give the oil concern some advice, in capital indian, case a reoccurrence takes place. The BP oil spill The BP oil spill was a big natural disaster in the Gulf of Mexico. BP , Crisis , John Browne, Baron Browne of Madingley 2119 Words | 7 Pages. Extended Project. Bp—Deepwater Horizon Case Study Ethics. BP , Ethics , Gulf of budgeting case study Mexico 1897 Words | 7 Pages.
Writing Assignment: BP Oil Spill Response Analyzing BP’s Oil Spill Response On . April 20, 2010, the of an extended essay Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico killed 11 rig workers after more than 4 million barrels of crude oil leaked into the ocean, making it the about of the flies largest oil spill in history (Fisk, 2013). The incident tarnished BP’s reputation and left a devastating imprint on the Gulf's economy and environment. After receiving criticism for its crisis management, the British oil company created a website. BP , Exxon Valdez oil spill , Galveston, Texas 1351 Words | 5 Pages. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Case: A Time for Virtue Ethics In March of 1989 one of the worst environmental disasters took place in . Alaska’s northeastern part of the Prince William Sound. The Exxon Valdez oil tanker collided into the Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound. “An eighteen foot wide hole was ripped into the hull, spilling about 11 million gallons crude oil into the ocean” and along the Alaskan coast. The size of the spill is estimated at “The oil spread to about 1,300 miles of coastline. Ethics , Exxon Valdez , Exxon Valdez oil spill 1768 Words | 5 Pages. On April 4, 2010 a huge explosion of the Deep Horizon oil rig occurred in the Gulf of Mexico Near Louisiana.
Fifteen out the of one hundred . fifty men who were on board were injured. Approximately two days later, the rig sang and oil began spewing. The oil leaked for over one hundred days. The BP oil disaster in the gulf has posed a threat on the people and structure of an extended project, the environment that surround the oil spill . The effects of offshore drilling can be catastrophic, especially after seeing what has happened in. Atlantic Ocean , Federal government of the United States , Gulf Coast of the United States 867 Words | 3 Pages. Writing Section Of Research Paper. THE EXXON VALDEZ OIL SPILL Whats an oil spill ? Oil spills happen . when people make mistakes or are careless and cause an oil tanker to leak oil into the ocean. There are a few more ways an oil spill can occur. Equipment breaking down may cause an structure of an extended essay, oil spill . If the capital case study equipment breaks down, the structure essay tanker may get stuck on shallow land.
When they start to top custom, drive the tanker again, they can put a hole in the tanker causing it to leak oil . Structure Essay. The Exxon Valdez oil spill : On March 24, 1989 at 4 minutes past. Idioms. Exxon Valdez , Exxon Valdez oil spill , ExxonMobil 994 Words | 3 Pages. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill ABSTRACT In March of 1989, the structure project essay Exxon Valdez oil tanker ran aground on Bligh Reef in essay, . Prince William Sound, Alaska. An eighteen foot wide hole was ripped into the hull, and 10.9 million gallons of crude oil spilled into structure extended project essay the ocean. In the following weeks, many things transpired. Papers. This paper will discuss the cleanup, the damage, and the results of the biggest oil spill in of an essay, United States history.
On March 24, 1989, in Prince William Sound Alaska, the capital study Exxon Valdez was moving. Exxon Valdez , Exxon Valdez oil spill , ExxonMobil 1859 Words | 5 Pages. Business Management Ethics Issue at Bp Name: Date: Class: Professor: MANAGEMENT ETHICS AT BP . Abstract Beyond Petroleum, BP is among the largest Oil and extended, other energy companies in the world. Its targets and confidence in the market has enabled it reduce Carbone dioxide waste and enhance alternative sources of section of research energy like solar power. Structure Of An Essay. This upward success has, however, in the recent past been challenged. BP’s environmental image in the globe has been tarnished.
Business ethics , Environment , Ethics 1879 Words | 5 Pages. The Legal Issues and Ethical Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Explosion and British Petroleum Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico 2010. BP Gulf Oil Spill 1 Running Head: BP GULF OIL SPILL The Legal . Issues and Ethical Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Explosion and British Petroleum Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico 2010 Terry D. Term Papers. Bollman Park University BP Gulf Oil Spill 2 British Petroleum’s Roll in the Gulf Oil Spill This paper will explain some of the structure of an project essay effects of three legal issues and on respecting others, three ethical issues surrounding the London-based British Petroleum Company’s involvement in the explosion of the structure of an extended project offshore oil. BP , Exxon Valdez oil spill , Ixtoc I 1526 Words | 5 Pages. Effects of Mexico Oil spill as the result of ocean current movement.
Effects of Mexico Oil spill as the result of ocean current movement The Gulf of Mexico oil spill is . Interpretation Of Dreams Essay. recognized as the extended project essay worst oil spill in U.S. history. On or about April 20, 2010, the mobile offshore drilling unit Deep-water Horizon, which was being used to drill a well for BP Exploration and Production, in the Macondo prospect, experienced an capital budgeting case, explosion, leading to a fire and its subsequent sinking in the Gulf of Mexico. This incident resulted in discharges of oil and other substances from the. Gulf Stream , Marine debris , Mexico 1969 Words | 7 Pages. BP OIL SPILL Under the Deepwater Horizon, an offshore drilling ring of British Petroleum ( BP ) . Extended. caused an oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.
The incident occurred on April 20th 2010, where equipment failed and caused the explosion sinking the of dreams ring, and causing the death of 11 workers and more than 17 workers injured. The British based energy company also faced other problems at the site of the structure extended essay oil spill . More than 40 million gallons (estimated data) of oil spewed into the Gulf of Mexico. Oil spill. Budgeting Study. BP , Ethics , Exxon Valdez oil spill 822 Words | 2 Pages. Essay. Thomas Preston BA 2196 Section 14/Emil Steiner 10-31-2012 British Petroleum’s public image was damaged immensely by the Deepwater Horizon . oil spill and budgeting study, its poor public relations management during the weeks that followed. Structure Of An Extended Essay. BP created the “Gulf of capital Mexico Restoration” website to of an extended essay, inform the public about its efforts in cleaning up the spill and to about evil of the flies, help restore public trust in structure essay, the company again. BP’s “Gulf of Mexico Restoration” website uses these three strategies to try to repair its reputation: . Cuba , Exxon Valdez oil spill , Gulf of Mexico 711 Words | 2 Pages. Research The spectrums of oil spill issues are diverse and budgeting indian study, large. They range from environmental issue to economic, ecological, . ethical, politics and policies. Essay. Among many other oil spills , the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, occurred on April 20, 2010 was recorded as the greatest environmental disaster in an essay, our history ( BP leak the world's worst accidental oil spill , 2010). The goal of our research is to seek possible solutions to essay, reduce the risks of offshore oil spills . To attain this goal, we.
Drilling rig , Exxon Valdez oil spill , Federal government of the United States 6376 Words | 20 Pages. Oil Spill Mitigation Planning and Monetary Recovery. Oil Spill Mitigation Planning and Monetary Recovery Andrew Fossa Saint Petersburg College Administrative Law Kenneth Afienko . Abstract FOSSA A (2012) Saint Petersburg College Oil spill mitigation planning and monetary recovery A small Gulf Coast Community in Florida has requested the implementation of a contingency plan in the event of an oil spill that affects the coast line. This paper discusses the regulations, and english for essays, laws that govern an oil spill and who is responsible for structure of an monetary and. Exxon Valdez oil spill , Federal government of the United States , Oil Pollution Act of term papers 1990 2518 Words | 7 Pages. Of Mexico Oil Spill | | | Teia Gill | Com 150June 20, 2010Cheryl Brisbane | [Type the abstract of the document . here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. Structure Extended Project Essay. Type the abstract of the document here. Essay About Evil In Lord Flies. The abstract is typically a short summary of the structure of an extended project contents of the document.] | There is top custom, a tremendous amount of controversy in of an project essay, the news today about the recent Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill . On April 20th 2010 a catastrophic explosion aboard an oil rig in the.
Exxon Valdez oil spill , Louisiana , Mexico 1979 Words | 5 Pages. May 2010 BP Horizon Oil Spill Back in the '40s and top custom term papers, '50s I believe that companies stood behind their products. In . later decades I don't think it was as common and there were a lot of lies, double books, and of an extended essay, skimming going around. In this current age how many companies can you honestly say you would invest in their products for the rest of your life? BP is just one of thousands of writing results section of research paper companies that work by project essay, the bottom line and english for essays, only by the bottom line, usually bypassing safety and employees. BP just got. Exxon Valdez oil spill , ExxonMobil , Oil spill 3008 Words | 8 Pages.
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Sample Cover Letter Essays and Research Papers. Zip Code Cover Letter Contact Section Examples Salutation Dear Mr./Ms. Last Name, (leave out project if you don't have a . Idioms For Essays. contact or using Dear Hiring Manager or one of the other examples below) Cover Letter Greeting Examples Body of Cover Letter The body of your cover letter lets the employer know what position you are applying for, why the employer should select you for an interview, and of an extended project, how you will follow-up. First Paragraph The first paragraph of your letter should include information. Cover letter , Employment , Legislation 460 Words | 3 Pages. How to Write a Cover Letter What Should Your Cover Letter Do For You?
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cover letter, resume, job interview guideline. ?Assignment 1 – Application Letter , Resume, Interview (30 Marks) Scenario: This task provides an opportunity for you to fully prepare . for term applying for a job. You are going to extended project essay be seeking and applying for papers a job. You will compose an application letter and a resume as well as participate in a mock interview. Search for one job posting from either an internet site or the newspaper. Find something you are both interested in structure project essay or qualified for. For Essays. Customize your application letter and resume to the particular. Application for employment , Cover letter , Curriculum vitae 756 Words | 4 Pages. email@example.com or my cell phone, 909-555-5555. Thank you for your time and consideration.
I look forward to speaking with you about structure of an extended project this . employment opportunity. Results Of Research. Sincerely, John Donaldson ------------------------------------------------- Sample Job Application Letter of a Fresh Graduate (Insert Date Here) (Insert Name here) (Insert Position here) (Insert Address here) (Insert 2nd line of address here) Dear Ms. Of An Project Essay. (insert last name): Thank you for posting your need for top custom term papers Human Resource staff. Application for employment , Bar association , Cover letter 644 Words | 3 Pages. ? Job Application Letter Format Contact Information Name Address City, State, Zip Code Phone Number Email Address Date Employer . Contact Information (if you have it) Name Title Company Address City, State, Zip Code Salutation Dear Mr./Ms. Last Name, (leave out if you don't have a contact) Body of extended project, Application Letter The body of your application letter lets the budgeting indian employer know what position you are applying for, why the employer should select you for an interview, and structure of an extended essay, how you.
Application for interpretation of dreams essay employment , Cover letter , Education 481 Words | 2 Pages. ? COVER LETTER SAMPLE A cover letter is a document sent with your resume to provide . additional information on structure of an extended your skills and capital budgeting indian case study, experience. Employers use cover letters as a way to screen applicants for available jobs and to determine which candidates they would like to interview. If an employer requires a cover letter , it should be listed in the job posting. What is Included in a Cover Letter A cover letter typically provides detailed information on why you are qualified for the job you are applying. Application for structure of an project employment , Bachelor's degree , Cover letter 299 Words | 2 Pages.
BUSINESS LETTER Business letter is considered as a formal and confidential document that writes about any business request or . calls to action from any other business connection; can be a formal business letter that list all the orders of business supplies; or possibly a letter of apology for any information mistakes related with the business itself. And though email and on respecting others, other types of online communication are widely the structure extended essay most common types of idioms for essays, fast mail interaction these days – business letters still. Business development , Business letter , Cover letter 1874 Words | 7 Pages. BUSINESS ENGLISH APLICATION LETTERS Disusun Oleh Achmad Wimas (0811113061) Edwar Beffriadi (0811113010) Mega Ridzkianto (0911110059) . KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN NASIONAL UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA FAKULTAS ILMU BUDAYA MALANG 2012 APPLICATION LETTERS What is structure of an project essay a speculative letter ? This type of letter is sent to an employer or employment agency, seeking consideration for term papers possible employment opportunities, i.e. positions which are not currently advertised or which do not currently exist. It. Application for employment , Business letter , Cover letter 1611 Words | 6 Pages. Application Letter There are some mistakes and ambiguous expressions in the following application letter for a job as a . Structure Of An Essay. salesperson.
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Congratulation Letter 13. Letter of interpretation of dreams, Recognition 14. Letter of Reference 15. Invitation Letter 16. Letter of Credit 17. Letter of Interest 18. Business. Business letter , Cover letter , Epistle 381 Words | 4 Pages.
??? COVER LETTER , ????——?????: ????? OPENING PARAGRAPH: Who You Are and What You Want (Purpose) ???:???????? . - State the purpose of the letter and who you are. ???? - Name the position for which you are applying. ???? - State your personal interest in the company. ?????? - Include how you heard of the position or the name of the person who referred you. ???? ?:Dear Ms. Lee: As an of an extended, MBA student at capital study, the Crummer Graduate School of structure of an extended essay, Business, Rollins College, I am pursuing a. Cover letter , Fast food , Initiative 701 Words | 3 Pages. Job Searching Top of papers, Form Search Bottom of structure of an project, Form Job Searching Find a Job Resumes Letters Interviews Employment Share Print Top . of Form Free Job Searching Newsletter!Sign Up Bottom of Form Discuss in top custom papers my forum Curriculum Vitae Format How to Format a Curriculum Vitae (CV) By Alison Doyle, About.com Guide See More About: curriculum vitae cvs curriculum vitae writing curriculum vitae samples Copyright Pali Rao Ads IT Jobs In Ghanawww.jobs.com.ghThen Build Your CV Online Now. Application for employment , Cover letter , Curriculum vitae 767 Words | 6 Pages. Resignation Letters - Samples From Laura Schneider, former About.com Guide See More About: * resignation . letters * job letter samples * offer letters * cover letters * reference letters The technical industry can be a small world where everyone seems to know each other. Of An Essay. When it's time to resign from your job, make sure you do so in a way that won't leave a negative impression of on respecting others, you with your previous employer. Here are some technical careers examples of resignation letters to use. Cover letter , Curriculum vitae , Employment 762 Words | 5 Pages. WRITTEN 14711 LETTERS Home Free Letters Request a Letter Join - Get 1200+ Letters With . Your Free Registration I AM PLEASE WITH WHAT IREAD. more» Get Our 1200+ Free Letters When You Join Type in a word or phrase you expect to of an extended project essay see in the letter you need and click 'Search LetterRep' Choose a Category Acceptance Letters Acceptance of Resignation Acknowledgment Letter of writing section paper, Receipt Acknowledgment Letters Adoption Letters Affidavit Agreement Letters Agreements . Application for structure of an extended project employment , Business letter , Cover letter 470 Words | 5 Pages.
Common Types of Application Letters. Common Types of indian study, Application Letters To begin planning your letter , decide which type of application letter you . need. This decision is in part based on requirements that employers may have, and in part based on what your background and employment needs are. In many ways, types of application letters are like the project types of resumes. The types of application letters can be defined according to amount and term, kind of information: ? Objective letters ? One type of letter says very little: it identifies the. Application for employment , Business letter , Cover letter 1693 Words | 5 Pages. Phone Interview Etiquette • Job Interview Thank You Letters Types of Job Interviews • Types of Job Interviews • Behavioral . Job Interviews • Telephone Job Interview Job Search and Employment • Job Search and Employment Glossary • Job Search and Employment Guide • Employment Information Job Search and Employment Advice • How to Find a Job • Interviews and Employment • Resumes and extended project, Letters Employment Glossary Terms Starting With S • Salary. Application for about evil employment , Cover letter , Curriculum vitae 488 Words | 4 Pages. MOTIVATION LETTERS ????motivation MANY initial attempts at motivation letters are poor because the structure of an extended project . letters do not convey a sense of the essay about in lord of the individual. Instead, they are often stories: Once upon a time I was born and had a childhood; I plan to of an go to university, start a great career, marry a prince or princess, and then live happily ever after. Results Of Research Paper. The End.
Unfortunately, that tells the of an extended essay reader very little about you. Other initial attempts provide a laundry list of schools and activities. 2007 singles , Academic degree , Cover letter 1260 Words | 5 Pages. A Motivation Letter for a European University. Hi everyone, I'm supposed to write a motivation letter for a European university. Capital Case Study. I was born in project essay the US but live in an essay others France and haven't had to . Project. write in an essay on respecting others English for a while.
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Professional documents are usually single-spaced. 224 Happy. Application for employment , Capital expenditure , Cover letter 786 Words | 3 Pages. Writing the papers Cover Letter . (A resume is just a resume without one) PACKET INDEX: . Section 1: Writing The Letter ……… Pg.3 1 Section 2: Cover Letter Exercise ……… Section 3: Tips to Consider ……… Sample Cover Letters ……… Pg.5 Pg. 6 Pg. 7 Section 1: Before Writing the Letter 1. Update your resume. If you don't already have a resume, then write one the experiences and of an project, skills you list on . Application for employment , Complimentary close , Cover letter 2376 Words | 9 Pages. How a Resume Is Different from a Job Application. The most important component of a resume is the cover letter . Many applicants mistakenly rely on their resume to land an . interview. The cover letter should be considered a part of the capital study resume.
Each job that is applied for should have its own tailored cover letter . If an applicant only completes a company employment application for a job, they are missing an opportunity to structure of an extended project essay highlight their qualifications through a cover letter . Writing. An ideal cover letter “has three purposes: (a) introducing the resume. Application for structure of an extended project employment , Cover letter , Employment 1130 Words | 3 Pages. Devon, London, EX8 Date: 27th February 2012 Subject: Application for the position of a Junior Accountant Dear Sir, I am hereby writing this . letter to apply for the position of for essays, Junior Accountant advertised by your company today in the newspaper job classifieds. I am enclosing my resume and other credentials as specified in the advertisement along with letter for your consideration. I have completed my Bachelor’s in Commerce from structure of an essay Diego University of London recently and wish to writing paper start my career as a. Accountancy , Accountant , Advertising 1583 Words | 7 Pages. final practices Learning Outcomes: By the end of extended essay, this session adults will be able to: - Identify an application form and an essay on respecting others, know what it’s for project - Get . familiar in filling in an application with little or no assistance - Identify a letter - Be able to write a cover letter to essay evil in lord of the somebody with little or no assistance TEACHING LEARNING ASSESSMENT RESOURCES Whole class teaching Pair work/small groups Worksheets/Revision exercises Dictionary Coaching and instruction . Cover letter , Writing 663 Words | 6 Pages.
Importance of structure project, Business letters / Commercial correspondence Business letters are an important communication tool. It is the . medium through which all business queries or proposals are made with the stakeholders of the organization. The stake holders include all those who are interested in the running of an enterprise. The broad purpose of most letters is to inform, request or persuade, but letters do much more. Unlike telephone conversation or other oral communication, letters provide written records.
Application for top custom papers employment , Cover letter , Letter 1904 Words | 7 Pages. Business Communication Business Letters 1/31/2013 Group Members AL Shafee Meeran, Jibin Philip, Vaishak Unnithan Types of structure of an project essay, . Top Custom. letters Writing a letter is an old tradition. These days very few people indulge in this art. Structure. If writing a letter to a friend, relative, higher authority shows respect, effort and writing section of research paper, concern towards that person. Structure Extended Project. Writing a letter takes time but helps in letting out views and essay about evil of the, feelings. This is the extended project essay best way to express in top custom a clear manner. Letter is extended a personal document and should. Communication , Cover letter , Employment 1047 Words | 4 Pages. give you insights into an essay, the company, and your potential employer will be able to see that you are prepared for the interview. Structure Of An Extended. This show of interest could help . in writing results section getting you the job.
You should write a cover letter to structure extended accompany your resume and/or application. This should be a one-page formal business letter in which you introduce yourself, state your reason for writing, briefly summarize your qualifications, and request an interview. Once you are granted an interview, you should arrive well-prepared. Application for employment , Business letter , Cover letter 2223 Words | 6 Pages. Compare the an essay on respecting others Purposes of the Different Documents Used in of an the Selection and Recruitment Process of top custom term papers, a Given Organisation. importance in both finding the correct applicant as well as getting the vacant position applied for, the different documents involved are as follows: • CV . • Personal Specification • Job Description • Selection Criteria • Criteria Sheet • A letter of structure of an extended essay, application with an application form Furthermore, as part of D1, I will be evaluating the usefulness of having each piece of for essays, document in helping the of an project essay employer, Matalan, and the potential applicant, in top custom term this case me, during the interview process. Application for employment , Cover letter , Curriculum vitae 574 Words | 3 Pages. can be said to be either conscious or unconscious (Schlenker, 1980, p.6). As part of the Professional Development module, this assignment will be focused on . the extended analysis and evaluation of english, two fictitious and structure of an extended, competing CV's and interpretation essay, their accompanying cover letters . I will critically evaluate not only the of an extended project appropriate skills both these applicants possess but also the essay about flies suitability and effectiveness of their CV's. Project. The CV's belong to top custom Harvinda Patil and James Davis who are both applying for a placement position. Cover letter , Employment , Resume 2953 Words | 7 Pages.
?1. 2. Letter of Motivation for joining masters degree - UsingEnglish.com . Structure Of An Project Essay. www.usingenglish.com/. /153590- Letter -of-Motivation-for-joining-mast. please someone help me to submit a letter of motivation on masters programme in Environomical Pathways for Sustainable Energy Systems SELECT .. this is . 3. Freud Of Dreams Essay. FAQ - European Master in Renewable Energy - EUREC www.master.eurec.be › Home › About the extended project Master The name of the qualification awarded is 'European Master in Renewable Energy' . renewable. Alternative energy , Cover letter , Energy development 448 Words | 2 Pages. Warehouse Officer Summit Bibiyana II. : Engineer/Architect Summit Bibiyana II Power Company Limited [Source:Bdjobs.com Online job posting, Published On: October 22, 2014 ] Warehouse Officer . Store this Job to My BdJobs Cart No. of writing results section, Vacancies : N/A Share this job Interview Tips Cover Letter Resume Writing Tips English | Bangla Job Description / Responsibility Responsible for maintaining the loading and unloading of goods in and out of the warehouse including equipments, tools and structure of an extended essay, tackles and taking regular stock of the top custom term papers inventory. Cover letter , Curriculum vitae , Employment 356 Words | 2 Pages. University Student Investment Banking Resume Template. Interests: Working out, playing and structure, watching all sports, spending time with family and english idioms, friends, playing scrabble Looking for Extra Help with Your Resume / . CV? We work with a limited number of clients each month to revamp their resumes / CVs and structure extended project essay, cover letters and idioms for essays, guide them through the recruiting process in of an the finance industry.
We select our clients carefully to ensure that they can truly benefit from top custom our services. We aim to create a resume / CV that is at least twice as effective as your current one. Corporate finance , Cover letter , Finance 900 Words | 1 Pages. experience you may have had, and structure project, if it relates to the job, shows the top custom papers employer if you are qualified for that job as any exam results or academic . qualifications should be stated on structure of an extended project essay your CV, Any hobbies and interests should also be stated Covering letter - A document that you sent along side your CV, it provides information about top custom term papers why you are or believe that you are qualified for that specific job. It will explain why you want to structure project work for that company and writing results section of research, why you want to structure of an project essay apply for that job; It will. Application for employment , Cover letter , Curriculum vitae 959 Words | 5 Pages. to look at it and suggest changes. Having said this, if you use the example CVs in these pages as a starting point, you are unlikely to go far wrong. Freud Of Dreams. How . long should a CV be? There are no absolute rules but, in general, a new graduate's CV should cover no more than two sides of A4 paper.
If you can summarise your career history comfortably on structure extended project a single side, this is fine and has advantages when you are making speculative applications and need to put yourself across concisely. However, you should. Application for employment , Coventry , Cover letter 2015 Words | 6 Pages. Successful Career Needs Good Career Skills. 2005). You need good writing skills for writing section of research paper cover letters , resumes, articles, essays, speeches, and the like. The one thing that . Structure Extended. makes each form of communication unique is the on respecting others rhythm and the flow. Writing can delivery your personality with correct grammar.
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Please . Structure Of An Extended. provide a cover letter as a means of of dreams essay, introducing yourself and your interest in this role. This is a unionized position. Extended Project Essay. Application Process: Candidates are invited to apply online. Cover letters are optional, unless specifically requested. Please review the study job competition carefully and be sure to attach any specifically requested documentation in the. Application for employment , Candidate , Cover letter 1076 Words | 4 Pages. correspondence material - cover letters , resumes, thank you letters , etc. Practice job interview questions - and structure of an extended essay, . answers Identify and top custom term, document SFIA skills Analyze what further education or training is necessary Gain awareness of new or emerging ICT trends and the accompanying career opportunities Track internships, volunteer opportunities, and other avenues of structure of an extended, gaining valuable experience Review key job-search trends and term, procedures Write and polish resume and cover letter techniques Research new. Application for employment , Career , Cover letter 650 Words | 3 Pages. 28th Resume: 50 points, due February 11th Internship Cover Letter : 40 points, due February 11th Mock Interview: 50 points, . to be scheduled week of structure of an extended project essay, February 11th-15th Personal Budget Project: 100 points, due April 19th ACT Completion: 100 points, on April 23rd College Research Assignment: 100 points, due May 6th First Draft of others, Personal Statement: 100 points, due May 14th Application Process Project (Resume, Recommendation Request Letter , Personal Statement, College Application): 200 points. 1986 , Application for employment , Cover letter 567 Words | 3 Pages.
manager, clerk and two cleaners. The recruitment and selection was done following a number of procedures that were accompanied by letters used . to inform candidates about their performance. (Sarah, 2007) Reception of application forms Cover letters and application forms are necessary for this process and must contain information about one’s qualifications. The cover letter is project essay written manually and candidates must include all the information necessary from the job descriptions and must have at least. Application for employment , Cover letter , Employment 2138 Words | 6 Pages. ? Cover letter It is generally accepted practice to an essay others include a cover (or covering) letter , together . Of An Extended Project. with your resume and any other documentation that you forward to the employer as part of a job application. Your covering letter essentially provides an english, explanation of why you are communicating with the structure of an employer. Imagine a prospective employer's confusion if they received your resume without a covering letter explaining why you have sent it to them, or what position you were applying for. Interpretation Of Dreams Essay. A well. Application for employment , Cover letter , Curriculum vitae 2708 Words | 10 Pages. Syllabus Spring 2015 RevB 1st Bbd post.
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Indicate how obtaining the Master’s degree will contribute to your own ambitions and the social. Academia , Cover letter , Curriculum vitae 643 Words | 3 Pages. Aggressive Business Communication Assertive Onboarding Job Interview Outsourcing Curriculum Vitae Job Recruitment Passive Verbal Communication . Writing Results Section Of Research. Application Letter Non-Verbal Communication Business Communication encompasses written, oral, visual and structure extended project essay, digital communication within a workplace context. Application Letter is the applicant’s way of introducing himself to potential employers and explaining his suitability for essay of the the desired position. Passive Communication is the communication.
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What Does Success Mean To You Essays and Research Papers. Arick English 1100 12 September 2014 What does it mean to extended, be you ? In Julian Baggini's Is There a . Real You ?, he discusses what our preconceived notion of interpretation of dreams, what we think we are. He challenges the typical idea of what the word you really means and how it defines us. Structure Extended Project Essay. For the longest time, we have always thought that we needed to actually go out and discover who we are as a person. We feel that without this, we are limiting our understanding of who we are and what we can become. It is this idea that. Cognition , Definition , English-language films 1013 Words | 4 Pages. What does the english idioms Church mean to you ? When you hear the Church, what do . you think of? Maybe, it is that place where you are forced to go every weekend, something to structure of an extended project essay, do with Jesus and God, but you aren't quite sure, or, do you think of Jesus dying for idioms for essays you ? Well, whatever you think of, I am going to explain to you what , from the Bible passages that I have read, what I think God was trying to explain to of an project, us.
God tries to capital case, explain what the structure of an extended project essay Church should mean to an essay others, us in the Bible passages through the apostles. Body of Christ , Family , God 1273 Words | 3 Pages. Paper 2 What is nature? If “nature” is a term solely referring to physical matters viewed in their own existences, separate from extended project essay, those of . others, then it shall be an inadequate definition to answer the about evil in lord flies question “ what is nature?”. Getting them to interact with one another and including the structure of an extended project essay process of interrelations among those matters into the definition of top custom, “nature”, we still have an insufficient definition. The missing component here, and the precise definition that truly reflects what nature really. Chemical reaction , Chemical substance , Chemistry 1097 Words | 3 Pages. 1. What is Tannen’s purpose in writing this essay? What does she hope it will accomplish?
From what . Structure Essay. I gathered Tannen’s purpose was for us to comprehend the results section importance of communication in the work field. Project. How the simplest verbal functions can be interpreted in essay in lord of the flies, many different ways. “Conversation is a ritual” I find so much meaning behind these four simple words, the article in its entirety are summed up by these word. Tannen wants to enlighten us to remember that our words are powerful. I believe. Audience , Deborah , Pilcrow 1780 Words | 4 Pages. ?Jessica Bravo Chicano 141A 11:10 am Report #1 What Does “Chicano” Mean ? In the material, What . Does “Chicano” mean ?, you are provided with two articles.
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What Does it Mean to interpretation of dreams essay, be Well Educated? Eric Barton Liberty University Online . Structure Project. Abstract What it is that constitutes a well-educated person is a much-debated topic. The answer to results, this question has got to be more than simply the structure extended project amount of time that a person has spent gaining knowledge. What use is that knowledge is the capital budgeting study person is structure of an extended essay, not able to use and about apply it to their everyday lives? By looking at and defining certain terms we. Education , Educational psychology , Higher education 1392 Words | 4 Pages. What does truth mean ? Truth can mean many different things, to extended project essay, different people.
I believe, that . truth is case, what people accept as being correct when it can not be proven factually. It is a relationship that holds that holds between a proposition and structure project essay the corresponding fact(Truth[Inernet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]). According to, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, truth is conformity to freud of dreams, knowledge, fact, actuality, or logic. There are three major competing theories of project essay, truth. Alfred Tarski , Deflationary theory of interpretation of dreams essay, truth , Epistemology 929 Words | 3 Pages. What does it mean to project essay, be Catholic?
To be Catholic means to be whole, one with community, rich in of research, . spiritual tradition. Catholicism is a lens or filter which provides a meaningful pattern to our experiences which otherwise would be lacking in life and project essay interest. It is comprised up of faith, theologies, and many different doctrines; even ethical and spiritual orientations and study behaviors. At the same time though, it is a community, a group of many strong willed people, with a particular history. . Bible , Christianity , Eucharist 1038 Words | 3 Pages. What Does It Mean to Be Healthy? If you were to take a picture of of an extended essay, your current state of health, . how would it look? How are you feeling? Are you well rested? Are you ready to take on whatever challenges the top custom papers day holds in store for you ? Is your outlook positive? Do you get along with family members, teachers, and structure extended peers?
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? What does it mean to be old? Six people were interviewed for this short study. They ranged in ages from 15-71 . Of Dreams. years old. In chronological order they were Gavin (15), Kajal (18), Ian (19), Sean (42) June (64) and Daniel (71). The participants in this study all mentioned various processes that were involved in aging. This would correlate with the Biopsychosocial Framework what is structure of an extended essay, stated in the Cavanaugh, Blanchard-Fields text. The younger participants focused more on about evil of the flies, physical appearances.
They. Ageing , Death , Fear 889 Words | 3 Pages. ? What deems an individual as being “human”? It could range from the relations a person has with others, to contributions an individual has . dispensed to a certain field. The most imperative note to be taken when wondering what proclaims a person to being human is that every individual’s definition of a “human” is different. While lives are lived, people are constantly growing and changing. Some might find purpose in life just by essay, focusing on helping themselves; creating the best “me” they can be.
Hominidae , Human , Meaning of life 1606 Words | 5 Pages. What does it mean to be Addicted? “I live for gambling, I work for gambling, travel for gambling, manipulate . Writing Section. people for it. I did everything I could just to gamble.” “I thought I’d just play $20 but the structure extended minuet I put down a buck I knew I was off and running.” “If I’m winning at some point I think good, I already won some, so I think great it’s my night, I think this is english for essays, my big night.” “I thought nothing of throwing kitchen chairs around, and extended essay slamming doors, when I got the english idioms for essays urge to gamble nothing could. Addiction , Drug addiction , Heroin 1973 Words | 5 Pages. ? What Does It Mean To Be Human? According to the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, “Part of . what it means to be human is how we became human.
Over a long period of of an extended project essay, time, as early humans adapted to idioms for essays, a changing world, they evolved certain characteristics that help define our species today.” Some of these characteristics include, walking upright on two feet, larger and more complex brains, and a social life that not every living organism has or can do. Although this is more of a physical. Archaic Homo sapiens , Hominidae , Human 1687 Words | 5 Pages. 19, 2011 What does Success Mean ? When it comes to structure extended project essay, the word “ success ”, It’s believed . Top Custom. that everyone is familiar with it and everyone would feel great about structure of an extended project it, want more of it, and work towards it. Success is just the opposite of failure people might say commonly. When somebody finished the goal or reached the expectations he or she set, it’s having called succeeded! However, the term of success may have a deeper reason, inner inspiration, and truly meaningful of freud interpretation of dreams, it.
To that, it means somebody really. Failure , Habit , Happiness 684 Words | 2 Pages. What does it mean to be human? What makes who we are? What drives us? Could it be the . desire of project essay, becoming better, faster, and stronger, perhaps? All throughout history, humans have been known to have advanced in their respective eras through planning and interpretation of dreams their own advancements in technology. Structure Project Essay. Technology is one of the capital budgeting study many things that people in extended project essay, the 21st century debate about, whether it’s good or bad, or even neutral. Why do so many disagree with the term papers idea of becoming better through the advances in technology.
21st century , Human , Meaning of life 1613 Words | 4 Pages. What Does It Mean to Be Well Educated. Gregorio Roblesvelez Prof. Essay. Hartless English101 04 April 2013 What Does It Mean to Be Well Educated? . What does it mean to english, be well educated? To be well educated it is a balance between academics and practical knowledge. Throughout this paper I will show that one does not necessarily need a college degree to project, be deemed as well educated. I will explore both aspects of academics and practical knowledge and top custom term papers how it affects individuals. Practical knowledge is the knowledge that we acquire as small. Academia , Academic degree , College 1024 Words | 3 Pages. What Does It Mean to Be Well Educated.
Getting an structure of an essay A Doesn't Mean I am Well Educated Abstract Whether or not a person is well educated is not an english idioms for essays easy question to answer. Structure Essay. There . Essay About In Lord. are several things to consider when answering this question. Some people look to their grades, level of structure, completion, or what school they attended. Others look at their ability to interact with others in society and consider issues such as philosophy, politics or religion. While these are all common criteria for measuring ones education, a person ought not. College , Education , Educational stages 1510 Words | 4 Pages.
What Does It Mean to Be a Consumer? What does it mean to be a consumer : Issues, Problems, Challenges, Attractions? A consumer can be defined at capital indian case study, its . most basic level as “an individual who buys products or services for personal use.” There is a common misconception that we can only consume tangible products or things which we can physically use. However, as mentioned in the definition above we can also consume leisure activities- such as watching television, surfing the internet or going for a swim, we can consume education by. Abraham Maslow , Consumer , Fundamental human needs 1504 Words | 4 Pages.
4Robyn McKinney Professor Dr. Cindy Rossi Eng 106 What does it mean to be educated? Education has become an structure project . important part of everyday life as means to teach knowledge and get students for their life after school out in the “Real world”. And yet, a question that has brought a ton of controversy is “ what does it mean to be Educated and who decides”. Is it right to claim that today’s education system has been influenced by teachers and a series of hand selected published textbooks. Today’s education. Education , History , History of education 1106 Words | 3 Pages. What Does It Mean to Be Well-Educated. ? What Does It Mean to of the, Be Well-Educated In the article “ What Does It . Mean to Be Well-Educated” Mr. Extended Essay. Kohn point out 6 points on being educated.
Point 1.The Point of Schooling. (Nel Noddings the professor emerita at Stanford University, urges us to english for essays, reject “the deadly notion that the schools’ first priority should be intellectual development” and contends that “the main aim of education should be to produce competent, caring, loving, and lovable people.”) I like this quote on the purposes of education. Education , High school , Learning 1209 Words | 4 Pages. What does it mean to extended project essay, be a citizen? 1. What does it mean to capital budgeting case, be a citizen? The term Citizen is structure of an extended project, defined in the compact Macquarie Dictionary as, a . member, native or naturalised, of state or nation.
This paper intends to question what it is that constitutes a member or citizen, of about in lord of the flies, state or nation. Many concepts and theories are promoted by of an extended, political theorists and others practitioners alike that are varied and extended project many in response to defining a citizen. The expanse of these theories ranges from the on respecting others all-encompassing endorsement of of an extended project, world citizenship. Citizenship , Discrimination , Egalitarianism 1915 Words | 7 Pages. “ What does softball mean to me” From the an essay on respecting others chalked up dirt to the green grass in the outfield the structure of an extended essay softball field is top custom papers, . where I always want to be. Other people see it as a sport, but it is much more than that. Softball to me is an escape and every time I step on that field I feel as if I belong. In school everyone is so quick to judge you making you feel like you don’t belong. However on structure extended project, the field you have a team that treats each other as a family. Everyone shares the same love for the game, which makes. Baseball , Field Island , Learning 1187 Words | 3 Pages.
about school. English Idioms For Essays. Is education really just about school or what does it mean to structure of an extended project essay, be educated is the big question. Each . person has their own view and opinion on what it means to be “educated”. Some may say one with a college degree is “educated”. On Respecting. Others may say one is “educated” when they have real life learning experiences under their belt. Really who decides what it means to be “educated”? In this writing I will explain my view on what it means to be “educated” and voice some of the other opinions for. Education , High school , Higher education 1069 Words | 3 Pages.
Indiana Madden Science Religion What does it mean to be human? Humanity is the only species we . know of that has become aware of its own existence. We are aware of our mortality, a fact that separates us from structure of an, all other species on capital case study, earth, and we are the structure of an only species to about evil in lord of the flies, ponder what it means to structure of an project essay, be ourselves--to be human. Who put us here? Did anyone/thing put us here or was it a series of random events occurring over millions of interpretation of dreams essay, years? Why are we here? Questions like these have echoed.
Charles Darwin , Creationism , Evolution 1127 Words | 4 Pages. you're right about what you're saying. But how fair is it if you're sick and nobody can help you ? If they only help . you when you got money? my life is not that hard, but I need the project essay money 2 live. When the goal is to become a millionaire, in building a career, starting in business or entering a profession, then success will depend on how much money is earned, but many people do not have that ambition to be immensely rich. Most people gain satisfaction from experiencing success when reaching career. Distribution of wealth , Happiness , Need 1833 Words | 5 Pages.
What Does It Mean to Be a Man or a Woman? What Does it Mean to be a Man or a Woman? A theme the tragedy of top custom, Macbeth routinely reveals is structure of an extended project, one of gender . roles. Throughout the capital play, many characters struggle with conflict within themselves; not unlike conflicts that we face inside ourselves today. Various major conflicts throughout the project screenplay are somehow connected with characters’ roles as men or women.
The dominant question is, do the characters know who they are as men and women? Although Macbeth’s age was never stated, it is on respecting others, concluded. Gender , Gender identity , Gender role 880 Words | 3 Pages. leaving little to their less developed partners. As the first paragraph in the book Globalization for structure of an extended essay development has noted, ”(t)he relationship between . Writing Results Section Paper. globalization and poverty is not well understood. For many, globalization is held out as the only means by which global poverty can be reduced. For others, globalization is seen as an structure extended essay important cause of global poverty”.
However, the historical evidence shows that “globalization and global poverty can be either positively related or negatively related. Development , Extreme poverty , International development 827 Words | 3 Pages. TUTORIAL 1 (Chapter 1) WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE A LEADER? Leadership is defined as an paper influence relationships . among leaders and structure essay followers who intend real changes and outcomes that reflect their shared purposes. Capital Budgeting Indian. Major research approaches include • Great Man theories, • behavior theories, • situational theories, • influence theories, and • relational theories. Today’s leadership involves the shift • from project essay, stability to in lord, change and structure project crisis management, • from.
Charisma , Charismatic authority , Leadership 868 Words | 5 Pages. Have you ever though what does the essay flies word culture means ? Well, throughout life people refer to this . word as art, beliefs, behavior, ideas or activities relating to of an, literature, art, and music of a particular society or group of people. Budgeting Indian Case Study. However, that is only the simply definition that appears on the dictionary. Structure Of An Extended Project Essay. Culture involves other important subjects that describe deeply this word, issues such as, family, language, identity, stereotyping, raising, expectations, economic situation and so on. Therefore.
Culture , Family , Latin America 1324 Words | 4 Pages. CLEVELAND SPEECH What Does It Mean To Be A Member Of Something And What Could It Mean. Slides? / Summary: What does it mean to be a member of something?? To me, it means . belonging to a community.? How does one become an active member of that community? ? Through investments of others, time and/or active support.? Now what if you could become a member of your local public radio community through donating time or active support?? For example, if you could: ? donate code or volunteer at a hackathon. and extended project essay become a member of your local station ? volunteer at an event or donate your time or expertise. Community radio , Public broadcasting , Public library 2541 Words | 8 Pages. What Does It Mean to Be an idioms for essays Ethical Leader? Running Head: CRJ220 Assignment 6 CRJ220 Assignment 6 Thomas Seagle Strayer University What does it mean . to be an structure of an project ethical leader? Obviously, one first has to be sure that one is top custom term papers, not personally engaged in unethical and corrupt behaviors. Unfortunately, in structure of an extended project essay, many recent examples, leaders cannot pass even this first test. In addition, one has to take responsibility for the larger role responsibilities of a leader position.
One of the others most distressing aspects of public scandals involving. Ethics , Justice , Leadership 828 Words | 3 Pages. in the south the structure project move north? Would he slam a couple of the english these boys against the doors and ask ,what's the deal nigger, do you think you're . keeping it real nigger? Do you know how I was killed nigger? They murdered me with hot rods of steel nigger, now how do you think this makes me feel nigger?” (Julian, Video) Julian Curry recited during an structure essay episode of Def Poetry. As you can see, the word “nigger” is used in everyday life in budgeting indian case study, the black community but had a different meaning back in extended project, the age of slavery. Black people , Meaning of life , Nigga 1133 Words | 3 Pages.
What Does Health Mean to Individuals? Focus Question 1 What does health mean to individuals? * Meanings of health * Each individual will . have a different meaning for health. - Definitions of essay about flies, health * (WHO) ‘Health is structure extended, a state of papers, complete physical, mental and social Well-being and not merely the structure of an project essay absence of disease or infirmity’ * To reach a state of complete physical, mention and social wellbeing an individual or group must be able to identity and realise aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to capital budgeting indian study, change or cope. Drug , Drug addiction , Health 1424 Words | 6 Pages. What Does Marriage Even Mean ? The meaning of marriage has evolved. The definition depends on historical eras, . cultural traditions, and geographical locations of the of an extended project people in the relationship. When people marry, they tend to do so for the intentions of writing results, love, romance, and commitment. Some may consider it as a sacred tradition. Howard Moody's essay, “Gay Marriage Shows Why We Need to of an extended project, Separate Church and State,” gives a historical overview of the roles that both church and state have played in writing results, establishing. Civil union , Homosexuality , Marriage 1309 Words | 4 Pages.
August 22, 2010 Deb Clapper Going Green: What does it mean ? Television news, newspapers, magazines, and extended project essay online, . On Respecting. there’s talk about “Going Green.” But what exactly does going green mean ? Is it the of an extended project wave of the capital case future, or just another fad? Will it really save our planet? These questions are the focus of this paper. The term, “Going Green”, is used to describe a lifestyle associated with environmental awareness. It means we, as a society, do what we can to reduce our carbon footprint. “Reduce. Energy development , Floating wind turbine , Fossil fuel 2857 Words | 7 Pages. What Does Corporate Responsibility Mean. What Does Corporate Social Responsibility Mean ? Corporate initiative to assess and take responsibility for the . company's effects on structure of an extended, the environment and impact on social welfare. Writing Results Section Paper. The term generally applies to of an extended project essay, company efforts that go beyond what may be required by freud interpretation, regulators or environmental protection groups. Corporate social responsibility may also be referred to as corporate citizenship and can involve incurring short-term costs that do not provide an immediate financial benefit to the company.
Business ethics , Corporate social responsibility , Corporation 1511 Words | 5 Pages. What Does Globally Responsible Leadership Mean to Me. WHAT DOES GLOBALLY RESPONSIBLE LEADERSHIP MEAN TO ME Gone are the days when the primary focus of all business . organizations was profit maximization and to be the no 1.Today the principles of structure of an extended project essay, triple bottom line i.e people-planet-profit (having replaced the double bottom line) , sustainability, corporate citizenship and corporate social responsibilty have occupied the center stage of writing of research paper, all business processes.Apart from the interests of shareholders,it is imperative to take into account the stakeholders. Corporate social responsibility , Corporation , Globalization 1502 Words | 5 Pages. What does prsonal responsibility means to me.
? What Personal Responsibility means to me What does personal responsibility mean to . me? According to Dictionary.com, “Personal Responsibility is the state or fact of project essay, being responsible, answerable, or accountable for something within one’s power, control, or management.” I am taking responsibility to complete my degree. I need to take responsibility for about of the flies my academic work just like I do with business, I need to finish what I start, and if I take responsibility I will incorporate effective strategies. Academia , College , Education 903 Words | 3 Pages. What Does Tangible Personal Property Mean? LqPart I. Yanin Padron Hernandez Midterm Unit 5 What Does Tangible Personal Property Mean ? Tangible . Personal Property Tangible personal means all the prpoerty that inside the building. It also includes Tangible personal property is the opposite of real property is structure of an extended project essay, what you can’t move. Possessory interest is when a person is to occupy and/or exercise control over a particular plot of land. Writing Results Section Of Research Paper. A possessory interest is structure of an essay, “distinguished from an interest in the title to property, which may not. Eviction , Landlord , Lease 703 Words | 3 Pages.
“Tell me what you eat and I will tell you what you are.” This simple yet compelling . aphorism was written by english idioms, Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin in one of his most prominent books, the structure of an essay notorious Physiologie du Gout, ou Meditations de Gastronomie Transcendante in 1826. It was so cogent in others, that era that it is still used today, especially among cooks. Alternatively, Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach wrote in an essay entitled Concerning Spiritualism and Materialism in of an essay, 1864 that a “man is what he eats”. According. Cooking , Eating , Food 1309 Words | 4 Pages. What Does the english idioms Term Marketing Mean? Marketing Principles Assignment “ What does the term marketing mean ? Many people think of marketing only as . advertising and selling… although they are important they are only the tip of the structure extended project marketing iceberg” (Kotler et al., 2008:6). Discuss this statement. Introduction Marketing is always one of the most significant parts in ensuring a successful business strategy. Saying so, what does the term marketing mean ? Marketing, referred by writing paper, McDaniel (2006), is an organizational function. Abraham Maslow , Business , Fundamental human needs 909 Words | 3 Pages.
an honest understanding of who they are, what they know, and what they are capable of. To be a successful leader, . Structure Of An Extended Project. you have to be able to convince your followers, not just yourself or your superiors, that you are worthy of an essay on respecting, being followed. Extended Project. In my opinion, this can build confidence in their followers to have faith in you , in order to be able to lead. Paper. I strongly believe that good leaders are made rather, and not born. If you have the structure of an essay desire and willpower, you can become an effective leader. Good leaders. Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 906 Words | 3 Pages. What Does Not Kill You Makes You Stronger. during this un-popular. Others. It recalls what individual soldiers carried with them.
To a point, all of the soldiers carried the same items. There . were the necessities that were required. Most were pointless, or at least seemed pointless, but were standard issued to carry. Each soldier carried pocketknives, heat tabs, dog tags, sewing kits, C rations, canteens, and much more. Most of those items were needed in some way while they were out on the battlefield. Project Essay. “ What they carried was partly a function. Army , Awards and decorations of the United States military , Cold War 3120 Words | 7 Pages. But What Do You Mean Lisa Schroeder.
? Lisa Schroeder Dale Dittmer English Composition November 17, 2014 “But What Do You Mean ?” Rhetorical Analysis . In her, article “But What Do You Mean ?” Deborah Tannen elucidates, “why do men and woman communicates badly, if at all?” Tannen’s research has been motivated by this very question. She also expresses the reasoning for the miscommunication that is happening and writing paper why. Many of the most conversational rituals, common among men try to maintain the one –up position while woman tend to. Communication , Deborah Tannen , Gender 1295 Words | 5 Pages. what does health mean to individuals? ?Pdhpe – study notes. 1. Of An Extended Essay. What does health mean to idioms for essays, individuals? Meanings of health: the of an world health organization . (WHO) defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. An Essay On Respecting Others. Further good health is a resource for life, not the object of living.
Health also has different meanings according to of an extended, the concepts and english idioms for essays measures used by of an extended, different professionals groups working in the health field. Essay About In Lord. Dimensions of health: 1. Physical health. Alliance for Healthy Cities , Health , Health care 779 Words | 3 Pages. What Does It Mean: the extended essay Lone Ranger and Tonto. What does it mean to be an interpretation of dreams Indian? First of structure of an extended project, all you have to be a warrior and to look like a warrior, . to look “stoic”, secondly you have to freud interpretation of dreams, be connected with Mother Earth by understanding the sound of nature and what it wants to say, then you necessarily have to have visions, to ride horses and to structure extended essay, hunt buffalos.
This is what most of the people think when they say “Indian”. But Sherman Alexie ,in his volume “The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven” and of dreams then the movie Smoke Signals based on. India , Indian reservation , Sherman Alexie 2611 Words | 6 Pages. What Does the American Dream Mean to of an essay, an Immigrant? Stephen Skinner Professor DiNatale ENG 1102 28 June 2013 What Does the American Dream Mean to an Immigrant? . In Amy Tan’s “Two Kinds,” the differences between the mother and daughter showcase the different perceptions of the American dream and interpretation how expectations of parents can disrupt their child’s self-actualization. Jing-Mei’s mother believes that her daughter could accomplish her goals just because of how Shirley Temple showed how she was a natural phenomenon on TV or how the extended project little Chinese. American Dream , Amy Tan , Family 1096 Words | 3 Pages. what are you going to do with that. ? The Chronicle Review October 3, 2010 What Are You Going to Do With That? Katherine Streeter for The Chronicle Review By . For Essays. William Deresiewicz The essay below is adapted from a talk delivered to a freshman class at Stanford University in May.
The question my title poses, of course, is the one that is classically aimed at humanities majors. What practical value could there possibly be in studying literature or art or philosophy? So you must be wondering why I'm bothering to project essay, raise it here. College , Harvard University , High school 3036 Words | 7 Pages. What does it mean to be a citizen Essay. The word “citizen” is defined as a native or naturalized member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to its government and is entitled to its . protection. To be a citizen of the world, we owe our allegiance to the earth and what she brings us.
We rely on capital study, her to bring us wood, air, water, precious metals, soil, coal, plants, animals, and to keep us safe from the essay dangers of the outside solar system. In order to be a citizen of the essay evil in lord flies world, a person must contribute to structure project essay, their own community, keep the. Causality , Dust Bowl , Earth 1026 Words | 3 Pages. What Does It Mean to Be Well Educated. by highly and english for essays expensively qualified and of an project trained teachers. It is capital case study, only then one feels satisfied and confident that education is taking place. Structure Project Essay. “Goal of . education is more education” Dewy rightly said that “Goal of term, education is more education” but what we observe in ground reality that teachers and students both are restricted to the content given in the text book, they do strive to look beyond those few lines so the of an extended concept of getting more education is compromised and promote tunnel vision, the. Education , Educational psychology , History of papers, education 889 Words | 3 Pages. Freedom? The History of the structure essay United States from Pre-contact to freud essay, the Present (MAMMD1SAF ) What does freedom . mean to structure of an, you ? Tahli McGill TM1144 What does freedom mean to you ? “If you really want to enslave people, tell them that you're going to give them total freedom” Ron L Hubbard, from 1991 Time cover story. “Freedom” in literal terms means the power or right to act, speak or think as one wants. An Essay On Respecting Others. We are free to complete any course of. Choice , Human , Human rights 605 Words | 3 Pages.
Alone Does Not Mean You Are Lonely. of being connected at all times causes people to decrease the value of solitude. Extended. What they do not comprehend is that solitude . does not cause loneliness; forgetting to on respecting others, use solitude in order to structure, replenish oneself is what causes loneliness (Turkle 429). Having a generation who experiences solitude, as loneliness is not positive because it will not only do harm to themselves but to the greater good. An Essay On Respecting. This generation does not know how to be alone and is causing them great harm. It has been said that in.
Fear , Generation Y , Health 1006 Words | 3 Pages. College Success Depends on structure of an extended essay, You Gen/200 College Success Depends on You The student is the only . one who can dictate success with his education because the essay evil of the only thing keeping him from receiving an A in structure project, any class is on respecting, himself. Personal responsibility means a person is the only one who directly can manage the outcomes of that person’s life. With education, no matter how much effort the people around the student puts toward helping him with his education, at the end of the day, he is structure project essay, still responsible. Education , Gymnasium , Higher education 1431 Words | 4 Pages. SHC what does it mean to ahve a duty of care? ?SHC 34 what does it mean to have a duty of care in my work role? To have a duty of idioms for essays, care means . you must aim to provide a high quality of care to the best of your ability, not act in a way that could case harm and always act in the best interest of the individual. In my work role I do this by keeping my knowledge up to date, such as attending weekly house meetings, attending young adult support meetings and attending training sessions provided by my employer. i make sure that i am in a position. Complaint , Individual , Individual rights 1419 Words | 3 Pages.
Autism Spectrum Disorder: What Does the Diagnosis Mean? ? Megan Paonessa English 111 - L16 Sylvia Gilfillian “ What does Today’s diagnosis of Autism mean ?” . December 6, 2011 Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is structure of an extended, a topic that is not addressed the way it should be. Many people have heard the work autism, but could not define it if asked. English. Two essays I recently came across, “Joey: A ‘Mechanical Boy’” written by structure extended project, Bruno Bettelheim and writing “Thinking in Pictures”, written by Temple Grandin, share the common topic at hand, autism. Both essays. Asperger syndrome , Autism , Autism spectrum 1645 Words | 7 Pages. Personality: What makes you the structure extended project essay way you are? - Science News - The Independent At some point in your life, you've . Writing Results. probably filled in a personality questionnaire (Do you see yourself as. ), and wondered as you ticked the extended project boxes if there can really be any validity to such a simplistic way of others, assessing people. Surely the scores just reflect your mood on the day, or what you want the structure essay investigator to top custom, think. Surely everyone gives the same answer, which is extended, it depends. English. Or even if the scores measure.
Big Five personality traits , Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory , Personality 2625 Words | 7 Pages. right and the condition of all other personal rights is not defended with maximum determination. -- Pope John Paul II What . Project. does it mean to be human? Sure, one must have the usual physical features such as fingers, eyes, arms, hands, feet, etc., but what does it really mean ? Must the human be able to speak? To take upon the actions of themselves? Whatever it means , it can be interpreted in any way from anyone. The physical attributes of any human can be compared to those of our evolutionary.
Human anatomy , Human rights , Jean Valjean 1917 Words | 5 Pages. You Are What You Wear Whoever said “clothes make a man” had the english right idea about people perceive each other on . the first look. Of An Extended Project. Whether you like it or not, a big part of the first impression that we make when you meet someone depends on how you look – which is basically how you’re dressed. Looking good is an writing obsession with people these days. We love to keep up on structure of an extended, the latest trends and make sure we’re sporting the latest fashion. Freud Interpretation Of Dreams Essay. Just take a look around you . Bangalis seem to be really catching. Clothing , Fashion , Haute couture 1157 Words | 3 Pages. Fiscal Cliff: What is extended, it and capital indian case study What Does it Mean? being able to pay its bills and the taxpayers not being willing to pay higher tax rates. This has led to structure extended essay, a dependency on borrowing foreign countries money. Budgeting Indian. . This is project, a clear failure of control and writing management of our country’s leaders. The fiscal cliff does not seem to have serious consequence if something is not done immediately, however, the damage that is projected is not irreversible nor is it immediate.
Along with the of an extended re-election of Barack Obama for President, America’s investors hope for getting. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , George W. Bush 1014 Words | 3 Pages.
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How do I structure a dissertation? - Extended Project Qualification JFS
29 Scheduling Jobs with Oracle Scheduler. In this chapter: This chapter describes how to use the DBMS_SCHEDULER package to work with Scheduler objects. You can accomplish the same tasks using Oracle Enterprise Manager. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for DBMS_SCHEDULER information and the Oracle Enterprise Manager online help for of an project, information on Oracle Scheduler pages. Results Section Of Research Paper? About Scheduler Obje cts and Their Naming. You operate Oracle Scheduler by creating and managing a set of Scheduler objects. Each Scheduler object is a complete database schema object of the form [schema.]name . Scheduler objects follow the naming rules for database objects exactly and share the SQL namespace with other database objects.
Follow SQL naming rules to name Scheduler objects in the DBMS_SCHEDULER package. By default, Scheduler object names are uppercase unless they are surrounded by double quotes. For example, when creating a job, job_name = 'my_job' is the structure extended project, same as job_name = 'My_Job' and job_name = 'MY_JOB' , but different from job_name = 'my_job' . Essay? These naming rules are also followed in those cases where comma-delimited lists of Scheduler object names are used within the DBMS_SCHEDULER package. Creating, Running, and Managing Jobs. A job is the combination of a schedule and a program, along with any additional arguments required by the program. This section introduces you to structure of an project essay basic job tasks, and discusses the following topics: Jobs for an overview of english for essays jobs.
Table 29-1 illustrates common job tasks and their appropriate procedures and privileges: Table 29-1 Job Tasks and Their Procedures. CREATE_JOB or CREATE_JOBS. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. SET_ATTRIBUTE or SET_JOB_ATTRIBUTES. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Structure Extended Essay? ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner.
ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Essay About In Lord Of The Flies? ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. See Scheduler Privileges for further information regarding privileges. This section contains: You create one or more jobs using the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_JOB or DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_JOBS procedures or Enterprise Manager. You use the structure of an extended essay, CREATE_JOB procedure to create a single job. This procedure is overloaded to enable you to create different types of jobs that are based on an essay on respecting others, different objects. You can create multiple jobs in of an a single transaction using the CREATE_JOBS procedure. You must have the CREATE JOB privilege to create a job in your own schema, and the CREATE ANY JOB privilege to create a job in any schema except SYS . For each job being created, you specify a job type, an action, and a schedule. You can also optionally specify a credential name, a destination or destination group name, a job class, and other attributes. As soon as you enable a job, it is automatically run by the Scheduler at on respecting its next scheduled date and time.
By default, jobs are disabled when created and must be enabled with DBMS_SCHEDULER.ENABLE to run. You can also set the enabled argument of the CREATE_JOB procedure to TRUE , in structure extended project essay which case the job is ready to idioms be automatically run, according to its schedule, as soon as you create it. Some job attributes cannot be set with CREATE_JOB , and instead must be set with DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE . For example, to set the logging_level attribute for a job, you must call SET_ATTRIBUTE after calling CREATE_JOB . You can create a job in another schema by specifying schema.job_name . The creator of a job is, therefore, not necessarily the job owner. Of An Extended Essay? The job owner is the user in whose schema the job is about evil of the, created. The NLS environment of the job, when it runs, is the existing environment at the time the job was created. Example 29-1 demonstrates creating a database job called update_sales , which calls a package procedure in the OPS schema that updates a sales summary table: Example 29-1 Creating a Job. Because no destination_name attribute is specified, the job runs on the originating (local) database. The job runs as the user who created the job. Of An Extended Project Essay? The repeat_interval argument specifies that this job runs every other day until it reaches the end date and time. Another way to limit the number of times that a repeating job runs is to set its max_runs attribute to a positive number. Budgeting Case Study? The job is disabled when it is created, by default.
You must enable it with DBMS_SCHEDULER.ENABLE before the Scheduler will automatically run it. Jobs are set to be automatically dropped by default after they complete. Setting the auto_drop attribute to FALSE causes the structure of an extended, job to persist. Note that repeating jobs are not auto-dropped unless the job end date passes, the maximum number of runs ( max_runs ) is reached, or the maximum number of failures is reached ( max_failures ). After a job is created, it can be queried using the *_SCHEDULER_JOBS views. Specifying a Job Action and Job Schedule. Because the freud of dreams essay, CREATE_JOB procedure is extended essay, overloaded, there are several different ways of using it.
In addition to specifying the job action and job repeat interval as job attributes as shown in Example 29-1, known as specifying the job action and job schedule inline , you can create a job that points to a program object (program) to specify the job action, a schedule object (schedule) to specify the repeat interval, or both a program and schedule. This is discussed in the following sections: Creating Jobs Using a Named Program. You can create a job by pointing to a named program instead of inlining its action. To create a job using a named program, you specify the value for program_name in the CREATE_JOB procedure when creating the job and do not specify the values for job_type , job_action , and number_of_arguments . To use an indian case, existing program when creating a job, the owner of the job must be the owner of the structure project, program or have EXECUTE privileges on it. The following PL/SQL block is an example of writing results section of research a CREATE_JOB procedure with a named program that creates a regular job called my_new_job1 : T he following PL/SQL block creates a lightweight job.
Lightweight jobs must reference a program, and extended project essay the program type must be ' PLSQL_BLOCK ' or ' STORED_PROCEDURE '. In addition, the program must be already enabled when you create the job. Creating Jobs Using a Named Schedule. You can also create a job by pointing to a named schedule instead of inlining its schedule. To create a job using a named schedule, you specify the value for schedule_name in the CREATE_JOB procedure when creating the writing section of research paper, job and do not specify the structure extended project, values for start_date , repeat_interval , and top custom end_date . You can use any named schedule to create a job because all schedules are created with access to PUBLIC . The following CREATE_JOB procedure has a named schedule and creates a regular job called my_new_job2 : Creating Jobs Using Named Programs and Schedules. A job can also be created by structure of an essay pointing to both a named program and a named schedule. For example, the following CREATE_JOB procedure creates a regular job called my_new_job3 , based on papers, the existing program, my_saved_program1 , and the existing schedule, my_saved_schedule1 : Specifying Job Credentials and structure extended essay Job Destinations. For local external jobs, remote external jobs, and remote database jobs, you must specify the credentials under which the job runs. You do so by creating a credential object and english assigning it to extended the credential_name job attribute. For remote external jobs and remote database jobs, you specify the job destination by creating a destination object and assigning it to the destination_name job attribute. A job with a NULL destination_name attribute runs on the host where the job is created.
This section contains: Credential and Destination Tasks and Their Procedures. Table 29-2 illustrates credential and destination tasks and their procedures and privileges: Table 29-2 Credential and papers Destination Tasks and Their Procedures. Create a credential. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. Drop a credential. CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Create an external destination. Drop an external destination. Create a database destination.
CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. Drop a database destination. CREATE ANY JOB or be the structure of an essay, owner. Indian Case Study? Create a destination group. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. Drop a destination group. Structure Of An Project? CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Add members to a destination group. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Remove members from a destination group. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner.
A credential is idioms, a user name and structure of an extended essay password pair stored in an essay on respecting others a dedicated database object. You assign a credential to a job so that it can authenticate with an Oracle database or the operating system before running. To create a credential: Call the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_CREDENTIAL procedure. You must have the CREATE JOB privilege to create a credential in your own schema, and the CREATE ANY JOB privilege to create a credential in any schema except SYS . A credential can be used only by a job whose owner has EXECUTE privileges on the credential or whose owner also owns the credential. Because a credential belongs to a schema like any other schema object, you use the GRANT SQL statement to grant privileges on a credential. Example 29-2 Creating a Credential. You can query the *_SCHEDULER_CREDENTIALS views to see a list of credentials in the database. Credential passwords are stored obfuscated and are not displayed in the *_SCHEDULER_CREDENTIALS views. Credentials for more information about structure of an extended project essay credentials.
A destination is a Scheduler object that defines a location for running a job. You designate the locations where a job runs by specifying either a single destination or a destination group in the destination_name attribute of the job. If you leave the destination_name attribute NULL , the job runs on the local host (the host where the job was created). Results Section Of Research? Use external destinations to specify locations where remote external jobs run. Use database destinations to specify locations where remote database jobs run. You do not need object privileges to use a destination created by another user. To create an external destination: Register a remote Scheduler agent with the database. There is no DBMS_SCHEDULER package procedure to structure of an create an external destination. You create an external destination implicitly by registering a remote agent.
You can also register a local Scheduler agent if you have other database instances on the same host that are targets for remote jobs. This creates an external destination that references the local host. The external destination name is automatically set to the agent name. To verify that the external destination was created, query the views DBA_SCHEDULER_EXTERNAL_DESTS or ALL_SCHEDULER_EXTERNAL_DESTS . To create a database destination: Call the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_DATABASE_DESTINATION procedure. You must specify the name of an external destination as a procedure argument. This designates the remote host that the database destination points to. Term? You also specify a net service name or complete connect descriptor that identifies the database instance being connected to. If you specify a net service name, it must be resolved by the local tnsnames.ora file. If you do not specify a database instance, the remote Scheduler agent connects to its default database, which is specified in the agent configuration file.
To create a database destination, you must have the CREATE JOB system privilege. To create a database destination in a schema other than your own, you must have the CREATE ANY JOB privilege. Example 29-3 Creating a Database Destination. The following example creates a database destination named DBHOST1_ORCLDW . Structure Of An Extended Project? For this example, assume the following: You installed a Scheduler agent on english, the remote host dbhost1.example.com , and you registered the agent with the local database. You did not modify the agent configuration file to set the agent name. Therefore the agent name and the external destination name default to DBHOST1 . You used Net Configuration Assistant on the local host to create a connect descriptor in tnsnames.ora for the Oracle Database instance named orcldw , which resides on the remote host dbhost1.example.com . You assigned a net service name (alias) of structure of an project essay ORCLDW to this connect descriptor. To verify that the database destination was created, query the views *_SCHEDULER_DB_DESTS . Destinations for more information about destinations. Jobs to top custom term papers learn about remote external jobs and structure of an remote database jobs. Creating Destination Groups for essay evil in lord of the flies, Multiple-Destination Jobs.
To create a job that runs on multiple destinations, you must create a destination group and assign that group to the destination_name attribute of the job. Structure Of An Project? You can specify group members (destinations) when you create the essay about in lord of the flies, group, or you can add group members at a later time. To create a destination group: Call the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_GROUP procedure. For remote external jobs you must specify a group of type ' EXTERNAL_DEST ', and structure of an extended project essay all group members must be external destinations. For remote database jobs, you must specify a group of type ' DB_DEST ', and all members must be database destinations. Members of destination groups have the following format: credential is the name of an existing credential. destination is the name of an existing database destination or external destination. The credential portion of a destination member is optional. If omitted, the job using this destination member uses its default credential. You can include another group of the same type as a member of english idioms for essays a destination group.
Upon group creation, the essay, Scheduler expands the included group into section paper, its members. If you want the local host to be one of many destinations on which a job runs, you can include the keyword LOCAL as a group member for project essay, either type of capital indian case destination group. LOCAL can be preceded by structure extended project a credential only in an external destination group. A group is owned by the user who creates it. You must have the CREATE JOB system privilege to create a group in your own schema, and the CREATE ANY JOB system privilege to freud of dreams essay create a group in another schema. You can grant object privileges on a group to extended project essay other users by granting SELECT on the group. Example 29-4 Creating a Database Destination Group. This example creates a database destination group.
Because some members do not include a credential, a job using this destination group must have default credentials. The following code adds another member to the group. Groups for an overview of term groups. Example: Creating a Remote Database Job. The following example creates a remote database job by project essay specifying a database destination object in the destination_name object of the job. Freud? A credential must also be specified so the extended, job can authenticate with the remote database. The example uses the credential created in Example 29-2 and the database destination created in Example 29-3. Creating Multiple-Destination Jobs.
You can create a job that runs on multiple destinations, but that is managed from writing results section paper, a single location. A typical reason to do this is to of an extended essay run a database maintenance job on all of the databases that you administer. Rather than create the job on each database, you create the job once and designate multiple destinations for english idioms for essays, the job. Structure? From the database where you created the job (the local database ), you can monitor the state and results of all instances of the job at all locations. To create a multiple-destination job: Call the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_JOB procedure and set the of dreams, destination_name attribute of the structure of an essay, job to the name of database destination group or external destination group. If not all destination group members include a credential prefix (the schema), assign a default credential to the job. To include the local host or local database as one of the destinations on which the job runs, ensure that the keyword LOCAL is one of the members of the destination group. To obtain a list of destination groups, submit this query: The following example creates a multiple-destination database job, using the database destination group created in essay in lord flies Example 29-4.
Because this is a system administration job, it uses a credential with system administrator privileges. After creating a job, you may need to set job arguments if: The inline job action is a stored procedure or other executable that requires arguments. The job references a named program object and you want to override one or more default program arguments. The job references a named program object and one or more of the program arguments were not assigned a default value. To set job arguments, use the SET_JOB_ARGUMENT_VALUE or SET_JOB_ANYDATA_VALUE procedures or Enterprise Manager. Structure Project Essay? SET_JOB_ANYDATA_VALUE is used for an essay on respecting, complex data types that cannot be represented as a VARCHAR2 string.
An example of a job that might need arguments is one that starts a reporting program that requires a start date and end date. The following code example sets the extended project, end date job argument, which is the second argument expected by the reporting program: If you use this procedure on an argument whose value has already been set, it will be overwritten. You can set argument values using either the argument name or the argument position. To use argument name, the job must reference a named program object, and about of the flies the argument must have been assigned a name in the program object. If a program is inlined, only setting by extended essay position is supported. Arguments are not supported for jobs of type ' PLSQL_BLOCK '. Top Custom? To remove a value that has been set, use the RESET_JOB_ARGUMENT procedure. This procedure can be used for both regular and ANYDATA arguments.
SET_JOB_ARGUMENT_VALUE only supports arguments of SQL type. Therefore, argument values that are not of SQL type, such as booleans, are not supported as program or job arguments. Setting Additional Job Attributes. After creating a job, you can set additional job attributes or change attribute values by using the SET_ATTRIBUTE or SET_JOB_ATTRIBUTES procedures. You can also set job attributes with Enterprise Manager.
Although many job attributes can be set with the call to CREATE_JOB , some attributes, such as destination and credential_name , can be set only with SET_ATTRIBUTE or SET_JOB_ATTRIBUTES after the job is created. A detached job must point to a program object (program) that has its detached attribute set to TRUE . Of An Project Essay? Example 29-5 Creating a Detached Job That Performs a Cold Backup. T his example for Linux and UNIX creates a nightly job that performs a cold backup of the database. It contains three steps. Step 1Create the Script That Invokes RMAN. Create a shell script that calls an RMAN script to top custom term perform a cold backup. The shell script is located in $ORACLE_HOME/scripts/coldbackup.sh.
It must be executable by the user who installed Oracle Database (typically the user oracle ). Step 2Create the RMAN Script. Create an of an, RMAN script that performs the cold backup and then ends the job. The script is located in $ORACLE_HOME/scripts/coldbackup.rman. Step 3Create the freud interpretation, Job and Use a Detached Program. Structure Project? Submit the following PL/SQL block: Creating Multiple Jobs in a Single Transaction.
If you must create many jobs, you may be able to reduce transaction overhead and experience a performance gain if you use the CREATE_JOBS procedure. Example 29-6 demonstrates how to use this procedure to create multiple jobs in a single transaction. Example 29-6 Creating Multiple Jobs in a Single Transaction. This section contains the following examples, which demonstrate some practical techniques for external jobs: Example 29-7 Creating a Local External Job That Runs a DOS Command. This example demonstrates how to indian study create a local external job on Windows that runs a DOS built-in command (in this case, mkdir ). The job runs cmd.exe with the /c option. Example 29-8 Creating a Local External Job and Retrieving stdout. This example for Linux and UNIX shows how to structure of an project essay create and run a local external job and then use the GET_FILE procedure to retrieve the job's stdout output.
For local external jobs, stdout output is stored in freud interpretation of dreams a log file in ORACLE_HOME /scheduler/log. It is not necessary to supply this path to GET_FILE ; you supply only the file name, which you generate by querying the log views for project essay, the job's external log ID and then appending _stdout. For a remote external job, the method is the same, except that: You set the job's destination_name attribute. You designate a source host for the GET_FILE procedure. GET_FILE automatically searches the correct host location for log files for both local and remote external jobs. Oracle Database Security Guide for more information about external authentication. You alter a job by english idioms for essays modifying its attributes. You do so using the SET_ATTRIBUTE , SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL , or SET_JOB_ATTRIBUTES package procedures or Enterprise Manager. See the CREATE_JOB procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for extended essay, details on job attributes.
All jobs can be altered, and, except for the job name, all job attributes can be changed. If there is english, a running instance of the job when the change is made, it is not affected by of an project the call. The change is english for essays, only seen in future runs of the job. In general, you should not alter a job that was automatically created for you by the database. Jobs that were created by the database have the column SYSTEM set to TRUE in job views. The attributes of a job are available in the *_SCHEDULER_JOBS views. It is valid for running jobs to alter their own job attributes.
However, these changes do not take effect until the next scheduled run of the job. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the SET_ATTRIBUTE , SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL , and SET_JOB_ATTRIBUTES procedures. The following example changes the repeat_interval of the job update_sales to once per week on Wednesday. There are three ways in of an project which a job can be run: According to the job scheduleIn this case, provided that the freud interpretation of dreams essay, job is enabled, the job is automatically picked up by the Scheduler job coordinator and run under the control of a job slave. The job runs as the structure of an, user who is the job owner, or in the case of a local external job with a credential, as the user named in the credential. To find out whether the job succeeded, you must query the about evil in lord of the flies, job views ( *_SCHEDULER_JOBS ) or the job log ( *_SCHEDULER_JOB_LOG and structure of an project *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS ). See How Jobs Execute for more information job slaves and the Scheduler architecture. Indian? When an event occursEnabled event-based jobs start when a specified event is received on an event queue or when a file watcher raises a file arrival event. Structure Project Essay? (See Using Events to Start Jobs.) Event-based jobs also run under the control of a job slave and run as the user who owns the job, or in the case of a local external job with a credential, as the term papers, user named in the credential. Structure Of An Extended? To find out whether the job succeeded, you must query the job views or the job log.
By calling DBMS_SCHEDULER.RUN_JOB You can use the RUN_JOB procedure to test a job or to run it outside of freud essay its specified schedule. You can run the job asynchronously, which is of an extended, similar to the previous two methods of running a job, or synchronously, in which the top custom papers, job runs in of an the session that called RUN_JOB , and as the user logged in to that session. The use_current_session argument of case study RUN_JOB determines whether a job runs synchronously or asynchronously. Extended Essay? RUN_JOB accepts a comma-delimited list of job names. English? The following example asynchronously runs two jobs: It is not necessary to call RUN_JOB to run a job according to its schedule. Provided that job is enabled, the Scheduler runs it automatically. You stop one or more running jobs using the STOP_JOB procedure or Enterprise Manager. STOP_JOB accepts a comma-delimited list of jobs, job classes, and job destination IDs. A job destination ID is a number, assigned by the Scheduler, that represents a unique combination of a job, a credential, and a destination. It serves as a convenient method for structure extended essay, identifying a particular child job of a multiple-destination job and for stopping just that child. You obtain the job destination ID for a child job from the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_DESTS views.
If a job class is supplied, all running jobs in top custom term papers the job class are stopped. Of An Extended? For example, the term, following statement stops job job1 , all jobs in the job class dw_jobs , and extended essay two child jobs of a multiple-destination job: All instances of the designated jobs are stopped. After stopping a job, the state of a one-time job is set to STOPPED , and others the state of a repeating job is set to SCHEDULED (because the next run of the of an project essay, job is scheduled). In addition, an entry is made in the job log with OPERATION set to an essay ' STOPPED ', and ADDITIONAL_INFO set to ' REASON=Stop job called by user: username '. By default, the extended project, Scheduler tries to english idioms for essays gracefully stop a job using an structure extended project, interrupt mechanism. This method gives control back to the slave process, which can collect statistics of the essay evil flies, job run. If the force option is set to extended TRUE , the in lord of the flies, job is abruptly terminated and certain run-time statistics might not be available for structure of an project essay, the job run. Stopping a job that is running a chain automatically stops all running steps (by calling STOP_JOB with the idioms, force option set to TRUE on each step). You can use the commit_semantics argument of STOP_JOB to control the outcome if multiple jobs are specified and errors occur when trying to stop one or more jobs. If you set this argument to ABSORB_ERRORS , the procedure may be able to continue after encountering an error and attempt to stop the remaining jobs.
If the structure essay, procedure indicates that errors occurred, you can query the view SCHEDULER_BATCH_ERRORS to determine the writing results section, nature of the errors. See Dropping Jobs for a more detailed discussion of commit semantics. When a job is stopped, only the current transaction is structure project, rolled back. This can cause data inconsistency. The Scheduler offers implementors of external jobs a mechanism to gracefully clean up after their external jobs when STOP_JOB is freud interpretation, called with force set to FALSE . Of An Essay? The following applies only to local external jobs created without credentials on any platform, and remote external jobs on the UNIX and budgeting study Linux platforms. On UNIX and Linux, a SIGTERM signal is sent to the process launched by structure of an extended project the Scheduler.
The implementor of the external job is expected to trap the SIGTERM in an interrupt handler, clean up whatever work the job has done, and exit. On Windows, STOP_JOB with force set to capital indian FALSE is supported only on Windows XP, Windows 2003, and later operating systems. On those platforms, the process launched by the Scheduler is a console process. To stop it, the Scheduler sends a CTRL-BREAK to project the process. The CTRL_BREAK can be handled by registering a handler with the SetConsoleCtrlHandler() routine. If a job pointing to a chain is stopped, all steps of the running chain that are running are stopped. About Evil? See Stopping Individual Chain Steps for structure of an project, information about stopping individual chain steps. You drop one or more jobs using the DROP_JOB procedure or Enterprise Manager. DROP_JOB accepts a comma-delimited list of jobs and job classes.
If a job class is supplied, all jobs in the job class are dropped, although the job class itself is not dropped. (The DROP_JOB_CLASS procedure should be used to drop a job class. See Dropping Job Classes for information about how to drop job classes.) You cannot use job destination IDs with DROP_JOB to drop a child job of a multiple-destination job. The following statement drops jobs job1 and job3 , and all jobs in job classes jobclass1 and jobclass2 : If a job is running at the time of the procedure call, the attempt to drop the english for essays, job fails. Extended Essay? You can modify this default behavior by setting either the an essay, force or defer option. Structure Project Essay? When you set the force option to essay about in lord of the TRUE , the Scheduler first attempts to stop the running job by using an interrupt mechanismcalling STOP_JOB with the structure extended essay, force option set to budgeting indian case FALSE . If the job is successfully stopped, the job is then dropped.
Alternatively, you can call STOP_JOB to first stop the job and then call DROP_JOB . If STOP_JOB fails, you can call STOP_JOB with the force option, provided you have the MANAGE SCHEDULER privilege. You can then drop the job. By default, force is structure of an, set to FALSE for both the STOP_JOB and DROP_JOB procedures. When you set the freud essay, defer option to TRUE , the running job is allowed to complete and is then dropped. The force and extended essay defer options are mutually exclusive; setting both results in an error. For Essays? When you specify multiple jobs to drop, the commit_semantics argument determines the outcome when an error occurs on one of the jobs. The following are the possible values for structure of an project, this argument: STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR , the defaultThe call returns on the first error and the previous drop operations that were successful are committed to disk.
TRANSACTIONAL The call returns on the first error and the previous drop operations before the error are rolled back. force must be FALSE . ABSORB_ERRORS The call tries to absorb any errors, attempts to drop the rest of the of dreams, jobs, and structure of an essay commits all the drops that were successful. Essay In Lord Of The? Setting commit_semantics is valid only when no job classes are included in the job_name list. When you include job classes, default commit semantics ( STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR ) are in effect. The following example drops the jobs myjob1 and myjob2 with the defer option and with transactional commit semantics: This next example illustrates the ABSORB_ERRORS commit semantics. Extended Project Essay? Assume that myjob1 is english idioms, running when the procedure is called and that myjob2 is structure of an essay, not. You can query the view SCHEDULER_BATCH_ERRORS to determine the nature of the errors.
Checking USER_SCHEDULER_JOBS , you would find that myjob2 was successfully dropped and that myjob1 is still present. You disable one or more jobs using the DISABLE procedure or Enterprise Manager. A job can also become disabled for other reasons. For example, a job will be disabled when the evil, job class it belongs to is dropped. A job is extended essay, also disabled if either the about in lord of the flies, program or the schedule that it points to is dropped. Note that if the program or schedule that the job points to is disabled, the job will not be disabled and structure extended essay will therefore result in an error when the Scheduler tries to run the job. Disabling a job means that, although the an essay on respecting, metadata of the job is structure of an extended, there, it should not run and the job coordinator will not pick up these jobs for processing. When a job is english idioms, disabled, its state in the job table is changed to disabled . When a job is disabled with the force option set to structure essay FALSE and the job is currently running, an capital case study, error is returned. When force is set to TRUE , the job is of an essay, disabled, but the currently running instance is allowed to finish. If commit_semantics is set to STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR , then the call returns on the first error and the previous disable operations that were successful are committed to disk.
If commit_semantics is set to results section paper TRANSACTIONAL and force is set to FALSE , then the call returns on of an extended project essay, the first error and the previous disable operations before the error are rolled back. If commit_semantics is set to ABSORB_ERRORS , then the call tries to results absorb any errors and structure of an extended attempts to disable the rest of the jobs and commits all the disable operations that were successful. If the procedure indicates that errors occurred, you can query the view SCHEDULER_BATCH_ERRORS to determine the nature of the an essay, errors. By default, commit_semantics is set to extended essay STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR . You can also disable several jobs in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of job names or job class names to the DISABLE procedure call. For example, the following statement combines jobs with job classes: You enable one or more jobs by indian using the ENABLE procedure or Enterprise Manager. Of An Extended Project? The effect of essay evil using this procedure is that the job will now be picked up by the job coordinator for processing. Jobs are created disabled by default, so you must enable them before they can run.
When a job is enabled, a validity check is performed. If the check fails, the job is structure, not enabled. If you enable a disabled job, it begins to run immediately according to its schedule. Enabling a disabled job also resets the capital budgeting case study, job RUN_COUNT , FAILURE_COUNT , and RETRY_COUNT attributes. Structure Of An Extended Project Essay? If commit_semantics is writing results of research, set to of an extended project STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR , then the call returns on the first error and the previous enable operations that were successful are committed to disk. If commit_semantics is set to essay about of the TRANSACTIONAL , then the call returns on the first error and structure the previous enable operations before the error are rolled back. English Idioms? If commit_semantics is set to ABSORB_ERRORS , then the structure, call tries to absorb any errors and attempts to enable the rest of the jobs and commits all the enable operations that were successful.
If the procedure indicates that errors occurred, you can query the view SCHEDULER_BATCH_ERRORS to determine the for essays, nature of the errors. Structure Extended Project Essay? By default, commit_semantics is set to STOP_ON_FIRST_ERROR . You can enable several jobs in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of job names or job class names to the ENABLE procedure call. For example, the following statement combines jobs with job classes: You copy a job using the english, COPY_JOB procedure or Enterprise Manager. This call copies all the attributes of the old job to the new job (except job name). Structure Essay? The new job is created disabled. Capital Indian Study? Viewing std out and stde rr for External Jobs. Of An Extended Project Essay? External jobs with credentials write stdout and stderr to log files. About Flies? Local external jobs write to log files in the directory ORACLE_HOME /scheduler/log. Remote external jobs write to log files in the directory AGENT_HOME /data/log. You can retrieve the contents of these files with DBMS_SCHEDULER.GET_FILE . File names consist of the extended project essay, string _stdout or _stderr appended to a job log ID.
You obtain the job log ID for an essay, a job by structure of an extended project essay querying the ADDITIONAL_INFO column of the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS views and parsing for a name/value pair that looks similar to term this: An example file name is job_71035_3158_stdout. Example 29-8, Creating a Local External Job and Retrieving stdout illustrates how to retrieve stdout output. Although this example is for a local external job, the method is the same for remote external jobs. In addition, when a local external job or remote external job writes output to stderr , the structure extended project essay, first 200 bytes are recorded in the ADDITIONAL_INFO column of the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS views. The information is in a name/value pair that looks like this: The ADDITIONAL_INFO column can have multiple name/value pairs. The order is indeterminate, so you must parse the field to top custom term locate the STANDARD_ERROR name/value pair. Creating and Managing Programs to Define Jobs. A program is a collection of metadata about a particular task.
You optionally use a program to help define a job. This section introduces you to basic program tasks, and discusses the following topics: Programs for an overview of programs. Program Tasks and Their Procedures. Table 29-3 illustrates common program tasks and their appropriate procedures and privileges: Table 29-3 Program Tasks and Their Procedures. Create a program. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. Alter a program.
ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Disable a program. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. Enable a program. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner.
See Scheduler Privileges for further information regarding privileges. You create programs by using the CREATE_PROGRAM procedure or Enterprise Manager. By default, programs are created in the schema of the creator. To create a program in of an extended project essay another user's schema, you must qualify the program name with the schema name. For other users to use your programs, they must have EXECUTE privileges on the program, therefore, once a program has been created, you have to grant the EXECUTE privilege on writing results section of research, it. An example of creating a program is the following, which creates a program called my_program1 : Programs are created in the disabled state by default; you must enable them before you can enable jobs that point to them.
Do not attempt to enable a program that requires arguments before you define all program arguments, which you must do in a DEFINE_ XXX _ARGUMENT procedure as described in structure of an extended essay Defining Program Arguments. After creating a program, you can define program arguments. Arguments are defined by position in essay flies the calling sequence, with an extended project, optional argument name and capital budgeting case study optional default value. If no default value is defined for of an project, a program argument, the job that references the program must supply an freud interpretation of dreams, argument value. (The job can also override a default value.) All argument values must be defined before the job can be enabled. To set program argument values, use the DEFINE_PROGRAM_ARGUMENT or DEFINE_ANYDATA_ARGUMENT procedures. DEFINE_ANYDATA_ARGUMENT is used for complex types that must be encapsulated in an ANYDATA object. An example of a program that might need arguments is structure of an project, one that starts a reporting program that requires a start date and term papers end date. The following code example sets the of an extended essay, end date argument, which is the second argument expected by the reporting program.
The example also assigns a name to the argument so that you can refer to the argument by for essays name (instead of position) from other package procedures, including SET_JOB_ANYDATA_VALUE and extended project SET_JOB_ARGUMENT_VALUE . Valid values for the argument_type argument are only SQL data types, therefore booleans are not supported. For external executables, only string types such as CHAR or VARCHAR2 are permitted. An Essay Others? You can drop a program argument either by name or by position, as in the following: In some special cases, program logic is dependent on the Scheduler environment. The Scheduler has some predefined metadata arguments that can be passed as an structure of an extended project, argument to the program for this purpose. For example, for some jobs whose schedule is a window name, it is useful to know how much longer the window will be open when the job is started. Freud Interpretation Of Dreams Essay? This is possible by structure essay defining the window end time as a metadata argument to the program. If a program needs access to specific job metadata, you can define a special metadata argument using the DEFINE_METADATA_ARGUMENT procedure, so values will be filled in capital budgeting study by the Scheduler when the program is executed. You alter a program by modifying its attributes. You can use Enterprise Manager or the DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE and DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL package procedures to alter programs. See the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_PROGRAM procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for details on program attributes. If any currently running jobs use the program that you altered, they continue to run with the program as defined before the alter operation.
The following example changes the executable that program my_program1 runs: You drop one or more programs using the DROP_PROGRAM procedure or Enterprise Manager. Running jobs that point to the program are not affected by the DROP_PROGRAM call, and extended project are allowed to continue. Any arguments that pertain to the program are also dropped when the program is dropped. Papers? You can drop several programs in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of program names. For example, the following statement drops three programs: See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the DROP_PROGRAM procedure. Project Essay? You disable one or more programs using the DISABLE procedure or Enterprise Manager. When a program is disabled, the essay about evil of the, status is changed to disabled . A disabled program implies that, although the metadata is still there, jobs that point to this program cannot run. Structure Of An? Running jobs that point to the program are not affected by the DISABLE call, and are allowed to continue. Any argument that pertains to the program will not be affected when the program is disabled. A program can also become disabled for other reasons.
For example, if a program argument is english, dropped or number_of_arguments is changed so that all arguments are no longer defined. You enable one or more programs using the ENABLE procedure or Enterprise Manager. Extended Essay? When a program is enabled, the enabled flag is set to TRUE . Programs are created disabled by on respecting others default, therefore, you have to enable them before you can enable jobs that point to them. Before programs are enabled, validity checks are performed to extended project ensure that the action is valid and that all arguments are defined. You can enable several programs in writing results section paper one call by providing a comma-delimited list of program names to the ENABLE procedure call. For example, the following statement enables three programs: Creating and Managing Schedules to structure of an extended project Define Jobs.
You optionally use a schedule object (a schedule) to interpretation of dreams define when a job should be run. Schedules can be shared among users by creating and saving them as objects in the database. This section introduces you to basic schedule tasks, and discusses the following topics: Schedules for an overview of schedules. Extended Project Essay? Schedule Tasks and writing results of research paper Their Procedures. Table 29-4 illustrates common schedule tasks and the procedures you use to handle them. Table 29-4 Schedule Tasks and Their Procedures. Create a schedule. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. Alter a schedule. ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner.
Drop a schedule. Of An Project Essay? ALTER or CREATE ANY JOB or be the owner. See Scheduler Privileges for further information regarding privileges. You create schedules by using the CREATE_SCHEDULE procedure or Enterprise Manager. Schedules are created in the schema of the user creating the schedule, and are enabled when first created. You can create a schedule in an essay on respecting others another user's schema. Once a schedule has been created, it can be used by other users. The schedule is created with access to PUBLIC . Therefore, there is no need to explicitly grant access to the schedule. Extended? An example of creating a schedule is the following statement: You alter a schedule by top custom using the SET_ATTRIBUTE and SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL package procedures or Enterprise Manager.
Altering a schedule changes the structure extended project essay, definition of the schedule. With the exception of schedule name, all attributes can be changed. The attributes of a schedule are available in the *_SCHEDULER_SCHEDULES views. If a schedule is altered, the section, change will not affect running jobs and open windows that use this schedule. The change will only be in effect the next time the jobs runs or the window opens. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure. You drop a schedule using the DROP_SCHEDULE procedure or Enterprise Manager. This procedure call will delete the schedule object from the database. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the DROP_SCHEDULE procedure. You control when and how often a job repeats by setting the repeat_interval attribute of the job itself or of the named schedule that the job references.
You can set repeat_interval with DBMS_SCHEDULER package procedures or with Enterprise Manager. The result of structure project essay evaluating the repeat_interval is a set of timestamps. The Scheduler runs the job at top custom papers each timestamp. Extended Project Essay? Note that the start date from the job or schedule also helps determine the resulting set of timestamps. (See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information about repeat_interval evaluation.) If no value for repeat_interval is specified, the job runs only once at the specified start date. Immediately after a job is started, the repeat_interval is section paper, evaluated to determine the next scheduled execution time of the job. The next scheduled execution time might arrive while the job is still running. Structure Of An Essay? A new instance of the job, however, will not be started until the current one completes. There are two ways to specify the repeat interval: Using the Scheduler Calendaring Syntax. The primary method of setting how often a job will repeat is by setting the repeat_interval attribute with a Scheduler calendaring expression.
See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and indian study Types Reference for a detailed description of the calendaring syntax for repeat_interval as well as the CREATE_SCHEDULE procedure. Examples of Cal endaring Expressions. The following examples illustrate simple repeat intervals. For simplicity, it is structure, assumed that there is results section, no contribution to the evaluation results by the start date. Run every Friday. (All three examples are equivalent.) Run every other Friday. Run on the last day of every month. Run on the next to structure of an extended project essay last day of every month. Run on March 10th. (Both examples are equivalent) Run every 10 days.
Run daily at 4, 5, and 6PM. Run on english idioms, the 15th day of every other month. Run on the 29th day of every month. Run on the second Wednesday of of an essay each month. Run on the last Friday of the year.
Run every 50 hours. Run on the last day of english for essays every other month. Run hourly for the first three days of every month. Here are some more complex repeat intervals: Run on the last workday of structure project every month (assuming that workdays are Monday through Friday). Case Study? Run on the last workday of every month, excluding company holidays. (This example references an existing named schedule called Company_Holidays .) Run at structure essay noon every Friday and on company holidays. Of Dreams? Run on these three holidays: July 4th, Memorial Day, and Labor Day. (This example references three existing named schedules JUL4 , MEM , and LAB where each defines a single date corresponding to a holiday.) Examples of Calendaring Expression Evaluation. A repeat interval of of an extended essay FREQ=MINUTELY;INTERVAL=2;BYHOUR=17; BYMINUTE=2,4,5,50,51,7; with a start date of 28-FEB-2004 23:00:00 will generate the essay about, following schedule: A repeat interval of structure of an extended FREQ=MONTHLY;BYMONTHDAY=15,-1 with a start date of 29-DEC-2003 9:00:00 will generate the following schedule: A repeat interval of papers FREQ=MONTHLY; with a start date of 29-DEC-2003 9:00:00 will generate the structure extended, following schedule. (Note that because there is no BYMONTHDAY clause, the day of month is retrieved from the start date.) Example of Using a Calendaring Expression. As an example of using the english idioms for essays, calendaring syntax, consider the essay, following statement: This creates my_job1 in essay about evil scott . It will run for the first time on July 15th and structure essay then run until September 15. The job is run every 30 minutes. When you need more complicated capabilities than the calendaring syntax provides, you can use PL/SQL expressions.
You cannot, however, use PL/SQL expressions for windows or in named schedules. The PL/SQL expression must evaluate to a date or a timestamp. Other than this restriction, there are no limitations, so with sufficient programming, you can create every possible repeat interval. As an example, consider the term papers, following statement: This creates my_job1 in scott . It will run for the first time on July 15th and then every 30 minutes until September 15. The job is run every 30 minutes because repeat_interval is set to SYSTIMESTAMP + INTERVAL '30' MINUTE , which returns a date 30 minutes into the future. Differences Between PL/SQL Expression and Calendaring Syntax Behavior.
The following are important differences in behavior between a calendaring expression and PL/SQL repeat interval: Using the calendaring syntax, the start date is a reference date only. Therefore, the schedule is structure extended project, valid as of this date. On Respecting? It does not mean that the job will start on the start date. Using a PL/SQL expression, the start date represents the actual time that the job will start executing for the first time. Using the calendaring syntax, the next time the job will run is fixed. Project? Using the PL/SQL expression, the papers, next time the of an essay, job will run depends on english idioms for essays, the actual start time of the current run of the job. Structure Of An Extended? As an example of the difference, if a job started at 2:00 PM and its schedule was to repeat every 2 hours, then, if the repeat interval was specified with the calendaring syntax, it would repeat at 4, 6 and so on. If PL/SQL was used and the job started at 2:10, then the job would repeat at others 4:10, and if the next job actually started at 4:11, then the subsequent run would be at of an extended 6:11. To illustrate these two points, consider a situation where you have a start date of 15-July-2003 1:45:00 and you want it to repeat every two hours. A calendar expression of FREQ=HOURLY; INTERVAL=2; BYMINUTE=0; will generate the following schedule: Note that the calendar expression repeats every two hours on term, the hour. A PL/SQL expression of SYSTIMESTAMP + interval '2' hour , however, might have a run time of the structure extended, following: Repeat Intervals and Daylight Savings.
For repeating jobs, the next time a job is scheduled to run is stored in a timestamp with time zone column. When using the calendaring syntax, the time zone is of research, retrieved from start_date . For more information on what happens when start_date is not specified, see Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and structure extended project essay Types Reference . In the case of repeat intervals that are based on PL/SQL expressions, the time zone is part of the timestamp that is idioms, returned by the PL/SQL expression. In both cases, it is important to use region names. For example, Europe/Istanbul , instead of absolute time zone offsets such as +2:00 . Structure Of An? Only when a time zone is specified as a region name will the Scheduler follow daylight savings adjustments that apply to that region. This section contains: Creating and Managing Job Chains for information on term, how to use events with chains to project achieve precise control over process flow. An event is a message sent by one application or system process to another to indicate that some action or occurrence has been detected. An event is raised (sent) by one application or process, and consumed (received) by one or more applications or processes. There are two kinds of idioms events consumed by structure of an extended essay the Scheduler: Events raised by your application. An application can raise an event to be consumed by the Scheduler.
The Scheduler reacts to the event by starting a job. For example, when an inventory tracking system notices that the capital budgeting indian, inventory has gone below a certain threshold, it can raise an event that starts an inventory replenishment job. File arrival events raised by a file watcher. You can create a file watchera Scheduler object introduced in structure project Oracle Database 11 g Release 2to watch for the arrival of a file on a system. You can then configure a job to start when the file watcher detects the top custom term, presence of the file. Extended Essay? For example, a data warehouse for a chain of stores loads data from end-of-day revenue reports uploaded from the point-of-sale systems in the stores. The data warehouse load job starts each time a new end-of-day report arrives. Monitoring Job State with Events Raised by the Scheduler for information about term how your application can consume job state change events raised by the Scheduler.
Starting Jobs with Events Raised by structure of an essay Your Application. Budgeting Case? Your application can raise an event to notify the extended project essay, Scheduler to on respecting start a job. A job started in this way is referred to as an event-based job. You can create a named schedule that references an event instead of project containing date, time, and idioms for essays recurrence information. Project Essay? If a job is writing section paper, given such a schedule (an event schedule ), the job runs when the event is raised. To raise an structure of an project, event to notify the Scheduler to start a job, your application enqueues a message onto an Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing queue that was specified when setting up the essay evil of the, job. When the job starts, it can optionally retrieve the message content of the event. To create an event-based job, you must set these two additional attributes: A queue specification that includes the name of the queue where your application enqueues messages to raise job start events, or in of an extended project the case of a secure queue, the queue name followed by a comma and the agent name. A conditional expression based on message properties that must evaluate to TRUE for the message to start the job.
The expression must have the capital budgeting case, syntax of an Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing rule. Accordingly, you can include user data properties in the expression, provided that the structure of an project essay, message payload is an object type, and that you prefix object attributes in the expression with tab.user_data . For more information on rules, see the DBMS_AQADM . ADD_SUBSCRIBER procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference . Writing Results Paper? The following example sets event_condition to structure extended essay select only about in lord flies low-inventory events that occur after midnight and before 9:00 a.m. Assume that the message payload is an object with two attributes called event_type and event_timestamp . You can specify queue_spec and event_condition as inline job attributes, or you can create an structure extended project, event schedule with these attributes and point to this schedule from the of research paper, job. The Scheduler runs the event-based job for each occurrence of an event that matches event_condition . However, by default, events that occur while the job is already running are ignored; the event gets consumed, but does not trigger another run of the job. Beginning in Oracle Database 11 g Release 1, you can change this default behavior by setting the of an extended essay, job attribute PARALLEL_INSTANCES to TRUE . In this case, an instance of the essay about in lord flies, job is started for every instance of the event, and all job instances are lightweight jobs. See the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for details.
Table 29-5 describes common administration tasks involving events raised by an application (and consumed by the Scheduler) and the procedures associated with them. Table 29-5 Event Tasks and Their Procedures for Events Raised by an Application. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. CREATE ANY JOB or ownership of the job being altered or ALTER privileges on of an extended project, the job. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB. CREATE ANY JOB or ownership of the schedule being altered or ALTER privileges on the schedule. Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing User's Guide for information on how to create queues and enqueue messages. You use the CREATE_JOB procedure or Enterprise Manager to create an event-based job. The job can include event information inline as job attributes or can specify event information by english for essays pointing to an event schedule. Like jobs based on time schedules, event-based jobs are not auto-dropped unless the of an extended project, job end date passes, max_runs is reached, or the maximum number of failures ( max_failures ) is reached.
Specifying Event Information as Job Attributes. To specify event information as job attributes, you use an capital case study, alternate syntax of CREATE_JOB that includes the queue_spec and event_condition attributes. The following example creates a job that starts when an application signals the project essay, Scheduler that inventory levels for study, an item have fallen to a low threshold level: See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and structure of an essay Types Reference for more information regarding the section of research paper, CREATE_JOB procedure. Specifying Event Information in an Event Schedule. To specify event information with an event schedule, you set the project, job's schedule_name attribute to the name of an event schedule, as shown in the following example: You alter an event-based job by results section paper using the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure. For jobs that specify the event inline, you cannot set the queue_spec and event_condition attributes individually with SET_ATTRIBUTE . Instead, you must set an attribute called event_spec , and pass an event condition and queue specification as the third and extended fourth arguments, respectively, to SET_ATTRIBUTE . Idioms? The following is an example of of an essay using the event_spec attribute: See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure. You can create a schedule that is budgeting case, based on an event.
You can then reuse the schedule for multiple jobs. To do so, use the CREATE_EVENT_SCHEDULE procedure, or use Enterprise Manager. The following is an structure extended, example of creating an top custom, event schedule: You can drop an event schedule using the DROP_SCHEDULE procedure. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for of an extended project, more information on CREATE_EVENT_SCHEDULE . You alter the event information in idioms for essays an event schedule in structure of an project the same way that you alter event information in a job. For more information, see Altering an Event-Based Job. The following example demonstrates how to use the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure and the event_spec attribute to alter event information in an event schedule. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure. Passing Event Mess ages into an Event-Based Job. Through a metadata argument, the Scheduler can pass to an event-based job the message content of the on respecting others, event that started the job. The following rules apply: The job must use a named program of structure extended project essay type STORED_PROCEDURE . One of the named program's arguments must be a metadata argument with metadata_attribute set to EVENT_MESSAGE . The stored procedure that implements the program must have an argument at the position corresponding to the named program's metadata argument.
The argument type must be the data type of the queue where your application queues the capital budgeting indian study, job-start event. If you use the RUN_JOB procedure to manually run a job that has an EVENT_MESSAGE metadata argument, the value passed to that argument is NULL . The following example shows how to construct an event-based job that can receive the event message content: Starting a Job When a File Arrives on a System. You can configure the Scheduler to start a job when a file arrives on the local system or a remote system. The job is an event-based job, and structure of an essay the file arrival event is raised by a file watcher, which is a Scheduler object introduced in Oracle Database 11 g Release 2. This section contains: A file watcher is a Scheduler object that defines the writing results, location, name, and structure other properties of a file whose arrival on a system causes the Scheduler to start a job. You create a file watcher and then create any number of event-based jobs or event schedules that reference the file watcher. When the freud interpretation of dreams, file watcher detects the arrival of the designated file, a newly arrived file, it raises a file arrival event.
A newly arrived file is a file that has been changed and therefore has a timestamp that is later than either the latest execution or the time that the file watcher job began monitoring the target file directory. The way the file watcher determines whether a file is a newly arrived one or not is equivalent to repeatedly executing the Unix command ls -lrt or the Windows DOS command dir /od to watch for new files in a directory. Structure Of An Project Essay? Both these commands ensure that the recently modified file is listed at the end, that is the oldest first and the newest last. English For Essays? The following behaviors: The UNIX mv command does not change the file modification time, while the cp command does. The Windows move / paste and structure extended copy / paste commands do not change the file modification time. To do this, execute the following DOS command after the move or copy command: copy /b file_name +,, The steady_state_duration parameter of the CREATE_FILE_WATCHER procedure, described in writing results of research paper Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference , indicates the minimum time interval that the file must remain unchanged before the file watcher considers the structure of an extended project, file found. This cannot exceed one hour. Indian Case? If the parameter is NULL , an internal value is structure essay, used.
The job started by english for essays the file arrival event can retrieve the event message to learn about the of an extended project, newly arrived file. The message contains the information required to find the budgeting indian case study, file, open it, and process it. A file watcher can watch for a file on the local system (the same host computer running Oracle Database) or a remote system. Remote systems must be running the extended essay, Scheduler agent, and the agent must be registered with the database. File watchers check for the arrival of files every 10 minutes. You can adjust this interval. See Changing the File Arrival Detection Interval for details.
You must have the CREATE JOB system privilege to create a file watcher in your own schema. Interpretation? You require the extended essay, CREATE ANY JOB system privilege to create a file watcher in a schema different from your own (except the SYS schema, which is indian case, disallowed). Of An Extended Project Essay? You can grant the EXECUTE object privilege on a file watcher so that jobs in different schemas can reference it. You can also grant the ALTER object privilege on a file watcher so that another user can modify it. To use file watchers, the database Java virtual machine (JVM) component must be installed. Enabling File Arrival Events from Remote Systems. To receive file arrival events from a remote system, you must install the for essays, Scheduler agent on that system, and structure of an essay you must register the agent with the database. The remote system does not require a running Oracle Database instance to generate file arrival events.
To enable the an essay on respecting, raising of file arrival events at remote systems: Set up the local database to run remote external jobs. Install, configure, register, and start the Scheduler agent on the first remote system. This adds the remote host to the list of external destinations maintained on the local database. Repeat the previous step for each additional remote system. Creating File Watchers and File Watcher Jobs. Structure Extended Project? You perform the following tasks to writing section paper create a file watcher and create the event-based job that starts when the designated file arrives. Task 1 - Create a Credential. The file watcher requires a Scheduler credential object (a credential) with which to authenticate with the host operating system for access to the file. See Credentials for information on structure of an project, privileges required to create credentials.
Perform these steps: Create a credential for the operating system user that must have access to evil in lord flies the watched-for file. Grant the EXECUTE object privilege on the credential to the schema that owns the event-based job that the file watcher will start. Task 2 - Create a File Watcher. Perform these steps: Create the file watcher, assigning attributes as described in the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_FILE_WATCHER procedure documentation in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference . You can specify wildcard parameters in the file name. Structure Of An Extended Essay? A '?' prefix in an essay on respecting others the DIRECTORY_PATH attribute denotes the path to the Oracle home directory. A NULL destination indicates the local host. To watch for the file on a remote host, provide a valid external destination name, which you can obtain from the view ALL_SCHEDULER_EXTERNAL_DESTS . Grant EXECUTE on the file watcher to any schema that owns an event-based job that references the file watcher. Structure Of An Extended? Task 3 - Create a Program Object with a Metadata Argument. So that your application can retrieve the file arrival event message content, which includes file name, file size, and so on, create a Scheduler program object with a metadata argument that references the event message.
Perform these steps: Create the english idioms for essays, program. Define the structure extended, metadata argument using the event_message attribute. Create the stored procedure that the program invokes. The stored procedure that processes the file arrival event must have an argument of type SYS.SCHEDULER_FILEWATCHER_RESULT , which is the data type of the event message. Capital Budgeting Study? The position of that argument must match the position of the defined metadata argument. The procedure can then access attributes of this abstract data type to learn about the arrived file.
Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for a description of the SYS.SCHEDULER_FILEWATCHER_RESULT type. Create the event-based job as described in Creating an Event-Based Job, with the following exception: instead of providing a queue specification in the queue_spec attribute, provide the of an, name of the about of the, file watcher. You would typically leave the event_condition job attribute null, but you can provide a condition if desired. As an alternative to structure of an setting the queue_spec attribute for the job, you can create an of research, event schedule, reference the file watcher in structure extended project the queue_spec attribute of the event schedule, and reference the event schedule in capital the schedule_name attribute of the job. Extended Essay? Perform these steps to prepare the event-based job: If you want the job to run for capital budgeting indian study, each instance of the file arrival event, even if the job is structure, already processing a previous event, set the essay about evil in lord of the flies, parallel_instances attribute to TRUE . With this setting, the job runs as a lightweight job so that multiple instances of the job can be started quickly. To discard file watcher events that occur while the event-based job is already processing another, leave the parallel_instances attribute FALSE (the default).
For more information about this attribute, see the SET_ATTRIBUTE description in structure of an project essay Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference . Enable the idioms, file watcher, the program, and the job. Of An Extended? In this example, an event-based job watches for the arrival of essay end-of-day sales reports onto the local host from various locations. As each report file arrives, a stored procedure captures information about the file and stores the of an extended project, information in a table called eod_reports . A regularly scheduled report aggregation job can then query this table, process all unprocessed files, and mark any newly processed files as processed. It is assumed that the database user running the following code has been granted EXECUTE on the SYS.SCHEDULER_FILEWATCHER_RESULT data type. English For Essays? The DBMS_SCHEDULER PL/SQL package provides procedures for extended essay, enabling, disabling, dropping, and setting attributes for budgeting indian, file watchers. The section contains: If a file watcher is of an extended essay, disabled, use DBMS_SCHEDULER.ENABLE to enable it, as shown in Task 5, - Enable All Objects. You can enable a file watcher only if all of its attributes are set to top custom legal values and the file watcher owner has EXECUTE privileges on the specified credential. Use the DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE and DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL package procedures to structure extended essay modify the attributes of a file watcher. See the CREATE_FILE_WATCHER procedure description for essay about in lord flies, information about file watcher attributes. Disabling and Dropping File Watchers.
Use DBMS_SCHEDULER.DISABLE to disable a file watcher and DBMS_SCHEDULER.DROP_FILE_WATCHER to drop a file watcher. You cannot disable or drop a file watcher if there are jobs that depend on it. To force a disable or drop operation in this case, set the FORCE attribute to TRUE . If you force disabling or dropping a file watcher, jobs that depend on it become disabled. Changing the File Arrival Detection Interval. Structure Of An Project? File watchers check for the arrival of files every ten minutes by default. You can change this interval. To change the file arrival detection interval: Connect to the database as the SYS user. Change the REPEAT_INTERVAL attribute of the predefined schedule SYS.FILE_WATCHER_SCHEDULE . Use any valid calendaring syntax. The following example changes the file arrival detection frequency to every two minutes.
You can view information about essay about in lord file watchers by of an essay querying the an essay on respecting, views *_SCHEDULER_FILE_WATCHERS . Oracle Database Reference for details on the *_SCHEDULER_FILE_WATCHERS views. Creating and Managing Job C hains. Structure? A job chain (chain) is a named series of tasks that are linked together for a combined objective. Chains are the means by which you can implement dependency based scheduling, in idioms for essays which jobs are started depending on the outcomes of one or more previous jobs. To create and use a chain, you complete these tasks in structure of an extended order: Additional topics discussed in this section include: Chains for an overview of essay about evil chains. Table 29-6 illustrates common tasks involving chains and the procedures associated with them. Table 29-6 Chain Tasks and Their Procedures.
CREATE JOB , CREATE EVALUATION CONTEXT , CREATE RULE , and CREATE RULE SET if the project, owner. CREATE ANY JOB , CREATE ANY RULE , CREATE ANY RULE SET , and CREATE ANY EVALUATION CONTEXT otherwise. Top Custom Term Papers? Ownership of the chain or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB privileges. If not owner, also requires DROP ANY EVALUATION CONTEXT and DROP ANY RULE SET. Ownership of the structure of an extended essay, chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. Alter a running chain. Ownership of the job, or ALTER privileges on the job or CREATE ANY JOB. CREATE JOB or CREATE ANY JOB . Essay About Flies? In addition, the owner of the new job must have EXECUTE privileges on the chain or EXECUTE ANY PROGRAM. Add rules to structure of an extended essay a chain. Ownership of the writing of research, chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB privileges. CREATE RULE if the owner of the chain, CREATE ANY RULE otherwise.
Alter rules in a chain. Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB privileges. If not owner of the chain, requires ALTER privileges on the rule or ALTER ANY RULE. Drop rules from a chain. Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB privileges. DROP ANY RULE if not the owner of the chain. Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. Structure Of An? Disable a chain.
Ownership of the essay, chain, or ALTER privileges on extended project essay, the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. On Respecting Others? Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on of an extended project, the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. Alter steps (including assigning additional attribute values to steps) Ownership of the chain, or ALTER privileges on the chain or CREATE ANY JOB. You create a chain by using the CREATE_CHAIN procedure. You must ensure that you have the capital budgeting case, required privileges first.
See Setting Chain Privileges for of an extended, details. After creating the chain object with CREATE_CHAIN , you define chain steps and chain rules separately. The following is an example of creating a chain: The rule_set_name and evaluation_interval arguments are typically left NULL . Results Section Of Research? evaluation_interval can define a repeating interval at which chain rules get evaluated. Structure Of An? rule_set_name refers to a rule set as defined within Oracle Streams. Adding Rules to a Chain for more information about the evaluation_interval attribute. After creating a chain object, you define one or more chain steps. Each step can point to one of the following: A Scheduler program object (program) Another chain (a nested chain) An event schedule, inline event, or file watcher. You define a step that points to a program or nested chain by using the DEFINE_CHAIN_STEP procedure.
An example is the following, which adds two steps to my_chain1 : The named program or chain does not have to an essay exist when defining the step. However it must exist and be enabled when the chain runs, otherwise an error is generated. You define a step that waits for an event to occur by of an extended using the DEFINE_CHAIN_EVENT_STEP procedure. Procedure arguments can point to an event schedule, can include an inline queue specification and event condition, or can include a file watcher name. This example creates a third chain step that waits for the event specified in the named event schedule: An event step does not wait for its event until the step is started. Steps That Run Local External Executables. After defining a step that runs a local external executable, you must use the ALTER_CHAIN procedure to assign a credential to on respecting the step, as shown in the following example: Steps That Run on Remote Destinations. After defining a step that is to structure extended project essay run an external executable on a remote host or a database program unit on in lord of the, a remote database, you must use the ALTER_CHAIN procedure to assign both a credential and a destination to the step, as shown in the following example: Making Steps Restartable.
After a database recovery, by default steps that were running are marked as STOPPED and the chain continues. Structure Of An Extended Project Essay? You can specify the chain steps to restart automatically after a database recovery by using ALTER_CHAIN to set the restart_on_recovery attribute to TRUE for writing section of research paper, those steps. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the DEFINE_CHAIN_STEP , DEFINE_CHAIN_EVENT_STEP , and ALTER_CHAIN procedures. You add a rule to a chain with the DEFINE_CHAIN_RULE procedure. You call this procedure once for each rule that you want to add to the chain. Chain rules define when steps run, and define dependencies between steps. Of An? Each rule has a condition and an action. For Essays? Whenever rules are evaluated, if a rule's condition evaluates to structure extended TRUE , its action is performed. The condition can contain Scheduler chain condition syntax or any syntax that is valid in a SQL WHERE clause. The syntax can include references to top custom term papers attributes of any chain step, including step completion status. A typical action is to run a specified step or to run a list of steps.
All chain rules work together to define the structure of an project essay, overall action of the chain. English For Essays? When the chain job starts and at the end of extended each step, all rules are evaluated to see what action or actions occur next. If more than one rule has a TRUE condition, multiple actions can occur. You can cause rules to also be evaluated at regular intervals by setting the evaluation_interval attribute of a chain. Essay About In Lord Of The? Conditions are usually based on the outcome of one or more previous steps. For example, you might want one step to run if the structure project essay, two previous steps succeeded, and another to run if either of the papers, two previous steps failed. Scheduler chain condition syntax takes one of the following two forms: You can combine conditions with boolean operators AND , OR , and NOT() to create conditional expressions. You can employ parentheses in your expressions to determine order of evaluation. Structure? ERROR_CODE can be set with the RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR PL/SQL statement within the english for essays, program assigned to the step. Although the error codes that your program sets in this way are negative numbers, when testing ERROR_CODE in a chain rule, you test for positive numbers.
For example, if your program contains the of an project essay, following statement: your chain rule condition must be the following: The following is a list of step attributes that you can include in conditions when using SQL WHERE clause syntax: The completed attribute is boolean and is TRUE when the state attribute is either SUCCEEDED , FAILED , or STOPPED . Table 29-7 shows the possible values for the state attribute. These values are visible in the STATE column of the *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_CHAINS views. Table 29-7 Values for the State Attribute of a Chain Step. The step's chain is running, but the step has not yet started. Freud Interpretation? A rule started the step with an AFTER clause and the designated wait time has not yet expired.
The step is of an essay, running. For an event step, the step was started and is waiting for an event. The step's PAUSE attribute is term papers, set to project essay TRUE and the step is paused. It must be unpaused before steps that depend on it can start. Interpretation? The step completed successfully.
The step's ERROR_CODE is 0. The step completed with a failure. ERROR_CODE is nonzero. The step was stopped with the STOP_JOB procedure. The step is a nested chain that has stalled. Of An Extended? See the DEFINE_CHAIN_RULE procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for rules and examples for SQL WHERE clause syntax. Condition Examples Using Scheduler Chain Condition Syntax. These examples use Scheduler chain condition syntax. Steps started by rules containing the following condition are started when the step named form_validation_step is writing of research paper, completed ( SUCCEEDED , FAILED , or STOPPED ). The following condition is similar, but indicates that the step must have succeeded for the condition to be met. The next condition tests for an error. Extended? It is TRUE if the step form_validation_step failed with any error code other than 20001.
Condition Examples Using SQL WHERE Syntax. Starting the Chain. At least one rule must have a condition that always evaluates to TRUE so that the chain can start when the chain job starts. The easiest way to accomplish this is to just set the condition to ' TRUE ' if you are using Schedule chain condition syntax, or ' 1=1 ' if you are using SQL syntax. Ending the Chain. At least one chain rule must contain an action of ' END '. A chain job does not complete until one of the of dreams essay, rules containing the structure extended, END action evaluates to TRUE . Several different rules with different END actions are common, some with error codes, and some without. If a chain has no more running steps or it is not waiting for an event to in lord of the occur, and no rules containing the END action evaluate to TRUE (or there are no rules with the END action), the chain job enters the CHAIN_STALLED state. See Handling Stalled Chains for structure extended, more information.
Example of Defining Rules. The following example defines a rule that starts the chain at step step1 and a rule that starts step step2 when step1 completes. Capital Budgeting Indian Case? rule_name and comments are optional and default to NULL . If you do use rule_name , you can later redefine that rule with another call to extended essay DEFINE_CHAIN_RULE . The new definition overwrites the previous one. Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for information on the DEFINE_CHAIN_RULE procedure and Scheduler chain condition syntax. Setting an Evaluation Interval for Chain Rules. The Scheduler evaluates all chain rules at the start of the chain job and at the end of each chain step. You can configure a chain to also have its rules evaluated at a repeating time interval, such as once per hour. This capability is useful to start chain steps based on time of day or based on occurrences external to in lord of the the chain. Here are some examples: A chain step is resource-intensive and must therefore run at off-peak hours.
You could condition the essay, step on both the writing results paper, completion of another step and on structure of an extended project, the time of day being after 6:00 p.m and essay about of the flies before midnight. The Scheduler would then have to structure extended evaluate rules every so often to term determine when this condition becomes TRUE . A step must wait for data to arrive in a table from some other process that is external to the chain. You could condition this step on both the structure essay, completion of another step and on english, a particular table containing rows. The Scheduler would then have to evaluate rules every so often to determine when this condition becomes TRUE . The condition would use SQL WHERE clause syntax, and extended would be similar to the following: To set an evaluation interval for a chain, you set the evaluation_interval attribute when you create the results paper, chain. Structure Of An Essay? The data type for this attribute is INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND . Top Custom Papers? You enable a chain with the structure extended, ENABLE procedure. A chain must be enabled before it can be run by a job. Enabling an already enabled chain does not return an error. The following example enables chain my_chain1 : Chains are automatically disabled by interpretation essay the Scheduler when: The program that one of the chain steps points to is dropped. The nested chain that one of the chain steps points to is dropped.
The event schedule that one of the chain event steps points to is dropped. To run a chain, you must either use the RUN_CHAIN procedure or create and schedule a job of type ' CHAIN ' (a chain job ). The job action must refer to the chain name, as shown in the following example: For every step of a chain job that is running, the Scheduler creates a step job with the extended essay, same job name and owner as the freud interpretation of dreams essay, chain job. Each step job additionally has a job subname to extended project uniquely identify it. The job subname is an essay others, included as a column in the views *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_JOBS , *_SCHEDULER_JOB_LOG , and *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS . The job subname is normally the same as the step name except in the following cases: For nested chains, the current step name may have already been used as a job subname. Of An Extended Project? In this case, the Scheduler appends ' _N ' to the step name, where N is an integer that results in a unique job subname.
If there is about, a failure when creating a step job, the Scheduler logs a FAILED entry in the job log views ( *_SCHEDULER_JOB_LOG and *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS ) with the job subname set to extended project essay ' step_name_ 0 '. Running Chains for another way to run a chain without creating a chain job. You drop a chain, including its steps and rules, by term using the DROP_CHAIN procedure. An example of dropping a chain is the following, which drops my_chain1 : See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and structure project Types Reference for more information regarding the results of research, DROP_CHAIN procedure. You can use the following two procedures to run a chain immediately: If you already created a chain job for a chain, you can use the extended project essay, RUN_JOB procedure to run that job (and thus run the chain), but you must set the interpretation, use_current_session argument of RUN_JOB to FALSE . You can use the structure of an extended, RUN_CHAIN procedure to run a chain without having to first create a chain job for the chain. You can also use RUN_CHAIN to run only part of a chain. RUN_CHAIN creates a temporary job to of research run the specified chain. If you supply a job name, the job is created with that name, otherwise a default job name is extended project, assigned. If you supply a list of start steps , only those steps are started when the chain begins running. (Steps that would normally have started do not run if they are not in the list.) If no list of start steps is given, the chain starts normallythat is, an initial evaluation is done to see which steps to start running. An example is the following, which immediately runs the chain my_chain1 : You drop a rule from an essay others, a chain by using the DROP_CHAIN_RULE procedure. An example is the following, which drops my_rule1 : See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information regarding the DROP_CHAIN_RULE procedure. You disable a chain by using the DISABLE procedure.
An example is the following, which disables my_chain1 : Chains are automatically disabled by project essay the Scheduler when: The program that one of the chain steps points to is dropped. The nested chain that one of the chain steps points to is dropped. The event schedule that one of the chain event steps points to is dropped. About Of The? You drop a step from structure of an extended essay, a chain by using the DROP_CHAIN_STEP procedure. An example is the following, which drops my_step2 from my_chain2 : See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for freud of dreams essay, more information regarding the DROP_CHAIN_STEP procedure. To stop a running chain, you call DBMS_SCHEDULER.STOP_JOB , passing the name of the chain job (the job that started the structure of an extended essay, chain).
When you stop a chain job, all steps of the chain that are running are stopped and the chain ends. There are two ways to stop individual chain steps: By creating a chain rule that stops one or more steps when the rule condition is met. By calling the STOP_JOB procedure. For each step to stop, you must specify the schema name, chain job name, and step job subname. Budgeting Indian Study? In this example, chainrunjob is the chain job name and stepa is the step job subname. Essay? The step job subname is typically the same as the step name, but not always. You can obtain the step job subname from the STEP_JOB_SUBNAME column of the *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_CHAINS views. When you stop a chain step, its state is set to STOPPED and the chain rules are evaluated to determine the steps to run next. You can pause an entire chain or individual branches of term papers a chain.
You do so by setting the PAUSE attribute of structure of an extended project one or more steps to of the TRUE with DBMS_SCHEDULER.ALTER_CHAIN or ALTER_RUNNING_CHAIN . Pausing chain steps enables you to suspend the running of the chain after those steps run. When you pause a step, after the step runs, its state attribute changes to PAUSED , and of an extended project its completed attribute remains FALSE . Top Custom? Steps that depend on the completion of the paused step are therefore not run. If you reset the PAUSE attribute to FALSE for a paused step, its state attribute is set to its completion state ( SUCCEEDED , FAILED , or STOPPED ), and steps that are awaiting the structure of an extended project essay, completion of the paused step can then run. English Idioms For Essays? Figure 29-1 Chain with Step 3 Paused. In Figure 29-1, Step 3 is paused. Until Step 3 is unpaused, Step 5 will not run. If you were to pause only Step 2, then Steps 4, 6, and 7 would not run. However Steps 1, 3, and of an extended project essay 5 could run.
In either case, you are suspending only one branch of the chain. To pause an budgeting indian case, entire chain, you pause all steps of the extended, chain. To unpause a chain, you unpause one, many, or all of the chain steps. With the interpretation essay, chain in Figure 29-1, pausing Step 1 would also achieve the pausing of the entire chain after Step 1 runs. The DBMS_SCHEDULER.ALTER_CHAIN and DBMS_SCHEDULER.ALTER_RUNNING_CHAIN procedures in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and structure extended project Types Reference. You can skip one or more steps in a chain.
You do so by setting the writing section, SKIP attribute of one or more steps to TRUE with DBMS_SCHEDULER.ALTER_CHAIN or ALTER_RUNNING_CHAIN . If a step's SKIP attribute is structure of an extended project, TRUE , then when a chain condition to run that step is met, instead of case being run, the step is treated as if it has immediately succeeded. Setting SKIP to TRUE has no effect on a step that is running, that is scheduled to run after a delay, or that has already run. Skipping steps is especially useful when testing chains. For example, when testing the chain shown in Figure 29-1, skipping Step 7 could shorten testing time considerably, because this step is a nested chain. There are two ways to run only a part of a chain: Use the ALTER_CHAIN procedure to set the PAUSE attribute to TRUE for one or more steps, and then either start the chain job with RUN_JOB or start the chain with RUN_CHAIN . Any steps that depend on the paused steps do not run. (However, the paused steps do run.) The disadvantage of structure extended this method is that you must set the PAUSE attribute back to FALSE for the affected steps for future runs of the chain. Use the RUN_CHAIN procedure to start only certain steps of the chain, skipping those steps that you do not want to run.
This is writing, a more straightforward approach and of an extended project essay also enables you to in lord flies set the initial state of steps before starting them. You may have to use both of structure extended project essay these methods to capital budgeting skip steps both at the beginning and end of a chain. Structure Of An Essay? See the discussion of the RUN_CHAIN procedure in english idioms Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information. Structure Of An Project Essay? You can view the others, status of running chains with the following two views: The *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_JOBS views contain one row for structure, the chain job and one row for each running step. The *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_CHAINS views contain one row for each chain step (including any nested chains) and include run status for each step ( NOT_STARTED , RUNNING , STOPPED , SUCCEEDED , and so on).
At the completion of top custom papers a step, the chain rules are always evaluated to determine the next steps to run. If none of the rules cause another step to start, none cause the chain to end, and the evaluation_interval for the chain is NULL , the chain enters the stalled state. When a chain is stalled, no steps are running, no steps are scheduled to run (after waiting a designated time interval), and no event steps are waiting for an event. Structure Of An Project Essay? The chain can make no further progress unless you manually intervene. In this case, the state of the writing results section paper, job that is running the chain is of an extended project, set to CHAIN_STALLED . (However, the job is still listed in the *_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_JOBS views.) You can troubleshoot a stalled chain with the views ALL_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_CHAINS , which shows the state of all steps in the chain (including any nested chains), and writing paper ALL_SCHEDULER_CHAIN_RULES , which contains all the chain rules. You can enable the project, chain to continue by top custom altering the state of one of its steps with the ALTER_RUNNING_CHAIN procedure. For example, if step 11 is structure project essay, waiting for step 9 to succeed before it can start, and if it makes sense to do so, you can set the state of step 9 to essay about evil of the ' SUCCEEDED '. Alternatively, if one or more rules are incorrect, you can use the structure of an project, DEFINE_CHAIN_RULE procedure to replace them (using the same rule names), or to create new rules. The new and updated rules apply to in lord flies the running chain and all future chain runs.
After adding or updating rules, you must run EVALUATE_RUNNING_CHAIN on the stalled chain job to trigger any required actions. You prioritize Oracle Scheduler jobs using three Scheduler objects: job classes, windows, and structure extended essay window groups. These objects prioritize jobs by associating jobs with database resource manager consumer groups. This in others turn controls the amount of resources allocated to these jobs. In addition, job classes enable you to set relative priorities among a group of jobs if all jobs in the group are allocated identical resource levels. Structure Project? This section contains: Managing Job Priorities with Job C lasses. Job classes provide a way to group jobs for prioritization. They also provide a way to an essay on respecting easily assign a set of structure extended essay attribute values to essay evil of the flies member jobs. Job classes influence the priorities of of an extended project essay their member jobs through job class attributes that relate to the database resource manager. See Allocating Resources Among Jobs Using Resource Manager for an essay on respecting, details. There is a default job class that is created with the structure project, database.
If you create a job without specifying a job class, the an essay on respecting, job will be assigned to this default job class ( DEFAULT_JOB_CLASS) . The default job class has the EXECUTE privilege granted to PUBLIC so any database user who has the structure of an project, privilege to create a job can create a job in the default job class. This section introduces you to for essays basic job class tasks, and discusses the following topics: Job Classes for an overview of job classes. Job Class Tasks and Their Procedures. Table 29-8 illustrates common job class tasks and essay their appropriate procedures and indian case study privileges: Table 29-8 Job Class Tasks and Their Procedures. Create a job class. Alter a job class. Drop a job class. See Scheduler Privileges for further information regarding privileges. Of An Extended Project Essay? You create a job class using the CREATE_JOB_CLASS procedure or Enterprise Manager. Job classes are always created in the SYS schema.
The following statement creates a job class for all finance jobs: All jobs in this job class are assigned to the finance_group resource consumer group. To query job classes, use the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_CLASSES views. You alter a job class by using the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure or Enterprise Manager. Other than the top custom term, job class name, all the attributes of a job class can be altered. The attributes of a job class are available in the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_CLASSES views. When a job class is altered, running jobs that belong to the class are not affected. The change only takes effect for jobs that have not started running yet. You drop one or more job classes using the DROP_JOB_CLASS procedure or Enterprise Manager. Dropping a job class means that all the metadata about the job class is removed from the database.
You can drop several job classes in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of job class names to the DROP_JOB_CLASS procedure call. Project? For example, the following statement drops three job classes: Setting Relative Job Priorities Within a Job Class. You can change the for essays, relative priorities of jobs within the same job class by using the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure. Job priorities must be in the range of 1-5, where 1 is the highest priority. For example, the project, following statement changes the job priority for an essay others, my_job1 to a setting of structure of an extended project essay 1: You can verify that the attribute was changed by issuing the writing results section, following statement: Overall priority of structure project essay a job within the system is determined first by the combination of the top custom term, resource consumer group that the job's job class is assigned to and the current resource plan, and then by relative priority within the job class. Managing Job Scheduling and Job Priorities with Win dows. Windows provide a way to automatically activate different resource plans at different times. Running jobs can then see a change in the resources that are allocated to them when there is a change in resource plan. Of An? A job can name a window in writing results section paper its schedule_name attribute. The Scheduler then starts the job with the structure extended essay, window opens. About Evil Of The Flies? A window has a schedule associated with it, so a window can open at various times during your workload cycle.
The key attributes of a window are its: This controls when the window is in effect. This controls how long the window is open. This names the resource plan that activates when the window opens. Structure Essay? Only one window can be in effect at any given time. Windows belong to the SYS schema.
All window activity is logged in the *_SCHEDULER_WINDOW_LOG views, otherwise known as the win dow logs . See Window Log for freud interpretation of dreams essay, examples of structure extended essay window logging. This section introduces you to basic window tasks, and discusses the following topics: Windows for an overview of windows. Top Custom? Window Tasks and extended essay Their Procedures. Table 29-9 illustrates common window tasks and the procedures you use to handle them. Table 29-9 Window Tasks and Their Procedures. Create a window. Disable a window. Enable a window. See Scheduler Privileges for case study, further information regarding privileges.
You can use Enterprise Manager or the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_WINDOW package procedure to create windows. Of An Extended Essay? When using the package procedure, you can leave the resource_plan parameter NULL . In this case, when the window opens, the current plan remains in top custom papers effect. You must have the structure of an project, MANAGE SCHEDULER privilege to create windows. When you specify a schedule for a window, the Scheduler does not check if there is already a window defined for writing section of research paper, that schedule. Therefore, this may result in windows that overlap. Also, using a named schedule that has a PL/SQL expression as its repeat interval is not supported for windows. See the CREATE_WINDOW procedure in structure Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for details on window attributes. The following example creates a window named daytime that enables the mixed_workload_plan resource plan during office hours: To verify that the window was created properly, query the view DBA_SCHEDULER_WINDOWS . As an example, issue the following statement: You alter a window by of dreams essay modifying its attributes. You do so with the SET_ATTRIBUTE and of an extended SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL procedures or Enterprise Manager. With the exception of in lord flies WINDOW_NAME , all the attributes of a window can be changed when it is altered.
See the CREATE_WINDOW procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for window attribute details. Extended Essay? When a window is term, altered, it does not affect an active window. The changes only take effect the next time the window opens. All windows can be altered. If you alter a window that is structure project, disabled, it will remain disabled after it is altered. An enabled window will be automatically disabled, altered, and then reenabled, if the validity checks performed during the enable process are successful.
See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the results of research paper, SET_ATTRIBUTE and SET_ATTRIBUTE_NULL procedures. When a window opens, the Scheduler switches to the resource plan that has been associated with it during its creation. If there are jobs running when the window opens, the resources allocated to them might change due to the switch in structure of an extended project resource plan. There are two ways a window can open: According to the window's schedule. Manually, using the OPEN_WINDOW procedure. This procedure opens the window independent of its schedule. This window will open and the resource plan associated with it will take effect immediately. Only an enabled window can be manually opened. In the OPEN_WINDOW procedure, you can specify the time interval that the window should be open for, using the duration attribute. The duration is of type interval day to essay evil flies second.
If the duration is not specified, then the window will be opened for the regular duration as stored with the of an extended essay, window. Opening a window manually has no impact on regular scheduled runs of the window. When a window that was manually opened closes, the rules about overlapping windows are applied to determine which other window should be opened at that time if any at all. You can force a window to open even if there is top custom term, one already open by project essay setting the force option to TRUE in capital indian the OPEN_WINDOW call or Enterprise Manager. When the force option is set to TRUE , the Scheduler automatically closes any window that is open at that time, even if it has a higher priority. Structure Project Essay? For the papers, duration of this manually opened window, the Scheduler does not open any other scheduled windows even if they have a higher priority.
You can open a window that is already open. In this case, the window stays open for the duration specified in the call, from the time the OPEN_WINDOW command was issued. Essay? Consider an example to illustrate this. window1 was created with a duration of four hours. It has how been open for two hours. If at this point you reopen window1 using the OPEN_WINDOW call and do not specify a duration, then window1 will be open for another four hours because it was created with that duration. If you specified a duration of 30 minutes, the window will close in 30 minutes. When a window opens, an entry is made in the window log. A window can fail to switch resource plans if the current resource plan has been manually switched using the others, ALTER SYSTEM statement with the FORCE option, or using the DBMS_RESOURCE_MANAGER.SWITCH_PLAN package procedure with the allow_scheduler_plan_switches argument set to structure of an extended FALSE . In this case, the english, failure to structure of an extended essay switch resource plans is written to the window log. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the OPEN_WINDOW procedure and the DBMS_RESOURCE_MANAGER.SWITCH_PLAN procedure. There are two ways a window can close: Based on a schedule.
A window will close based on the schedule defined at creation time. Essay About Evil? Manually, using the CLOSE_WINDOW procedure. The CLOSE_WINDOW procedure will close an open window prematurely. A closed window means that it is no longer in effect. When a window is closed, the Scheduler will switch the resource plan to the one that was in effect outside the window or in the case of overlapping windows to another window. If you try to structure of an extended project close a window that does not exist or is not open, an error is generated. A job that is running will not close when the window it is running in closes unless the attribute stop_on_window_close was set to TRUE when the job was created. However, the an essay others, resources allocated to the job may change because the resource plan may change.
When a running job has a window group as its schedule, the job will not be stopped when its window is closed if another window that is structure of an project essay, also a member of the same window group then becomes active. This is the case even if the job was created with the capital, attribute stop_on_window_close set to TRUE . Structure Project? When a window is freud essay, closed, an structure of an project essay, entry will be added to the window log DBA_SCHEDULER_WINDOW_LOG . See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and top custom papers Types Reference for detailed information about the CLOSE_WINDOW procedure. You drop one or more windows using the extended project essay, DROP_WINDOW procedure or Enterprise Manager. When a window is dropped, all metadata about the window is removed from the *_SCHEDULER_WINDOWS views. All references to the window are removed from window groups. Idioms For Essays? You can drop several windows in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of window names or window group names to the DROP_WINDOW procedure.
For example, the following statement drops both windows and window groups: Note that if a window group name is provided, then the windows in the window group are dropped, but the extended project essay, window group is not dropped. To drop the freud, window group, you must use the DROP_WINDOW_GROUP procedure. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for detailed information about the DROP_WINDOW procedure. You disable one or more windows using the DISABLE procedure or with Enterprise Manager. Therefore, the window will not open. However, the of an extended, metadata of the window is evil, still there, so it can be reenabled. Because the DISABLE procedure is used for several Scheduler objects, when disabling windows, they must be preceded by SYS . A window can also become disabled for other reasons. For example, a window will become disabled when it is at of an project the end of its schedule. Also, if a window points to a schedule that no longer exists, it becomes disabled.
If there are jobs that have the window as their schedule, you will not be able to disable the window unless you set force to TRUE in the procedure call. By default, force is interpretation of dreams essay, set to FALSE . When the window is disabled, those jobs that have the window as their schedule will not be disabled. You can disable several windows in one call by structure of an extended project providing a comma-delimited list of window names or window group names to the DISABLE procedure call. For example, the following statement disables both windows and window groups: You enable one or more windows using the ENABLE procedure or Enterprise Manager. Freud? An enabled window is one that can be opened. Windows are, by default, created enabled . When a window is enabled using the structure of an extended project essay, ENABLE procedure, a validity check is performed and only if this is successful will the top custom term papers, window be enabled.
When a window is enabled, it is logged in the window log table. Because the of an extended project essay, ENABLE procedure is used for freud, several Scheduler objects, when enabling windows, they must be preceded by SYS . You can enable several windows in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of essay window names. For example, the following statement enables three windows: Managing Job Scheduling and Job Priorities with Window Groups. Window groups provide an easy way to essay evil in lord of the schedule jobs that must run during multiple time periods throughout the day, week, and so on. If you create a window group, add windows to it, and then name this window group in a job's schedule_name attribute, the job runs during all the windows in the window group. Of An Extended Project Essay? Window groups reside in the SYS schema. Results Section Paper? This section introduces you to basic window group tasks, and discusses the following topics: Window Groups for an overview of window groups.
Window Group Tasks and Their Procedures. Table 29-10 illustrates common window group tasks and the procedures you use to of an extended project essay handle them. Table 29-10 Window Group Tasks and Their Procedures. Create a window group. Drop a window group. Add a member to a window group.
Drop a member from interpretation, a window group. Enable a window group. Disable a window group. See Scheduler Privileges for further information regarding privileges. You create a window group by structure of an essay using the DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_GROUP procedure, specifying a group type of ' WINDOW '. Capital Indian Case Study? You can specify the member windows of the group when you create the group, or you can add them later using the ADD_GROUP_MEMBER procedure. A window group cannot be a member of another window group. You can, however, create a window group that has no members. Of An Extended? If you create a window group and you specify a member window that does not exist, an error is generated and the window group is not created. Capital Indian Case? If a window is already a member of a window group, it is not added again.
Window groups are created in the SYS schema. Window groups, like windows, are created with access to structure extended PUBLIC , therefore, no privileges are required to access window groups. The following statement creates a window group called downtime and adds two windows ( weeknights and freud essay weekends ) to structure of an extended project essay it: To verify the window group contents, issue the following queries as a user with the writing results section of research paper, MANAGE SCHEDULER privilege: You drop one or more window groups by using the DROP_GROUP procedure. This call will drop the window group but not the windows that are members of this window group. To drop all the windows that are members of this group but not the window group itself, you can use the extended essay, DROP_WINDOW procedure and idioms for essays provide the name of the window group to the call. You can drop several window groups in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of window group names to the DROP_GROUP procedure call. You must precede each window group name with the SYS schema. For example, the following statement drops three window groups: Adding a Member to a Window Group. You add windows to a window group by using the ADD_GROUP_MEMBER procedure.
You can add several members to a window group in one call, by specifying a comma-delimited list of windows. Project? For example, the following statement adds two windows to the window group window_group1 : If an already open window is added to of dreams a window group, the Scheduler will not start jobs that point to of an project essay this window group until the essay in lord of the flies, next window in the window group opens. Removing a Mem ber from a Window Group. You can remove one or more windows from a window group by using the REMOVE_GROUP_MEMBER procedure. Jobs with the stop_on_window_close flag set will only be stopped when a window closes. Dropping an open window from a window group has no impact on this. You can remove several members from a window group in one call by structure of an project specifying a comma-delimited list of windows. English For Essays? For example, the extended, following statement drops two windows: You enable one or more window groups using the ENABLE procedure.
By default, window groups are created ENABLED . For example: You disable a window group using the on respecting others, DISABLE procedure. Of An Extended Project? A job with a disabled window group as its schedule does not run when the member windows open. Disabling a window group does not disable its member windows. You can also disable several window groups in one call by providing a comma-delimited list of window group names. For example, the term papers, following statement disables three window groups: Allocating Resources Among Jobs Using Resource Manager. The Database Resource Manager (Resource Manager) controls how resources are allocated among database sessions. It not only controls asynchronous sessions like Scheduler jobs, but also synchronous sessions like user sessions.
It groups all units of work in the database into resource consumer groups and uses a resource plan to specify how the resources are allocated among the various consumer groups. The primary system resource that the Resource Manager allocates is CPU. For Scheduler jobs, resources are allocated by structure of an extended project essay first assigning each job to a job class, and then associating a job class with a consumer group. Resources are then distributed among the Scheduler jobs and other sessions within the consumer group. You can also assign relative priorities to the jobs in a job class, and resources are distributed to those jobs accordingly. You can manually change the current resource plan at english any time. Another way to change the current resource plan is by creating Scheduler windows. Windows have a resource plan attribute. When a window opens, the current plan is switched to structure extended project the window's resource plan.
The Scheduler tries to limit the number of jobs that are running simultaneously so that at least some jobs can complete, rather than running a lot of jobs concurrently but without enough resources for any of them to complete. Interpretation? The Scheduler and the Resource Manager are tightly integrated. The job coordinator obtains database resource availability from the Resource Manager. Structure Of An Essay? Based on that information, the coordinator determines how many jobs to start. It will only start jobs from those job classes that will have enough resources to run. Budgeting Study? The coordinator will keep starting jobs in a particular job class that maps to a consumer group until the Resource Manager determines that the maximum resource allocated for that consumer group has been reached. Therefore, there might be jobs in the job table that are ready to run but will not be picked up by the job coordinator because there are no resources to run them.
Therefore, there is structure extended essay, no guarantee that a job will run at the exact time that it was scheduled. The coordinator picks up jobs from the job table on the basis of which consumer groups still have resources available. The Resource Manager continues to manage the top custom term, resources that are assigned to each running job based on the specified resource plan. Structure Extended Project? Keep in mind that the Resource Manager can only manage database processes. The active management of resources does not apply to results section of research external jobs. The Resource Manager is active only when CPU utilization approaches 100%. Example of Resource Allocation for Jobs. The following example illustrates how resources are allocated for jobs. Of An Extended? Assume that the active resource plan is called Night Plan and that there are three job classes: JC1 , which maps to consumer group DW ; JC2 , which maps to consumer group OLTP ; and JC3 , which maps to the default consumer group.
Figure 29-2 offers a simple graphical illustration of this scenario. Figure 29-2 Sample Resource Plan. This resource plan clearly gives priority to capital budgeting indian case jobs that are part of job class JC1 . Consumer group DW gets 60% of the resources, thus jobs that belong to job class JC1 will get 60% of the project essay, resources. Consumer group OLTP has 30% of the resources, which implies that jobs in job class JC2 will get 30% of the resources. The consumer group Other specifies that all other consumer groups will be getting 10% of the essay about evil of the, resources. Therefore, all jobs that belong in job class JC3 will share 10% of the structure of an essay, resources and capital budgeting study can get a maximum of structure of an extended essay 10% of the resources. Note that resources that remain unused by one consumer group are available from use by the other consumer groups. So if the jobs in job class JC1 do not fully use the allocated 60%, the unused portion is available for use by freud of dreams jobs in structure extended classes JC2 and JC3.
Note also that the Resource Manager does not begin to restrict resource usage at all until CPU usage reaches 100%. English Idioms? See Chapter 27, Managing Resources with Oracle Database Resource Manager for more information. There are several ways to monitor Scheduler jobs: Viewing the job log. The job log includes the data dictionary views *_SCHEDULER_JOB_LOG and *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS , where: Querying additional data dictionary views. Query views such as DBA_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_JOBS and structure of an extended DBA_SCHEDULER_RUNNING_CHAINS to show the status and others details of running jobs and chains. Writing applications that receive job state events from the Scheduler. Configuring jobs to send e-mail notifications upon a state change. You can view information about job runs, job state changes, and job failures in the job log. The job log shows results for both local and remote jobs.
The job log is implemented as the following two data dictionary views: Depending on the logging level that is in effect, the Scheduler can make job log entries whenever a job is run and when a job is created, dropped, enabled, and structure extended essay so on. For a job that has a repeating schedule, the Scheduler makes multiple entries in the job logone for each job instance. Each log entry provides information about writing section a particular run, such as the job completion status. Extended Essay? The following example shows job log entries for a repeating job that has a value of 4 for the max_runs attribute: You can control how frequently information is written to the job log by setting the logging_level attribute of writing results section paper either a job or a job class. Table 29-11 shows the possible values for essay, logging_level . Table 29-11 Job Logging Levels.
No logging is performed. A log entry is made only if the job fails. A log entry is made each time the job is run. A log entry is idioms for essays, made every time the job runs and for every operation performed on a job, including create, enable/disable, update (with SET_ATTRIBUTE ), stop, and drop. Log entries for job runs are not made until after the job run completes successfully, fails, or is of an project essay, stopped. The following example shows job log entries for a complete job lifecycle.
In this case, the logging level for the job class is LOGGING_FULL , and the job is a non-repeating job. After the freud interpretation, first successful run, the job is enabled again, so it runs once more. It is then stopped and dropped. Of An Project Essay? For every row in *_SCHEDULER_JOB_LOG for which the results section of research paper, operation is RUN , RETRY_RUN , or RECOVERY_RUN , there is a corresponding row in the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_RUN_DETAILS view. Rows from the two different views are correlated with their LOG_ID columns. You can consult the structure of an essay, run details views to term papers determine why a job failed or was stopped. The run details views also contain actual job start times and durations. Structure Extended Project? Precedence of Logging Levels in Jobs and Job Classes. Both jobs and job classes have a logging_level attribute, with possible values listed in case study Table 29-11. The default logging level for job classes is LOGGING_RUNS , and the default level for individual jobs is LOGGING_OFF . Structure Extended Essay? If the logging level of the job class is higher than that of a job in the class, then the logging level of the job class takes precedence.
Thus, by default, all job runs are recorded in the job log. For job classes that have very short and highly frequent jobs, the overhead of recording every single run might be too much and you might choose to writing section of research paper turn the logging off or set logging to occur only when jobs fail. However, you might prefer to have a complete audit trail of everything that happens with jobs in a specific class, in structure of an extended project essay which case you would enable full logging for that class. To ensure that there is an audit trail for all jobs, the individual job creator must not be able to turn logging off. The Scheduler supports this by making the class-specified level the minimum level at which job information is logged. English Idioms For Essays? A job creator can only enable more logging for structure project essay, an individual job, not less. Thus, leaving all individual job logging levels set to LOGGING_OFF ensures that all jobs in a class get logged as specified in the class.
This functionality is provided for debugging purposes. Top Custom? For example, if the class-specific level is structure of an essay, set to of research record job runs and logging is turned off at the job level, the Scheduler still logs job runs. If, however, the job creator turns on full logging and the class-specific level is set to record runs only, the higher logging level of the job takes precedence and of an all operations on this individual job are logged. This way, an end user can test his job by turning on full logging. To set the english, logging level of an individual job, you must use the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure on that job. For example, to turn on structure of an, full logging for a job called mytestjob , issue the following statement: Only a user with the MANAGE SCHEDULER privilege can set the logging level of a job class. Monitoring and Managing Window and Job Logs for more information about setting the job class logging level.
Monitoring Multiple Destination Jobs. For multiple-destination jobs, the overall parent job state depends on the outcome of the child jobs. For example, if all child jobs succeed, the parent job state is set to budgeting indian SUCCEEDED . If all fail, the parent job state is project, set to FAILED . If some fail and some succeed, the parent job state is set to SOME FAILED . Due to situations that might arise on some destinations that delay the start of child jobs, there might be a significant delay before the parent job state is finalized. For repeating multiple-destination jobs, there might even be a situation in which some child jobs are on their next scheduled run while others are still working on the previous scheduled run. In this case, the parent job state is set to freud interpretation INCOMPLETE . Eventually, however, lagging child jobs may catch up to their siblings, in which case the final state of the parent job can be determined. Table Table 29-12 lists the contents of the job monitoring views for multiple-destination jobs.
Table 29-12 Scheduler Data Dictionary View Contents for Multiple-Destination Jobs. One entry for the parent job. One entry for of an project essay, the parent job when it starts and on respecting others an entry for of an extended essay, each running child job. One entry for the parent job when it starts (operation = ' MULTIDEST_START '), one entry for each child job when the child job completes, and on respecting others one entry for structure of an extended project essay, the parent job when the last child job completes and thus the parent completes (operation = ' MULTIDEST_RUN ') One entry for each child job when the an essay others, child job completes, and one entry for the parent job when the last child job completes and essay thus the parent completes. One entry for each destination of the parent job. In the writing section paper, *_SCHEDULER_JOB_DESTS views, you can determine the unique job destination ID ( job_dest_id ) that is structure of an extended project, assigned to each child job. This ID represents the unique combination of a job, a credential, and a destination. You can use this ID with the STOP_JOB procedure. You can also monitor the an essay, job state of each child job with the *_SCHEDULER_JOB_DESTS views. Monitoring Job State with Events Raised by the Scheduler.
This section contains: You can configure a job so that the Scheduler raises an event when the job changes state. The Scheduler can raise an event when a job starts, when a job completes, when a job exceeds its allotted run time, and extended so on. The consumer of the event is term papers, your application, which takes some action in response to the event. For example, if due to a high system load, a job is still not started 30 minutes after its scheduled start time, the Scheduler can raise an event that causes a handler application to stop lower priority jobs to free up system resources. The Scheduler can raise job state events for local (regular) jobs, remote database jobs, local external jobs, and remote external jobs.
Table 29-13 describes the job state event types raised by structure essay the Scheduler. Writing Section Paper? Table 29-13 Job State Event Types Raised by the Scheduler. Of An Extended Project Essay? Not an event, but a constant that provides an easy way for top custom term, you to enable all events. The job has been disabled and has changed to the BROKEN state because it exceeded the of an project, number of failures defined by the max_failures job attribute. A job running a chain was put into the CHAIN_STALLED state.
A running chain becomes stalled if there are no steps running or scheduled to run and the chain evaluation_interval is set to NULL . Capital Budgeting Indian? No progress will be made in the chain unless there is manual intervention. The job completed because it reached its max_runs or end_date. The job was disabled by the Scheduler or by extended project essay a call to SET_ATTRIBUTE. The job failed, either by throwing an error or by abnormally terminating. The job exceeded the maximum run duration specified by on respecting others its max_run_duration attribute. A job run either failed, succeeded, or was stopped. The job's schedule limit was reached. The job was not started because the delay in structure extended starting the job exceeded the value of the others, schedule_limit job attribute. The job started.
The job was stopped by a call to STOP_JOB. The job completed successfully. You enable the of an extended project, raising of job state events by setting the raise_events job attribute. Writing Results Section? By default, a job does not raise any job state events. The Scheduler uses Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing to raise events.
When raising a job state change event, the structure essay, Scheduler enqueues a message onto a default event queue. Essay In Lord Of The? Your applications subscribe to project essay this queue, dequeue event messages, and results section of research paper take appropriate actions. After you enable job state change events for a job, the structure of an project essay, Scheduler raises these events by enqueuing messages onto the Scheduler event queue SYS.SCHEDULER$_EVENT_QUEUE . This queue is a secure queue, so depending on your application, you may have to configure the queue to enable certain users to perform operations on it. See Oracle Streams Concepts and papers Administration for information on secure queues. To prevent unlimited growth of the Scheduler event queue, events raised by the Scheduler expire in project essay 24 hours by default. (Expired events are deleted from the queue.) You can change this expiry time by setting the essay, event_expiry_time Scheduler attribute with the SET_SCHEDULER_ATTRIBUTE procedure. See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for more information.
Altering a Job to Raise Job State Events. To enable job state events to be raised for a job, you use the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure to turn on extended project, bit flags in the raise_events job attribute. Term Papers? Each bit flag represents a different job state to raise an event for. For example, turning on the least significant bit enables job started events to be raised. Of An Extended Project Essay? To enable multiple state change event types in one call, you add the desired bit flag values together and supply the result as an argument to SET_ATTRIBUTE . The following example enables multiple state change events for job dw_reports . Results Section Of Research Paper? It enables the following event types, both of which indicate some kind of error. You do not need to enable the JOB_OVER_MAX_DUR event with the raise_events job attribute; it is always enabled. The discussion of DBMS_SCHEDULER . SET_ATTRIBUTE in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for the names and values of structure of an project job state bit flags.
Consuming Job State Events with your Application. Term? To consume job state events, your application must subscribe to the Scheduler event queue SYS.SCHEDULER$_EVENT_QUEUE . This queue is a secure queue and is owned by extended project SYS . To create a subscription to this queue for a user, do the capital case study, following: Log in to structure project the database as the SYS user or as a user with the an essay on respecting, MANAGE ANY QUEUE privilege. Project? Subscribe to the queue using a new or existing agent. Run the package procedure DBMS_AQADM.ENABLE_DB_ACCESS as follows: where agent_name references the agent that you used to subscribe to interpretation of dreams the events queue, and structure extended project essay db_username is the user for english idioms for essays, whom you want to of an extended project essay create a subscription. There is no need to interpretation grant dequeue privileges to the user. The dequeue privilege is granted on the Scheduler event queue to PUBLIC . As an alternative, the structure of an, user can subscribe to idioms for essays the Scheduler event queue using the ADD_EVENT_QUEUE_SUBSCRIBER procedure, as shown in structure the following example: where subscriber_name is the english idioms, name of the Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing (AQ) agent to structure extended project essay be used to subscribe to paper the Scheduler event queue. Structure Project? (If it is NULL , an agent is created whose name is the user name of the calling user.) This call both creates a subscription to results section the Scheduler event queue and grants the user permission to dequeue using the designated agent. The subscription is rule-based. Of An Extended Project? The rule permits the term papers, user to see only events raised by jobs that the user owns, and filters out all other messages. After the subscription is in place, the user can either poll for messages at regular intervals or register with AQ for notification. Scheduler Event Queue.
The Scheduler event queue SYS.SCHEDULER$_EVENT_QUEUE is of type scheduler$_event_info . See Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for details on this type. Monitoring Job State with E-mail Notification s. Project? This section contains: You can configure a job to send e-mail notifications when it changes state. The job state events for which e-mails can be sent are listed in Table 29-13. E-mail notifications can be sent to multiple recipients, and can be triggered by any event in a list of job state events that you specify. You can also provide a filter condition, and only job state events that match the filter condition generate notifications. You can include variables like job owner, job name, event type, error code, and error message in both the subject and body of the message. The Scheduler automatically sets values for these variables before sending the e-mail notification. You can configure many job state e-mail notifications for a single job.
The notifications can differ by freud interpretation essay job state event list, recipients, and project filter conditions. For example, you can configure a job to send an e-mail to both the principle DBA and one of the writing section of research, senior DBAs whenever the job fails with error code 600 or 700. You can also configure the same job to send a notification to only the principle DBA if the job fails to start at its scheduled time. Before you can configure jobs to send e-mail notifications, you must set the Scheduler attribute email_server to of an project essay the address of the SMTP server to use to send the e-mail. You may also optionally set the Scheduler attribute email_sender to a default sender e-mail address for those jobs that do not specify a sender.
The Scheduler includes support for the SSL and TLS protocols when communicating with the SMTP server. Study? The Scheduler also supports SMTP servers that require authentication. Setting Scheduler Preferences for details about setting e-mail notificationrelated attributes. Adding E-mail Notifications for a Job. You use the DBMS_SCHEDULER.ADD_JOB_EMAIL_NOTIFICATION package procedure to add e-mail notifications for a job. Structure Of An Project? Note the variables, enclosed in the '%' character, used in the subject and body arguments.
When you specify multiple recipients and multiple events, each recipient is notified when any of the specified events is raised. You can verify this by querying the view USER_SCHEDULER_NOTIFICATIONS . You call ADD_JOB_EMAIL_NOTIFICATION once for each different set of notifications that you want to english configure for a job. Of An Extended? You must specify job_name and recipients . All other arguments have defaults. Essay About Evil In Lord Flies? The default sender is defined by a Scheduler attribute, as described in the previous section. See the ADD_JOB_EMAIL_NOTIFICATION procedure in Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference for defaults for structure essay, the subject , body , and about evil in lord flies events arguments. The following example configures an additional e-mail notification for of an extended, the same job for a different event. This example accepts the defaults for the sender , subject , and body arguments. This example could have also omitted the events argument to accept event defaults.
The next example is similar to the first, except that it uses a filter condition to writing of research paper specify that an e-mail notification is to be sent only when the error number that causes the job to fail is 600 or 700. Removing E-mail Notifications for a Job. Of An Extended Essay? You use the top custom, DBMS_SCHEDULER.REMOVE_JOB_EMAIL_NOTIFICATION package procedure to remove e-mail notifications for a job. When you specify multiple recipients and structure extended multiple events, the notification for each specified event is an essay on respecting others, removed for each recipient. Running the same query as that of the previous section, the results are now the following: Additional rules for specifying REMOVE_JOB_EMAIL_NOTIFICATION arguments are as follows: If you leave the events argument NULL , notifications for all events for the specified recipients are removed.
If you leave recipients NULL , notifications for structure of an extended essay, all recipients for the specified events are removed. If you leave both recipients and events NULL , then all notifications for the job are removed. An Essay On Respecting? If you include a recipient and event for which you did not previously create a notification, no error is generated. Viewing Information About E-mail Notifications. As demonstrated in the previous sections, you can view information about current e-mail notifications by project querying the views *_SCHEDULER_NOTIFICATIONS .
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Chandigarh Chandigarh is the first planned modern city ofIndia designed by the French architect Le Corbusier. Chandigarh is a . city in India that serves as the capital of capital study, two states - Punjab and essay Haryana. However, the city does not belong to either state. Rather, the city is administered by the federal government and hence classified as a union territory. Chandigarh and the area surrounding it were constituted as a union territory on 1st November, 1966. The city was named after the mother goddess of power. Chandigarh , Haryana , Himachal Pradesh 1467 Words | 5 Pages. update me in section of research paper, my daily lives, like what is happening in the government, education, religions, and economy or to structure of an extended essay, our social institutions which is idioms, . the structure of our society. Structure Of An Project Essay? These will also develop my own behavior and my interaction to other people.
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Stereotypical Women Throughout well-known stories, authors tend to develop memorable characters in order to structure extended essay, enhance the plot; although they may not . always be portrayed in the most considerate manner. In Charles Dickens’ novel A Tale of Two Cities , he also uses such characters. First, Lucie’s role of over dramatic damsel in distress. Second, Miss Pross’ participation as the over freud interpretation of dreams protective mother figure. And third, Mme.
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Although that may be the structure of an extended project case, my life isn’t as perfect as it may appear. Being me I had to go through a father-less childhood with a “pop-up father”, brainless injuries. Aerosmith , American films , Debut albums 1195 Words | 4 Pages. Kobie Douglas Douglas 1 2-6-12 My family history In all of us there is a hunger, marrow deep, to know our heritage - to know . Essay About In Lord Of The? who we are and structure of an extended project essay where we came from. Without this enriching knowledge, there is a hollow yearning. No matter what our attainments in life, there is still a vacuum, emptiness, and interpretation essay the most disquieting loneliness.” –Alex Haley This quote explained to me the structure of an importance of my grandparent’s legacy and their history. A long twisting family tree inspires one who.
Family , Genealogy , Grandparent 999 Words | 3 Pages. ? City Of God The film that I chose to top custom term papers, watch and analyze is the Brazilian film City of God. The movie takes place in one of . Rio de Janeiro’s 500 favelas, a favela known as the City of of an project essay, God. The name of the papers city is disturbingly ironic, as most of the activities that take place in the slum are decidedly ungodly. The movie, spanning three decades, chronicles the structure extended project lives of some of the residents, most adolescent, from an essay on respecting, their pre-pubescent years to their upbringing into structure extended project, the criminal underworld. This.
City , Cycle of poverty , Favela 1130 Words | 5 Pages. the area of present day Mumbai was under Portuguese control. The Portuguese established a basic law enforcement structure in this area, with . the establishment of a Police out-post in 1661. In 1669 East India Company was given Bombay Island from king Charles II. who had acquired it when marrying a Portuguese princess a few years before. The origins of the present day Mumbai police can be traced back to a militia organised by Gerald Aungier, the then Governor of Mumbai in capital indian case study, 1669. This Bhandari Militia. Constable , History of Mumbai , Inspector 907 Words | 3 Pages. manage my life as what I want but the time manage me , every day I wake up at 6:30 I get dressed then take my way to work , at 7: . 30 I start my work and structure of an stay there until 1:45 , then I go home and get lunch with my family I take small rest watching TV or take nap until 3:30 take my way to college , my first class start from 4:00 to 6:00 I have half an idioms hour break I go to the cafeteria and had some coffee then go to my next class until 8:00.
After finish my college time I go home stay with my family. Abraham Maslow , Management , Maslow's hierarchy of needs 969 Words | 3 Pages. Everyone is different – this is one of the few things in my life where I have no doubt. Structure Of An Essay? And since everyone is different, then his dreams, . ideals and perspective are different. But everyone in this world there is no other perspective than his own. As we try to freud interpretation of dreams, put a strange place, it only managed to touch the foreign thoughts and of an extended project feelings, and essay evil of the flies is quite short.
But not every time you try to structure of an extended, put in place to idioms for essays, someone else, you need to change our mindset and our way of thinking. There is of an extended project essay, a really a much. Bee Gees , Debut albums , Earth 921 Words | 3 Pages. A Description of My Home Village/City. A Description of My Home Village/ City I live in essay evil in lord of the, St. Louis Missouri in the United States. I actually live in a suburb of St. . Louis called St.
Peters. It is of an project, about a twenty five minute drive to downtown St. Louis. Missouri is the state right in term papers, the middle of the United States. There are about six million people living in Missouri, and extended project essay around 400,000 people living in St. Louis. St. Louis is a very diverse city . We have many people from different cultures from all around the about evil in lord world living here. We have. Baseball , Culture , Downtown St. Louis 1037 Words | 3 Pages.
poor areas such as Mumbai . Since Mumbai is a pretty expensive place to live in, it is project, home to results of research paper, some of the world’s richest and . poorest people. Structure Of An Extended Project Essay? “Today, over half of Mumbai’s population of over 15 million lives in settlements, occupying only 8% of the city’s area” (Anand and essay evil in lord flies Rademacher). It is the largest slum in the world. Of An? The government thinks it is best to get rid of the slum because the land is very valuable, but demolishing this slum would cause disastrous effects to the city as a whole. As the.
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